26648304 Sappress Sap Change and Transport Management

Download 26648304 Sappress Sap Change and Transport Management

Post on 24-Apr-2015

41 views

Category:

Documents

3 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<p>Achim Ksegi, Rainer Nerding</p> <p>SAP Change and Transport Management</p> <p>Foreword to the series of booksAt SAP AG, our first priority is to ensure that the SAP software solutions in your enterprise run successfully and at a minimal cost. This Lowest Cost of Ownership is achieved with fast and efficient implementation, together with optimal and dependable operation. SAP Active Global Support is actively and consistently there to help you, with the new SAP Solution Management strategy. Throughout the entire lifecycle of a solution, SAP offers customers all necessary services, first-class support, a suitable infrastructure, and the relevant know-how. The new strategy is backed up by three powerful support programs: Safeguarding, or, in other words, risk management; Solution Management Optimization, which aims to optimize the customer's IT solution; and Empowering, which ensures a targeted, effective transfer of knowledge from SAP to the customer. The imparting of knowledge is also one of the key aims of this bookpart of the line of SAP Technical Support Guides. This series gives you a detailed overview of technical aspects and concepts for managing SAP software solutions. The topics dealt with in these books range from a technical implementation project to running a software system and the relevant database system. Whether you are new to SAP system management or wish to gain further qualifications, you will benefit from the wealth of practical experience and first-hand information contained in these books. With this line of books, SAP also endeavors to help prepare you for qualification as a Certified Technical Consultant. Please note, however: These books cannot replace, nor do they attempt to replace, personal experience gained from working with the various SAP solutions! Rather, the authors offer suggestions to help in your day-today work with the software. Innovation in SAP solutions always brings with it new challenges and solutions for system management. The demands made on the customer's own or external support organizations also increase. The expertise and knowledge of these organizations can be a great help in avoiding problems when using the software. Therefore, one of the core tasks of this series of books is to teach problem-solving skills. Even in this Internet age, books prove to be an ideal medium for imparting knowledge in a compact form. Furthermore, their content complements the new service and support platform, the SAP Solution Manager, and other new</p> <p>Foreword to the series of books</p> <p>5</p> <p>services offered by SAP. The series provides background knowledge on the operation and functioning of new SAP solutions and contributes to customer satisfaction.</p> <p>Gerhard Oswald Member of the executive board of SAP AG</p> <p>Dr. Uwe Hommel Senior Vice President at SAP AG SAP Active Global Support Rot, March 2006</p> <p>ContentsForeword to the series of books Introduction How This Book Is Organized Part 1 The Big Picture 11.1 1.2</p> <p>5 17 21</p> <p>SAP ECC Architecture and Data Components 25Client/Server Architecture in Brief ................................................................ The SAP ECC Database ................................................................................... 1.2.1 The Repository ................................................................................... 1.2.2 Customer Data ................................................................................... 1.2.3 Technical Implementation ................................................................ SAP ECC Clients ............................................................................................... 1.3.1 Technical Implementation ................................................................ 1.3.2 Data Components ............................................................................. 1.3.3 Standard SAP ECC Clients ................................................................ Questions .......................................................................................................... 26 28 29 29 30 30 31 32 34 35</p> <p>1.3</p> <p>1.4</p> <p>22.1</p> <p>Realizing Business Processes in SAP ECCCustomizing ...................................................................................................... 2.1.1 SAP ECC Reference Model ............................................................... 2.1.2 Implementation Guide (IMG) .......................................................... Development .................................................................................................... 2.2.1 ABAP Workbench .............................................................................. 2.2.2 Customer-Developed Repository Objects ..................................... 2.2.3 Enhancements .................................................................................... 2.2.4 Modifications ..................................................................................... Questions ..........................................................................................................</p> <p>3738 39 40 44 44 45 46 48 51</p> <p>2.2</p> <p>2.3</p> <p>Contents</p> <p>7</p> <p>33.1</p> <p>The mySAP ERP System LandscapeSAP ECC Client Roles ...................................................................................... 3.1.1 Critical Client Roles ........................................................................... 3.1.2 Additional Client Roles ..................................................................... Defining an SAP Client .................................................................................... 3.2.1 Client-Dependent Change Options ................................................. 3.2.2 Client-Independent Change Options .............................................. Multiple Clients in an SAP ECC System ....................................................... 3.3.1 Functional Limitations ....................................................................... 3.3.2 Technical Limitations ......................................................................... 3.3.3 Protective Measures for Multiple-Client Operations .................... The SAP Three-System Landscape ................................................................. 3.4.1 Standard SAP Systems ....................................................................... 3.4.2 Distribution of Client Roles .............................................................. Alternative System Landscapes ..................................................................... 3.5.1 One-System Landscape ..................................................................... 3.5.2 Two-System Landscape ..................................................................... 3.5.3 Four-System Landscape .................................................................... Complex System Landscapes ......................................................................... 3.6.1 Multiple Production System Landscape .......................................... 3.6.2 Phased System Landscape ................................................................ 3.6.3 Global System Landscape ................................................................. Questions ..........................................................................................................