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  • 1. Partition of India: Its Social Aftermaths & ItsProjection In Indian Cinema . Made By: Ankita Bhatkhande 1
  • 2. IntroductionThe historic event of partition of India is much morethan its demographic and physical understanding.In order to have a full understanding of itsrepercussions we should be aware about its socialaftermaths ,i.e the physical and psychological traumaassociated, displacement of emotions and cultural livesand much more.This can be well understood from the trends in Indiancinema that occurred after partition and the real lifesketches makers tried to portray. 2
  • 3. Social aftermaths of partition. Communal violenceSpread of Islamicfundamentalism 3
  • 4. Crisis of identity Impact on women and children 4
  • 5. Indian cinema and partition. 5
  • 6. Partition of India-when and why?o The partition of India ( ) was the partition of British India into two sovereign states India and Pakistan on the basis of religious demographics.o Indian Independence Act 1947 had decided 15 August 1947 as the appointed date for the partition. However Pakistan came into existence a day earlier on 14 August. It resulted in a struggle between the new states of India and Pakistan and displaced up to 12.5 million people with estimates of loss of life varying from several hundred thousand to a million. 6
  • 7. Causes of partition The British policy of divide and rule before leaving independent India . Hunger for power in Muslim minorities . Muslim demand for recognition of their religion and later Jinnahs demand for separate Pakistan. Communal tensions among Hindus ,Muslims and Sikhs. Lack of foresight and indecisiveness of Indian leaders Political suspicion 7
  • 8. Problem of displacement Partition led to large scale displacement of people from both the sides. Nine million Hindus migrated from Pakistan Six million Muslims left India and a million refugees crossed the borders on foot leaving their land, money, food and all assets behind 8
  • 9. Communal disharmony Communal violence evoked even before partition leading to religious rivalries that still exist Thousands were killed innocently in these riots. Women and children were soft targets. Crisis of identity Those who wished to stay were disowned on religious grounds. People lost their identity, relationships, and friendships and were judged merely on being a Hindu, Sikh or a Muslim. They had no access to sufficient food, clothing and shelter. Even the richest went as refugees. Survival and existence was itself at stake even in independent India. 9
  • 10. ISLAMIC FUNDAMENTALISM ZIAH UL HAQ- Islam is our goal. These helpless people need our sacrifices. What cowards are we to leave our women without their heads covered on the streets. Islam is Allah and Allah is eternal. Slash those who go against Islam. Shops were forcibly closed and riots erupted every second. Jihadists used violent and unlawful means to press their demands on commoners. 10
  • 11. IMPACT ON WOMENSoft targets to communal atrocitiesRaped,abducted,forced to end their livesThey lacked voice and mere objects in the hands of thethen powerful men.Their honor and chastity was associated with familyhonor. 11
  • 12. India-Pakistan after partitionCommunal RiotsTerrorism and growth offundamentalismMutual hatred and mistrustIssue of KashmirUnending antagonism 12