The Art Of Teaching Online

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What requirements are embodied in the art of teaching in online learning? An effective teacher must be true to the learning objectives of the subject-matter at hand while attending to the multitude of facilitation requirements and characteristics students bring to the experience. Effective teachers bridge content and student needs through appropriate student engagement; a tactic as old as education itself (Astin, 1993; Schwab, 1978). The sense of bricoleur, or one who creates from a diverse range of materials and tools, is appropriable. This presentation will review data from 39 online teachers from two open and distance institutions regarding the concepts in the Community of Inquiry (CoI) model for online environments (Garrison, Anderson & Archer, 2000). Particular emphasis is noted on the role of emotion in online environments. It is possible that emotional presence impacts perceptions of teaching, sets online classroom climate and both enhances and hinders students learning. M. Cleveland-Innes Athabasca University

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<ul><li>1.The Art of Teaching Online M. Cleveland-Innes, AU Learning Services Conference 2009 Edmonton, Alberta</li></ul> <p>2. Agenda </p> <ul><li>Considering the art and craft ofteaching </li></ul> <ul><li>The reality of online teaching </li></ul> <ul><li>Research on components of online teaching </li></ul> <ul><li>Discussion </li></ul> <p>How is online teaching different? 3. The Argument </p> <ul><li>Teaching online constitutes a new role for the teacher. </li></ul> <ul><li>In this new role, support for learner independence and interdependence will be mixed with the most innovative and creative delivery options. </li></ul> <ul><li>The complex role of online teacher will take a dynamic, flexible quality in the nature ofbricoleur using all that is available to create learning. </li></ul> <p>4. What is teaching? To teach is to cause to know a subject, or how things work; to teach is to foster learning. Who is the teacher? 5. Teaching online Despite the considerable, growing interest in online education, most studies have focused only on the students perspective. Merely a handful of studies have attempted to address the teachers perspectives and little has been published on the online teaching experience itself. Gudea, 2008 6. Teaching as an art form Art: the conscious use of skill and creative imagination in the production of objects Teaching as a craft Craft:the use of skill in planning, making or executing. 7. Online teacher as bricoleur Abricoleuris one who creates or crafts from a diverse range of materials and tools which happen to be available. Theteacher as bricoleurmakes a series of professional judgments about what and how to teach.Honan, 2006 Theonline teacher as bricoleurmakes a series of professional judgments about what and how to teach using the diverse range of material and tools available.. 8. With what do we putter? </p> <ul><li>What are the available tools? </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G9XH-vYoiio </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>How do we use them? </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EIu8e3I67HQ </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>What are the most important tools and teaching methods? </li></ul> <p>9. 10. 11. Community of Inquiry Frameworkhttp:// communityofinquiry.com Social Presence The ability of participants to identify with thecommunity (e.g., courseof study), communicatepurposefully in a trustingenvironment, anddevelop inter-personalrelationships by way ofprojecting theirindividual personalities. Cognitive Presence The extent to whichlearners are able toconstruct and confirmmeaning throughsustained reflectionand discourse in acritical community of inquiry. Teaching Presence The design, facilitation and direction of cognitive and social processes for the purpose of realizing personally meaningful and educationally worthwhile learning outcomes 12. Student adjustment Take a lot more responsibility for time management and initiating work Had to go through the marking of my assignment to know the actual requirementsDesign &amp; organization The instructor's role was limited to facilitationDifficulty coming to grips with the fact that instructor allows students to regulate discussionsFacilitating discourse I find that there is little instruction provided, but that is okay with meIt was a challenge for many initially to need to be so self reliant Direct instruction 13. Findings 666 172 145 809 14. 15. Elements of online teaching Learning theory + Embedded material Technology X Factor 16. The value of online learning http://www.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/tech/evidence-based-practices/finalreport.pdf The meta-analysis found that, on average, students in onlinelearning conditions performed better than those receiving face-to-face instruction. 17. The Argument </p> <ul><li>Teaching online constitutes a new role for the teacher. </li></ul> <ul><li>In this new role, support for learner independence and interdependence will be mixed with the most innovative and creative delivery options. </li></ul> <ul><li>The complex role of online teacher will take a dynamic, flexible quality in the nature ofbricoleur using that which is available to create learning. </li></ul> <p>18. 19. Discussion Marti Cleveland-Innes [email_address] Athabasca University </p>