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<ul><li><p>Standing Orders of the Central AfricanMultinational Force (FOMAC)</p><p>TITRE I</p><p>Definition, Mission and Objectives of the FOMAC</p><p>ARTICLE 1 :</p><p>The Central African Multinational Force (FOMAC) is a force composed ofnational interservice, police, gendarmerie contingents and of civilian modulesfrom Member States of the ECCAS, with a view to carrying out peace, securityand humanitarian assistance missions.</p><p>The FOMAC may receive reinforcements from civilian units composed of non-governmental organizations (NGO) and associations authorized by theECCAS General Secretariat.</p><p>ARTICLE 2:</p><p>FOMAC shall be entrusted, among other thing, with the following missions :</p><p>a) Observation and monitoring ;</p><p>b) Peace-keeping and restoration of peace ;</p><p>c) Humanitarian intervention following a humanitarian disaster;</p><p>d) Enforcement of sanctions as provided for by the existing regulations ;</p><p>e) Preventive deployment;</p><p>f) Peace-building, disarmament and demobilisation ;</p><p>g) Policing activities, including the control of fraud and organized crime ;</p><p>h) Any other operations as may be mandated by the Conference.</p><p>ARTICLE 3 :</p><p>The FOMAC shall be implemented in conformity with the provisions of Articles25 and 26 of the Protocol relating to the COPAX and in collaboration with theUnited Nations Organization and the Organization of African Unity (OAU),without prejudice to the powers of the Central Organ of the OAU for ConflictPrevention, Management and resolution in Africa.</p></li><li><p>TITRE II</p><p>Organization of FOMAC</p><p>ARTICLE 4:</p><p>National modules for the FOMAC may include:</p><p>Army;Land force units;Navy units;Gendarmerie units;Police units ;Civilian modules.</p><p>ARTICLE 5:</p><p>a) The FOMAC may comprise strengths of the size of:</p><p>one major brigade at the lowest estimate ;two major brigades at the average estimate ;</p><p>three major brigades at the highest estimate with in each caseadequate air and naval facilities.</p><p>b) However Member States shall set up the Force from a light brigade of upto two thousand (2,000) troops, varying according to the situation anddepending on the hypothesis taken into consideration by the Conference,in conformity with Annex A to these Standing Orders.</p><p>ARTICLE 6 :</p><p>General Staffs engaging the FOMAC shall be multinational for each operation.</p><p>ARTICLE 7 :</p><p>Officers who form the General Staffs engaging the FOMAC shall be appointedby consensus by Member States.</p><p>ARTICLE 8:</p><p>The COPAX may put contingents of the FORCE at the disposal of the UnitedNations Organization (UNO) or the Organization of African Unity (OAU) attheir request.</p></li><li><p>TITRE III</p><p>Legal Status and Rules of Conduct of FOMAC</p><p>ARTICLE 9:</p><p>I - For the accomplishment of their missions, the FOMAC personnel shall enjoydiplomatic status.</p><p>ARTICLE 10:</p><p>The FOMAC personnel shall enjoy the clauses of the Convention on Securityof the United Nations staff and associate staff.</p><p>ARTICLE 11 :</p><p>The FOMAC shall be deployed in conformity with the basic rules and principlescontained in the conventions which codify the International Humanitarian Lawincluding the Conventions of Vienna of 12 August 1949 and their additionalProtocols.</p><p>ARTICLE 12 :</p><p>Specific Codes of conduct shall be worked out on each engagement of theFOMAC.</p><p>ARTICLE 13:</p><p>In zones of operations, general discipline matters shall come within thecompetence of the heads of contingents. They shall draw on the existingregulations of their respective armies, gendarmerie and police.</p><p>Duly noted cases of sheer indiscipline may be subject to sanctionspronounced by the Force Commander.</p><p>ARTICLE 14:</p><p>Common law infractions attributable to FOMAC staff in the accomplishment oftheir mission shall fall within the cognisance of their national courts of law.</p><p>The presumed authors shall be sent back without delay to their countries oforigin.