Nova Apostila - 2013 - 1o Semestre

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<p>SEMINRIO TEOLGICO VIDA E LUZEnglish I 2013 Teacher: Noemi de Azevedo Menezes de Oliveira</p> <p>1 PRONOMES PESSOAIS E VERBO To BE (Formas: Afirmativa / Negativa / Interrogativa)</p> <p>Pronomes Pessoais: Singular: I (Eu) You (Voc) He (Ele) She (Ela) It (animal e coisa em geral) Plural: We (Ns) You (Vocs) They (Eles) Theu (Elas) They (animais e coisas em geral)</p> <p>Verb TO BE: (Ser Estar) Forma Afirmativa: 1st person 2nd person 3rd person Singular I am (Im) (Eu sou) You are (Youre) (Voc ) He is (Hes) (Ele ) She is (Shes) (Ela ) It is (Its) Plural We are (Were) (Ns somos) You are (Youre) (Vocs so) They are (Theyre) (Eles so)</p> <p>OBS: He (masculino) She (feminino) It (animal, objeto e coisa em geral) Forma Interrogativa: Singular Am I ? Are you ? Is he ? Is she ? Is it ? Plural Are we ? Are you ? Are they ? Are they ? Are they ? 3</p> <p>Forma Negativa: Singular I am not (Im not) You are not (arent) He is not (isnt) She is not (isnt) It is not (isnt) Plural We are not (arent) You are not (arent) They are not (arent) They are not (arent) They are not (arent)</p> <p>Estrutura: AFF: Sujeito INT: NEG: Sujeito + + verbo TO BE sujeito verbo TO BE + + + complemento complemento ? not + complemento Verbo TO BE +</p> <p>===========================================================================</p> <p>Matthew 6: 9 13 The Prayer (A orao)</p> <p>(Mateus 6 : 9 13)</p> <p>9 This, then, is how you should pray: Our father which is in heaven, hallowed be your name, 9 Vocs devem orar assim: Pai nosso, que ests nos cus, santificado seja o Teu nome, 10 your kingdom come, your will be done on earth as it is in heaven. 10 Venha o Teu reino; seja feita a Tua vontade, assim na terra como no cu. 11 Give us today our daily bread. 11 D-nos hoje o nosso po de cada dia. 12 Forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors. 12 Perdoa as nossas dvidas, assim como ns tambm temos perdoado aos nossos devedores. 13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. Because yours is the kingdom and the power and the glory forever, Amen. 13 E no nos deixe cair em tentao, mas livra-nos do mal. Porque Teu o reino e o poder e a glria para sempre, Amm. 4</p> <p>Exercises (Exerccios) Lesson 1 (Lio 1) PRONOMES PESSOAIS E VERBO TO BE</p> <p>1) Supply the subject of the sentence by the personal pronouns and rewrite the sentences: (Substitua o sujeito da frase pelo pronome pessoal e reescreva as frases) a) Sally is French. (Sally Francesa) (Bob e Jack esto na sala de estar) __________________________________________________ b) Bob and Jack are in the living room. c) Sheila and I are old friends. d) The dog is in the house. e) The policeman is competent. __________________________________________________ (Sheila e eu somos velhas amigas) (O cachorro est em casa) (O policial competente) __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________</p> <p>2) Put the sentences in the interrogative and negative forms: (Coloque as frases na forma interrogativa e negativa) a) He is a teacher. Int.: (Ele um professor) _____________________________________________________________</p> <p>Neg.: _____________________________________________________________ b) Bob and Kevin are brothers. Int.: (Bob e Kevin so irmos)</p> <p>_____________________________________________________________</p> <p>Neg.: _____________________________________________________________ c) Lucy is fourteen years old. Int.: (Lucy tem 14 anos de idade)</p> <p>_____________________________________________________________</p> <p>Neg.: _____________________________________________________________ d) We are from Brazil. Int.: (Ns somos do Brasil)</p> <p>_____________________________________________________________</p> <p>Neg.: _____________________________________________________________</p> <p>3) Complete the sentences below with Verb to Be, in the forms requested: (Complete as frases abaixo com o Verbo TO BE, nas formas solicitadas) a) We ___________ Brazilians. (AFF) (Ns somos Brasileiros) 5</p> <p>b) The blue car __________ expensive. (NEG) c) They __________ in the library. (NEG) d) The horses ___________ on the farm. (AFF) e) John __________ a doctor. (AFF) f) She and I ____________ students. (NEG)</p> <p>(O carro azul no caro) (Eles no esto na livraria) (Os cavalos esto na fazenda) (Joo um mdico) (Ela e eu no somos estudantes/alunos)</p> <p>4) Write full sentences. Use am / am not / is / isnt / are / arent: (Escreva frases completas. Use am / am not / is / isnt / are / arent) a) (your shoes very dirty) ______________________________________________________ (teus sapatos muito sujos) b) (my brother a teacher) ______________________________________________________ (meu irmo um professor) c) (this house very big) (NEG) ___________________________________________________ (esta casa muito grande) d) (the shops open today) (NEG) _________________________________________________ (as lojas abertas hoje) e) (I / interested in science) ______________________________________________________ (eu interessado em cincia) f) (Jenny 18 years old) (NEG) ___________________________________________________ (Jenny 18 anos de idade)</p> <p>5) Ask questions with these words in parenthesis. Use is or are: (Faa perguntas com estas palavras entre parntesis: Use is ou are) a) (at home / your mother) (em casa tua me) b) (your parents / well) (teus pais bem) c) (interesting / your job) (interessante teu trabalho) d) (near here / the post office) (perto daqui correios) e) (at school / your children) (na escola teus filhos) _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________</p> <p>6</p> <p>SEMINRIO TEOLGICO VIDA E LUZEnglish I 2013 Teacher: Noemi de Azevedo Menezes de Oliveira</p> <p>2 DEFINITE AND INDEFINITE ARTICLES</p> <p>(ARTIGOS: DEFINIDO E INDEFINIDO)</p> <p>Indefinite Article: A AN Eg.: - before consonant sound - before vowel sound - plural form (antes de som de consoante) (antes de som de vogal) (plural, sem artigo)</p> <p>a car, a bus, a student, a church, a horse an airplane, an orange, an engineer, an hour</p> <p>Definite Article: THE Eg.: - before plural and singular forms (antes de singular e plural) This is the house of my dreams. These are the house of my dreams. (Esta a casa dos meus sonhos.) (Estas so as casas dos meus sonhos.)</p> <p>=========================================================================== DAYS OF THE WEEK (Dias da semana)</p> <p>Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday Domingo, Segunda, Tera, Quarta, Quinta, Sexta, Sbado ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MONTHS OF THE YEAR (Meses do Ano)</p> <p>January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December Janeiro, Fevereiro, Maro, Abril, Maio, Junho, Julho, Agosto,Setembro,Outubro,Novembro,Dezembro------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------</p> <p>SEASONS OF THE YEAR</p> <p>(Estaes do Ano)</p> <p>Summer (Vero), Autumn or Fall (Outono), Winter (Inverno), Spring (Primavera)</p> <p>-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7</p> <p>Exercises (Exerccios) Lesson 2 (Lio 2) ARTIGOS: Definido e Indefinido</p> <p>1 Use A or AN:</p> <p>(Use A ou AN) f) ______ school (escola) h) ______ horse (cavalo) i) ______ SOS j) ______ horrible thing (coisa horrvel) k) ______ ticket (bilhete) m) ______ book (livro) n) ______ orange (laranja) o) ______ honest man (homem honesto)</p> <p>a) ______ elephant (elefante) b) ______ apple (ma) c) ______ house (casa) d) ______ hour (hora) e) ______ umbrella (guarda-chuva)</p> <p>g)______ university (universidade) l) ______ unit (unidade)</p> <p>2 Complete the sentences with the appropriate article (a / an, the, no article): (Complete as frases com o artigo apropriado ( a / an / the / no article) a) I have two children, _____ boy and _____ girl. (Eu tenho dois filhos, um menino e uma menina) b) We live in ______ New York. c) My house is in ______ Centre of Manhattan. d) He is _____ engineer. e) Mark and Sylvia are _____ good students. f) Im ______ 34-year-old lawyer. g) Hes _____ man of my dreams. (Ns moramos em Nova York) (Minha casa no centro de Manhattan) (Ele um engenheiro) (Mark e Sylvia so bons alunos) (Eu sou um advogado de 34 anos de idade) (Ele o homem dos meus sonhos)</p> <p>3 Complete with A or AN:</p> <p>(Complete com A ou AN)</p> <p>a) There is __________ car in the garage. (Tem um carro na garagem) b) Today is __________ hot day. (Hoje est um dia quente) c) My sister is in New York __________ year ago. (Minha irm est em Nova York) d) There is __________ car in front of the church. (Tem um carro em frente igreja) e) __________ woman is reading a book in the library. (A mulher est lendo um livro na livraria) f) There is __________ man at the door. (Tem um homem porta) g) Harvard is __________ university. (Harvard uma universidade) i) This is __________ old car. (Este um carro velho)</p> <p>8</p> <p>4) Complete with