PowerPoint: Chapter 6 - The American Chapter 6 - The American Revolution 1. ... Ticonderoga Bunker Hill ... Bunker Hill - June 1775 ...

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  • PowerPoint: Chapter 6 - The American Revolution

    1. Disunity in the Colonies ~ ^ supported war vs. Britain, were in the minority when

    war woke out LPM and wanted to protect government jobs or official positions or didn't think colonies could win

    / N J C b i ' ^ V f l - l - didn't take either side, like Quakers - pacifists who did not support violence, and Western farmers who were far from the conflict

    M P l O d u Problems - To pay for the war, Congress and the state^ printed hundreds of millions of dollars of

    - : ey beca It quickly lost its value and led to i jO f~ \

  • Thomas Jefferson wrote much of the Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence gives the reasons why the colonies were declaring independence and

    listed their grievances against the British government

    12. Unalienable Rights - cannot be taken away - We hold these truths to be self- evident, that all men are created tfj UaJ\t they are endowed by their Creator with certain L*-r\\^-^>

    13. Winter 1776-1777 - Howe drove Washington and the Continental Army from New York to V^guQ Jgryx-^ then across the De.(0^uoQ^c &\Cr to Pennsylvania. Soldiers c\&.&r\tA ' in great numbers; others went home because enlistments were up.

    _ - Patriot spy who hanged without a trial in 1776; his last words reported were, " I n v O ^ r / ^ . f -*Ua,+ 1 I v M , tm ixk ^ / & * f V * " J C*M*H^ _

    15. African Americans Join the Fight when Washington asked Congress to f free African Americans. By the end of the war, every state except S o i v H ^ Co~**> Ic^vA, enlisted African Americans like

    I gtviu r 1 >~-fccys, and SaAtfyy P o o ^ Yc^e^io^Xcr^-

    16. The Continental Army was at a low point during the winter of 1776-1777, when published another pamphlet, " " T K c C V ' i S xc, ," which again led to more

    Six^pov-f' for the Patriot cause.

    17. Victory at H"7p l/d-t>v^ - December 1776 - Gen. 4 j o w ^ left his troops to spend the winter in New York. Washington and men crossed the icyTteifl u^cyrt E'i.xfer on Christmas night, 1776, capturing 900 4-4-C5>S. jgLnJk in a surprise attack. Victories at Trenton and Princeton raised yy/t 6vo-( L and convinced many to in the Continental Army

    18. New British Strategy -Britain decided on a three-pronged attack on the \^~ik ^ ^ < v r - ^ Valley in New York, to isolate ^ f s o from the rest of the colonies; they planned to defeat New England and then move south to conquer the remaining colonies. Gen. 3g>V>r> "Gentleman Johnny" S*-*-"^pMfrnc would lead troops from Canada. Lt. Col Barry St. Leger would move east from Lake Ontario. General ~T~fc > urC would move north from New York City They would all meet at &r( b C M ^ | V to launch the attack.

    19. Howe's Blunder - Deteririined to capture the ^ ^ m b ^ - S of the 2 n d Continental Congress, Howe r\ (jL moving north to meet Burgoyne's army and remained in . General Burgoyne's army traveled more .S ( p uo than planned; he retreated to

    ; ?t*-E UL-hiJ Tjjx J Y , short of supplies and men.

    21. The Battle of ^c^ pb>^~ in the war.

    20

    22. . ^X< oJtQ'-,^ - * ~ T u / ^ ' y Q ^ l ^ c F of the War - The B v i l o s s at Saratoga convinced -f^Kci n C c and other European nations to n ll a with the Patriots. pv-Oin C

  • However, news of France's alliance cheered the troops. European volunteers arrived to ~hr~ZLi n the Continental Army to fight using European military tactics. A "FYen cJh nobleman, Marquis de L^r-ex^g-flC , became one of Washington's trusted

    (\j.&4J> and was very ^pn^itXr with the troops. Friedrich v o n !\Hx\>Cr^ from faerrrtWA cf m \)gg C i ^ 6 l S t o fight the British. His tactic was to gup j r) |(yy k^tnTO*attack when British were oOo //\

    t\f and lower on supplies

    32. Patriot battles at Cowpens and Guilford Courthouse opened the way for Virginia ' /

    Page 3 of 5

  • 33. British Retreat - Yorktown, VA - cWot>tiflJl>S set up camp in l / j p y f c f a u r , V A , to await orders from Gen. Clinton and supplies. This sets up the k>a.*f/g^ of the Revolution

    34. h>*~ knew Comwallis was camped in Yorktown, where I t f^gy^ S> troops were keeping him f ov^CftA. on the Yorktown peninsula. French Admiral Francois cJ. 6?vaJg^ headed to the Chesapeake Bay with the second FVyirf\S surrendered.

    36. British armies remained in America and some fighting continued after Yorktown, but the Patriot \J i C^OH, at ^ I fpusr ' convinced many British subjects that the war was *~\r>o OD-S4-CLJ to continue.

    37. Negotiating a Treaty: Z T p U r - v A b

    Perhaps the most important reason - The American \ft\Jd\uh Q'r (AJA-S people^ vy^OyCL.r^e*>^'*~ / m i r^ocb Qr\d spirit of all the Patriots

    42. Influence of the American Revolution

    Page 4 of 5

  • \&~~ colonial possession to YC C?e-1 against its parent country t ,&J, -to VC tfo)n.-h"6^^ in fvp. f)t IMg-M> pblwJ[ , and

    Haiti would become the 2 n d colony in the Americas to throw off European control. yY&nci^ j5ki>olu--Ho>-s - "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity" & "Men are born and remain free

    and equal in rights",are ideas taken from the Declaration of Independence The^^ecCourochgy^ Q+~ is quoted in V*' Ud \\jchb\r\S even today.

    43. Life on the Homefront - Slavery, Women and Loyalists The issue of S> I d O eJ*-^\s questioned, especially in light of the I ' dLf f l i ^ for which

    people went to war. t(U\t LJQ>OS> fought as soldiers in the Revolutionary War - they hoped that they would soon see the day wherr-t^a*-^ would be "TiAgiLO^ .

    L o v A -I UITN M b* the ^ l y O governor of Vireinia, announced that g>lQArS> who fought for the Qv* J^SV side would be

    ' -fryfgg^ . Very few actually were. ( YNCJAJ-CII A ^ * ^ ^ ! did not enlist African Americans until after 1778

    VA3Q WtgfV often toqk over the duties of men while the men were in the military. o Some, like /\[g c^&X [ Ado~rv\ , began to question their place in society.

    _ - accompanied husband, took his place when he died in battle o yyAwj U x J i O ^ ("Vo^S -a.k.a. " \\b \[u T t f e r W " -went w/husband, took water

    to soldiers, took his place firing cannon when he was wounded o T^e-kow-W SOLTYS nSbr\ disguised self as a boy and enlisted

    Since the colonists were fighting for the ideals of freedom and liberty, some began to question the

    The LCM QJL I in the colonies faced -VT 0 '-^* 0^ - spying - arrested and tried as traitors, victims of mob violence or ignored by their neighbors. Many \f ~ to (jx^OidLgs^ to Spanish-owned Florida, or to the frontier.

    Page 5 of 5

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