ot session 9 minor prophets

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Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk & Zephaniah slides for Foundations Bible School (copyright Don Palmer).


  • 1. Session #9. Encountering the Prophetic Books (part 3)The Minor ProphetsCovering the books of: Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk & Zephaniah.(Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi next month)

2. 12 3 Fall of Samaria &1st Return from Assyrian captivity captivity: 538BC ISRAEL722BCJonah? AmosHosea Temple rebuiltFall of Jerusalem &516 BCBabylonian captivity586BC Zechariah MalachiJUDAH HaggaiJoel?Isaiah NahumMicahZephaniahEzra 458 BC HabakkukDaniel Nehemiah 444 BC ObadiahJeremiahEzekiel Before the exileDuring exileAfter the exile 3. Who were they?Why were they labelled minorBook of The Twelve (Ecclesiasticus 49:10)Repeated themes:1. Warning of judgment due to sin2. Description of the sin3. Description of the coming judgment4. A call for repentance5. The promise of future restoration & salvation6. The Day of the LORD 4. Messages to the Northern Kingdom (Israel):Amos, Hosea (& Micah)Messages to the Southern Kingdom (Judah):Zephaniah, Habakkuk (& Micah)Messages to other nations:Obadiah (Edom), Jonah & Nahum (Nineveh)Mysterious messengers:Jonah (great fish) & Joel (great army of locusts)Messages to the returning exiles:Haggai, Zechariah & Malachi 5. 1. HoseaThe LORD loves unfaithful people.2.JoelThe LORD disciplines those whom he loves.3.AmosThe LORD speaks, but who will listen?4.Obadiah The LORD will surely repay the proud.5.Jonah The LORD will have mercy on the repentant.6.Micah The LORD demands justice, mercy & humility.7.Nahum The LORD will surely execute vengeance.8.Habakkuk The LORD is powerful and righteous trust him!9.Zephaniah The LORD is ready to judge yet mighty to save.10. HaggaiThe LORD will rebuild his temple.11. Zechariah The LORD will establish his kingdom.12. Malachi The LORD will purify his people. 6. Ministers during reigns of: UZZIAH (2 Chron. 26)aka AZARIAH (2 Kings 15) in JUDAHbecomes king when only 16mentored by Zechariah, a priest (seeks God)fortifies city/ loved the soilstrong military/ defeats surrounding enemiesbecomes proud/ offers incense/ gets leprosyson, Jotham, succeeds him/ continues renewalcontemporary of ISAIAH JEROBOAM ll (2 Kings 14) in ISRAELlast significant king of Israel (41 years)Jonah lives during his reign (God shows mercy) 7. The times of AMOSIndian summer (2 years before the earthquake)Inner erosion (5:21-24)The person of AMOSNOT a prophet, a shepherd (7:14)Burden-bearer (first writing prophet?)The message of AMOSWorking out our faith (social justice)Listening to God (while you have the chance) 8. 8 burdens (chapters 1-2)3 sermons (chapters 3-6)5 visions (chapters 7-9) 9. Significance of his name (lift up/ bear away)Reaction to his message (Amaziah) 7:10ff.Conviction that God was speaking (loudly)1:2; 3:4, 8 ** God may stop speaking!8:11-12 10. "The LORD roars from Zion and thundersfrom Jerusalem (1:2)The lion has roared - who will not fear?The Sovereign LORD has spoken -who can but prophesy? (3:8; cf. 3:12; 5:19)This is what the LORD says declares the LORD 11. CIRCULAR JUDGEMENTSDamascusTyreAmmon IsraelMoab JudahEdom Gaza 12. Hear this word (3:1, 4:1, 5;1)n Chosen yet judgedn The stubbornness of sinn Seek God & live (5:4, 6, 14)Conc. Judgment is coming (6:8-14) 13. You who turn justice into bitternessand cast righteousness to the ground. (5:7)You have turned justice into poisonand the fruit of righteousness into bitterness.(6:12)But let justice roll on like a river, righteousness like a never-failing stream! (5:24) 14. 1. A swarm of locusts (7:1)2. A fire (7:4)3. A plumb line (7:7)4. A basket of ripe fruit (8:1)5. The LORD standing by the altar (9:1)yet there is an ultimate hope (9:11-15) 15. 1. When God speaks, listenor else he may roar!2. The heart of our faith is justice & righteousness not jargon & rituals 16. Ministers during the reigns ofUzziah (3rd of 4 good kings/ dies of leprosy)Jotham (continues reforms)Ahaz (wicked king)Hezekiah (another time of revival)& Jeroboam ll (of Israel) last significant king of Israel (41 years)** Contemporary of AMOS & ISAIAH 17. With bands of love Who was HOSEA? What was going on in his times? What did he have to say?LOVEat three levels1. Hosea & Gomer2. Yahweh & Israel3. God & his people 18. A spirit of prostitution leads them astray;they are unfaithful to their God (4:12)A spirit of prostitution is in their heart;they do not acknowledge the LORD (5:4)She will chase after her lovers but not catch them; she will look for them but not find them. (2:7) 19. She has not acknowledged that I was the one who gaveherbut me she forgot, declares the LORD. (2:8,13)There is no faithfulness, no love, no acknow-ledgment (knowledge) of God in the land(4:1)My people are destroyed from lack of knowledgetheyexchanged their Glory for something disgraceful.