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Overview of the Japan GAP Presented by: Yasuaki Takeda, Asia GAP Research Institute Managing Director, May 2015 1 Salada leaf farm in Taiwan Tea leaf farm in Japan

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  • Overview of the Japan GAP

    Presented by: Yasuaki Takeda, Asia GAP Research Institute

    Managing Director, May 2015

    11Salada leaf farm in Taiwan Tea leaf farm in Japan

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    In 2002, retailers and food service providers started their own GAP standard to manage their supplier and farmers for their store brand product.

    Local government also established local GAP standard. Those GAPs had different Control Point and Criteria, and most of them had no certification system.

    More than 100 different GAP standards in Japan

    In 2006, JGAP office was founded by retailers and supplier-farmers to harmonize GAP scheme in Japan. Most of main retailer in Japan joined JGAP, and JGAP became the common standard GAP scheme in Japanese farming scene.

    History of GAP in Japan

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    In 2009, national government released GAP guideline for GAP scheme owners. JGAP was the 1st GAP scheme to meet this government guideline.

    In 2010, JGAP started B to C labeling guideline In 2011, JGAP started new standard that prevents contamination of radioactivity material.

    In 2013, JGAP started benchmarking system for other GAP.

    In 2013, JGAP English version was released, and also started JGAP self-inspection and declaration scheme.

    In 2014, JGAP Chinese version started. In 2015, JGAP office re-organized to Japan GAP Foundation

    History of GAP in Japan

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    Asia GAP Research Institute researched from 2006 to 2014

    The cause of pesticide residue over safety standard in Japan

    unregistered agricultural chemical usage

    Drift from next field

    improper usage

    Unwashed sprayer

    Soil residue of pesticide

    Contamination after harvest

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    Example of foreign material contaminated to F&V, rice and tea

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    Statistics of work accident during farm operation

    Death accident during farm operation About 400 death/year Since 1971

    Death accident during construction work About 350 death/year 85% down compare to 19711971


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    JGAP is the strict and excellent standard of farm management for food safety and sustainable agriculture.

    JGAP is the up-to-date quality management technology for food safety on farm level in Japan, and keeps communication with GLOBALGAP in EU.

    JGAP is focusing on safety from chemical residue, food poisoning caused by bacteria, contamination of foreign material and radioactive material.

    JGAP focus on not only food safety but also eco-friendly and work safety on farm.

    Most of major retailer in Japan supports JGAP, and use it for supplier management to keep food safety thorough farm to store.

    What is JGAP?

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    JGAP standard is for everyone

    JGAP standard is open for everyone at JGAP website. Fruits and Vegetable Grain and rice Tea General Regulation for audit and certification Individual certification Group certificationJapanese, English and Chinese

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    JGAP is the most famous GAP certification scheme in Japan.

    More than 130 control point for food safety and sustainability and work safety in farm.

    JGAP has a certification system. There are 4 certification bodies those are accredited by JGAP.

    JGAP is the trust mark of excellent Japanese farm.

    Why JGAP?

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    JGAP English version and Chinese version

    JGAP Chinese

    JGAP English

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    In Japan, Buyers attitude

    How many buyers consider GAP certification for their buying decision? (Japanese Ministry of Agriculture research to 542 retail, food-maker and food service provider on 2012)

    How many? Why?

    - 61.7% of buyer consider GAP certification for their buying decision. - Those of 96.9% buyer answer food safety and supplier reliability management as reason to consider GAP certification for their buying.

  • Statistics JGAP certified farms

    - Product-liability insurance is provided to JGAP certified farms at no charge.

    Every March

    Japan, Taiwan, Korea and Thailand

  • Japan / Korea Thailand / Taiwan

    JGAP Certification Body 4 JGAP Auditor 11

    JGAP inspector 21 JGAP junior inspector 81

    JGAP certified farms 2,529

    5 train-the-trainer company JGAP senior trainer 11

    JGAP trainer 3099 JGAP junior trainer 3179

    Japan GAP Foundation 323 member and 33 Technical

    Committee from farmer, Retailer, food industry, chemical company etc.

    Accredited by Japan GAP Foundation

    Accredited by Japan GAP Foundation and JAB


    Train the farmers

    Audit / CertificationAt March 2015

    Structure of JGAP scheme and training and certification

  • Individual certification and Group cettification


    Individual certification Inspect one farm to evaluate compliance to JGAP standard

    Group certification Audit farmer group to evaluate compliance to JGAP standard, under quality management system of farmer group.



    Quality Management System of group

    Leader of farmer group

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    Structure of farm management required by JGAP

    Step 1 : Governance in farm / clarification of responsibility, the division of the roles / the directions and orders

    Step 3 : Rule making (by employer and employee together) and clarify the process and procedure

    Step 4 : keep everyone informed about rule and procedure, and educate employee to follow them

    Step 2 : Risk analysis and Assess production environment Site / water / soil / facility / machinery and so on

    Step 5 : Record recording, checking, and assessment of farming processes and employee following rules

  • JGAP self-inspection and declaration of implementation


    This process is for producers aiming at JGAP certification. Producer can get JGAP Certification directly, and also via JGAP self-inspection and declaration process. More than 5,000 JGAP trainers help producer to self-inspect and declaration of implementation.

    JGAP self-inspection and declaration of implementation

    Producer aiming at JGAP certification

    JGAP third-party audit and certification

  • JGAP Implementation Case study : Kiwi fruit


    One brand, from several countries, from several areas, from several farmers cooperative, from more than 1,000 farmers. How do you manage the product quality and food safety on this situation?

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    JGAP Implementation Case study : Tea beverage

    Global beverage company has own supplier code of practice. This include food safety, sustainability, worker safety and human rights and ethics. Global head quarter gave local branch the strict order to follow their code for all ingredient within 2 years. How do you achieve and overcome this order?

