Reaping the benefits of open educational resources

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Presenter: Brenda Perea

Reaping the Benefits of Open Educational ResourcesReaping the Benefits of Open Educational Resources1What, Where and Why?What is OER?Open Educational Resources are high-quality, openly licensed, shared educational materials made freely available onlineOER is: Open course ware, Learning objects, tutorials, open journals, streaming videos, textbooks, modules and coursesWhere is OER?Many different repositoriesWhy OER?Access, Affordability, and Student Success

2What is OER?Open Educational Resources are high-quality, openly licensed, shared educational materials made freely available onlineOER is: Open course ware, Learning objects, tutorials, open journals, streaming videos, textbooks, modules and coursesWhere is OER?Many different repositories, such aswww.merlot.orgwww.skillscommons.orghttp://open.umn.edu/opentextbooks/Why OER?--Access, Affordability, and Student Success

23Colorado Online Energy Training Consortium

Colorado Helps Advanced Manufacturing Programs

2 Different initiatives:COETC had 16 colleges and we needed an cost efficient way to develop or revise 270 courses. CHAMP had 7 colleges and we needed a way to redesign 298 courses to confirm to 20% 3rd party proprietary and 80% created materials

Did this create a sense of discomfort? Yes!

Were instructors reluctant to share? Yes!

Publication to OER had the same bell curve of the technology adoption curve:the early adopters eagerly submitted their courses whether they were final editions or rough drafts.

As the early adopters to OER were willing to share their content, more and more faculty/colleges, were peeking and willing to share. Instructors and institutions began to see similarities and differences and began contacting each other/other institutions for resources. That contact started a intrastate collaboration on course development, leading to several exemplary courses that are now being used system wide. 34Brenda M. PereaInstructional Design Project Managerbrenda.perea@cccs.eduReaping the Benefits of Open Educational Resources(OER)General rights for copying and repurposing are what make OER different from any other educational resources available online free of charge. Free materials and courses such as most MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) allow users only fair use rights, or rights stated in specific licenses issued by the publisher. Most of them cannot be legally copied, and users cannot create their own courses based on them or update them if a mistake has been found not, that is, without explicit agreement from copyright owners. In the case of Open Educational Resources, all users are given the above rights without needing to request permission from copyright holders (as long as they adhere to license conditions, such as attribution); the users rights are clearly specified and easily understandable (thanks to Creative Commons licenses and their clear system). Most OER materials are published under free Creative Commons licenses https://creativecommons.org/licenses/as Public Domain. What is OER?

What are some of the typical arguments against using OER?

The use of simple messaging OER is a student focused solution Instructional designers or OER savvy media specialists to help faculty search for OERPublic recognition of the impact across college departments with the adoption of OER (bookstores, publisher sponsorships)Research:Open Educational Resources and PracticesThe Adoption of OER by One Community College Math Departmenthttp://www.iskme.org/category/tags/oer-researchhttp://oer13.wordpress.com/2013/03/26/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-research-rob-farrow/http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523/2652http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/viewArticle/2013-04/htmlhttp://oer13.wordpress.com/2013/03/26/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-research-rob-farrow/http://www.slideshare.net/robertfarrow/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-researchhttp://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523/2652http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/viewArticle/2013-04/html

How to encourage the use of OER?www.skillscommons.orgOER specific search engine https://www.oercommons.org/oerOER Dashboard http://www.symbaloo.com/shared/AAAACC0r7EwAA42Ageb6Og==OPEN Courses: Merlot, Connexions, MIT OpenCourseWare, Open Yale Courses, Harvard Open Learning Initiative, Open Culture, Coursera, OpenCourseWare Consortium, MOOC List, edX, OpenCourse Library,Videos: YouTube, Vimeo Presentations: Slideshare Open content Digital Public Library of America, PhET, P2PU, OpenStax, Go to resources?

Brenda M. PereaInstructional Design Project Managerbrenda.perea@cccs.eduReaping the Benefits of Open Educational Resources(OER)What is OER?

What are some of the typical arguments against using OER?

