taino genocide

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  • 1. THE TANO GENOCIDESocial Studies for 9th E.G.B. Teacher: Mauricio Torres

2. "They...brought us parrots and balls of cotton and spears and many other things... They would make fine servants... Withfifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want. Christopher Columbus 3. BACKGROUND Columbus arrives in the Caribbean (Hispaniola) He meets the Tano and is welcomed by them. He makes some of them slaves, and finally decides to have the majority of them paytribute. 4. THE TANO PEOPLE They were the pre-Columbine inhabitants of Caribbeanterritories that now a days we know as the Bahamas andthe Antilles. In Hispaniola (modern day Hait and DominicanRepublic), the island on which Columbus arrived. They had a ruling chief called the Cacique. Each Cacique had power over its own stretch of land. They were paid tribute by others. They enjoyed special privileges. 5. BRIEF FACTS ON CULTURE The Tano had two classes: Naborias (commoners) Nitainos (nobles) They lived on agriculture, but they also hunted andas seafaring people, they fished too. Some of them practiced Polygamy. The Tainos lived in yucayeques (cities). They lacked written language. Their religion was based on worshiping gods, spiritsand ancestors. 6. THE MEETING OF TWO CULTURES When Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, thepopulation of the Tanos was around the 8million, according to Fray Bartolom de lasCasas. Columbus called them indians and the namestuck. They traded gold, feathers and cotton formirrors, combs and spoons. He took some of them back to Spain, as proofof his findings. 7. COLUMBUS, THE TYRANT"I found very many islands filled with people He demanded from the Taino who werewithout number, and all of them I have takenover 14 years of age, to deliver a tributepossession for their Highnesses...of gold every three months.As soon as I arrived in the Indies, on the first If he didnt deliver, he had a secondIsland which I found, I took some of the nativesby force in order that they might learn and mightchoice: twenty five pounds of cotton.give me information on whatever there is in these If not, he had both hands cut off andparts" left to die.Christopher Columbus He enslaved many and executed manymore. By 1496, the population had beenreduced from as many as eight million toaround three million. 8. DETAILED ATROCITIES Some Taino were killed directly aspunishments for crimes such as notpaying tribute to the invaders. Columbus and his men are documentedby the chronicles of Las Casas, to havepartaken in: Mass hangings, roasting people on spits, burnings at the stake and even hacking young children to death and feeding them to dogs as punishment for the most minor of crimes. The Spanish masters massacred thenatives, sometimes hundreds at a time forsport, making bets on who could split aman in two, or cut a head off in one blow. 9. AFTER COLUMBUS By the time he finally left in 1504, the Taino hadbeen reduced to around 100,000 people arguablymaking Columbus a war criminal by todaysstandards and guilty of committing some of theworst atrocities against another race in history. 10. DEFENDING COLUMBUS Defenders of Columbus argue that a large amount ofthe victims were killed by disease. However they fail to recognize that most of thesediseases were caused by Poor living conditions in forced labour camps. Deprived of their crops and fields, many fell prey to dysentery and typhus. Were worked to death or were left to starve to death. 11. 500+ YEARS LATER Today, the Tainos no longer exist. Historiographers in Latin America are revising the work of Historians and challenging many established views on the events after October 12th. 12. ASK YOURSELF Infer: After the first friendly meeting with the Tainos, why do you think Columbus decided to turn into an unfriendly guest? Analyze: Why do you think people emphasize so much on disease as the main reason for the extinction of the Tainos? Read the quotes from Columbus letters. Do you think he felt superior to the natives? Understand: What is Genocide? Relate: Can we call this a Latin American Holocaust? 13. ASSIGNMENT! Evaluate: Being a Latin American, and knowing that in your veins there is mestizo blood, think on the meaning that this date has for you: October 12th (which remembers the landing of Columbus in America). What are your feelings? Pride? Grief? Anger? Joy? Type two paragraphs on how people look back at this date and identify it with: Genocide or the meeting of two cultures? Start with a first draft in class! 14. BIBLIOGRAPHY Burstein, S. M., & Shek, R. (2012). World History (Teachers Edition) (1st Edition ed.). (H.McDougal, Ed.) Orlando, Florida, US.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Wikipedia. (n.d.). Taino. Retrieved May 14, 2012, from Wikipedia:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taino (information taken from sources). Renius, A. (n.d.). Christopher columbus and the Genocide of the Taino. Retrieved May 14,2012, from Socyberty: http://socyberty.com/history/christopher-columbus-and-the-genocide-of-the-taino-nation/#ixzz1unrqn12h Latin American Studies. (n.d.). Taino Conquest. Retrieved May 14, 2012, from LatinAmerican Studies: http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/taino/taino-conquest.htm Images taken from Google.com