researchers of historic india

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Researchers of India- Abhishek SavarnyaHistoric

IntroductionA large number of researchers have started to discover references to the latest scientific discoveries in the Vedic passage. The most recent twist tale being of the flying machine of Maharishi Bharadwaj. It took a team of researchers from IISC to put the rumors at rest.On the contrast though attempts have been made to patent gayatri mantra, haldi and there is not a single patent by us on aloe vera though it s use has been mentioned through out the Indian history.An attempt has been made to make the Vedas and meaning accessible to all.Ignorance could be bliss but believing a distorted history can be adverse.A study of patenting activity in aloe vera- JIPR-2002

Indus Valley Civilization

Mohenjo-daros Ring stones

Standardized Harappan system of weights- Dual binary decimal progression(1,2,4,8,16,32,64,160,200.)

Kalibangans terracotta scale- unit of 1.75cm.Arthashatras angul appears to be 10 lothal units. Analysed by Prof. R. Balasubramaniam, IITK

Historical era:

Historical era:Pingalas treatise Chhandashastra gives verse meter for verses ,identical to binary notation.

Arabic Numerals and all Indian numerals (except Tamil) can be traced to Brahmi script.

Evolution of numeral 4 by Georges IfrahBrahmgupta gave the mathematical definition of infinity.Time scale, measurement was way beyond.

Acharya Kanad

He was born around 600BC.the founder of VaisheshikDarshan - one of six principal philosophies of IndiaA great philosopher who proposed the idea of anu as the smallest indivisible particle.

Acharya Charak (600BC)

He is crowned as the Father of MedicineHis renowned work, the CharakSamhita, is considered as an encyclopedia ofAyurveda .In the CharakSamhita he has described the medicinal qualities and functions of 100,000 herbal plants.He has emphasized the influence of diet and activity on mind and body

Acharya Sushrut (600 BC)

He details the first ever surgery procedures in Sushrut Samhita .He describes 125 types of surgical instruments and 300 types of operation.He has also described use of anaesthesia and a number of stitching methods.

Acharya Patanjali (200 BC)

He is considered as Father of Yoga.His 84 yogic postures effectively enhance the efficiency of the systems and organs of the body.

As per him ultimate bliss lies in Asthang yog :yam, niyam, asan, pranayam,pratyahar, dhyan, dharna and samadhi.

First 4 of ashtang yog can be practiced by all and last 4 only by rishis.9

Nagarjuna (931 AD)

He was a metallurgist and alchemist.

He authored Ras Ratnakar , Rashrudaya and Rasendramangal which are renowned research in chemistry.Extraction of metals such as silver, gold, tin and copper from their ores and their purification were also mentioned in the treatise.He also wrote Arogyamanjari, Kakshaputatantra,Yogasaraand Yogasatak on lines of Ayurvedic treatise.His uttaratantrais a supplement to Sushutrasamhita, dealing with preparation of medicinal drugs.He was also appointed as Chancellor of the famous University of Nalanda.

Aryabhatt (476-550 CE)

At the age of 23, he wrote a text on astronomy and an unparallel treatise on mathematics called Aryabhatiyam. The mathematical part of the Aryabhatiya covers arithmetic, algebra, plane trigonometry, and spherical trigonometry, continued fractions, quadratic equations, sums-of-power series, and a table of sines. Arya-siddhanta, a lost work on astronomical computations, is known through the writings of his contemporary, Varahamihira, and later mathematicians and commentators, including Brahmagupta and Bhaskara I.Laplace (early 19th century) wrote testimonial for his great achievement.

ConclusionsOur is an ancient and rich nation.The study of ancient knowledge is legitimate but discovering it after those discoveries are made is not beneficial.Every year several manuscripts are destroyed, sold or just rot away. It always takes a foreigner to tell us our tales.If we care least for our heritage than we deserve the least of it. And a false sense of pride is of no good at all.

ReferencesA study of patenting activity in aloe vera- universal history of numbers-From prehistory to invention of computer, George Ifrah (Penguin Books, 2005, 3 vols)Geometry in Ancient and Medieval India, T.A. Sarasvati Amma(Motilal Banarasidas,1999)History of Technology in India, ed. A.K. Bag(Indian National Science Academy 1997)