world war i “the great war” 1914-1918 the great war
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The Great War
Key Terms14 Points: Woodrow Wilsons Plan for peace after WWIAllied Powers: Britain, France, Russia, USAArchduke Ferdinand: Austrian assasinated in Sarajevo. Begins WWI.Armistice: peace, cease fireCentral Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire.Lusitania: British passenger ship. Sunk by German U-Boat.Machine Gun: Industrial development in war.
Key TermsMAIN CAUSES OF WARPolish Corridor: Land granted to Poland which gave it access to the Baltic Sea. Taken from Germany.Reparations: War Payments for damages.Treaty of Versailles: Ended WWI. Blames Germany.Trench Warfare: Western Front between Germany and France. U-Boat: Untersee Boat. German naval weapon.War Guilt Clause: Germans forced to sign this in the Treaty of Versailles.Western Front: Land between France and Germany.
MAIN Causes of WWI1. MILITARISM: Glorification of military. Arms race led to fear & desire to use new industrial weapons.
2. AlliancesSuspicions led to alliances. Germany, Austria/Hungary & Italy (Central Powers)Britain, France, Russia (Allied Powers)
3. ImperialismCompetition between European countries over land & resources in Africa create tension.
4. NATIONALISMGermany/Italy extremely nationalistic. German pride for its military, people, and land. BLOOD AND IRON.
FINAL SPARKThe assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria by a Serbian radical. He wanted Bosnia to be free from Austrian Control. (nationalism)A/H declares war on Serbia and WWI begins.
MAIN CAUSES of WWIM:militarismA:alliancesI:imperialismN:nationalismFinal spark: The assasination of The Archduke Franz FerdinandThe War Begins
Who is to Blame?????
BEGINNING OF WAR
CENTRAL POWERS: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire, Italy (until 1915)
ALLIED POWERS: Britain, France, Russia, United States (1917)
War fought on the Western Front (France & Britain vs. Germany) and the Eastern Front (Russia vs. A/H & Germany)
The Schlieffen Plan
Propaganda starts the War
INDUSTRY CHANGES WAR
Machine Gun, Mustard Gas, Tank, U-Boat, Plane
Poison Gas(Mustard Gas)
Trench Warfare No-Mans Land
Trench Wafare, All Quiet on the Western Front
WWI in the air
Red Baron over 80 enemy shot down
TOTAL WAR: all resources go into war effort. Draft, taxes, rations. ALL PEOPLE AFFECTED BY WAR. (social effect)
War continues for 4 years. Little advances from either side.
Trench Warfare stalls war.
Dulce et Decorum Est,Pro Patria Mori
. In Flanders Fields By: Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, MD (1872-1918) Canadian Army
In Flanders Fields the poppies blow Between the crosses row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below. We are the Dead. Short days ago We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, Loved and were loved, and now we lie In Flanders fields. Take up our quarrel with the foe: To you from failing hands we throw The torch; be yours to hold it high. If ye break faith with us who die We shall not sleep, though poppies grow In Flanders fields.
Human element of WarDulce et Decorum EstThe Man He KilledPipes of PeaceBelleau Wood
MAJOR TURNING POINTS OF WWI1. Sinking of Lusitania (US ENTERS)2. Battle of Somme3. Zimmerman Telegram4. Russia leaves war to fight Revolution.
The Zimmerman Telegram
11 a.m., November 11, 1918
World War I Casualties
Effects OF WAR
8.5 million killed, 17 million woundedFamine. Farms, homes, cities destroyed.Huge War Debts to paywho will pay?Armistice11/11/18
All Quiet on the Western FrontBelleau Wood
Treaty of VersaillesPunish Germany for WWIFrance, Britain want revenge.War Guilt Clause. Full Reparations.NO MILITARY, NO IMPERIALISM.League of Nations set upUSA/Germany are not a member.President Wilson of US14 points plan for peaceUS and Germany not involved
14 Points: ~Free Trade~No Secret Alliances~Self Determination of countries~ LEAGUE OF NATIONSREJECTED.Woodrow Wilson