Sappress Sap Change and Transport Management 3

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<p>Armin Ksegi, Rainer Nerding</p> <p>SAP Change and Transport Management</p> <p>Bonn Boston</p> <p>Contents at a GlancePArT I 1 2 3 4 5 6 The Big Picture 31 45 67</p> <p>SAP ERP Architecture and Data Components ................ Realizing Business Processes in SAP ERP ....................... The SAP ERP System Landscape ....................................</p> <p>Managing Changes and Data in an SAP ERP System Landscape .................................................................... 109 Setting Up a System Landscape ..................................... 139 Maintaining a System Landscape .................................. 167 Technical Tasks</p> <p>PArT II 7 8 9</p> <p>Transport Setup Activities at Installation ....................... 213 Setting Up the TMS ...................................................... 247 Client Tools ................................................................... 301</p> <p>PArT III Tools 10 Managing Development Changes ................................. 347 11 Managing Customizing Changes ................................... 409 12 Releasing and Exporting Change Requests .................... 455 13 Importing Change Requests .......................................... 487 14 Technical Insight into the Import Process ...................... 527 15 SAP NetWeaver Development Infrastructure ................. 573 16 Enhanced Change and Transport System ....................... 617 17 Maintaining SAP Software ............................................ 643 18 SAP Software Release Upgrade ..................................... 719 19 SAP Solution Manager .................................................. 801 Appendices A Transport Profile Parameters ......................................... 881</p> <p>Contents at a Glance</p> <p>B C D E F</p> <p>Selected Transaction Codes ........................................... 899 Glossary ........................................................................ 905 Questions and Answers ................................................ 933 Literature ...................................................................... 975 Authors ........................................................................ 979</p> <p>6</p> <p>ContentsForeword .................................................................................... Introduction ................................................................................. 21 23</p> <p>PArT I 1</p> <p>The Big Picture 3132 35 35 36 37 37 38 39 42 43</p> <p>SAP ErP Architecture and Data Components .............1.1 1.2 Client/Server Architecture in Brief ................................. The SAP ERP Database .................................................. 1.2.1 The Repository ................................................... 1.2.2 Customer Data ................................................... 1.2.3 Technical Implementation ................................... SAP ERP Clients ............................................................ 1.3.1 Technical Implementation ................................... 1.3.2 Data Components .............................................. 1.3.3 Standard SAP ERP Clients ................................... Questions .....................................................................</p> <p>1.3</p> <p>1.4</p> <p>2</p> <p>realizing Business Processes in SAP ErP ...................2.1 Customizing .................................................................. 2.1.1 SAP ERP Reference Model .................................. 2.1.2 Implementation Guide (IMG) ............................. Development ................................................................ 2.2.1 ABAP Workbench ............................................... 2.2.2 Customer-Developed Repository Objects ............ 2.2.3 Enhancements .................................................... 2.2.4 Modifications ..................................................... Questions .....................................................................</p> <p>4546 47 48 53 54 55 56 59 63</p> <p>2.2</p> <p>2.3</p> <p>3</p> <p>The SAP ErP System Landscape ..................................3.1 SAP ERP Client Roles .................................................... 3.1.1 Critical Client Roles ............................................ 3.1.2 Additional Client Roles .......................................</p> <p>6768 68 71</p> <p>7</p> <p>Contents</p> <p>3.2</p> <p>3.3</p> <p>3.4</p> <p>3.5</p> <p>3.6</p> <p>3.7</p> <p>Defining an SAP Client .................................................. 74 3.2.1 Client-Dependent Change Option ...................... 75 3.2.2 Client-Independent Change Option .................... 77 Multiple Clients in an SAP ERP System .......................... 79 3.3.1 Functional Limitations ........................................ 79 3.3.2 Technical Limitations .......................................... 80 3.3.3 Protective Measures for Multiple-Client Operations ......................................................... 