Public Libraries: Public Music Libraries in Japan — Facts and Figures

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<ul><li><p>Public Libraries: Public Music Libraries in Japan Facts and FiguresAuthor(s): Heikki PoroilaSource: Fontes Artis Musicae, Vol. 36, No. 2 (April-Juni 1989), pp. 136-139Published by: International Association of Music Libraries, Archives, and Documentation Centres(IAML)Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/23507241 .Accessed: 14/06/2014 21:25</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>International Association of Music Libraries, Archives, and Documentation Centres (IAML) is collaboratingwith JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to Fontes Artis Musicae.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 21:25:15 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=iamlhttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=iamlhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/23507241?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>136 Further Reports from the 1988 Conferences Professional Branches </p><p>The cataloguing system of the Cherubini Library supplies only the barest minimum </p><p>of bibliographical detail. An overview of the material assembled allows us to glimpse in </p><p>outline the broad classes of interest formed by the Collection. It comprises MS codices, old and printed editions of musical texts, treatises on music, as well as editions contem </p><p>porary with the collector, catalogues, journals and literary varia. Many of these volumes </p><p>bear book-plates and dedications arising from the history of the collection. There </p><p>are many original sources in the Basevi Collection, for example B. 1306 G.B. Martini </p><p>Benedictus for two voices, or B. 1426 G. B. Pergolesi Oratorio for four voices. Basevi's </p><p>library is closely related to the bibliographies of his own works, and thus constitutes an </p><p>important source for a study of his compositional and musicological writings. Seen in </p><p>the light of such considerations the Basevi Collection acquires new significance and </p><p>value. Enriched as it is with so many and so important works, consciously and lucidly </p><p>stmctured, it seems to me to be one of the miracles of nineteenth century musicology. </p><p>Further Reports from the 1988 Conferences in Tokyo, Stockholm &amp; Vienna </p><p>Professional Branches </p><p>Public Libraries </p><p>Public Music Libraries in Japan Facts and Figures' Heikki Poroila (Esposo/Finland)*' </p><p>The Public Libraries Branch of IAML had a special Japanese session in Tokyo. Unfor </p><p>tunately not so many participants from Europe and America were present during this </p><p>session. Unfortunately, I think, because we heard some very interesting figures and </p><p>facts about the situation of public music libraries in Japan. For those collgues who </p><p>could not attend, I promised to make a summary of this Japanese session. Both speakers of this public library topic </p><p> Mr. Hiroshi Saito and Miss Shuko Kato kindly gave me </p><p>the permission to use their papers for this purpose. The following tries to sum up the </p><p>most interesting parts of what we heard and learned. All the facts are from papers given. If I did not understand all details correctly, I apologise to our Japanese friends. </p><p>1. Overview of Japanese public libraries and their music collections </p><p>Hiroshi Saito (Shobi College, Kamifukuoka) </p><p>A working group of MLAJ (Music Library Association of Japan) has made a statistical survey on musical collections and staff in public libraries in Japan. In July 1988 a </p><p>questionnaire was sent to 1694 public libraries (including both main and branch libra </p><p>This item is additional to the Branch's Report which appeared in Fontes Aitis Musicae 36/1. Heikki Poroila is Secretary of the Public Libraries Branch. </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 21:25:15 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Fuithei Reports from the 1988 Conferences Professional Branches 137 </p><p>ries). MLAJ received an answer from 1645 libraries. The general results of the question naire were these: public libraries in Japan have quite small amounts of printed music, music literature, sound recordings and audiovisual facilities. Staff specialized in music </p><p>exists only in a few libraries. </p><p>The following tables express more precisely the situation in the public libraries of </p><p>Japan. </p><p>(a) Books on music </p><p>None or not reported 409 libraries (24.9 %) Less than 500 790 libraries (48.0 %) 501 to 5000 413 libraries (25.2 %) Over 5000 33 libraries (1.9 %) </p><p>(b) Printed music </p><p>None or not reported 1090 libraries (66.5 %) Less than 500 537 libraries (32.5 %) 501 to 5000 16 libraries (0.9 %) Over 5000 2 libraries (0.1 %) </p><p>(c) Sound recordings </p><p>None or not reported 962 libraries (58.5 %) Less than 500 374 libraries (22.7 %) 501 to 5000 256 libraries (15.6 %) Over 5000 53 libraries (3.2 %) </p><p>(d) Audio facilities </p><p>None or not reported 1070 libraries (65.0 %) 1 to 5 457 libraries (27.8 %) 6 to 20 111 libraries (6.7%) Over 20 7 libraries (0.5 %) </p><p>(e) Staff working with music collections </p><p>None 1053 libraries (64.0 %) 1 to 5 497 libraries (30.0 %) 6 to 20 39 libraries (2.3%) Over 20 12 libraries (0.7 %) </p><p>(f) Staff with higher education or career in music librarianship </p><p>None 1631 libraries (99.1 %) 1 to 2 14 libraries (0.9 %) </p><p>The background of this not very satisfactory situation was discussed briefly. Of the </p><p>possible reasons Mr. Saito named the lack of money for audiovisual materials, rental </p><p>shops for records and tapes everywhere in Japan and copyright problems. No doubt these </p><p>facts will help MLAJ to develop the music services in Japanese public libraries. </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 21:25:15 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>138 Further Reports from the 1988 Conferences Professional Branches </p><p>2. Music materials in Public Libraries in Japan case reports </p><p>Shuko Kato (Keio University, Tokyo) </p><p>Four different public music libraries (all from Tokyo district and all quite good ones) were then presented in more detail. But first an important notice. In Japan the term </p><p>"public library" means two different kinds of libraries. A koritsu toshokan is estab </p><p>lished and maintained by local public organizations according to the Library Law </p><p>(1950). A kokyo toshokan is open to the public, too, though maintained by private </p><p>persons or associations. Of the four libraries presented here Koishikawa Ward Library and Fuchu City Central Library fall into the category of koritsu toshokan, Min-On </p><p>Music Library and Tokyo Metropolitan Festival Hall Library are kokyo toshokans. </p><p>(a) Koishikawa Ward Library </p><p>The history of this library goes back to the Meiji period, 1910, but the present building </p><p>was established in 1966. From that year on also sound recordings have been available, first for listening and from 1969 also for lending. </p><p>Now the Koishikawa Ward Library has the largest collection of sound recordings in </p><p>Japan among the koritsu toshokans and it is known as "the audiodisc library". Some </p><p>figures from June 1988 may explain the reasons for this opinion: </p><p>Audiodiscs 14101 Cassette tapes 1138 </p><p>Compact discs 738 </p><p>Music librarians 3 </p><p>Registered borrowers 9944 </p><p>The loan period for sound recordings is two weeks. At any one time one can borrow 5 </p><p>sets of discs and/or tapes. Listening to music at the library is also possible. Koishikawa Ward Library uses 140000 Yen (about 1000 dollars) per month for buying </p><p>new sound recordings. In the future this library is going to collect mainly compact discs. </p><p>(b) Fuchu City Central Library </p><p>This library, established in 1968, is located in a park near Okunitama Shrine. There are </p><p>11 branch libraries around, but only this Central Library provides sound recordings for </p><p>lending and listening. For about 17000 registered borrowers there is a collection of 5000 </p><p>cassette tapes and 3500 compact discs, of which 30 % is classical music, 40 % popular and 30% jazz. Over 76000 sound recordings were borrowed in 1987. The busiest days are Saturday and Sunday! The loan period for sound recordings is one week. Three cas </p><p>sette tapes and one compact disc may be borrowed at one time, if you are old enough, that means over "junior college". </p><p>Three librarians out of eleven are regularly in charge of sound recordings. Also in </p><p>Fuchu Library the future plans focus on compact disc collection. Over the next few </p><p>years this library promises to provide a collection of 10000 compact discs. Circulation </p><p>and cataloguing systems have already been computerized. Printed catalogues of sound </p><p>recordings have been made with this system. </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 21:25:15 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>Further Reports fiom the 1988 Conferences Professional Branches 139 </p><p>(c) Min-On Music Library </p><p>This kokyo toshokan, established in 1974, is a part of the Min-On Music Concert </p><p>Association, a private organization founded by Mr. Daisaku Ikeda in 1963. The Min-On </p><p>Music Library is open to the public free of any charge. Some detailed figures from March </p><p>1988 show the range of activities of Min-On Music Library: </p><p>Books on