baroque art 1600-1700 - lake county art 1600-1700 ... he passes out and is decapitated by judith;...
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BAROQUE ART 1600-1700COMPOSITION- how the artist uses color,line, shape, space, texture, and light/dark to move your EYE where they want you to look.
• Forceful DIAGONAL composition -draws eye to one particular spot
• Use of dark tones with a with a brilliant light-to focus composition.
• Subjects of work is emotional, related to Catholicism, martyrdom, death
Most important figure…follow the light
(Gian Lorenzo) Giovanni Bernini (1598 – 1680)
Brilliant exponent of Baroque Sculpture – top architect
On the same scale as Michelangelo
Gian Lorenzo Bernini(1598-1660)
Ecstasy of Saint Teresa
• Created for a Church, commissioned by the Pope
• Set in a Niche with a window in the top to make Godly rays “glow”
• Marble is carved elegantly
Ecstasy of Saint Teresa 1620
St. Theresa having a visionHer experience of religious ecstasy in her encounter with the angel is described BY HER as follows:
“I saw in his hand a long spear of gold, and at the iron's point there seemed to be a little fire. He appeared to me to be thrusting it at times into my heart, and to pierce my very entrails; when he drew it out, he seemed to draw them out also, and to leave me all on fire with a great love of God. The pain was so great, that it made me moan; and yet so surpassing was the sweetness of this excessive pain, that I could not wish to be rid of it. The soul is satisfied now with nothing less than God. The pain is not bodily, but spiritual; though the body has its share in it. It is a caressing of love so sweet which now takes place between the soul and God, that I pray God of His goodness to make him experience it who may think that I am lying”
Judith Slaying HolofernesHolofernes was an Assyrian general who was about to destroy Judith's home, the city of Bethulia. In the story, Judith, a beautiful widow, is able to enter the tent of Holofernes because of his desire for her. Overcome with drink, he passes out and is decapitated by Judith; his head is taken away in a basket (often depicted as carried by an female servant).
Artemisia Gentileschi 1614
Diagonals +Action+ Lighting + Religious subject = BAROQUE
Rembrandt van Riji (1606-1669)
Greatest old master & the most important of all Dutch Realist artists.
Famous for: Biblical art and his printmaking (etching)
Dark Manner – inspired by Caravaggio (characterized by luxuriant brushwork, rich colour, and a msastery of chiaroscuro (light and shade)
Rembrandt • 13 by 16 feet,1642
• Captain Banning Cocq - in black, with a red sash –(the man who commissioned this)
• his lieutenant in yellow lead the forward drive of the still unformed ranks.
• The effect on the viewer is direct; he feels that he had best get out of the way
• Painting was done as A PORTRAIT.
• It was thought to be a Night scene but it was just DIRTY..wrongly titled
The Night Watch or Company of Captain Frans Banning Cocq and Lieutenant Willem van Ruytenhurch
Anatomy Lesson of Dr Nicolaes Tulp (1632)
Peter Paul RubensJune 1577 – May 1640
Spanish Netherlands Flemish painter who was the greatest exponent of the Baroque period.
Portraits and landscapes
Best known for his religious and mythological compositions
Samson and Delilah (1609)
The Judgement of Paris (1635-38)
Diego Valazquez (1599-1660)
Greatest exponents of Spanish painting,
Court painter for King Phillip IV
History paintings, genre-paintings and portrait art
Las Menias (1656)
El Greco (1541-16(Domenikos Theotokopoulos) Painter, Sculpture, and Architecture
Learned at the Cretan School