81 The SAP Three-System Landscape ................................ 82 3.4.1 Standard SAP Systems ........................................ 82 3.4.2 Distribution of Client Roles ................................. 83 Alternative System Landscapes ...................................... 86 3.5.1 One-System Landscape ....................................... 86 3.5.2 Two-System Landscape ....................................... 87 3.5.3 Four-System Landscape ...................................... 89 Complex System Landscapes ......................................... 89 3.6.1 Multiple Production System Landscape .............. 90 3.6.2 Phased System Landscape ................................... 94 3.6.3 Global System Landscape ................................... 100 Questions ..................................................................... 105</p> <p>4</p> <p>Managing Changes and Data in an SAP ErP System Landscape .................................................................... 1094.1 Transporting Customizing and Development Changes ... 4.1.1 Change Requests and Tasks ................................ 4.1.2 Preparing Changes .............................................. 4.1.3 Importing Changes ............................................. 4.1.4 Change and Transport System (CTS) .................... Transferring Data .......................................................... 4.2.1 Master Data ....................................................... 4.2.2 Transaction Data ................................................. 4.2.3 User Master Data ............................................... Copying SAP ERP Systems and Clients ........................... 4.3.1 System Copy ....................................................... 4.3.2 Client Copy ........................................................ Questions ..................................................................... 109 110 114 117 122 124 125 128 131 134 134 135 136</p> <p>4.2</p> <p>4.3</p> <p>4.4</p> <p>8</p> <p>Contents</p> <p>5</p> <p>Setting Up a System Landscape .................................. 1395.1 Setting Up the Development System ............................. 5.1.1 Post-Installation Processing ................................ 5.1.2 Setting Up the Transport Management System (TMS) ..................................................... 5.1.3 Creating Clients .................................................. Setting Up the Quality Assurance and Production Systems ........................................................................ 5.2.1 After Installing the New SAP System ................... 5.2.2 Change Request Strategy .................................... 5.2.3 Quality Assurance Procedure of the TMS ............ 5.2.4 Client Copy Strategy ........................................... System Copy Strategy .................................................... 5.3.1 System Copy of Quality Assurance ...................... 5.3.2 Cleaning Up after a System Copy ........................ Release Considerations ................................................. Questions ..................................................................... 139 140 141 142 146 147 148 151 153 158 159 160 162 165</p> <p>5.2</p> <p>5.3</p> <p>5.4 5.5</p> <p>6</p> <p>Maintaining a System Landscape ................................ 1676.1 6.2 Implementation Plan .................................................... Managing Implementation Projects ............................... 6.2.1 Implementation Phases ...................................... 6.2.2 Managing Change Requests ................................ 6.2.3 Unit Testing ........................................................ 6.2.4 Releasing and Exporting Change Requests .......... Transport Management ................................................. 6.3.1 Exporting Change Requests ................................ 6.3.2 Importing Change Requests ................................ 6.3.3 Post-Import Issues .............................................. 6.3.4 Importing into the Production System ................ Business Validation ....................................................... 6.4.1 Testing Procedures .............................................. 6.4.2 SAP Testing Tools ................................................ Support for the SAP Standard ....................................... 6.5.1 Support for an SAP Release ................................ 6.5.2 Release Upgrades ............................................... Questions ..................................................................... 168 170 170 172 175 177 179 180 181 188 190 197 197 199 202 202 207 208 9</p> <p>6.3</p> <p>6.4</p> <p>6.5</p> <p>6.6</p> <p>Contents</p> <p>PArT II 7</p> <p>Technical Tasks</p> <p>Transport Setup Activities at Installation ................... 2137.1 7.2 Specifying the System ID (SID) ...................................... Setting Up the Transport Directory ................................ 7.2.1 One or Many Transport Directories? ................... 7.2.2 Transport Directory Structure .............................. 