music 19648 </p><p>Scores 33735 </p><p>Serial publications 145 Records (audiodiscs) 88008 </p><p>Compact discs 5538 </p><p>Reproducing piano rolls 728 Ethnic music instruments 230 </p><p>Records listened to/year 8000 </p><p>Books and scores borrowed/year 35000 </p><p>Visitors from 1974 to 1988 153000 </p><p>The collections cover classical, ethnic and traditional Japanese music, but not popu </p><p>lar music. Books and scores are circulated, the sound recordings may be listened to only </p><p>at the library. Computers are used in acquisition, circulation and retrieval. A database </p><p>of all collections is being planned: at the moment only books and scores are retrieved </p><p>by computers. </p><p>(d) Tokyo Metropolitan Festival Hall Library </p><p>This library was established as the first special music library in Japan freely open to the </p><p>public in October 1961. It is a part of Tokyo Metropolitan Festival Hall, one of the most </p><p>famous concert halls in Japan. It is located in Ueno Park and maintained by the Social </p><p>Education Department. The library has collected music books and scores published in Japan. In March 1988 </p><p>there were 12611 volumes of books and 21308 volumes of scores, 168 titles of serial </p><p>publications and hundreds of concert programs from 1961 on. The 38474 audiodiscs and </p><p>3034 compact discs contain classical and ethnic music. Also traditional Japanese music </p><p>is collected, but not popular music. Tokyo Metropolitan Festival Hall Library is a </p><p>reference library, no part of the collections is free for borrowing. </p><p>Bibliothques de Recherche </p><p>En raison de l'absence de nombreux membres occidentaux, une seule runion avait t </p><p>programme cette anne, consacre aux collections de recherche au Japon. </p><p>Shu-ji Lin a tout d'abord donn un aperu gnral de la situation et prsent son insti </p><p>tution, le Centre de documentation de la musique japonaise moderne de Tokyo. Ce </p><p>centre, cr en 1986 et spcialis dans la musique japonaise depuis la fin du XIXe sicle, est la fois une bibliothque, riche de 21000 documents environ, et un lieu de rencon </p><p>tres et d'animation qui organise concerts, expositions et confrences. </p><p>Mitsue Masaki (Showa Academia musicae de Tokyo) a ensuite parl de la biblio </p><p>thque musicale Nanki et de sa principale collection, la collection W. H. Cummings. </p><p>Ce fonds, qui rassemble une partie significative de la bibliothque du musicologue et biographe anglais de Purcell, est particulirement riche en documents sur la musi </p><p>que anglaise (plus de 400 pices) et contient entre autres des manuscrits de Purcell, </p><p>Handel ... ainsi que plusieurs copies manuscrites du XVille sicle. </p><p>This content downloaded from 62.122.73.17 on Sat, 14 Jun 2014 21:25:15 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 136p. 137p. 138p. 139</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsFontes Artis Musicae, Vol. 36, No. 2 (April-Juni 1989), pp. 77-164, A1-A4Front MatterEditorial [pp. 77-77]From the President [pp. 78-78]25 Jahre Bibliographische Kommission [pp. 79-84]CD-ROM, Music Libraries, Present and Future [pp. 84-89]Optical mass storage development and its effects on the training of music librarians [pp. 89-95]The Role of the Music Library Association of Japan in the Education of Music Librarians [pp. 95-102]The Venetian Printer Giuseppe Sala: New Information Based Upon Archival Documents [pp. 102-108]Le problme de l'authenticit chez Josquin et les ditions de Petrucci: Une investigation prliminaire [pp. 108-115]Notes sur la Librairie musicale Lyon et Genve au XVIIe Sicle [pp. 116-135]Observations on the Cataloguing of the Basevi Collection [pp. 135-136]Further Reports from the 1988 Conferences in Tokyo, Stockholm &amp;ViennaProfessional BranchesPublic Libraries: Public Music Libraries in Japan Facts and Figures [pp. 136-139]Bibliothques de Recherche [pp. 139-140]International Association of Music Information Centres (IAMIC) [pp. 140-141]</p><p>CommissionsBibliography Commission [pp. 141-143]Commission on Service and Training [pp. 143-143]Project Group on Statistics [pp. 143-143]Project Group on Universal Availability of Publications (UAP) [pp. 143-143]</p><p>Joint CommissionsRIdIM: Report no. 18 [pp. 144-145]</p><p>Related OrganisationsIASA Annual Conference Vienna 1988 [pp. 146-147]</p><p>National Branches [pp. 148-151]Information [pp. 152-153]Comptes-Rendus/Besprechungen/ReviewsReview: untitled [pp. 154-154]Review: untitled [pp. 154-155]Review: untitled [pp. 155-156]Review: untitled [pp. 156-157]Review: untitled [pp. 157-157]Review: untitled [pp. 158-158]Review: untitled [pp. 158-159]</p><p>Recent Publications in Music [pp. 159-160]IAML/AIBM/IVMB Directory 19871989 (Revised) [pp. 161-163]Back Matter</p></li></ul>