Tenth Critical Bibliography of the History, Philosophy and Organization of Science and of the History of Civilization (To April 1921)

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  • Tenth Critical Bibliography of the History, Philosophy and Organization of Science and ofthe History of Civilization (To April 1921)Author(s): George SartonSource: Isis, Vol. 4, No. 1 (May, 1921), pp. 124-160Published by: The University of Chicago Press on behalf of The History of Science SocietyStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/224124 .Accessed: 08/05/2014 18:55

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  • Tenth Critical Bibliography of the History, Philosophy and Organization of Science

    and of the History of Civilization

    (to April 1921)

    This Tenth Bibliography contains about 752 notes and refers to more than a thousand publications. It is not yet complete and on the other hand it contains the titles of various books or papers published many years ago. Thus, it is very far from being normal, although it marks a great progress upon the previous ones.

    Some of the notes have been contributed by J. L. E. DREYER (Oxford), L. GUINET (Brussels), L. C. KARPINSKI (Ann Arbor, Mich.), P. MASSON- OURSEL iParis).

    The arrangement and leading principles of this bibliography have been fully explained in Isis III, 159-171. The complete plan of classi- fication follows. The reader will keep in mind that Part I is the fun- damental classification and that Parts II and III contain only such items which could not be included in Part I because they deal with periods longer than two centuries (1). That is, Part II is only the residue of Part I, and Part III is only the residue of Parts I and II.

    PART I. - FUNDAMENTAL CLASSIFICATION (CENTURIAI).

    ...,Sv A. C., SvnI A. C., ...,S iA.C., S. , S n, ..., S. xx. The last subdivision is followed by a list of biographical, chiefly

    obituary, notices entitled (( Materials for the biography of contem- porary scientists and scholars )).

    (1) Items dealing with periods longer than one century and shorter than three, are classified under one of the two centuries they deal with : the most important, or if equally important, the earliest.

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  • TENTH CRITICAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

    PART II. - HISTORICAL CLASSIFICATION

    1. Antiquity. 2. Antiquity, classical. 3. Asia (Central, Eastern, West-

    ern). 4. Babylonia and Assyria. 5. Bible (Old Test. civil). 6. Byzantium. 7. China. 8. Egypt.

    9. Greece. 10. India. 11. Iran. 12. Islam. 13. Israel. 14. Japan. 15. Middle Ages. 16. Rome.

    PART. 1II. - SYSTEMATIC CLASSIFICATION

    1. Anatomy. 2. Anthropology. 3. Archaeology, museums and

    collections. 4. Art, art and science, iconog-

    raphy. 5. Arts and Crafts. 6. Astronomy, geodesy, meteor-

    ology and terrestrial phys- ics.

    7. Bibliography and libraries. 8. Biology. 9. Botany.

    10. Chemistry. 11. Economics. (econ. doctrines

    and hist., commerce, trans-

    portation, communications). 12. Education (methods and insti-

    tutions.) 13. Ethnology, primitive and po-

    pular science. 14. Geography. 15. Geology, mineralogy, palaeon-

    tology and mining. 16. History of civilization. Histor.

    methods, biography and

    chronology. 17. Language and literature.

    18. Logic and theory of knowl-

    edge. 19. Mathematics. 20. Mechanics. 21. Medicine: a) Hist., Organisa-

    tion and Philos.

    b) Epidemiology. 22. Morals. Moral organ. of so-

    ciety. 23. Pharmacy, pharmacology. 24. Philosophy. Science and phil-

    osophy. 25. Physics. 26. Physiology. 27. Prehistory. 28. Psychology. 29. Religion. Science and religion. 30. Science : a) Bibliography.

    b) History. c) Organization. d) Philosophy.

    31. Sociology, jurisprudence and

    positive polity. 32. Statistics. 33. Superstitions and occultism. 34. Technology. 35. Zoology. 36. Alia.

    VOL. IV- I

    125

    10

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  • 126

    I may add that I am preparing an " Introduction to the History and

    Philosophy of Science ", which will contain a critical and synthetic bibliography of the whole field (see Isis, IV, 23-31). When this Introduction is published (in 1923 ?) the Critical Bibliographies appear- ing in Isis will be, so to say, periodical supplements to it. It is hoped that the scholars who do not yet see the value of our classification, will understand it better when this Introduction will have enabled them to survey with comparative ease the whole field of scientific endeavour throughout the ages.

    As my friend ALDO MIELI edits an excellent bibliography of Italian publications in his Archiuoio di Storia della Scielnza (Rolma, Nardecchia; vol. II, no 2-3 appeared in June 1921), - a bibliography which is also fundamentally chronological, - I will not duplicate his effort and will quote in my own bibliography only the most important Italian publications.

