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  • Outposts of Constitutionalism

    The Dutch Republic:

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Outposts of Constitutionalism

    The Dutch Republic:

    - formal independence from Spain in 1648

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Outposts of Constitutionalism

    The Dutch Republic:

    - formal independence from Spain in 1648

    - provinces controlled by rich merchants called regents

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Outposts of Constitutionalism

    The Dutch Republic:

    - formal independence from Spain in 1648

    - provinces controlled by rich merchants called regents

    - chief exec. was called the Stadholder - almost always a prince of the House of Orange

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Outposts of Constitutionalism

    The Dutch Republic:

    - formal independence from Spain in 1648

    - provinces controlled by rich merchants called regents

    - chief exec. was called the Stadholder - almost always a prince of the House of Orange

    - thriving commerce made it Europe’s financial capital

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Outposts of Constitutionalism

    The Dutch Republic:

    - formal independence from Spain in 1648

    - provinces controlled by rich merchants called regents

    - chief exec. was called the Stadholder - almost always a prince of the House of Orange

    - thriving commerce made it Europe’s financial capital

    - dominated overseas trade

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Outposts of Constitutionalism

    The Dutch Republic:

    - formal independence from Spain in 1648

    - provinces controlled by rich merchants called regents

    - chief exec. was called the Stadholder - almost always a prince of the House of Orange

    - thriving commerce made it Europe’s financial capital

    - dominated overseas trade

    - decline resulted from trade wars w/ England, growing adherence to strict Calvinism, imitating the French

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Dutch Art thrived during this “Golden Age”

    - focused on every-day life

    - marketed to a growing middle class, rather than just the elite

    Vermeer, Girl With the Pearl Earring Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Rembrandt, Staalmeesters

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • The Search for Order in Elite & Popular Culture

    - John Milton’s Paradise Lost - epic poem about Satan’s fall from grace - involved the concept of challenge to authority, the embracing of moral responsibility of Adam & Eve, & the importance of personal freedom to the human experience

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • The Search for Order in Elite & Popular Culture

    - Milton was a staunch critic of censorship, which was increasingly used by governments to enforce social order - he believed that freedom of thought was essential to human dignity

    - John Milton’s Paradise Lost - epic poem about Satan’s fall from grace - involved the concept of challenge to authority, the embracing of moral responsibility of Adam & Eve, & the importance of personal freedom to the human experience

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Art & Order

    Baroque:

    Classicism:

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Art & Order

    - invoked intense emotion, usually religious & spiritual

    Baroque:

    Classicism:

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Art & Order

    - invoked intense emotion, usually religious & spiritual

    Baroque:

    - used by Church to impose awe on beholders

    Classicism:

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Art & Order

    - invoked intense emotion, usually religious & spiritual

    Baroque:

    - used by Church to impose awe on beholders - Bernini - famous architect/sculptor who worked for the papacy

    Classicism:

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Art & Order

    - invoked intense emotion, usually religious & spiritual

    Baroque:

    - used by Church to impose awe on beholders - Bernini - famous architect/sculptor who worked for the papacy

    Classicism:

    - reflected the ideas of ancient Greece & Rome

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Art & Order

    - invoked intense emotion, usually religious & spiritual

    Baroque:

    - used by Church to impose awe on beholders - Bernini - famous architect/sculptor who worked for the papacy

    Classicism:

    - reflected the ideas of ancient Greece & Rome - geometric shapes, order, symmetry, harmony of lines

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Art & Order

    - invoked intense emotion, usually religious & spiritual

    Baroque:

    - used by Church to impose awe on beholders - Bernini - famous architect/sculptor who worked for the papacy

    Classicism:

    - reflected the ideas of ancient Greece & Rome - geometric shapes, order, symmetry, harmony of lines

    - popular in France

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • The Clever Pup - Jacque-Louis David

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Women & Manners

    Cultivation of Manners:

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Women & Manners

    Cultivation of Manners:

    - Through clothing, style, & behavior, nobility attempted to separate themselves from the lower classes

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Women & Manners

    Cultivation of Manners:

    - Through clothing, style, & behavior, nobility attempted to separate themselves from the lower classes

    - they rejected popular festivals & entertainment, & turned to private theater & playwrights for lessons in elite etiquette

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Women & Manners

    Cultivation of Manners:

    - Through clothing, style, & behavior, nobility attempted to separate themselves from the lower classes

    - they rejected popular festivals & entertainment, & turned to private theater & playwrights for lessons in elite etiquette

    Women’s Roles:

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Women & Manners

    Cultivation of Manners:

    - salons - informal gatherings held by prominent women to discuss love, literature, & philosophy

    - Through clothing, style, & behavior, nobility attempted to separate themselves from the lower classes

    - they rejected popular festivals & entertainment, & turned to private theater & playwrights for lessons in elite etiquette

    Women’s Roles:

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Women & Manners

    Cultivation of Manners:

    - salons - informal gatherings held by prominent women to discuss love, literature, & philosophy

    - Through clothing, style, & behavior, nobility attempted to separate themselves from the lower classes

    - they rejected popular festivals & entertainment, & turned to private theater & playwrights for lessons in elite etiquette

    Women’s Roles:

    - served as launch pads for budding authors

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Women & Manners

    Cultivation of Manners:

    - salons - informal gatherings held by prominent women to discuss love, literature, & philosophy

    - Through clothing, style, & behavior, nobility attempted to separate themselves from the lower classes

    - they rejected popular festivals & entertainment, & turned to private theater & playwrights for lessons in elite etiquette

    Women’s Roles:

    - served as launch pads for budding authors - women began to write & perform at them

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Women & Manners

    Cultivation of Manners:

    - salons - informal gatherings held by prominent women to discuss love, literature, & philosophy

    - Through clothing, style, & behavior, nobility attempted to separate themselves from the lower classes

    - they rejected popular festivals & entertainment, & turned to private theater & playwrights for lessons in elite etiquette

    Women’s Roles:

    - served as launch pads for budding authors - women began to write & perform at them - male authors, lawyers, playwrights lambasted the women for stepping out of line & invading the intellectual space that was reserved for men

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Reforming Pop Culture

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Reforming Pop Culture - lower class entertainment took the form of fairs & festivals

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Reforming Pop Culture - lower class entertainment took the form of fairs & festivals

    - elites tried to separate themselves from these affairs and restrict revelry to instill social discipline

    Friday, December 13, 2013

  • Reforming Pop Culture - lower class entertainment took the form of fairs & festivals

    - elites tried to separate themselves from these affairs and restrict revelry to instill social discipline - Puritans &