The use of simple messaging OER is a student focused solution Instructional designers or OER savvy media specialists to help faculty search for OERPublic recognition of the impact across college departments with the adoption of OER (bookstores, publisher sponsorships)Research:Open Educational Resources and PracticesThe Adoption of OER by One Community College Math Departmenthttp://www.iskme.org/category/tags/oer-researchhttp://oer13.wordpress.com/2013/03/26/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-research-rob-farrow/http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523/2652http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/viewArticle/2013-04/htmlhttp://oer13.wordpress.com/2013/03/26/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-research-rob-farrow/http://www.slideshare.net/robertfarrow/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-researchhttp://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523/2652http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/viewArticle/2013-04/html

How to encourage the use of OER?www.skillscommons.orgOER specific search engine https://www.oercommons.org/oerOER Dashboard http://www.symbaloo.com/shared/AAAACC0r7EwAA42Ageb6Og==OPEN Courses: Merlot, Connexions, MIT OpenCourseWare, Open Yale Courses, Harvard Open Learning Initiative, Open Culture, Coursera, OpenCourseWare Consortium, MOOC List, edX, OpenCourse Library,Videos: YouTube, Vimeo Presentations: Slideshare Open content Digital Public Library of America, PhET, P2PU, OpenStax, Go to resources?

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OER Adoption Meets the Innovation Adoption Curve6General Benefits of using OER Learning effectiveness Better quality or more recent material AccessWider variety of learning materialsThere aremany complete courses from leading universities Enhances opportunities for learningInformed decisions as to content and class preparation Scale Cost effectiveAdaptability for individual colleges and instructors7General Benefits of using OER Learning effectiveness Better quality or more recent material AccessWider variety of learning materialsThere aremany complete courses from leading universities Enhances opportunities for learningInformed decisions as to content and class preparation Scale Cost effectiveAdaptability for individual colleges and instructorsIf an instructor opens his/her own course materials, and shares them with the public it greatly enhances opportunities for learning for both students who already took the course and the prospective students. Students often like to check out the course materials before the term begins. If students have that opportunity to take a look at the course materials it will help them make an informed decision in choosing the right course, and preparing themselves for the class.Students also would like to revisit their course materials after the quarter/semester is over to refresh their memories or to further study the topics. Open course materials will help them reinforce what they have learned and further develop their level of understanding in the area.

7General Benefits continued.Faculty success Avoid reinventing the wheelMore Clarity and/or certainty regarding reuse of materialsContent is compiled and edited by the instructorStudent success Better quality and easier accessBetter informed decisions in choosing the right course and preparing for classDigital OER textbooks are condensed

8General Benefits of using OERFaculty SuccessAvoiding reinventing the wheelContent is complied and edited by the instructorProject examples are sometimes included with grading rubricsMaterial usually includes multimedia: simulations, slideshow or videosStudent SuccessBetter Quality and easier accessDigital OER textbooks, text readings are reduced and condensed compared to regular textbooks

8What were the Real Benefits?Decreased development time and maximized resourcesQuality improvements through collaborationContent is compiled and edited by the instructorTime and effort were saved through the reuse and remixing of resourcesContent is adaptable for individual colleges and instructorsAvoid the cycle of constant textbook updatesContent sharing standardized throughout the collegesNew Partnerships Opportunities

9Benefits the Consortium Realized Decreased development time and maximized resourcesQuality improvements through collaborationContent is compiled and edited by the instructorTime and effort were saved through the reuse and remixing of resourcesContent is adaptable for individual colleges and instructorsContent sharing standardized throughout the colleges New Partnerships Opportunities9A Case Study of OER BenefitsColorado Helps Advanced Manufacturing Programs Colorado Community College System, Aims Community College and Metropolitan State University-DenverOER Based Advanced Manufacturing CoursesAdditive Manufacturing (3D Printing)New Fieldcollaborative course material developmentShared content between 2 outside institutions, and 3 system collegesAbility to create articulate agreements because of transparency of OER developed to meet competencies

10A Case Study of OER BenefitsNorthern Virginia Community CollegeOER Based Associate Degree ProgramAverage cost of Textbooks=$185Potential savings of $3700 per student completing full OER AS degree Track (60 hours)Student SuccessOverall success rate is 9% higher than the overall success rate average for equivalent textbook-based coursesWHY?we know that 30% of all students in a course do not by the required course materials