    I am anxious to obtain the assistance of more collaborators in order that this bibliography be as good as possible. I would be especially grateful to scholars who would undertake to sub-edit one of the chap- ters, ex. gr. Greece, or Middle Ages, or astronomy, or botany. The best result would be obtained if every special chapter were edited by a specialist. But that would require teamwork of the first class, and the more so that Parts II and III should remain subordinate to Part I. There are still other ways to collaborate to this bibliography: one may undertake to analyze a certain number of periodicals, or else send in separate notes at random.

    Scholars whose books or memoirs have not yet been included in this bibliography should not hasten to blame the editor. Did they send them to him? Or if they did, were their contributions pertinent? They should put themselves in the place of the editor whose chief aim is to establish the History of Science as an independent discipline and to serve best the scholars engaged in these studies. Critical work must be approached in a spirit of service or left untouched.

    Cambridge, Mass. 24 Agassiz st.

    May 19, 1921 GEORGE SARTON.

    ISIS. IV. 1921

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  • S. IX. A.C. S. V. A.C.

    PART I

    Fundamental Classification (centurial)

    S. IX. A.C.

    Allen, Thomas William. The Homeric catalogue of ships edited with a commentary [Iliad, II, 494-877], xI + 191 p. Oxford, CLARENDON Press, 1921. Isli

    Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Ulrich von. Die Ilias und HOMER, VI + 524 S. Berlin, WEIDMANN, 1916. IsIS

    S. V. A.C.

    Beardslee, John Walter (jr.). The use of (pUo(al in fifth century Greek literature (Thesis), 126 p. Chicago University Press, 1918. ISis

    Diels, H. Hippokratische Forschungen. V. Eine neue Fassung des xix HIPPoKRATEsBriefes. Hermes, Bd. 53, p. 57-87. Berlin, 1918. Isis

    Fotheringham, J. K. A neglected eclipse. The Observatory, vol. 43, p. 189-191, 1920. isI8

    The total eclipse of - 462 April 30, alluded to by PINDAR. J. L. E. D.

    Halliday, W. R. The first description of a Lake-Village. Discovery, vol. I, p. 235-238. London, 1920. Isis

    This description is found in HERODOTUS (V. 16); it is probably the only first-hand description from life of one of the lake-villages of the Central European type exactly similar to those in which the ancestors of the Romans must once have lived. HALLIDAY gives a general account of lake-villages with bibliography. G(. S.

    Murray, Uilbert. ARISTOPHANES and the war party. A study in the contemporary criticism of the war party (The CREIGHTON lec- ture, 1918). 48 p. London, ALLEN, 1918. isis

    The American ed. of the same book is entitled: Our great war and the great war of the ancient Greeks. New York, SELTZER, 1920. G. S.

    Obst. Ernst. Die Beschreibung des Nilpferdes bei HERODOT II, 71. Klio, t. 14, p. 390-391. Leipzig, 1914. Isis

    Pohlenz, Max. Zu den hippokratischen Briefen. Hermes, t. 52, 348- 353. Berlin, 1917. IBIS

    Based upon Papyri Berol. 6934 and 7094 of the In/u cent. and Pap. Ox. IX, 1184 of the time of TIBERIUS . G.S.

    Pohlenz, M. Das zwanzigste Kapitel von HIPPOKRATES de prisca medi cina. Hermes. Bd. 53, p. 396-421. Berlin, 1918. isis

    Westberg, Fr. Zur Topographic des HERODOT, III, 7, Herodots Sta- dion. Klio, t. 14, p. 338-344. Leipzig, 1914. Isis

    Conclusion : Herodotus' stadium - 148,85 m. G. S.

    127

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  • S. IV A. C. S. IIIA. C.

    Zilles, W. HIPPIAS aus Elis. Hermes, Bd. 53, p. 45-56. Berlin 1918. 181I

    Information on the life and activity of HIPPIAS the sophist, supplementing that given by GOMPERZ. No reference to his mathematical work. G. S.

    S. IV A.C.

    Bitterauf, Karl E Der Schlussteil der Aristotelischen Biologie. Bei- triige zur Textgeschichte und Textkritik der Schrift de genera- tione animalium. (Prog'r.), 48 p. Kempten im Allgau, 1913. Isis

    A second part, which I have not seen, has been published ibidem 1914, 33 p. G. S.

    Cajori, Florian. ARISTOTLE and GALILEO on falling bodies. Science, t. 51, p. 615-616, 1920. IsI8

    CAJORI discusses fully ARISTOTLE'S ideas on the subject. G. S.

    Ierzog, M. A. ARISTOTEI.ES' Anschauungen iiber die Lehre von Winter- schlaf im Vergleich zu unsern heutigen Kenntnissen. Festschrift fur ZSCHOKKE, 11 41, 28 p. Basel, 1920. IsIs

    An elaborate study of ARISTOTIE'S views on hibernation followed by a summary of modern ideas on sleep and winter sleep, and a bibliography.

