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  • Nanotechnologyand Forest products

    Opportunity RoadmapSteven L. Masia

    Sappi Fine Paper

  • Resources End Results: Sustainable Forest Products Productivity

    ForestsForests

    LigninLignin

    HemicelluloseHemicellulose

    CelluloseCellulose

    FibreFibre

    Other FibersOther FibersMaterialsMaterials

    DissolvingDissolvingPulpPulp

    SubstrateSubstrateSurfaceSurface

    ModifiedModifiedSurfaceSurface

    Paper Board

    Printing

    Coating

    LandLandTreesTrees

    Composites

    POSITIVELY IMPACTING THE ENVIRONMENT

  • ForestsForests

    LandLandTreesTrees

    Time

    LigninModification

    CelluloseModification

    Genetic and Mendel manipulation

    Extraction of resins;oils; perfumes- Biomedicine

    Markers

    Cellulose andbiomass

    SUSTAINABLE FOREST PRODUCTIVITY

  • Genetic Modification of trees

  • LigninLignin

    HemicelluloseHemicellulose

    Xylose from cellulose

    Methane from cellulose

    Hydrogen

    Furfuralfrom cellulose

    Fermentation & Distillation

    Bioethanol

    Electricity/energy

    Steam

    HydrolysisGlucose from cellulose

    Sorbitol

    Mannitol

    Lactic Acid

    Ammonia

    Extraction

    Nano Biological devices

    ADVANCING THE FOREST BIOREFINERY

  • LigninLignin Adhesives with, or from cellulose

    ThermochemicalPlatform

    Syngas (H2 and CO)

    Electricity/energy

    Steam

    GasificationFi

    sche

    r Tr

    opsc

    h

    WaxesDieselsOlefins

    Gasoline

    MethanolOlefins

    Gasoline

    AceticAcid

    MTBEFormaldehyde

    EthanolDMEM100

    M85DMFC

    MixedAlcohols

    i-C4

    Aldehydes Alcohols

    Pyrolysis Oil

    Carbon nanotubes

    ADVANCING THE FOREST BIOREFINERY

  • ForestsForests

    CelluloseCellulose

    DissolvingDissolvingPulpPulp

    Bacterial Cellulose

    Enzymes Fractionation,

    Catalysts

    IonicLiquids

    Lignosulphonates

    CarbonNanotubes

    RayonsNanoComposites

    ADVANCING THE WOOD PRODUCTS REVOLUTION: Forest Nanomaterials

    Wood and microcelluloseNanocomposites

  • http://www.cermav.cnrs.fr/glyco3d/lessons/modeling/index.html

    Cellulose Nanowire

    Cellulose Chiral strand Double helix winding Multiple helix branching

    http://www.cermav.cnrs.fr/glyco3d/lessons/modeling/index.html

  • HemicelluloseHemicelluloseCelluloseCellulose FibreFibre Double

    Cellulose nanocrystals

    Carbon nanotubes

    Piezoelectric

    Nanowires and nano ribbons-self assembly

    Amorphous cellulose

    Treatments;reactions

    Refining

    Preservation of cellulose

    NEXT GENERATION FIBER RECOVERY & UTILIZATION

    Water interaction

  • Nanocellulose wire filmLangmuir, 23 (15), 7901 -7906, 2007.10.1021/la700772a S0743-7463(70)00772-2 http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/langd5/2007/23/i15/abs/la700772a.html

    Nanotitania on cellulose

    http://www.rsc.org/ejga/GC/2007/b609887h-ga.gif

    http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/langd5/2007/23/i15/abs/la700772a.htmlhttp://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/langd5/2007/23/i15/abs/la700772a.htmlhttp://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/abstract.cgi/langd5/2007/23/i15/abs/la700772a.htmlhttp://www.rsc.org/ejga/GC/2007/b609887h-ga.gifhttp://www.rsc.org/ejga/GC/2007/b609887h-ga.gif

  • Preparation Of Nanocomposite Cellulose Fibres

    Silvo Hribernik 1, M. Sfiligoj Smole 1, K. Stana Kleinschek 1, S. Strnad 1, M. Bele

    2, V. Ribitsch 31University of Maribor, Laboratory for

    Characterisation and Processing of Polymers2National Institute of Chemistry, Ljubljana3University of Graz, Institute of Chemistry,

    Rheology and Colloid Science, Graz

    http://complex.ijs.si/slonano2005/abstract_web.htm

    Paper + Nanotubes = Reeeally Thin Batteries

    Emily GertzAugust 17, 2007

    http://www.worldchanging.com/archives/007130.html

    http://complex.ijs.si/slonano2005/abstract_web.htmhttp://complex.ijs.si/slonano2005/abstract_web.htmhttp://www.worldchanging.com/emily_bio.htmlhttp://www.worldchanging.com/archives/007130.htmlhttp://www.worldchanging.com/archives/007130.html

  • New metal crystals, formed on a cotton assembly line

    Configurations of metal crystals that show promise as components in Biosensors;

    http://www.physorg.com/news94131885.html

    The Influence of Nano-Confinement and Hydrogen

    Bonding on the Transition State of Model Lignin CompoundsBobby G. Sumpter, Phillip F.