</p></li><li><p>ARTICLE 15:</p><p>Ad hoc courts shall be set up to take cognisance of infractions, which occur inthe execution of FOMAC operations, which can be described as war crime orgenocide.</p><p>Ad hoc courts shall be set up at the request of the Chairman of theConference.</p><p>ARTICLE 17:</p><p>For operational purposes, the FOMAC shall be exempted from customs dutiesand shall make use of port, airport, hospital and telecommunications facilitiesof Member States.</p><p>Specific arrangements may be concluded with the host State when necessary.</p><p>TITRE IV</p><p>Functioning of FOMAC</p><p>ARTICLE 18 :</p><p>For the conditioning of FOMAC contingents, the COPAX shall be responsiblefor coordinating training programmes.</p><p>ARTICLE 19 :</p><p>The duration of engagement initially estimated may be renewed by theConference.</p><p>ARTICLE 20 :</p><p>Any engagement may be interrupted at any moment upon instruction from theserving Chairman after consultation with the other members of theConference.</p><p>ARTICLE 21 :</p><p>Pending the engagement, each FOMAC national module shall be supportedby its Army logistics.</p></li><li><p>ARTICLE 22 :</p><p>1. The FOMAC logistic support shall be provided by the COPAX during theengagement period. However the FOMAC may receive logistic supportfrom any other institution or donor State, subject to the consent of theChairman of the Conference.</p><p>2. In the event of FOMAC engagement on behalf of the United NationsOrganization (UNO) or the Organization of African Unity (OAU) thelogistics shall be provided by these organizations.</p><p>ARTICLE 23:</p><p>The operational procedure shall be in the working languages of theCommunity.</p><p>TITRE V</p><p>The Special Representative and the Commander of FOMAC</p><p>ARTICLE 24 :</p><p>1. The Conference shall appoint a Special Representative for eachoperation.</p><p>2. The Special Representative shall be directly accountable to theConference.</p><p>ARTICLE 25 : Role and functions of the Special Representative</p><p>The role and functions of the Special Representative shall, among otherthings, include the following :</p><p>I) Acting as a chief of mission and being responsible for the politicalorientation of the mission ;</p><p>II) Directing peace-keeping activities and initiating political and diplomaticnegotiations with parties, neighbouring States and other governmentsinvolved in the conflict;</p><p>III) Briefing troop -contributing States and other States on the situation andoperations of the mission ;</p></li><li><p>IV) Coordinating the activities of sub-regional and international organizations,including NGOs involved in humanitarian relief and peace-building in themission area.</p><p>The Special Representative shall keep in touch with the Secretary-General of ECCAS.</p><p>ARTICLE 26:</p><p>A FOMAC Commander shall be appointed by the Conference in accordancewith Article 8 of the Protocol on COPAX.</p><p>ARTICLE 27:</p><p>The missions of the FOMAC Commander shall include the following :</p><p>I. Preparing and being responsible for the efficiency of operational,administrative and logistic plans of the mission ;</p><p>II. Issuing instructions to contingents commanders for all operationalactivities;</p><p>III. Ensuring the security of the staff and equipment of humanitarianorganizations in the mission area.</p><p>ARTICLE 28:</p><p>a) The FOMAC Commander shall be accountable for his activities to theConference through the Special Representative and shall inform theGeneral Secretariat of ECCAS thereof.</p><p>b) All contingents Commanders shall report directly to the ForceCommander.</p><p>c) All civilian units shall report directly to the Special Representative.</p><p>TITRE VI</p><p>Chain of Conduct</p><p>ARTICLE 29 :</p><p>Hierarchy with regard to command for both officers and non-commissionedofficers is specified in Annex B to these Standing Orders. Within thishierarchy, command shall be assumed by the senior officer in the highest rank.</p></li><li><p>ARTICLE 30 :</p><p>The duration of command and the stay of officers at the Force MultinationalInterservice Staff shall be six months, renewable only once.