    G. S.

    Mathieu, Georges. ARISTOTE. Constitution d'Athenes. Essai sur la methode suivie par ARISTOTE dans la discussion des textes. (Biblio- thbque de 1'ecole des hautes etudes, sci. histor. et philol., fasc. 216), vII - 137 p. Paris. CIIAMPION, 1915. Isis

    Taylor, Alfred Ewart. ARISTOTLE (The People's Books). Revised ed., 126 p. Edinburgh. JACK, 1919. (First ed. 1912). Iss1

    Wellmann, M. Eine pythagoreische Urkunde des IV. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Hermes, Bd. 54, p. 225-248. Berlin, 1919. Isis

    Apropos of a text quoted by DIOGENES LAERTIUS (VIII, 25 sq.), which has not received sufficient attention, because it is anonymous. ZE,LER alone (Phil. der Griechen, III, 2 , p. 103 sq.) has seen its importance, but he has erroneously attributed it to the last quarter of the second century. WELLMANN maintains that it is a Pythagorean writing of the 4th cent. B. C. He gives the full text. G. S.

    S. III A. C.

    Archibald, R. C. The cattle problem of ARCHIMEDES. The American mathematical monthly, vol. 25, p. 411-414, 1918. 1sis

    Bosmans. H. Sur les recherches relatives a I'histoire de la formation des Elements d'EUCLIDE, a propos des derniers travaux de ZEUTHEN. Revue des questions scientifiques, 11 p. Bruxelles, avril 1920. is1s

    Caspari, Fritz Das Nilschiff PTOLEMAIOS IV. Jarbuch des Kaiserlich deutschen archaologischen Instituts, Bd. 31, p. 1-74, 1 pl. Ber- lin 1916. IBIS

    128

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  • S. II A. C.

    Apropos of the immense floating palace built for PTOLEMY PHILOPATkR (221-205) and described by CALIIXENUS of Rhodes, his contemporary (ATHENA,US, V). G. S.

    Jastrow, Morris (jr.). A gentle cynic : being a translation of the book of Koheleth, commonly called Ecclesiastes, stripped of its later edi- tions; also its origin, growth and interpretation, 255 p. Philadel- phia, LIPPINCOTT, 1919. Isis

    Heath, Sir Thomas L. EUCLID in Greek. Book I, with introduction and notes, x + 240 p. Cambridge University Press, 1920. IBSI

    Payn, H. The well of ERATOSTHENiS. The Observatory, vol. 37, p. 92-98. 1 pl , 1914. Is18

    A picture of a well on the island of Elephantine. J. I.. E. DREYER (ibiderm, p. 352-353), shows that the well cannot have had any connection with ERATOSTHIENES. J. L E. D.

    S. II A.C.

    Erkes, Eduard, Das Weltbild des HUAI-NAN-TZE. Ostasiatische Zeit-

    schrift, V. p. 27-80, 13 Abb. Berlin 1917. I8ss

    HUAI-NAN-TZ1i, the last early Taoist philosopher, died in 122 B. c. He wrote a compilation in 21 books, of which book iv dealing with the surface of the earth, is here translated with copious annotations The illustr. are photographs of the Chinese text. G. S.

    Feldhaus, F. M. Eine phantastische Wasseruhr. Geschichtsblitter fiur Technik, t. II, p. 22-24, !43-144, mit Abb. Berlin, 1915. IsIs

    About the monumental but fanciful reconstruction of CTESIBIUS' water' clock in , Deutschen Museum ,,, Munich. This model is 3.50 m. high; its mechanism is entirely modern. G. S.

    Fotheringham, J. K. The secular acceleration of tlhe sun as determined fromn HIPPARCHUS' equinox observations, with a note on PTOLEMY'S false equinox. AMolzthly notices of the R. astronomical soc., vol. 78, p. 406-423, 1918. ISIS

    Discusses 20 equinox determinations made by HIPPARCHUS and compares them with NEWCOMB'S tables of the Sun. J. L. E. D.

    Fotheringham, J. K. The new star of HIPPARCHUS and the dates of birth and accession of MITHRIDATES. Monthly not. of the R. astron. soc., vol. 79, p. 162-167, 1919. Isis

    This new star is identical with the comet of B. c. 134, said by JUSTIN to have heralded the conception of MITHRIDATES, while another comet which appeared at his accession was seen according to a Chinese source in B. o. 120. J. L. E. D.

    Lippmann, Edm. 0. von. Geschichtlicher Beitrag zur Erkenntnis der Verbrennungsvorgange. Z. fur angew. Chemie, Bd. I, Dez. 1920.

    ISis

    Shows that the ancient knew that air is indispensabIe to the process of combustion. Deals chiefly with PHILO of Byzantium. G. S.

    129

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  • [Philo of Byzantium.] PHILONS Belopoiika (viertes Buch der Mechanik) Griechisch und Deutsch von H. DIELS und E. SCHRAMM. Mit 8 Taf...

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