  • Own standard For procurement

    JGAP standard JGAP certification

    Differences Between

    Own standard and JGAP +

    JGAP application case

    Compare own standard to JGAP, and develop document about differences to apply additionally. There are JGAP trainer in Japan, Taiwan, Korea and Thai. There are JGAP standard document in Japanese, English and Chinese. It is easy for farm to implement JGAP. And then, farm implement only differences additionally. Combination of JGAP third party certification and second party certification for own standard using document about differences.

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    Food safety


    Worker safety

    Human rights and Ethics (JGAP does not cover this aspect)

    Animal welfare(JGAP does not cover this aspect)

    At the end, getting trust from buyer-side, through some auditing activities.

    Purpose of implementation of GAP

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    Questionnaire survey to farms certified by JGAP

    What kind of benefit do you have from JGAP implementation except food safety, sustainability and worker safety? Result / answer in left. You can find secondary and unexpected benefit From JGAP certified. 2012 Survey conducted by National Agriculture and Food Research Organization 164 JGAP certified farms (individual certification / Response rate: 54.2%)

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    What is the critical point to improve farm productivity?

    Farming depending on experiences and memories --> Structure of farm management required JGAP --> Improve farm productivity -->What is the critical point to improve farm productivity through GAP implementaion?. Answer !! Employees participation in process of GAP implementation! 2012 Survey conducted by National Agriculture and Food Research Organization 164 JGAP certified farms (individual certification / Response rate: 54.2%)

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    JGAP2015direction to develop Proper and economical farm management GAP to improve farm management and farm productivity Adapt to Japan, East Asia and South-East Asia field GAP to adapt highly automated factorized farm and ingredient of herbal

    remedy GAP to be recognized by GFSI





    JGAP2015 is coming soon!

    Technical CommiteeSubCommitee for Fruit for Vegetable for Mashroom for Rice for Grain for Tea for certificate system etc

    Special Committee for productivity for pesticide for disease germs for worker safety etc

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    Buyers involvement and commitment Developing GAP standard with buyer-side Buyer-side commitment to use GAP certification for their procurement

    Good standard Farmer should feel better management of farm after GAP implementation. Food safety, worker safety and so on

    Good number of good GAP trainer

    Key factor of GAP spreading among farmers

  • JGAP labeling for B to C

    JGAP mark that farm and farmers group Use. Certified farm and farmers group use on the product such as vegetable, fruit, brown rice, polished rice and raw green tea.

    JGAP mark that food maker use. Food maker use on the grocery such as polished rice, frozen vegetable, fruit juice and tea beverage, those should be made by raw material from certified farm and farmers group.

    Factory must have ISO22000 or FSSC22000 certification

    Raw Material

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    When is the best timing to audit the farm? It depends on the farm Well Manage, Less Audit!

    CB can skip surveillance" under below condition. Farm fully comply with the level of certificate without need of remedy at the day of

    the inspection. And CB can confirm that the farm will be managed very well without surveillance.

    Audit timing and certification validity

    Certificate issued on 15 Aug 2014 (for example)

    Certificate renewed on 15 Aug 20162 Year Validity

    First inspection

    Once Surveillance during 1 certification validity. CB can decide the timing of surveillance to farm.

    Second Inspection

  • JGAP

    JGAP Benchmarked Equivalent Standards


    +J means difference between JGAP and T-GAP. T-GAP farm try +J part additionally, and apply to JGAP certification body. And then the farm can get JGAP certificate.

    Confirmed JGAP Benchmarked Equivalency by defind process includes peer review.

    JGAP Certification Body

    JGAP Certification

    T-GAP+J Audit Issue


    Example: T-GAP, this is localGAP used in Sizuoka Japan

    Very easy. No duplication.

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    This guideline helps JGAP certified producer to get GLOBALG.A.P. certification, as needed. You can find it at GLOBALG.A.P. website.

  • JGAP certification is the gateway for all requirement from buyer-side!


    Farm and farmers group

    GLOBALGAP certified farm

    JGAP certified farm

    Public requirement For example USA/FDA, Food Safety Modernization Act

    Guideline for JGAP Certified Producers

    aiming at GLOBALG.A.P. Certification

    Majority of buyer in Japan and other


    Buyer who has unusual requirement

    Support document

    Buyer who require GLOBALGAP cert.

    Buyer in USA

    Support document

    JGAP Tokyo Taiwan Hong Kong


    GFSI recognized in future

    JGAP Japanese version English version Chinese version

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    JGAP office

    JGAP expand to East Asia!

    JGAP office Taichung (Taiwan)

    JGAP office Tokyo

    JGAP office Hong Kong

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    Latest study of radioactive from Fukushima

    Codex / ASEAN






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    Latest study of radioactive from Fukushima

  • 33

    Latest study of radioactive from Fukushima

    Hong Kong Causeway Bay detected by Takeda 2011

    Fukushima Soma 40km from Fukushima nuclear power stations detected by Takeda 2014

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    Corporate profile

    Corporate name Asia GAP Research Institute (AGRI)

    Organizational Status incorporated nonprofit organization

    Date Established Nov. 2006, changed corporate name in 2015

    Office Nihon Nogyo Kenkyujo Bldg. 4F 3-29 Kioi-cho Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

    Tel: +81 3 6380 - 9050

    Website: http://asiagap.jp / E-mail: [email protected]

    Activities 1. Help farmer to implement GAP, and train the GAP trainer in Asia

    2. Think tank of GAP in Asia

    Membership 330 member of Farmer, food retailer and all stakeholders of agriculture and food industry

    Partnership Japan GAP foundation / GLOBALGAP

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    Think consumer Think sustainability Think staff in farm

    Terima Kasih!