10A Case Study of OER BenefitsNorthern Virginia Community CollegeOER Based Associate Degree ProgramAverage cost of Textbooks=$185Potential savings of $3700 per student completing full OER AS degree Track (60 hours)Student SuccessOverall success rate is 9% higher than the overall success rate average for equivalent textbook-based coursesWHY?we know that 30% of all students in a course do not by the required course materials11A Case Study of OER BenefitsNorthern Virginia Community CollegeOER Based Associate Degree ProgramAverage cost of Textbooks=$185Potential savings of $3700 per student completing full OER AS degree Track (60 hours)Student SuccessOverall success rate is 9% higher than the overall success rate average for equivalent textbook-based coursesWHY?we know that 30% of all students in a course do not by the required course materials

11Types of Courses Published to OER12

EIC130 National Electrical CodeIEIC225 Programmable ControllersELT106 Fundamentals of DC/ACELT112 Advanced DC/ACENY121 Solar Photovoltaic ComponentsMAT107Career MathPRO100 Intro to Process TechnologyPRO110 Safety, Health, and EnvironmentPRO120 Process Tech 1-Equipment 1PRO130 Instrumentation IPRO131 Instrumentation IIPRO240 Industrial TroubleshootingWriting for Process TechnologyTAAA Hydraulics ITAAA Hydraulics IITAAA Industrial AC/DC and Print ReadingTAAA Industrial Motors and ControlTAAA Introduction and Intermediate PLC'sTAAA MSHA Supplemental-Mine Safety and Health AdminTAAA Mechanical ComponentsTAAA WeldingAEC 207 Construction MethodsAEC220 SurveyingAEC233 Construction Safety/Loss PreventionEIC105 Basics of AC/DC ElectricityENY101 Introduction to Energy TechnologiesGIS101 Introduction to Global Information SystemsMAN102Business EthicsNRE214 Environmental Issues & EthicsPET101 Petroleum FundamentalsPRO100 Introduction to Process TechnologyPRO120 Process Technology I: EquipmentPRO130 Petroleum Fundamentals: InstrumentationPRO250 Oil and Gas Production IPSY150 Environmental PsychologyELT 175 Fundamentals of DC/AC-compressedIMA 160 Basic Fluid PowerWTG 100 Introduction to Wind IndustryWTG 110 Power & Control SystemsWTG 210Wind Turbine Airfoils & Compositeswww.cccscoetc.weebly.comhttps://www.cccs.edu/partnering-for-success/trade-adjustment-assistance/taa-champ/taa-champ-projects/

WEL103 Basic Shielded Metal Arc Welding IWEL104 Basic Shielded Metal Arc Welding IIWEL106 Print Reading for Welders-FittersWEL121 Structural Welding IWEL110 Advanced Shielded Metal Arc IWEL111 Advanced Shielded Metal Arc IIWEL125 Introduction to Gas Metal Arc WeldingWEL124 Introduction to Gas Tungsten Arc WeldingWEL162 Basic Flux Cored ARC WeldingWEL163 Basic Shielded Metal ARC Welding

Aims Community CollegeOil and Gas TechnologiesPueblo Community CollegeWorkforce Development in Mining and Extractive TechnologiesColorado Mountain CollegeSolar Technology and Manufacturing Process TechnologiesLamar Community College--WeldingNortheastern Junior CollegeWind Energy

12Challenges to Using OER! TechnologyTimeQuality Assessment-Reluctance to share and the reluctance to accept other instructors workPolicies on academic freedom, open access licenses (CC BY)Evolving Online/Hybrid Pedagogy Differing LMSsCompetency-based courses use industry supplied manuals for content delivery13TechnologyTimeQuality Assessment-Reluctance to share and the reluctance to accept other instructors workPolicies on academic freedom, open access licenses (CC BY)Development of a master course with core competencies coveredEvolving Online/Hybrid Pedagogy QualityDiffering learning management systemsResistance to being required to publish Online/hybrid courses as OEREvolving Online/Hybrid Pedagogy Differing learning management systems13Was OER a Hard Sell?14YES !!!!Was OER a Hard SellYesInstructors who taught by the textbook didnt want to change.Instructors who were willing to use OER were reluctant to then share their coursesBookstores were unwilling to give up revenue

14What Did It Take for Buy InA specific on message Instructional designers or OER savy Media SpecialistsRecognition of impact across college departmentsBookstoresPublisher relationships15A specific on message regarding use of OER and publishing course content to OER from everyone in the grant admin. to the local college project leads.Instructional designers to sit with instructors to go over courses to show where OER could be incorporated or how to publish courses to OER without violating copyright permissions.An acknowledgement from all consortium colleges that use of OER might impact bookstore revenue or 3rd party/publisher online content adoption