</p><p>TITRE VII</p><p>FOMAC Remuneration System</p><p>ARTICLE 31 :</p><p>At national level, the FOMAC personnel shall continue to be paid the whole oftheir wages and benefits provided for by the existing regulations.</p><p>ARTICLE 32 :</p><p>At multinational level, the FOMAC personnel shall receive a COPAXremuneration including:</p><p>a) A food allowance and an operation allowance for non commissionedstaff;</p><p>b) A food, housing and operation allowance for commissioned officers.</p><p>TITRE VIII</p><p>Contributions to the Functioning of FOMAC</p><p>ARTICLE 33:</p><p>All COPAX Member States shall contribute to the financing of all operations.</p><p>External partners may contribute to the financing of COPAX operations on thebasis of arrangements to be concluded with the General Secretariat, subject tothe consent of the serving Chairman of ECCAS.</p><p>ARTICLE 34:</p><p>All Member States contributing troops shall prefinance the cost of militaryoperations for the first three (3) months of their engagement. Beyond thatperiod, COPAX shall take over.</p><p>The prefinancing shall be refunded by the COPAX budget.</p></li><li><p>8</p><p>ARTICLE 35:</p><p>The governments of host countries shall put at the disposal of the peacemission all necessary logistic facilities.</p><p>TITRE VIII</p><p>Miscellaneous and Final Provisions</p><p>ARTICLE 36:</p><p>Any FOMAC staff on mission shall be considered as being in the field.</p><p>ARTICLE 37:</p><p>FOMAC staff shall be granted a twelve-day leave every three (3) months to bespent in an area made secure.</p><p>ARTICLE 38:</p><p>FOMAC staff may be granted the following awards :</p><p> Special preferment to national title ; COPAX decorations; Mention in ECCAS order ; Expression of satisfaction ; Congratulations.</p><p>ARTICLE 39 :</p><p>Troops that make up contingents shall be relieved periodically, depending onthe planning of their respective States.</p><p>ARTICLE 40:</p><p>FOMAC contingents may be visited or inspected by national relevantauthorities.</p><p>ARTICLE 41 :Adherence to the Protocol on Central African Council for Peace and Security(COPAX) shall entail the acceptance of these Standing Orders of the FOMAC.</p></li><li><p>ARTICLE 42:</p><p>These Standing Orders may be amended by the Conference at the request ofany Member State.</p><p>They shall enter into force from their date of signature and shall be publishedin the Official Journal of the Community in English, French, Portuguese andSpanish.</p><p>Done at Malabo on 17 June 2002</p></li><li><p>ANNEXE A (articles)</p><p>Organisation et structure de la force</p><p>a, "I. Note explicative sur le cot des oprations</p><p>a. -11. Les hypothses d'origine (fvrier 1999 ; voir taux au $ a.14 ci-dessous) :</p><p>- hypothse de base : une brigade communautaire d'effectif 4 000, correspondant une primealimentaire quotidienne de 12 millions fcfa, soit 360 millions mensuels ou US $ 600 000 ($ 55 OOOpar pays, au taux de charge de US $ 1.00=600 fcfa) ;</p><p>- hypothse moyenne de deux brigades communautaires 8000 hommes, soit 720 millions fcfamensuels ou US$ 1,2 millions de prime alimentaire ($110 000 par pays ) ;</p><p>Hypothse haute: trois brigades communautaires 12 000 hommes, soit 1.080 milliard de fcfamensuels ou US $ 1.8 million ($ 164 000 par pays) de prime alimentaire.</p><p>a.12. L'exprience communautaire :</p><p>Les difficults rencontres ce jour pour raliser un exercice militaire conjoint de simulationd'oprations de maintien de la paiix entre les pays de la sous-rgion montrent les limites des Etats de laCEEAC pouvoir mobiliser des ressources ddies au soutien des units de grande envergure.</p><p>a.13. Le choix d'un format raliste, ralisable et multipliable :</p><p>Aussi, la brigade lgre 1 600 hommes (mille six cent), et dont les structures font apparatre unedouzaine d'units lmentaires parat une solution raliste car elle sous-entend que chaque pays de laCEEAC est tenu d'quiper et de soutenir la valeur d'une compagnie, pour commencer. Chacun de cestats devrait tre en mesure de fournir la demande une unit de mme type que celle engage, doncavoir un systme de rserve consquente qui, si le besoin se fait sentir et si les moyens logistiques lepermettent, peut tre projete en renfort sur le thtre d'oprations, ce qui d'emble fera porter la force la valeur de 2 brigades mixtes (deux) soit 3 milliers d'hommes (3 200 exactement).