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  • STUDY COURSEfor Home Appliances

    HOW TO READ: TIMER SEQUENCE CHARTS (ESTERLINE) WIRING DIAGRAMS

    BASIC ELECTRICITY

    11 12 9 13 4 6 14 10 7 8 19 23 16 3 5 2 1 sw.

    2 2 WASH FILL WASH

    4 4 PAUSE

    DRAIN

    6 6

    8 8 WASH FILL WASH

    10 10

    BLEACH

    12 12

    SUDS STORE DRAIN

    14 14 SPRAY

    16 16 RINSE FILL

    RINSE

    18 18 DRAIN

    SPRAY

    20 20 SPIN

    22 22

    24 24

    TE

    RM

    SW

    ITC

    H F

    UN

    CT

    .

    MACHINE FUNCTION

    TERMINALCODES

    TIMER SWITCHFUNCTIONSTIMER SWITCH

    NUMBERS

    RE

    GU

    LA

    R/H

    EA

    VY

    OR

    NO

    RM

    AL

    SU

    PE

    RW

    AS

    HC

    YC

    LE

    OFF

    RINSE FILL

    SPIN

    BR

    WA

    SH

    FIL

    L

    Y -

    RR

    INS

    E F

    ILL

    LB

    US

    UD

    S R

    ET

    .

    G -

    BK

    SP

    RA

    Y

    O -

    BK

    RIN

    SE

    CO

    ND

    .

    OR

    ME

    D. M

    OT

    OR

    GY

    SP

    IN

    G -

    BK

    DE

    EP

    FIL

    L

    YA

    GIT

    AT

    E

    LB

    US

    UD

    S S

    TO

    RE

    BU

    - O

    AG

    IT. M

    OT

    OR

    R -

    WS

    PIN

    MO

    TO

    R

    TT

    IME

    R

    BU

    - G

    BL

    EA

    CH

    BU

    HI -

    MO

    TO

    R

    TM

    BY

    - P

    AS

    S

    - -

    TO

    OL

    ED

    CA

    M

    W -

    GM

    AS

    TE

    R

    CH

    AR

    T

    Module 3LIT 787741 Rev. B

    TIMERFUNCTION

    SWITCHCLOSED

    SWITCHOPEN

    TERMINALCODE

    SWITCHNUMBER

  • All rights reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced in any form withoutwritten permission from WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION.

    1989, 1993, 2000 WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION

    WHIRLPOOL CORPORATION does not assume any responsibilityor any liability in connection with the use of this manual.

    The trademarks WHIRLPOOL , , , and FSP are registeredtrademarks of Whirlpool Corporation.

  • INTRODUCTION

    The material presented in this module is intended to provide you with an understanding of thefundamentals of electricity as applied to major appliances.

    Major appliances have become more sophisticated, taking them out of the screwdriver and pliers category.Their electrical circuits include several different types of automatic controls, switches, heaters, valves, etc..Semiconductors, solid-state controls, and other components usually associated with radio and televisionelectronic circuits, are being engineered into automatic washers, dryers, dishwashers, and refrigerators.

    The appliance technician is emerging into a professional status of his own. He must prepare himself nowto be able to perform his duties today as well as to retain his professionalism in the future.

    No longer is on-the-job training sufficient to prepare technicians for the complicated procedures requiredfor todays sophisticated appliances. This training can best be obtained through organized classroom studyand application. However, much of the knowledge necessary to service todays appliances can be obtainedthrough study courses. Completion of this and other courses will provide you with sufficient understanding ofappliances and their operation to enable you to do minor service. It will also serve as a valuable steppingstone to more advanced study and on-the-job training to improve your servicing skills.

    Information contained in this module is used on WHIRLPOOL appliances.

    1

  • TABLE of CONTENTS

    PAGE

    CHAPTER 1 ..............................................................................................3Timer Sequence Charts (Esterline)

    CHAPTER 2 ..............................................................................................7Wiring Diagrams

    *TEST ............................................................See Test Book LIT787743

    *NOTE: We recommend taking the TEST for MODULE 3, rightafter studying it.