15Dealing With OERWhat Works?Detailed PlanCentral URL repository for easy access to OER sitesCentral website for OER indexMultimedia hosted on an institution channel or institutional accountAllocating enough time to search & revise content16

http://www.symbaloo.com/shared/AAAACMSNVS0AA42Agd4JvQ==Dealing with OERWhy OER Works?Detailed course mapping first to see when and where OER fits into an existing courseCourse mapping new courses to ensure all competencies are list to find appropriate OERCentral URL repository for easy access to OER sitesCentral website for OER indexMultimedia hosted on an institution channel or institutional accountAllocating enough time to search & revise content

16Tools to Encourage the Use of OERVideos: YouTube, Vimeo or the Internet ArchiveAudio/Podcasts: Soundcloud or theInternet ArchivePresentations:Slideshare, EverySlideOPEN Content: Google DriveDigital Public Library of America PhET P2PU OpenStaxDOL OER or OPEN informationhttp://open4us.org/faq/http://open4us.org/resources/cc-by-license-implementation-deep-dive-resources/ License Chooser toolhttp://creativecommons.org/choose/OPEN Courses: Merlot, Connexions,MIT OpenCourseWare, Open Yale Courses, Harvard Open Learning Initiative, Open Culture, Coursera, OpenCourseWare Consortium, MOOC List, edX, OpenCourse Library,

Tools to Encourage the Use of OER

CHAMP Dashboardhttp://www.symbaloo.com/shared/AAAACMSNVS0AA42Agd4JvQ==OPEN Courses: Merlot, Connexions, MIT OpenCourseWare, Open Yale Courses, Harvard Open Learning Initiative, Open Culture, Coursera, OpenCourseWare Consortium, MOOC List, edX, OpenCourse Library, Videos: YouTube, Vimeo or the Internet ArchiveAudio/Podcasts: Soundcloud or theInternet ArchivePresentations:SlideshareOPEN Content: Google DriveDigital Public Library of AmericaPhETP2PUOpenStaxDOL OER or OPEN informationhttp://open4us.org/faq/ http://open4us.org/resources/cc-by-license-implementation-deep-dive-resources/

17Open Educational Resources and PracticesThe Adoption of OER by One Community College Math DepartmentOER Videos http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wgqQdYKjIMhttp://www.iskme.org/category/tags/oer-researchhttp://oer13.wordpress.com/2013/03/26/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-research-rob-farrow/http://www.slideshare.net/robertfarrow/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-researchhttp://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523/2652http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/viewArticle/2013-04/htmlAppendixOpen Educational Resources and PracticesThe Adoption of OER by One Community College Math DepartmentOER Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1wgqQdYKjIMhttp://www.iskme.org/category/tags/oer-researchhttp://oer13.wordpress.com/2013/03/26/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-research-rob-farrow/http://www.slideshare.net/robertfarrow/the-ecology-of-sharing-synthesizing-oer-researchhttp://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1523/2652http://www-jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/viewArticle/2013-04/html

18Creative Commons AttributionWorkforce Development presentationbyBrenda M. Pereais licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available athttps://www.cccs.edu/partnering-for-success/trade-adjustment-assistance/taa-champ/.

This workforce solution was funded by a grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Labors Employment and Training Administration. The solution was created by the grantee and does not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Labor. The Department of Labor makes no guarantees, warranties, or assurances of any kind, express or implied, with respect to such information, including any information on linked sites, and including, but not limited to accuracy of the information or its completeness, timeliness, usefulness, adequacy, continued availability or ownership.

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Creative Commons AttributionWorkforce Development presentationbyBrenda M. Pereais licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available athttps://www.cccs.edu/partnering-for-success/trade-adjustment-assistance/taa-champ/.

This workforce solution was funded by a grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Labors Employment and Training Administration. The solution was created by the grantee and does not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Labor. The Department of Labor makes no guarantees, warranties, or assurances of any kind, express or implied, with respect to such information, including any information on linked sites, and including, but not limited to accuracy of the information or its completeness, timeliness, usefulness, adequacy, continued availability or ownership.

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