7.2.3 Procedure ........................................................... Configuring a Transport Profile ...................................... 7.3.1 Transport Profile as of R/3 Release 4.5 ................ 7.3.2 Profile Syntax ..................................................... 7.3.3 Required Parameters .......................................... Activities within SAP ERP .............................................. 7.4.1 Initializing the Change and Transport Organizer (CTO) ................................................. 7.4.2 Setting the Global System Change Option .......... 7.4.3 Verifying Required Background Jobs ................... 7.4.4 Verifying Background Work Processes ................. Questions ..................................................................... 213 214 216 217 219 225 225 228 231 238 239 240 243 244 244</p> <p>7.3</p> <p>7.4</p> <p>7.5</p> <p>8</p> <p>Setting Up the TMS ..................................................... 2478.1 TMS Terminology and Concepts .................................... 8.1.1 Transport Domain ............................................... 8.1.2 Transport Routes ................................................ Setting Up the Transport Domain .................................. 8.2.1 Setting Up the Domain Controller ...................... 8.2.2 Extending the Transport Domain ........................ 8.2.3 Backup Domain Controller .................................. 8.2.4 Verifying the Transport Domain .......................... 8.2.5 Technical Aspects of the Configuration Process ... Configuring Transport Routes ........................................ 8.3.1 Procedure ........................................................... 8.3.2 Extending and Changing a Transport Route Configuration ..................................................... 8.3.3 Extended Transport Control ................................ Verifying the System Landscape Setup .......................... 8.4.1 Verifying the TMS Setup ..................................... 247 248 251 254 255 257 264 266 270 276 276 281 288 294 295</p> <p>8.2</p> <p>8.3</p> <p>8.4</p> <p>10</p> <p>Contents</p> <p>8.5</p> <p>8.4.2 Verifying the Transport Route Configuration ....... 296 8.4.3 The Alert Monitor .............................................. 297 Questions ..................................................................... 298</p> <p>9</p> <p>Client Tools .................................................................. 3019.1 Creating Clients ............................................................ 9.1.1 Client Entries ...................................................... 9.1.2 Client Settings .................................................... Providing a Client with Data ......................................... 9.2.1 Selecting a Client Copy Tool ............................... 9.2.2 Using Client Copy Profiles to Select Data ............ 9.2.3 Local and Remote Client Copy ............................ 9.2.4 Client Transport .................................................. 9.2.5 Monitoring and Verifying a Client Copy .............. 9.2.6 Considerations for a Client Copy ......................... Deleting a Client ........................................................... Table Logging for a Client .............................................. 9.4.1 Resource Constraints .......................................... 9.4.2 Activating Table Logging ..................................... 9.4.3 Viewing Table Logs ............................................. 9.4.4 Removing Change Documents ............................ Authorization Profiles for Client Tools ........................... Questions ..................................................................... 302 302 305 309 310 312 315 317 323 328 333 334 334 335 337 340 341 343</p> <p>9.2</p> <p>9.3 9.4</p> <p>9.5 9.6</p> <p>PArT III</p> <p>Tools</p> <p>10 Managing Development Changes ............................... 34710.1 Development Prerequisites ........................................... 10.1.1 SSCR Registration of Developers ....................... 10.1.2 Packages .......................................................... 10.2 Workbench Change Requests ........................................ 10.2.1 Transportable Change Request ......................... 10.2.2 Local Change Request ...................................... 10.2.3 Tasks ................................................................ 10.2.4 Viewing Workbench Change Requests .............. 10.2.5 Creating a Workbench Change Request ............ 347 348 349 361 362 363 363 364 367</p> <p>11</p> <p>Contents</p> <p>10.3</p> <p>10.4 10.5</p> <p>10.6</p> <p>10.2.6 Recording Repository Objects to Change Requests .......................................................... 10.2.7 Object List of Change Requests and Tasks ......... Repairs and Modifications ............................................. 10.3.1 Setting the Repair Flag ..................................... 10.3.2 Modification Assistant ...................................... 10.3.3 Modification Browser ....................................... 10.3.4 Modifications .....................................................</p>