Process Mining - Chapter 3 - Data Mining

Download Process Mining - Chapter 3 - Data Mining

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Slides supporting the book "Process Mining: Discovery, Conformance, and Enhancement of Business Processes" by Wil van der Aalst. See also http://springer.com/978-3-642-19344-6 (ISBN 978-3-642-19344-6) and the website http://www.processmining.org/book/start providing sample logs.

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<ul><li> 1. Chapter 3Data Miningprof.dr.ir. Wil van der Aalstwww.processmining.org </li> <li> 2. OverviewChapter 1IntroductionPart I: PreliminariesChapter 2 Chapter 3Process Modeling and Data MiningAnalysisPart II: From Event Logs to Process ModelsChapter 4 Chapter 5 Chapter 6Getting the Data Process Discovery: An Advanced Process Introduction Discovery TechniquesPart III: Beyond Process DiscoveryChapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9Conformance Mining Additional Operational SupportChecking PerspectivesPart IV: Putting Process Mining to WorkChapter 10 Chapter 11 Chapter 12Tool Support Analyzing Lasagna Analyzing Spaghetti Processes ProcessesPart V: ReflectionChapter 13 Chapter 14Cartography and EpilogueNavigation PAGE 1 </li> <li> 3. Data mining The growth of the digital universe is the main driver for the popularity of data mining. Initially, the term data mining had a negative connotation (data snooping, fishing, and data dredging). Now a mature discipline. Data-centric, not process-centric. PAGE 2 </li> <li> 4. Data about 860 recently deceased Data set 1 persons to study the effects of drinking, smoking, and body weight on the life expectancy.Questions:- What is the effect of smoking and drinking on a persons bodyweight?- Do people that smoke also drink?- What factors influence a persons life expectancy the most?- Can one identify groups of people having a similar lifestyle? PAGE 3 </li> <li> 5. Data about 420 students to investigate Data set 2 relationships among course grades and the students overall performance in the Bachelor program.Questions:- Are the marks of certain courses highly correlated?- Which electives do excellent students (cum laude) take?- Which courses significantly delay the moment of graduation?- Why do students drop out?- Can one identify groups of students having a similar studybehavior? PAGE 4 </li> <li> 6. Data on 240 customer orders Data set 3 in a coffee bar recorded by the cash register.Questions:- Which products are frequently purchased together?- When do people buy a particular product?- Is it possible to characterize typical customer groups?- How to promote the sales of products with a higher margin? PAGE 5 </li> <li> 7. Variables Data set (sample or table) consists of instances (individuals, entities, cases, objects, or records). Variables are often referred to as attributes, features, or data elements. Two types: categorical variables: ordinal (high-med-low, cum laude-passed-failed) or nominal (true-false, red-pink-green) numerical variables (ordered, cannot be enumerated easily) PAGE 6 </li> <li> 8. Supervised Learning Labeled data, i.e., there is a response variable that labels each instance. Goal: explain response variable (dependent variable) in terms of predictor variables (independent variables). Classification techniques (e.g., decision tree learning) assume a categorical response variable and the goal is to classify instances based on the predictor variables. Regression techniques assume a numerical response variable. The goal is to find a function that fits the data with the least error. PAGE 7 </li> <li> 9. Unsupervised Learning Unsupervised learning assumes unlabeled data, i.e., the variables are not split into response and predictor variables. Examples: clustering (e.g., k-means clustering and agglomerative hierarchical clustering) and pattern discovery (association rules) PAGE 8 </li> <li> 10. Decision tree learning: data set 1 smoker yes no young drinker(195/11) yes no old weight</li></ul>

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