the minor prophets lesson 1 an introduction to the minor prophets

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The Minor Prophets Lesson 1 An Introduction To The Minor Prophets Slide 2 2 Introduction Why bother teaching from the Old Testament especially unfamiliar minor prophets? Not under the Law of Moses today But, Old Testament including minor prophets great value to us today to encourage our faith and hope in the Lord Slide 3 3 Introduction Also, we can be encouraged to faithfully stand for Gods Word as the prophets did although persecuted, some even to death Increase appreciation for Gods plan of redemption in Christ Slide 4 4 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today Rom 15:4 For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. 1Co 10:11 Now these things happened to them as an example, and they were written for our instruction, upon whom the ends of the ages have come. Slide 5 5 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today 2Ch 36:15 The LORD, the God of their fathers, sent word to them again and again by His messengers, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place; 2Ch 36:16 but they continually mocked the messengers of God, despised His words and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, until there was no remedy. Slide 6 6 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today 2Ch 36:17 Therefore He brought up against them the king of the Chaldeans who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion on young man or virgin, old man or infirm; He gave them all into his hand. Slide 7 7 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today Heb 11:32 And what more shall I say? For time will fail me if I tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the prophets, Heb 11:33 who by faith conquered kingdoms, performed acts of righteousness, obtained promises, shut the mouths of lions, Slide 8 8 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today Heb 11:34 quenched the power of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, from weakness were made strong, became mighty in war, put foreign armies to flight. Heb 11:35 Women received back their dead by resurrection; and others were tortured, not accepting their release, so that they might obtain a better resurrection; Slide 9 9 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today Heb 11:36 and others experienced mockings and scourgings, yes, also chains and imprisonment. Heb 11:37 They were stoned, they were sawn in two, they were tempted, they were put to death with the sword; they went about in sheepskins, in goatskins, being destitute, afflicted, ill-treated Slide 10 10 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today Heb 11:38 (men of whom the world was not worthy), wandering in deserts and mountains and caves and holes in the ground. Heb 11:39 And all these, having gained approval through their faith, did not receive what was promised, Heb 11:40 because God had provided something better for us, so that apart from us they would not be made perfect. Slide 11 11 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today 1Pe 1:10 As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful searches and inquiries, 1Pe 1:11 seeking to know what person or time the Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories to follow. Slide 12 12 Old Testament Valuable To Our Faith Today 1Pe 1:12 It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves, but you, in these things which now have been announced to you through those who preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven--things into which angels long to look. Slide 13 13 Introduction Prophets are minor because of length of their writings compared to the major prophets (Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Daniel) Like the prophets, we need to stand for Gods Word, no matter what may come to our nation, trusting His rule and mercy Like them, we need to trust in the Lord who provides our only true hope, eternal life Slide 14 14 An Introduction To The Minor Prophets 1.What is a prophet? 2.How can we distinguish between true and false prophets? 3.Who are the minor prophets? 4.What information can help us better understand the minor prophets? 5.What did the minor prophets preach? Slide 15 15 An Introduction To The Minor Prophets 6.What are some of the themes found in the minor prophets? 7.Strategy for studying each minor prophet Slide 16 16 What Is A Prophet? Origin uncertain Understood to mean bubble or boil up Bible description a prophet is a spokesman for God, forthtelling His Word revealing past, present and future Slide 17 17 What Is A Prophet? Exo 4:16 "Moreover, he shall speak for you to the people; and he will be as a mouth for you and you will be as God to him. Exo 7:1 Then the LORD said to Moses, "See, I make you as God to Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron shall be your prophet. Exo 7:2 "You shall speak all that I command you, and your brother Aaron shall speak to Pharaoh that he let the sons of Israel go out of his land. Slide 18 18 What Is A Prophet? 2Pe 1:19 So we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts. 2Pe 1:20 But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one's own interpretation, Slide 19 19 What Is A Prophet? 2Pe 1:21 for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God. Slide 20 20 What Is A Prophet? Jer 20:7 O LORD, You have deceived me and I was deceived; You have overcome me and prevailed. I have become a laughingstock all day long; Everyone mocks me. Jer 20:8 For each time I speak, I cry aloud; I proclaim violence and destruction, Because for me the word of the LORD has resulted In reproach and derision all day long. Slide 21 21 What Is A Prophet? Jer 20:9 But if I say, "I will not remember Him Or speak anymore in His name," Then in my heart it becomes like a burning fire Shut up in my bones; And I am weary of holding it in, And I cannot endure it. Slide 22 22 How Can We Distinguish Between True And False Prophets? 1.Fulfillment test does what he predicts come to pass? 2.Consistency test is his teaching in harmony with what God previously revealed? Slide 23 23 Does What He Predicts Come To Pass? Deu 18:21 "You may say in your heart, 'How will we know the word which the LORD has not spoken?' Deu 18:22 "When a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD, if the thing does not come about or come true, that is the thing which the LORD has not spoken. The prophet has spoken it presumptuously; you shall not be afraid of him. Slide 24 24 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah Jer 28:1 Now in the same year, in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the fourth year, in the fifth month, Hananiah the son of Azzur, the prophet, who was from Gibeon, spoke to me in the house of the LORD in the presence of the priests and all the people, saying, Jer 28:2 "Thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, 'I have broken the yoke of the king of Babylon. Slide 25 25 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah Jer 28:3 'Within two years I am going to bring back to this place all the vessels of the LORD'S house, which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon took away from this place and carried to Babylon. Slide 26 26 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah Jer 28:4 'I am also going to bring back to this place Jeconiah the son of Jehoiakim, king of Judah, and all the exiles of Judah who went to Babylon,' declares the LORD, 'for I will break the yoke of the king of Babylon.'" Jer 28:13 "Go and speak to Hananiah, saying, 'Thus says the LORD, "You have broken the yokes of wood, but you have made instead of them yokes of iron." Slide 27 27 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah Jer 28:14 'For thus says the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, "I have put a yoke of iron on the neck of all these nations, that they may serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and they will serve him. And I have also given him the beasts of the field."'" Jer 28:15 Then Jeremiah the prophet said to Hananiah the prophet, "Listen now, Hananiah, the LORD has not sent you, and you have made this people trust in a lie. Slide 28 28 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah Jer 28:16 "Therefore thus says the LORD, 'Behold, I am about to remove you from the face of the earth. This year you are going to die, because you have counseled rebellion against the LORD.'" Jer 28:17 So Hananiah the prophet died in the same year in the seventh month. Slide 29 29 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah Jer 22:24 "As I live," declares the LORD, "even though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were a signet ring on My right hand, yet I would pull you off; Jer 22:25 and I will give you over into the hand of those who are seeking your life, yes, into the hand of those whom you dread, even into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and into the hand of the Chaldeans. Slide 30 30 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah Jer 22:26 "I will hurl you and your mother who bore you into another country where you were not born, and there you will die. 2Ki 25:8 Now on the seventh day of the fifth month, which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. Slide 31 31 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah 2Ki 25:9 He burned the house of the LORD, the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem; even every great house he burned with fire. 2Ki 25:10 So all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard broke down the walls around Jerusalem. Slide 32 32 Contrast Jeremiah With Hananiah 2Ki 25:27 Now it came about in the thirty- seventh year of the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, that Evil- merodach king of Babylon, in the year that he became kin