    Britt, A.C. Buchanan IIIhttp://www.csm.ornl.gov/ccsg/html

    /downloads/phenoxyhightxt.pdf

    (WO/2005/023708) LASER PYROLYSIS METHOD FOR PRODUCING CARBON NANO-SPHERES

    http://nanotechnologytoday.blogspot.com/2007/03/new-metal-crystals-formed-on-cotton.htmlhttp://nanotechnologytoday.blogspot.com/2007/03/new-metal-crystals-formed-on-cotton.htmlhttp://www.physorg.com/news94131885.htmlhttp://www.physorg.com/news94131885.htmlhttp://www.csm.ornl.gov/ccsg/html/downloads/phenoxyhightxt.pdfhttp://www.csm.ornl.gov/ccsg/html/downloads/phenoxyhightxt.pdfhttp://bp0.blogger.com/_TZ4zYEBSw1I/Rg6heMqEdfI/AAAAAAAAAqo/v2ygHz3ye60/s1600-h/nano_crystals.jpg

  • Double

    Double Sided Double Sided Substrate SurfaceSubstrate Surface

    Paper web

    BoardComposites Extruded

    celluloseBiopolymers

    Injectionmolding

    HybridCars

    Construction

    SmartPackaging;SensorsSecurity

    Batteries

    Fire resistance

    Pest control

    Toxicityreduction

    Filters

    Catalyst

    Ceramics;Inorganic-organic

    BREAKTHROUGH MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES:Nano composites

    POSITIVELY IMPACTING THE ENVIRONMENT

  • http://www.oilchief.com/logo/cellulose_nano.jpg

    Nanofilter made with Nanocellulose

  • ZnO nanoparticles on a paper surface (thermolabile substrate) without the use of binders Ammonia and heat treatment of ZNO and cellulose followed by Ultrasound treatment enables coating ofZnO nanoparticles ZnO nanoparticles coated paperpossesses antibacterial activity against E. coli.

    Anti-Toxin Coating

    Preparation and characterization of ZnOnanoparticles coated paper and its antibacterial activity study;

    Kalyani Ghule, Anil Vithal Ghule, Bo-Jung Chen and Yong-Chien LingGreen Chem., 2006, 8, 1034 - 1041, DOI:10.1039/b605623g

    http://www.rsc.org/publishing/journals/GC/article.asp?doi=b605623g

    http://www.rsc.org/publishing/journals/GC/article.asp?doi=b605623ghttp://www.rsc.org/publishing/journals/GC/article.asp?doi=b605623g

  • Modified

    ModifiedModifiedSurfaceSurface

    Printing

    CoatingHydrophilic

    Hydrophobic

    Magnetic

    Conductive InksMedical

    O2 Scavenging

    Biosensors

    Powder

    High Gloss

    Ultra Matte

    Iridescent

    Printed Electrical Circuits

    Printed Battery

    Electric/BatteriesDisplays

    Capacitors

    Displays

    OLEDsFuel cells

    Security

    Security

    UV protection;preservation

    Nanoclay

    BREAKTHROUGH MANUFACTURINGTECHNOLOGIES :

    POSITIVELY IMPACTING THE ENVIRONMENT

  • New Nano Silver Powder Enables Flexible Printed Circuits

    http://www.nanoproducts.de/index.php?mp=products&file=info&language=eng&products_id=95

    Silver kills odor-causing bacteria and neutralizes ammonia

    Antimicrobial coated textiles for performance apparel, infection-resistant medical devices, and glazes for sanitary ware that permanently inhibit odors and stains without chemical cleaners.

    http://www.nanoproducts.de/index.php?mp=products&file=info&language=eng&products_id=95http://www.nanoproducts.de/index.php?mp=products&file=info&language=eng&products_id=95http://www.nanoproducts.de/index.php?mp=products&file=info&language=eng&products_id=95

  • RFID antennae technology manufactured with ParelecsParmod conductive inks

    http://www.parelec.com

    Low-voltage inkjetted organic transistors for printed RFID and display applicationsSteven E. Molesa, Alejandro de la FuenteVornbrock, Paul C. Chang, and VivekSubramanian

    Uses Hexanol ink jet solvent with cross linkable polyvinylpyrrolidone coating

    http://organics.eecs.berkeley.edu/pdf/IEDM05.pdf

    http://www.parelec.com/http://www.google.com/search?hl=en&sa=X&oi=spell&resnum=0&ct=result&cd=1&q=+PVP+polyvinylpyrrolidone&spell=1http://organics.eecs.berkeley.edu/pdf/IEDM05.pdfhttp://organics.eecs.berkeley.edu/pdf/IEDM05.pdf

  • http://www.cintelliq.com/docs/OSAD20070521_sample.htm

    http://www.nanoident.com/technology/production-process-in-depth.html

    http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/445342a

    Paper printed with polymer channels

    http://www.cintelliq.com/docs/OSAD20070521_sample.htmhttp://www.cintelliq.com/docs/OSAD20070521_sample.htmhttp://www.nanoident.com/technology/production-process-in-depth.htmlhttp://www.nanoident.com/technology/production-process-in-depth.htmlhttp://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/445342ahttp://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/445342a

  • Defense applications

    On site fuel production Light weight body armor Temporary shelter

    IR resistant shelter Light weight shelter Recyclable shelter

  • Nanotechnology value

    http://www.nanomaterialscompany.com/images/Nanomaterials-growth-graph.gif

    http://www.nanomaterialscompany.com/images/Nanomaterials-growth-graph.gifhttp://www.nanomaterialscompany.com/images/Nanomaterials-growth-graph.gif

  • Sappi: Nanotechnology and Sustainable Development

    Development which meets the needs of the present without compromising

    the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

    Brundtland Report, 1987,