factories & Standing orders

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<ul><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 1/37</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 2/37</p><p>GROUP MEMBERS</p><p> Prachi Pharande 12107A0011</p><p> Nivedita Wagh 12107A0020</p><p> Pratika Surkar 12107A0016</p><p> Priyanka Kambli 12107A0041</p><p> Rinita Malwankar 12107A0052</p><p> Aparna Manjrekar 12107A0054</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 3/37</p><p>DEFINITION</p><p> Definition under the Act (Sec.2)</p><p>StandingOrdersmean rules relating to matters set out</p><p>in the Schedule to the Act [Sec.2(g)] to be covered and in</p><p>respect of which the employer has to draft for submission to</p><p>the Certifying Officer, are matters specified in the Schedule.</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 4/37</p><p>OBJECTIVES OF THE ACT</p><p> To require employers to define the conditions of work</p><p> To bring about uniformity in terms and conditions of</p><p>employment</p><p> To minimize industrial conflicts</p><p> To foster harmonious relations between employers andemployees.</p><p> To provide statutory sanctity and importance to standing</p><p>orders</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 5/37</p><p>SCOPE AND APPLICATION</p><p> Extends to the whole of India</p><p> Establishment-100 or more workmen are employed</p><p> On any day preceding twelve months</p><p> Applicability continuous if the no. of workmenemployed gets reduced to less than 100</p><p> The appropriate Govt. can exempt any establishmentfrom any of the provisions of the Act</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 6/37</p><p>CONTN..</p><p> Applies-railways, factories, mines, quarries, oil-fields,tramways, motor services, docks, plantations,workshops, civil construction and maintenanceworks.</p><p> The Act has 15 sections and a schedule.</p><p> It applies to all the skilled or unskilled, manual,</p><p>supervisory, technical, clerical work also apprentices</p><p> Wages exceeding Rs.1600 are not covered</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 7/37</p><p>Procedure for the Approval of</p><p>Standing Orders The main provision that deal for the approval of Standing</p><p>Orders are:</p><p>1. Procedure for the submission of Draft Standing Orders[Section 3].</p><p>1. Procedure for the Conditions for Certification of Standing</p><p>Orders [Section4].</p><p>2. Procedure for Certification of Standing Orders (Procedure</p><p>for Adoption) [Section 5].</p><p>3. Appeals [Section 6].</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 8/37</p><p>Procedure for the submission of</p><p>Draft Standing Orders1. Within 6 months from the date on which this Act becomes</p><p>applicable to industrial establishment, the employer shall submit</p><p>to the Certifying Officer 5 copies of the draft standing orders</p><p>proposed by him.</p><p>2. Provision shall have to be made as such every matter set out in</p><p>the Schedule which may be applicable to the industrial</p><p>establishment and were model standing orders have been</p><p>prescribed.</p><p>3. Subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, a group ofemployers in similar industrial establishments may submit a join</p><p>draft or standing orders under this section.</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 9/37</p><p>Procedure for the Conditions for</p><p>Certification of Standing Orders</p><p>The standing order to be certified by the certifying officer</p><p>under certain conditions:</p><p>1. If provision is made therein for every matter set out in</p><p>the schedule which is applicable to the Industrial</p><p>Establishment; and</p><p>2.If the standing orders are otherwise in conformity withthe provision of this Act and it shall be the function of</p><p>the Certifying Officer or appellate authority to</p><p>reasonableness of the provision of any standing</p><p>orders.</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 10/37</p><p>Procedure for Certification of Standing</p><p>Orders (Procedure for Adoption)</p><p>1. The Certifying officer receipt of the draft Standing Orders</p><p>from the employer shall forward a copy of the draft standing</p><p>orders to the recognized trade union of the establishment</p><p>seeking submission of objection to draft standing orders ifany.</p><p>2. The standing orders came into operation on the expiry of 30</p><p>days from the date on which the authenticated copies of the</p><p>standing orders are forwarded to the employer and theworkmen by the certifying officer.</p><p>3. The conditions of employment, which will be binding on the</p><p>employer and the workmen from the date when they become</p><p>operational. </p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 11/37</p><p>Appeal of Standing Orders</p><p> Any employer, workmen, trade union or other prescribed</p><p>representatives of workmen aggrieved by the order of the</p><p>Certifying Officer may appeal to the appellate authority</p><p>within 30 days from the date on which copies are to be sent</p><p>to them.