</p><p>a.14. La justification du choix du format de la brigade lgre environ 1600 par le cot</p><p>Si nous prenons pour exemple le cas le plus rcent de la Ml NU RCA (Mission des Nations Unies enRpublique Centrafricaine), Bangui, o l'ONU a allou chaque soldat une somme mensuelle peuprs gale 200 000 fcfa (US $ 3:34) par mois et mis la disposition de chaque contingent une primealimentaire troupe de 3 000 fcfa (US $5.00) par homme et par jour, pour une unit lmentaire d'uneffectif moyen de 120 hommes (cent vingt), nous avons ci-aprs l'effort financier absolu de chaque tatpour soutenir mensuellement l'unit qu'elle engage : cela donne 35 000 000 fcfa (US $ 60 000)auxquels il ne faut pas oublier d'ajouter les frais mdicaux, les carburants et lubrifiants, etc.., ce qui, infine, peut atteindre la somme de 50 000 000 fcfa (US $ 84 000).</p><p>Rien qu'en hypothse de base (4 000 soldats), chacun des 11 tats de la CEEAC aurait payermensuellement 152 millions fcfa (US $ 254 000), tandis que pour le soutien de la brigade mixtecommunautaire de 1600 hommes, le cot mensuel pour chaque tat serait de 61 millions fcfa(US $102000), tout compris. Le ralisme devrait amener les pays de la communaut commencer parmonter la grande brigade communautaire de 4000 hommes graduellement, via les modulesmultipliables de la brigade mixte plus lgre 1600 hommes.</p></li><li><p>a.2 Structure de la force :</p><p>1 (1) Brigade lgre 1600 hommes comprenant :</p><p> 1 poste de commandement Multinational Interarmes de Thtre (PCMIAT) 159 hommes;</p><p> 1 Bataillon d'Infanterie 566 hommes avec :</p><p>-1 poste de commandement (PC) de Bataillon ;-1 Compagnie de Soutien logistique (CSL) ;- 3 Compagnies d'Infanterie.</p><p> 1 Bataillon Blind 455 hommes avec :</p><p>-1 PC de Bataillon- 1 Escadron de Soutien logistique (ESL) ;- 3 Escadrons Blinds.</p><p> 1 Bataillon d'Appui 391 hommes avec :</p><p>-1 PC de Bataillon-1 Batterie de Commandement et de Soutien ;-1 Batterie de tir sol / sol ;-1 Batterie de tir sol / air-1 Section de Mortiers Lourds (SML)-1 Section du Gnie.</p></li><li><p>ANNEXE B (article 29)</p><p>La hirarchie dans le commandement</p><p>i).- pour les officiers :</p><p>Arme de TerreSous-Lieutenant</p><p>(SLT)</p><p>Arme de l'AirSous-Lieutenant</p><p>(SLT)</p><p>MarineEnseigne de Vaisseau de</p><p>1er Classe</p><p>GendarmerieSous-Lieutenant</p><p>(SLT)</p><p>Lieutenant(STT)</p><p>Lieutenant(STT)</p><p>Enseigne de Vaisseau de2e"" Classe</p><p>Lieutenant(STT)</p><p>Capitaine(CNE)</p><p>Capitaine(CNE)</p><p>Lieutenant de Vaisseau Capitaine</p><p>Chef de Bataillon(CB)</p><p>Lieutenant Colonel</p><p>Commandant(CPT)</p><p>Capitaine de Corvette Chef d'Escadron</p><p>(LCDLieutenant Colonel</p><p>(LCDCapitaine de Frgate Lieutenant Colonel</p><p>(LCDColonel(COL)</p><p>Gnral de BrigadeJGB1</p><p>Colonel(COL)</p><p>Capitaine de Vaisseau</p><p>Gnral de Brigade Arien(GBA)</p><p>Contre Amiral</p><p>Colonel(COD</p><p>Gnral de BrigadeJGBJ_</p><p>Gnral de Division Gnral de DivisionArien(GDA)</p><p>Vice Amiral Gnral de Division</p><p>Gnral de Corpsd'Armes</p><p>(GCA)</p><p>Gnral de Corpsd'Armes Arien</p><p>(GCAA)</p><p>Vice Amiral d'Escadre(VAE)</p><p>Gnral de Corpsd'Armes</p><p>Gnral d'Arme(GA)</p><p>Gnral d'Arme Arien(GA)</p><p>Amiral(A)</p><p>Gnral d'Arme</p><p>il).- pour les sous-officiers :</p><p>Arme de TerreSoldat de 2 ClasseSoldat de 2e"" Classe</p><p>Caporal(CAL)</p><p>Caporal Chef(CPC)</p><p>Sergent(SGT)</p><p>Sergent Chef(SGC)</p><p>Adjudant(ADT)</p><p>Adjudant Chef(ADC)</p><p>Arme de l'AirSoldat de 2e ClasseSoldat de 2"1" Classe</p><p>Caporal(CAL)</p><p>Caporal Chef(CPC)</p><p>Sergent(SGT)</p><p>Sergent Chef[SGC)</p><p>Adjudant(ADT)</p><p>Adjudant ChefCADJ)</p><p>MarineMatelot de 2e ClasseMatelot de 2 Classe</p><p>Quartier Matre(QM)</p><p>Quartier Matre Principal(QM)</p><p>Second Matre(SM)</p><p>Matre(M)</p><p>Premier Matre(PM)</p><p>Matre Principal(MP)</p><p>G...</p></li></ul>