The Cattle Kingdom and Farming the Great Plains

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The Cattle Kingdom and Farming the Great Plains . Chapter 5 sections 3 and 4 http:// / watch?v =0KlZuk5N2co&feature=related . The Cattle Boom. Cattle are permitted to range over a large surface of country, thirty, forty, and even fifty miles in extend [size]. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


The Cattle Kingdom and Farming the Great Plains The Cattle Kingdom and Farming the Great Plains Chapter 5 sections 3 and 4 The Cattle BoomCattle are permitted to range over a large surface of country, thirty, forty, and even fifty miles in extend [size]. Who is going to keep track of these cattle? The Cattle Boom___________ _____________ are a mix between Spanish and English cattle breeds. Breed spreads quickly throughout TexasThey were lean and toughHad horns up to ____ feet acrossNeed little ___________ and can survive the harsh weather. The demand for beefFollowing the _____________ War, the demand for beef increases drastically. Growing ________________ and increasing _________________Cattle that were $3 in Texas would sell for upwards of ________in New York!Joseph McCoy establishes a market where cattle were shipped on the _______________ ____________ ______________.The Cattle Kingdom________________ expands onto the Great PlainsRanches are built and cattle is taken to Colorado, Wyoming, Nebraska, and ___________________This area comes to be known as the _______________ ________________.In this area, ranchers graze their herds on public lands called the open range. The Ranches______________ _______________ Became extremely wealthy during this time period when she switched from mining to ranchingSome ranches in Texas today are over 3 million acres! That is bigger than the size of _______________ ________________!Range RightsRanchers had to be concerned with securing ____________ for their cattle. ____________ _____________, or water rights, to ponds and rivers were bought by ranchers that allowed them to secure scarce water sources as well as the land around it. Ranchers could cut out their ___________________ by stopping other ranchers and farmers from using water. Wild West Rootin Shootin Cowboy DictionaryFind your 8 o clock pardner!!!You have 5 minutes!Match the definition with its correct term by robbin that thar word down yonder. Good luck, Pardner!!!The CowboysThe workers who took care of the ranchers cattle were called _______________. They learned many farming and herding techniques from Mexican ___________________.Mexican ranch hands who cared for cattle and _____________Western saddleThe _______________(a rope used for lassoing cattle)Leather chapsBroad felt hatsBandanasCowboysGathering cattle together was known as ________________. Each cow was branded with a unique mark to prevent cattle theftCowboys faced multiple ______________Cattle thieves, bad weather, unpredictable cattle, Cattle Drives and Cattle TownsThe ____________ ____________ was a long journey where cowboys herded cattle to the market or to the northern Plains to graze. The ______________ _____________was one of the earliest and most popular routes for cattle drives. Ran from San Antonio, Texas to __________, KansasThe end of the open rangeThe __________________ railroad car allowed meat to be carried from packing plants to eastern cities. ________ _______ allowed farmers to cheaply fence off their land.Range warsWith the use of barbed wire, large ranchers moved quickly to fence in the open range and secure the water sources. Farmers and small ranchers cut the fences and moved onto the land in response, creating _________ ______. End of the open range 2_____________ owners begin to compete for the landSheep chew grass down very low1885 and 1886 saw terrible winters in the Midwest. Cattle die due to lack of food_______________ drops the price of cattleHarsh weather kills cattleGreater competition for grazing landCowboys today Homestead Act160 FREE ACRES OF LAND!!! All you have to do is move to it!!!Farming the Great PlainsIn 1862, Congress passed two important land grant acts that helped to open up the West for settlers to move. The _________________ __________ gave government owned land to small farmers. ______acres of landHomesteaders paid a small registration feeMust live on the land for ____ yearsThe Morrill ActGranted more than 17 million acres of federal land to the states. Required states to use the revenue from selling this land to build ____________ (Texas A & M) to teach agriculture and engineering. Land Rushes and Staking their claimsThe Federal government offered land and opened up 11 million acres in Oklahoma for people to