(4:6,7) 20. Idol = an imposter, that which we come to love, desire and set our priorities upon. Replaces that which is greater.A thief who steals our love & devotion! 21. 1. Violence & bloodshed2. Oppression & injustice3. Corruption & deceit4. Corrupt leadership5. Destruction & invasion6. Hunger, thirst & exposure7. Barren land & barren wombs8. Desensitized to love9. God is distant10. Religion is pointless 22. The LORD said: Go show your love to your wife again though she is loved by another! (3:1)I will betroth you to me forever;I will betroth you in righteousness and justice, in love and compassion.I will betroth you in faithfulness, and you will acknowledge the LORD. (2:19-20)I led them with cords of human kindness,with ties of love; I lifted the yoke from their neck and bent down to feed them. (11:4) 23. "Come, let us return to the LORD. He has torn us to pieces now he will heal us; he has injured us now he will bind up our wounds. After two days he will revive us;on the third day he will restore us,that we may live in his presence. Oh, let us know the LORD;let us press on to know him. As surely as the sun rises, he will appear; he will come to us like the winter rains,like the spring rains that water the earth. (6:1-3) 24. Sow for yourselves righteousness, reap the fruit of unfailing love, and break up your unplowed ground; for it is time to seek the LORD,until he comes and showers righteousness on you (10:12) 25. The times (Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah) A vision concerning Samaria & Jerusalem.The man (Filled with the Spirit) 3:8 (The LORD is comingtoThe address Bethlehem tell the shepherds! 5:1-5) 26. 1. Penalty and promise chs. 1-32. Hope beyond affliction chs. 4-53. Mercy over judgment chs. 6-7 27. Weep and mourn for Samaria & Jerusalem (ch.1)Unjust stewards (ch. 2)Corrupt leaders (ch. 3) 28. Ultimate hope:The Kingdom of God ch. 4(justice & righteousness)The Coming Messiah ch. 5(security & peace) 29. But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,though you are small among the clans of Judah,out of you will come for meone who will be ruler over Israel, (cf. Matt. 2:6)whose origins are from of old,from ancient times."Therefore Israel will be abandoneduntil the time when she who is in labor gives birthand the rest of his brothers returnto join the Israelites.He will stand and shepherd his flock (cf. Luke 1:32-33; John 10)in the strength of the LORD,in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God.And they will live securely, for then his greatnesswill reach to the ends of the earth.And he will be our peace (5:2-5) 30. He has shown all you people what is good.And what does the LORD require of you?To act justly and to love mercyand to walk humbly with your God. (6:8)Who is a God like you,who pardons sin and forgives the transgressionof the remnant of his inheritance?You do not stay angry foreverbut delight to show mercy.You will again have compassion on us;you will tread our sins underfootand hurl all our iniquities into the depths of the sea. (7:18-19) 31. The reign of JOSIAH, son of Amon (King of Judah)(2 Kings 22-23/ 2 Chron. 34-35) The last days of Judah (revival) Became king when 8 years old Seeks God when 16/ implements reforms Finds Book of the Law (Deuteronomy) when 26 Calls for repentance Prophecy of Huldah Renews the Covenant Celebrates the Passover Killed at Megiddo by Pharaoh Neco (prior to Battle ofCarchemish vs. Nebuchadnezzar)(Jeremiah composes set of famous laments) 32. Warning of final destruction (of Judah)Oracle against Judah (1:2-13)The great day of the LORD (1:14-2:3)Oracle against PhilistiaOracle against Moab & AmmonOracle against Cushty toOracle against AssyriaMigh (3:17)sa v eThe promise of pending judgment (3:1-8)The promise of future restoration (3:9-20) 33. (or) How dare you speak to God like that!The times (the last days of Judah)The man (?)The burden (complaints with character of God) 34. Habakkuks 1st complaint(1:2-4)The Lords 1st reply (1:5-11)Habakkuks 2nd complaint(1:12-2:1)The Lords 2nd reply (2:2-20)Habakkuks song/ psalm of praise (3:1-19) 35. I will stand at my watchand station myself on the ramparts;I will look to seewhat he will say to me.And what answer I am to give to this complaint! (2:1) 36. If God is so powerful,why doesnt he do something? 37. I am workingthoughnot in the way you expect! 38. If God is so holy,why does he act this way? 39. My purposes are much greater than your particular situationtherefore be more concerned to live out your faith now! 40. Hab. 2:4 (The just shall live by faith)(Alt. The righteous one shall live by his faith)the just (Romans 1:17)shall live (Galatians 3:11)by faith (Hebrews 10:38) 41. Introduction: Ive hearddo it again (v.2)1. God cameselah (v.3)2. God saw selah (v.9)3. God conquered selah (v.13)Conclusion: I will rejoiceI will be strong (vv.17-19) 42. Its OK to have (big, hard, tough) questionsMake sure to take your questions to GodBe prepared for unexpected answersLearn to live in, with & by faith 43. Judgment on EDOM.Historical roots: Jacob & Esau (Genesis 25-36) Edom & Israel (Numbers 20; Ju