</p> <p>5353 54 56 59 60 61 63 63 64 65 65 66 66 68 69 70 71 72 72 76 81 84</p> <p>3.2</p> <p>3.3</p> <p>3.4</p> <p>3.5</p> <p>3.6</p> <p>3.7</p> <p>44.1</p> <p>Managing Changes and Data in a mySAP ERP System Landscape 87Transporting Customizing and Development Changes ............................. 4.1.1 Change Requests and Tasks .............................................................. 4.1.2 Promoting Changes ........................................................................... 4.1.3 Importing Changes ............................................................................ 4.1.4 Change and Transport System (CTS) ............................................... 87 88 91 94 98</p> <p>4.2</p> <p>Transferring Data .............................................................................................. 99 4.2.1 Master Data ........................................................................................ 101 4.2.2 Transaction Data ................................................................................ 103 4.2.3 User Master Data ............................................................................... 106 Copying SAP ECC Systems and Clients ........................................................ 107 4.3.1 System Copy ....................................................................................... 108 4.3.2 Client Copy ......................................................................................... 109 Questions .......................................................................................................... 109</p> <p>4.3</p> <p>4.4</p> <p>8</p> <p>Contents</p> <p>55.1</p> <p>Setting Up a System Landscape</p> <p>111111 111 112 113 117 117 119 121 123</p> <p>Setting Up the Development System ........................................................... 5.1.1 Post-Installation Processing .............................................................. 5.1.2 Setting Up the Transport Management System (TMS) ................. 5.1.3 Creating Clients ................................................................................. Setting Up the Quality Assurance and Production Systems .................... 5.2.1 After Installing the New SAP System .............................................. 5.2.2 Change Request Strategy .................................................................. 5.2.3 Quality Assurance Procedure of the TMS ....................................... 5.2.4 Client Copy Strategy .........................................................................</p> <p>5.2</p> <p>5.3 5.4 5.5</p> <p>System Copy Strategy ..................................................................................... 127 5.3.1 System Copy of Quality Assurance ................................................. 128 Release Considerations ................................................................................... 131 Questions .......................................................................................................... 134</p> <p>66.1 6.2</p> <p>Maintaining a System Landscape</p> <p>135137 137 139 142 144 145 146 146 153 155</p> <p>Implementation Plan ....................................................................................... 135 Managing Implementation Projects ............................................................. 6.2.1 Implementation Phases .................................................................... 6.2.2 Managing Change Requests ............................................................. 6.2.3 Unit Testing ........................................................................................ 6.2.4 Releasing and Exporting Change Requests .................................... Transport Management ................................................................................... 6.3.1 Exporting Change Requests ............................................................. 6.3.2 Importing Change Requests ............................................................. 6.3.3 Post-Import Issues ............................................................................. 6.3.4 Importing into the Production System ...........................................</p> <p>6.3</p> <p>6.4</p> <p>Business Validation .......................................................................................... 161 6.4.1 Testing Procedures ............................................................................ 162 6.4.2 SAP Testing Tools .............................................................................. 164 Support for the SAP Standard ........................................................................ 165 6.5.1 Support for an SAP Release .............................................................. 166 6.5.2 Release Upgrades .............................................................................. 169 Questions .......................................................................................................... 171</p> <p>6.5</p> <p>6.6</p> <p>Contents</p> <p>9</p> <p>Part 2 Technical Tasks 77.1 7.2</p> <p>Transport Setup Activities at Installation</p> <p>175176 177 179 180 185 186 187 189 192 198 199 200 203 204</p> <p>Specifying the System ID (SID) ...................................................................... 175 Setting Up the Transport Directory .............................................................. 7.2.1 One or Many Transport Directories? .............................................. 7.2.2 Transport Directory Structure .......................................................... 7.2.3 Procedure ........................................................................................... Configuring the Transport Profile .................................................................. 7.3.1 Transport Profile in R/3 Release 4.0 ................................................ 7.3.2 Transport Profile in R/3 Release 4.5 ................................................ 7.3.3 Profile Syntax ...................................................................................... 7.3.4 Required Parameters ......................................................................... Activities within SAP ECC ............................................................................... 7.4.1 Initializing the Change and Transport Organizer ........................... 7.4.2 Setting the Global System Change Option ..................................... 7.4.3 Verifying Required Background Jobs ............................................... 7.4.4 Verifying Background Work Processes ............................................</p> <p>7.3</p> <p>7.4</p> <p>7.5</p> <p>Questions .......................................................................................................... 204</p> <p>88.1</p> <p>Setting Up the TMS</p> <p>207</p> <p>TMS Terminology and Concepts .................................................................... 207 8.1.1 Transport Domain .............................................................................. 208 8.1.2 Transport Routes ................................................................................ 211 Setting Up the Transport Domain ................................................................. 8.2.1 Setting Up the Domain Controller .................................................. 8.2.2 Extending the Transport Domain .................................................... 8.2.3 Backup Domain Controller ............................................................... 8.2.4 Verifying the Transport Domain ...................................................... 8.2.5 Technical Aspects of the Configuration Process ............................ Configuring Transport Routes ........................................................................ 8.3.1...</p>