Physical Regions Project

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<ul><li> 1. Physical Regions Of North America By Keanna Natt</li></ul> <p> 2. The Appalachian Region Stretches 2400 km from Newfoundland to Georgia Rolling hills due to erosion Fold mountains Fertile plateaus and river valleys Climate affected by meeting of oceans Cold water brought by Labrador Current can cause freezing in north Waters ideal habitat for aquatic micro organisms Once very forested with coniferous and deciduous trees Much soil poor and unproductive Economy no longer dependant on mining, foresting, and agriculture Many manufacturing and service industries more diversified Mining, logging, and trade (sea ports) Coal mining and mountaintop removal main environmental concern Violations of Clean Water Act by many mining companies 3. The Coastal Plains Lowland area Stretches from Cape Cod to Mexico over 3200 km Flat, gently rolling hills Many swamps and marshes (important for aquatic life) Mississippi delta important belt of agricultural land North is cold in winter and hot in summer South has a more subtropical climate Hurricanes in south First vegetation was pine forests Lush jungles in areas (Mexico) Agricultural, paper making, and manufacturing Streams entering from Appalachians important to industry Industrial companies destroying natural habitats Dams interrupting natural flow of estuaries 4. The Great Lakes- St. Lawrence Lowlands Smallest region in Canada Densely populated Has escarpments (Niagara Falls) Rolling landscape from glacier movement Flat plains,hills, deep river valleys Plains by St Lawrence River rise into Appalachian and Shield regions Climate is humid and continental (develops away from oceans) Winters cool/cold and summers are warm/hot Great Lakes warm winters and cool summers Fertile soils Had once the largest Broad leafed forest Deciduous and Coniferous trees (maple, oak, birch) Agriculture from long growing season Commerce and manufacturing due to dense population Contaminants from smokestacks in air/rivers Pollutants in water effecting species and habitats 5. The Interior Plains Large, vast sweep of plains In US divided into Central Lowlands/Great Plains Very diverse (stretches from Gulf of Mexico to Arctic) Generally flat, some rolling hills Long warm summers, cold winters, not much precipitation Climate colder as you move North Northern parts have arctic climate Weather can be severe (tornadoes) Great Plains have prairie grasses Central Lowlands have deciduous and evergreen trees Grassland and boreal forest Tundra near Arctic Farming (livestock and food) Mining (zinc, oil, natural gas) Farm pollutants and water shortages due to dry climate and water needed by farm/oil industries 6. The Canadian Shield Over 2 billion years old Half of Canada Has eroded mountain volcanoes Ice age left barren rock Glaciers moved ground creating muskeg Climate varies, more temperate in South Further North has cold and long winters Boreal forest Trees generally weak and small Mining (copper, golf, zinc, iron) Foresting (pulp and paper industry) Acid rain from power plants Overuse and over extraction of natural resource 7. Intermountain Region Sparsely populated Between Rockies and Cascades Interior plateau valleys of BC and Yukon High plateaus, mountains, and deserts Many streams and rivers don't reach oceans Brackish (salty lakes) Rain shadow due to western mountains Winters cold/wet or hot/dry based on region South is warm with little precipitation North has a milder climate Grasslands, Plants that can withstand desert climate Thin pine forests in high elevations Cattle ranching Crop cultivation Water problems due to global warming Change in snow, melting ice patterns Species endangerment because of climate changes 8. The Western Cordillera Mountainous Consists of new un eroded mountains Rock mountains continental divide Mountains separated by river valleys and plateaus Maritime climate (influenced by oceans) Parts among wettest places on earth Winters mild, summers cool Vegetation varies Evergreens grow old and tall Grasses grow on mountain slopes Vegetation on mountaintops similar to that of tundra Mining (zinc, copper, gold, coal) Lumber and fishing (Pacific Ocean) Over foresting erodes slopes faster and destroys habitats Reservoirs disrupt fish travelling Habitats destroyed for livestock grazing 9. The Arctic Plains Lowlands and mountains Islands north of Hudson's Bay Mountains in far north (covered by glaciers) Mostly flat Severe climate due to distance from equator Long, cold 10 month winters Summers generally short and cool Desert due to lack of precipitation Few life forms due to climate Lichen Trees can't withstand climate Small shrubs, mosses on tundra Global warming causing melting ice (leading to species destruction) Organisms moving further north Permafrost less reliable due to increasing temperature Shiny ice and snow melting not reflecting sun rays, increasing temperature Environmental changes effecting the rest of the world as well 10. Bibliography "The Appalachian Region." - Appalachian Regional Commission. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . "Coastal Plains - Mrs. Fuentes." Coastal Plains - Mrs. Fuentes. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. . "Lower Coastal Plain and Coastal Islands." New Georgia Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . "Great Lakes- St Lawrence Lowlands." Canadianregions.wikispaces.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2014. . "Economic Activities - The Interior Plains." The Interior Plains. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . "Intermountain West." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 2 Nov. 2014. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . "Environmental Issues." Earth Reform RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . "The Social Network for Sustainability." Organization: Coastal Plain Conservancy. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2014. . "Acid rain in the Canadian Shield ." Partner Galileo.org. Galileo Educational Network Association, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. . "The Interior Plains - Awesome Grade Five." Awesome Grade Five. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2014. . "Engage." Canadians Environmental Issues. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Feb. 2014. . "Current Publications: Agriculture, environment and natural resources." : The Arctic: Environmental Issues. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . AFSRC Picture of the Week, March 13, 2005. Digital image. Ars.usda.gov. N.p., 16 Mar. 2005. Web. 12 Feb. 2014. A Wetland. Digital image. Learnnc.org. University Of Norh Carolina, n.d. Web. 13 Feb. 2014. 11. Coastal Plains. Digital image. Golfnorthcarolina.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. &lt; http://www.learnnc.org/lp/editions/cede_wetlands/&gt; Niagara Falls. Digital image. Provinceontario.blogspot.ca. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . Plains. Digital image. Scienceclarified.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . Canadian Shield. Digital image. Canadianshieldfoundation.ca. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . Exposed Outcrop of The Canadian Shield. Digital image. Northwestontariomaps.ca. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . Rocky Shoreline on Canadian Shield Lake. Digital image. Canoenorthwestontario.ca. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . Emerald Lake. Digital image. Great-adventures.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . Intermountain Region. Digital image. Fs.usda.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . Oil and Gas Exploration in the Arctic. Digital image. City-connect.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. . Blank Map of North America. Digital image. Onlinemaps.blogspot.ca. N.p., n.d. Web. Compass Rose. Digital image. Richmondhillmontessori.ca. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Feb. 2014. Cranny, Michael William. "Regional Geography Of North America." Crossroads: A Meeting of Nations. Scarborough, Ont.: Prentice Hall Ginn Canada, 1998. 164-74. Print.</p>