</p><p> The appellate authority may confirm the standing orders as</p><p>certified, or may make modifications or additions to render</p><p>them certifiable and it has to send copies of the same to the</p><p>concerned person within 7 days of the order[Sec. 7].</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 12/37</p><p>Modification of Standing Orders</p><p> Standing Order finally certified under the Act shall not,</p><p>except on agreement between the employers and the</p><p>workmen or their Trade Union be liable to modification until</p><p>the expiry of 6 months from the date on which the standing</p><p>orders came into operation.</p><p> Subject to the provision of sub-section (1), an employer or</p><p>workman or a trade union or other representative body of</p><p>the workmen may apply to the Certifying Officer to have</p><p>the standing orders modified, and such application shall be</p><p>accompanied by 5 copies of the modifications proposed to</p><p>be made.</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 13/37</p><p>Certifying Officer</p><p> Definition:-</p><p>The certifying officer under standing order</p><p>act means Regional Labor Commissioner, LaborCommissioner or other officer appointed by the</p><p>appropriate government by the notification in the Official</p><p>Gazette, to perform all or any of the functions of</p><p>certifying officer under Act.</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 14/37</p><p>Powers of Certifying Officer:-</p><p>Every Certifying Officer and appellate authority shall have</p><p>all the powers of Civil Court for he purpose of:</p><p>1. Receiving Evidence,</p><p>2. Administering oaths,</p><p>3. Enforcing the attendance of witness, and</p><p>4. Compelling the discovery and production of documents.</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 15/37</p><p>Payment of Subsistence</p><p>Allowance Where any workmen is suspended by the employer</p><p>pending investigation or inquiry into complaints or</p><p>charge of misconduct against him, the employer shall</p><p>pay to such workmen subsistence allowance:</p><p>a. At the rate of 50% of the wages which the employer is</p><p>entitled to immediately preceding the date of such</p><p>suspension, for the 90 days of suspension; and</p><p>b. At the rate of 70% of such wages for the remaining</p><p>period of suspension.</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 16/37</p><p>Offences and Penalties</p><p> An employer fails to submit the draft Standing Orders</p><p>as required by Section 3 or who modified his standing</p><p>orders otherwise with sec.10</p><p> An employer who does not act in contravention of the</p><p>standing orders</p><p> No persecution for any offence punishable under this</p><p>section 13 shall be instituted except with the previous</p><p>sanction of the appropriate government. </p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 17/37</p><p>Model Standing Orders</p><p> Classification of Workers</p><p> Publication of Work Time, Holidays, Pay Days and Wage Rates</p><p> Shift Working</p><p> Attendance and Late Coming</p><p> Leave and Holidays</p><p> Casual Leave</p><p> Payment of Wages</p><p> Stoppage of Work</p><p> Termination of Employment</p><p> Disciplinary Action for Misconduct</p><p> Suspension</p><p> Dismissal</p><p> Complaints</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 18/37</p><p>CASE STUDY</p><p> Ss.22-A- Suspension continues after 5 days also.</p><p> Bombay Dyeing and Manufacturing Co.Ltd</p><p>Vs</p><p>Aditya Narayan Shyam Charan Upadhyay 1993</p><p>I CLR 77 ( Bom H.C)</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 19/37</p><p>Case V.K Verma vs Hindustan</p><p>Machine Tools</p><p> Petitioner filed caseCannot be charge sheeted for absence</p><p>of duty as wages for the days were deducted</p><p> The Contention was rejected Deduction of wages was not a measure of penalty</p><p> In spite deduction petitioner can be charge sheeted for</p><p>absence or late attendance</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 20/37</p><p>P. V.Pujari &amp; Ors. Vs. Municipal</p><p>Corporation of Greater Bombay</p><p>1994</p><p> Four workmen were serving with the BEST Undertaking of the</p><p>Corporation - three of them as conductors and one Mr. P. V.</p><p>Pujari as a clerk assaultedanother bus conductor Shri B. K.</p><p>Nangre.</p><p> On the night of 12 November, 1983</p><p> Enquiry Officer found them guilty of commission of misconduct</p><p>under Standing Order 20(i) and 20(r). </p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 21/37</p><p>FACTORIES ACT 1948</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 22/37</p><p>DEFINITION</p><p>An act to consolidate and amend the law regulating</p><p>labour in factories</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 23/37</p><p>OBJECTIVES OF THE ACT</p><p> To secure safety of the persons</p><p> To secure health of the persons from hazardousoccupation/processes</p><p> To ensure protection from hazardous equipment</p><p>To ensure sound working environment</p><p> To ensure welfare of the persons</p><p> To protect the environment </p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 