the armenian genocide
Post on 20-May-2015
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DESCRIPTIONA slide show on the Armenian Genocide.
- 1. The Armenian genocide The forgotten genocide
2. Introduction The Armenian genocide was the intentional dissipation committed against the Armenian people by the Ottoman Empire. For years the Young Turk government had seen their Armenian population as opposition to rebuilding the empire, which had been declining for some time. War after war the Ottoman Empire lost to the countries in the Balkans, Russia and European colonial powers such as Britain, France and Italy, and after the wars lost vast amounts of land. At the height of its power The Ottoman Empire stretched from the gates of Vienna, to the Caucasusan and Crimean peninsulars, down through the Middle East down to modern day Eritrea across to Algiers. Enver Pasha, the leader of the Young Turk government and Minister of war, upon the Ottoman Empires entry into World War I, decided that then would be the perfect time and if they didnt act now, it would be too late, after numerous other smaller massacres in previous years, to begin a full scale genocide upon the Armenians, with the eyes of London and Paris focused on the war. 3. The genocide On the 15th February, 1915; the Ottoman Empire, fighting against the Russians on the Caucasus front against the Russian army where many Armenians lived, announced they would move their Armenian population to safety and began deporting them to mainly to areas in Syria where apparently they would be looked after until the war was over, in reality though, they were being forced to march until they died of starvation and/or exhaustion. Men were either rounded up and shot, or sent to work in labour battalions where they would be worked to death, women and young girls were raped, kidnapped and murdered, young children were stabbed with Bayonets, even the people actually committing the acts referred to it as genocide. 1.5 million Armenians were killed from 1915-1923. 4. Deportation routes 5. Post War period In 1920 the western powers partitioned the Ottoman Empire at the treaty of Sevres, giving parts of the Ottoman to Greece, Armenia, Italy, Britain, France and international control. In response to this, general Mustafa Kemal, who had been the general for the Turkish army at the invasion of Gallipoli, assembled a nationalist army to remove foreign invaders from his homeland, he saw the Sultan as nothing more than a puppet of the allies, his actions forced the allies to draw up another peace treaty, known as the treaty of Lausanne, he proclaimed a new government in Ankara; in 1923 this government was recognised as the Republic of Turkey. Mustafa Kemal was president of Turkey from its formation until 1938, and began to censor the Armenian genocide from Turkish history, as a means to encourage nationalism. 6. Turkish Response The Turkish government refuses to accept the word genocide as a valid description of theevent, and article 301 in the Turkish penal code forbids discussing the event. Turkey usescertain excuses to justify it, the most common ones being: 1) It was a result of famine, war and disease. 2) The Armenians killed small villages. 3) The United Nations does not recognise the event as a genocide. 4) The Armenians are using the event as an excuse to reclaim Eastern Anatolia. 5) The Armenians were disloyal. 6) They could have easily killed the Armenians a lot faster in a lot greater quantities. 7. The reality 1) No shelters were built for the Armenians like they were supposedly and they did not makeany attempt to provide them with adequate sustenance. 2) Those Armenians were Armenians in the Russian army, the Ottoman Armenians had nothingto do with those Armenians. 3) The UN does not recognise the atrocities in Darfur as a genocide, does that make it not agenocide? 4) Whether or not that is true, the photographic evidence clearly shows that the event didhappen. 5) During a war with Russia, a small group of Armenians in the Turkish army disobeyed directorders in order to save Talaat Pasha from becoming a Russian prisoner of war. 6) Unlike the Nazis, the Turks only had guns and knives, they did not have gas chambers andmedical testing labs and huge concentration camps, the Ottoman Empire was technologicallybehind the rest of the world, they had only just gotten the railway at this time. 8. Conclusion It is crucial that Turkey recognise the genocide, as pretending the event never happened will only result in futures genocides like this, whereas knowing the truth will build compassion and awareness, and decrease the chances of this ever happening again. It has been 94 years since the beginning of the Armenian Genocide, and yet it still has yet to be internationally recognised as it was. 9. Decision Will YOU recognise the Armenian genocide?