    2

  • CHAPTER 1

    TIMER SEQUENCE GHARTS(ESTERLINE)

    3

    Page 5 represents a sample timer sequence chart.Page 6 represents a sample wiring diagram. Thisdetailed chart shows how the timer motor and timerswitch operation control machine functions. Whenthe timer switch sequence chart information is com-pared to the wiring diagram, electrical and mechani-cal diagnosis can be accomplished. The top horizontalrow of numbers across the top of the timer sequencechart represents timer SWITCH NUMBERS. Thesenumbers will not be found on the actual timer. Theyare merely guides to be used to relate between thetimer sequence chart and the wiring diagram. Thetimer switch functions are shown directly below thetimer switch numbers. These relate to the functioncontrolled by that switch contact.

    The letters below the timer switch functions, such asLBU, GY, G-BK, O-BK, etc., represent the actualtimer terminal markings and wiring color code.

    The vertical column at the right of the timer sequencechart shows the cycles of machine operation. As youcan see, in this particular chart we are only showingthree Cycles NORMAL or REGULAR/HEAVY,GENTLE and PERMANENT PRESS, as well as thespecial cycle SUPER WASH. To the right of eachcycle are the machine functions for that cycle.

    The columns under the machine function headinggive the basic operation on the left, and give thesupporting functions on the right, for each timer step.

    Even numbered timer steps are shown to the left ofthe wash cycles. The odd number steps are not shown,to avoid confusion and an overcrowded appearance.Each timer space represents a definite period of time.

    Closed switches for the components of each timer stepare represented by the HEAVY VERTICAL BARS inthe timer switch sequence chart.

    The timer switch sequence chart explains the when,what, why, and how of machine function at anyselected point of operation.

    In order to properly diagnose a problem, the electricalcircuitry and the wiring diagram, attached to theproduct must be thoroughly understood. Lets firststudy each part of the wiring diagram.

    On page 6 the symbol shown at the top of the page bythe letters BK, G, and W represents the line cordattachment plug. The line marked W extends downthe right side of the diagram and is known as theneutral side of the electrical system. Note that thisline connects directly to one side of each energyconverting (electrical to mechanical) component ofthe automatic washer, without any controlling switch.

    The line shown as BK extends to the left and is knownas the hot side of the electrical system. It provides acircuit to the master switch (No. 1) and to all the otherelectrically operated components through the timerswitches, and/or the water level and temperatureswitches.

    The heavy black lines connected to numbered switchesrepresent circuits and switches within the timerassembly.

    The pull-on, push-off timer knob switch controls allcircuits. This switch will start the automatic washeroperation when the timer knob is pulled out, and willstop the operation when it is pushed in.

    All timer switches are numbered to correspond withthe timer sequence chart. Any given machine compo-nent is always controlled by the same timer switchnumber, regardless of the model. For example: Five(5) is always reserved for high motor speed; seven (7)is always reserved for agitation, etc.

    Wiring harnesses are color coded, to match the colorcoded lettering imprinted on the wires of the timerterminal connections. Any given automatic washercomponent always uses the same wiring harnesscolor and color code lettering, regardless of model.Example: BU (Blue) is always used for high motorspeed; Y (Yellow) is always used for agitation.

    Any given component is always shown at the sameposition on the wiring diagram. The water tempera-ture switch is shown within dashed lines, near thebottom of the wiring chart. The lettering at the rightof the switch contacts indicates present contacts forvarious combinations of wash and rinse water tem-perature selections. The first letter represents WASHwater temperature, while the second letter identifiesRINSE water temperature.

  • 4

    Since studying and learning information has no valueuntil it is applied, lets follow this step-by-step proce-dure to diagnose a machine malfunction.

    For an example, say the washer was set in theGENTLE cycle with the water temperature switchset at HOT WASH and COLD RINSE, and that thewasher will not FILL. A rule is to always check theeasy and obvious first.

    Is there power to the machine? Be sure the machinespower cord is plugged into a live wall receptacle.Next, be sure the water faucets are turned On! Also,make sure the timer dial indication coincides withthe timer function.

    Lets assume in our example that, having completedall the normal examinations, the machine still doesnot FILL. Turn to the wiring diagram and timersequence chart. By using this information, you will beable to determine which circuits and components areaffected in the appliances electrical system at anygiven time. The wiring chart is easy to follow when astep-by-step checking sequence is used.

    Fill, in the GENTLE cycle, takes place in timer Step26. Lets start by drawing a line horizontally throughtimer Step 26 on the timer sequence chart and notethe closed circuits.

    The closed switches are switch no. 1 (master), no. 16(timer), no. 19 (agitate motor), no. 7 (agitate), no. 10(deep fill) and switch no. 11 (wash fill).

    Now close these switches on the wiring diagram onpage 6. As you can see by the heavy line, the electric-ity on t