stake their claims. _____________ people rushed to Oklahoma for land. Far and Away the PlainsThe Homestead Act granted land not just to white males. __________________Immigrants from ______________________________ ______________from the south___________________ because of their exodus, or mass departure, from the South. Wanted better _____________ opportunities and ___________ _____________ExodustersI one day said to the man I rented [land] from: Its no use, I works hard and raises big crops and you sells it and keeps the money, and brings me more and more in debt, so I will go somewhere else.John Solomon Lewis quoted in Exodusters: Black Migration to Kansas after Reconstruction, by Nell Irvin PainterFarming on the PlainsInexpensive, but had many unique challengesExtreme seasons-40 degrees in winter110 degrees in summerDry climateDeep rooted, ____________ landThreat of blizzards and extreme _____________AdaptationFarmers survived by developing new farm equipment and methods_________ __________ developed the deep steel plowThe hard work of breaking up the sod earned the farmers on the plains the nickname __________________.Dry farming___________ ____________ shifted the focus from water dependent crops to hardier crops.Shift from corn to things such as wheatRotated crops and left certain farm land _____________ to preserve soil and water in the fieldsCyrus McCormickIn the 1880s mechanical farming became increasingly common.Made farming much more efficientGreat Plains became known as the _________________ of the world. Cyrus McCormick designed, built, and sold farm equipment. ReapersThreshing machinesDaily Life on the PlainsWhen one begins to farm, it takes a great deal of to get started especially when one must begin with nothing. Settlers had to make and mend their own clothingNo ______________ machinesWash soap made from lyeBuilding a houseVery little ___________ availableHomes built out of brick and sodFamily Life______________ prepared meals and often grew the vegetables for the family to eat.Also raised ______________ and made butter to earn extra money for the familyRaised livestock, plowed and planted the fieldsPioneers had to build their own farm buildings and repair their own machinery. Farm families were often very large and the ______________ helped on the farm. Communities on the Great PlainsBecause of the isolated and lonely life of farming on the plains, farmers formed ___________to support one another. Established a local church and schoolSchools on the Great PlainsPioneer schools Often built by and run by communityMost teachers were young __________________________room buildings with a _____________ in the middle of the roomChildren from all grades attendedMost students only went to school only part of year to help ____________Sitting BullVision of soldiers falling into camp was interpreted by the Sioux that they would defeat the white soldiers at Little Big HornKilled in 1890 by Sioux Indian Reservation policeChief and medicine man of the Hunkpapa Lakota GroupJesse JamesTrain Robber and Bank RobberMarried his first cousin, ZereldaSo sought after that detectives stalked his mother and threw a bomb into her cabin, killing his half brotherWild Bill HickockJames Butler is his real nameBuried next to Calamity JaneDead Mans hand because he was shot and killed while playing pokerAlways carried a pair of pearl-handled pistolsGeronimoApache chief and medicine manTwice captured by Army generalsLed the Apache armed resistanceTook 5,000 U.S. soldiers and 500 Apache scouts to capture himCrazy HorseWar leader of the Sioux who led the Indian forces at the Battle of Little BighornWas stabbed to death when he tried to escape captureLed an ambush in 1866, killing 81 cavalryGeorge Armstrong CusterInfamous last stand at the Battle of Little BighornBattle of Greasy GrassCivil War HeroWrote a book, My Life on the PlainsAnnie OakleyHistoric character behind the Broadway musical, Annie Get your GunKnown for amazing speed and accuracy with rifles and pistolsCould hit a dime in mid-air from 90 feetBuffalo Bill Cody WilliamSupplied buffalo meet for workers on the Kansas Pacific Railroad1867 15,000,0001890 600 Helped shape the worlds romantic image of the westButch CassidyMost famous partner was Sundance KidEarned his nickname as being a meat-cutterWas portrayed by Paul Newman in a film bearing his nameHideout was at Hold-in-the-Wall in Diamond Mountains, COVoted whether or not to kill guards and bankersBilly the KidKilled 21 men during his 21 year lifeEscaped from a New Mexico jail twiceKilled a man with a pen knife when 14 years oldFast draw and short temperBank and train robber


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