24/37</p><p>APPLICABILITY</p><p>At any place wherein manufacturing process is carried</p><p> The industries in which ten (10) or more than ten</p><p>workers are employed</p><p> Persons working therein are not employed by theowner directly</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 25/37</p><p>SALIENT FEATURES OF</p><p>THE ACT Health</p><p> Safety</p><p> Provisions relating to hazardous processes</p><p> Welfare</p><p>Annual leave with Wages</p><p> Penalties &amp; Procedures </p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 26/37</p><p>TERMINOLOGIES</p><p> Manufacturing process</p><p> Worker</p><p> Occupier</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 27/37</p><p>HEALTH</p><p> Cleanliness</p><p> Disposal of water &amp; effluents</p><p> Ventilation &amp; temperature</p><p> Dust &amp; fumes Artificial humidification</p><p> Overcrowding</p><p>Lighting Drinking Water</p><p> Latrines &amp; urinals</p><p> Spittoons</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 28/37</p><p>SAFETY</p><p> Fencing of machinery</p><p> Work on or near machinery in motion</p><p> Employment of young person on dangerous machines</p><p>Casing of new machinery Revolving machinery</p><p> Infrastructure</p><p> Excessive weights</p><p> Protection from physical harm &amp; Dangerous materials</p><p> Power to Certain important information's</p><p> Maintenance of building</p><p> Safety offices</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 29/37</p><p>Provisions relating to hazardous</p><p>processes</p><p> Constitution of Site Appraisal Committees</p><p> Compulsory disclosure of information by the occupier</p><p> Specific responsibility of the occupier in relation to</p><p>hazardous processes</p><p> Power of Central Government to appoint Inquiry</p><p>Committee</p><p>Emergency standards Workers' participation in safety management</p><p> Right of workers to warn about imminent danger</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 30/37</p><p>Welfare</p><p> Washing facilitiesSec 42</p><p> Facilities for storing &amp; drying clothingSec 43</p><p> Facilities for sittingSec 44</p><p> First-aid appliancesSec 45</p><p> CanteensSec 46</p><p> Shelters, rest rooms and lunch roomsSec 47</p><p> CrechesSec 48</p><p> Welfare officersSec 49</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 31/37</p><p>Annual leave with Wages</p><p>A worker having worked for 240 days @ one day</p><p>for every 20 days and for a child one day for</p><p>working of 15 days.</p><p> Accumulation of leave for 30 days.</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 32/37</p><p>Hours of work</p><p> Weekly Hours</p><p> Weekly holidays</p><p> Compensatory holidays</p><p> Daily hours</p><p> Intervals for rest</p><p> Spreadover</p><p> Night shifts.</p><p> Extra wages for overtime</p><p> Further restriction on employment of women</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 33/37</p><p>Penalties and procedures</p><p> Liability of owner of premises in certain</p><p>circumstances</p><p> Enhanced penalty after previous conviction</p><p> Offences by workers</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 34/37</p><p>Contd.</p><p> Penalty for permitting double employment of child</p><p> Section 103- Presumption as to employment</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 35/37</p><p>Safety issues at Dr Reddy</p><p> Case 1-The mishap occurred due to a possible leak of</p><p>poisonous gas at the Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients</p><p>(APIs) plant of the Hyderabad-based company at</p><p>Bollaram on 22ndDecember 2010</p><p> Case 2-Two persons were charred to death in a fire at</p><p>DRLs Bollaram plant on 5th</p><p>June 2011</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; Standing orders</p><p> 36/37</p><p>Webliography</p><p> http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-</p><p>labs/768016/</p><p> http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/companies/case-slapped-on-dr-</p><p>reddys-over-fire-deaths-at-bollaram-unit/article2079159.ece</p><p> http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-06-06/india-business/29624955_1_factories-act-casual-workers-safety-issue</p><p> http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-</p><p>labs/768016</p><p>http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/32063/64873/E87IND01.htm</p><p> http://dgfasli.nic.in/statutesa.htm</p>http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/32063/64873/E87IND01.htmhttp://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/32063/64873/E87IND01.htmhttp://dgfasli.nic.in/statutesa.htmhttp://dgfasli.nic.in/statutesa.htmhttp://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/32063/64873/E87IND01.htmhttp://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/32063/64873/E87IND01.htmhttp://www.ilo.org/dyn/natlex/docs/WEBTEXT/32063/64873/E87IND01.htmhttp://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016http://www.indianexpress.com/news/govt-files-case-against-dr-reddys-labs/768016</li><li><p>8/14/2019 factories &amp; 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