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DESCRIPTIONExploded View Winchester Model 94 Rifle And Carbine By Michael E. Bussard Technical Editor American Rifleman
screws (59 and 61), then slidethe fore-end (65) and rear bar-rel band up on the barrel.Loosen the rear barrel band(61) from the fore-end (65),then pull the magazine tube(8A) from the front of thereceiver.
Further disassembly is notrecommended. Reassembly isin the reverse order.
screw (56) from the receiver'sright side, then remove thespring cover (55). Remove themagazine plug screw (9) fromthe front ofthe magazine tube,then remove the magazineplug (8). Withdraw the maga-zine spring (7) and follower(6) through the front of themagazine tube.
Remove front and rear band
up, pull trigger and remove thehammer upward and outwardwhile pulling the lower tang(44) rearward (Fig. 3).
Remove the locking bolt(40) by sliding it out of thebottom of the receiver.Remove the breech bolt (16)by sliding it out the back ofthe receiver.
Remove the spring cover
AMERICAN RIFLEMAN November/December 2000
1. Barrel with ramp 14. Finger lever pin 27. Hammer stirrup pin 39. Finger lever 52. Trigger2. Front sight 15. Finger lever pin 28. Upper tang screw 40. Locking bolt 53. Sear3. Front sight cover stop screw 29. Carrier screw(s) 41. Firing pin striker 54. Sear pin4. Rear sight 16. Breech bolt (one or two 42. Firing pin striker stop pin 55. Spring cover5. Rear sight elevator 17. Firing pin stop pin depending on model) 43. Finger lever link screw 56. Spring cover screw6. Magazine follower 18. Extractor pin 30. Carrier 44. Lower tang 57. Peep sight plug screw '"7. Magazine spring 19. Extractor 31. Carrier spring 45. Safety catch 58. Rear band 8l
8A. Magazine tube 20. Ejector 32. Carrier spring screw 46. Sear and safety 59. Rear band screw ~8. Magazine plug 21. Ejector spring 33. Link catch spring 60. Front band :;i9. Magazine plug screw 22. Ejector stop pin 34. Link pin 47. Sear and safety 61. Front band screw ill
10. Receiver 23. Firing pin 35. Link pin stop screw catch spring screw 62. Buttplate ~11. Cartridge guide, 24. Hammer screw (may not be present) 48. Safety catch pin 63. Buttplate screws (2) i-
right hand 25. Hammer 36. Friction stud 49. Mainspring 64. Buttstock (not shown) Ol12. Cartridge guide, left hand 26. Hammer stirrup 37. Friction stud spring 50. Mainspring screw 65. Fore-end (not shown) .!:13. Cartridge guide screws (2) (may not be present). 38. Friction stud stop pin 51. Mainspring strain screw ~'- ---,0
or octagonal barrels in lengthsfrom 14" to 26", takedownmodels and wood or syntheticstocks may be encountered in
seemingly never endingcombinations. Finishesrange from the pedestrianto the elegant. Regardless,the basic design haschanged very little throughthe years.
In 1964, the Model 94design was slightly modi-fied to reduce productioncosts. Subsequent rifles aredistinguished as "Post-1964" in contrast to thosemade earlieras "Pre-1964."In 1982, angled ejectionand a crossbolt safetybecame standard in order toaccommodate the increas-ing number of hunters whopreferred optical sights.The following year,
Winchester introduced a much-modified model called theModel 94 Big Bore in cahbers.307 Win., .356 Win., .375 Win.and, later, .444 Marlin. ~R~
screws (29) from the right and leftsides of the receiver. (Some mod-els may have only one screw.) Thecarrier (30) will drop out the bot-tom of the receiver.
Turn out the hammer screw(24) (Fig. 2), hold the safety catch
By Michael E. BussardTechnical Editor
AMERICAN RIFLEMAN November/December 2000
The Winchester Model 94will be encountered configuredas a rifle, saddle-ring carbine ortrapper's short carbine. Small-loop or large-loop levers, round
other calibers would be intro-duced: .44 Mag. in 1984, .45Colt in 1985, 7-30 Waters in1989 and .357 Mag. in 1992. Byfar the greatest number ofModel 94 rifles have been madein .30-30 Win. cahber.
action closed and the hammerdown, turn out the uppertang screw (28), thenremove the buttstock.
Remove the finger leverpin stop screw (15) from theleft side of the receiver, then,using a small punch, drift outthe finger lever pin (14)through the hole on thereceiver's right side.
Next, remove the link pinstop screw (35), if present,then, using a small punch,drift out the link pin (34)from either side of the
receiver. Remove the finger lever(39) and link (33) through the bot-tom of the receiver (Fig. 1).
Remove the two carrier
The screws and pins on the receiver arenumerous and may be confusing. Theyare: the hammer screw (24); the carrierscrews (29); the spring cover screw (56);the finger lever pin (15); the link pin (34);and the cartridge guide screw (13).
similar in appearance to otherWinchester rifles, the Model 94differs from all its earlier gunsin that it was the first repeatingrifle designed exclusively foruse with smokeless powder. Toaccommodate the then-newpropellant, Winchester Model94 rifles had high-strength,nickel-steelbarrels.Initially, Model 94rifles were offeredin two popularblackpowder cal-ibers: .32-40 Win.and .38-55 Win.
In the spring of1895, Winchesterintroduced two newcartridges that weredesigned from thebeginning for usewith smokelesspowder: the .25-35Win. and the classic.30-30 Win. Thecombination ofpower, low recoiland relatively flattrajectory of the.30-30 Win. cartridge revolu-tionized hunting. The .32 Win.Special cartridge chamberingwas added in 1902. A little morethan 83 years would pass before
First, make certain the rifleis unloaded and all ammuni-tion has been removed fromthe work area. With the
Winchester Model 94 Rifle And Carbine
I n November 1894,Winchester introducedits new Model 94 lever-action rifle with the follow-ing prophetic words: "Webelieve that no repeatingrifle system ever made willappeal to the eye and under-standing of the rifleman asthis will and that use willcontinue to warrant first
impressions." Win-chester's new rifle quick-ly became the preferredfirearm of western set-tlers, prospectors, lawenforcement officers,hunters and ranchers whoappreciated its power,reliability, light weightand compact dimen-sions. Today, more thanone hundred years and5,500,000 rifles later, theWinchester Model 94remains a bestseller forthose same reasons. Likeso many other successfulrifles and shotguns, theWinchester Model 94rifle was designed byJohn M. Browning whosold his Model 94 patent
(No. 524702 ofAugust 1894) to