the indefinite articles: (Complete com os artigos indefinidos)</p> <p>_____ erase</p> <p>_____ book</p> <p>_____pencil</p> <p>_____ pen</p> <p>____ apple</p> <p>____ bag</p> <p>____ address book</p> <p>_____ cake</p> <p>___ key</p> <p>____ horse</p> <p>____ orange</p> <p>____ church</p> <p>____ earring</p> <p>____TV</p> <p>____ map</p> <p>____ armchair</p> <p>____ computer</p> <p>____ lamp</p> <p>9</p> <p>SEMINRIO TEOLGICO VIDA E LUZEnglish I 2013 Teacher: Noemi de Azevedo Menezes de Oliveira</p> <p>3 VERB To HAVEAFFIRMATIVE Singular I have You have He has She has It has (Eu tenho)</p> <p>(Verbo To Have)</p> <p>(Afirmativa) Plural We have You have They have They have They have (Ns temos) (Vs tendes, Vocs tm) (Eles tm) (Eles tm) (Eles tm)</p> <p>(Tu tens, Voc tem) (Ele tem) (Ela tem) (Isso, esse, essa tem)</p> <p>OBS.: Na terceira pessoa do singular (he, she, it) usa-se has, enquanto nas demais pessoas emprega-se have. Nas formas negativa e interrogativa utiliza-se o auxiliar DO para os pronomes pessoais I, you, we, you, they e o auxiliar DOES para he, she, it. Na forma negativa acrescenta-se o not.</p> <p>NEGATIVE</p> <p>(Negativa) (Eu no tenho) (Tu no tens, Voc no tem) (Ele no tem) (Ela no tem) (Isso, esse, essa no tem) (Ns no temos) (Vs no tendes, Vocs no tem) (Eles no tem)</p> <p>I do not have (dont have) You do not have (dont have) He does not have (doesnt have) She does not have (doesnt have) It does not have (doesnt have) We do not have (dont have) You do not have (dont have) They do not have (dont have) INTERROGATIVE Do I have? Do you have? Does He have? Does she have? Does it have? Do we have? Do you have? Do they have? (Interrogativa)</p> <p>(Eu tenho?) (Tu tens, Voc tem?) (Ele tem?) (Ela tem?) (Isso, esse, essa tem?) (Ns temos?) (Vs tendes, Vocs tm?) (Eles tm?) 10</p> <p>Exercises (Exerccios) LESSON 3 (Lio 3)</p> <p>VERBO To HAVE</p> <p>1) Complete the sentences using Verb To HAVE: (Complete as frases usando o Verbo To Have) a) Sarah ______________ a car. (Sara tem um carro) b) They love animals. They _____________ three dogs and two cats. (Eles amam animais. Eles tem 3 cachorros e 2 gatos) c) They dont read much. They _________________ many books. (NEG) (Eles no leem muito. Eles no tem muitos livros) d) Whats wrong? I _______________ something in my eye. (O que est errado? Eu tenho alguma coisa no meu olho) e) Tina ______________ a camera. (NEG) (Tina tem uma cmera)</p> <p>2) Complete the sentences. Choose the correct option in parenthesis: (Complete as frases. Escolha a opo correta entre parntesis) a) I (have / has) an umbrella. (Eu tenho um guarda-chuva) b) They (have / has) passports. (Eles tem passaportes) c) What kind of car does Julia have? (Que tipo de carro Julia tem?) d) How much money do you have? (Quanto dinheiro voc tem?) e) Carol (have / has) many friends. - She (have / has) a modern car. (- Ela tem um carro moderno) - I (have / has) a lot of money. (- Eu tenho muito dinheiro) (Carol tem muitos amigos)</p> <p>3) Complete with the appropriate form of the Verb To Have: (Complete com a forma apropriada do Verbo To Have) a) My uncle _____________ a farm in Mato Grosso. (Meu tio tem uma fazenda em Mato Grosso) b) We ________________________ to go to school today because its holiday. (NEG) (Ns no temos que ir para a escola hoje porque feriado) c) I __________ only a cup of coffee and two slices of bread. (Eu tenho apenas uma xcara de caf e duas fatias de po) d) They ______________________ a big family. (NEG) (Eles no tm uma famlia grande)</p> <p>11</p> <p>SEMINRIO TEOLGICO VIDA E LUZEnglish I 2013 Teacher: Noemi de Azevedo Menezes de Oliveira</p> <p>4 SIMPLE PRESENT</p> <p>(Presente Simples)</p> <p>Simple Present is formed with the verb from the infinitive form without to. (O Presente Simples formado com o verbo na forma infinitiva sem to) Eg.: To Love. To Sing. We love Jesus. You sing very well. (Amar Ns amamos Jesus) (Cantar Voc canta muito bem)</p> <p>Is used as an Auxiliary Verb for the Simple Present: Do and DOES. ( usado como um Verbo Auxiliar para o Presente Simples: DO e DOES)</p> <p> We use DO as an auxiliary for Negative and Interrogative sentences with the Personal Pronouns: I, You, We and They. (Ns usamos DO como um auxiliar para as frases Negativas e Interrogativas com os Pronomes Pessoais: I, You, We e They)</p> <p> We use DOES as an auxiliary verb for Negative and Interrogative sentences with He, She and It. (Ns usamos DOES como um auxiliar para as frases Negativas e Interrogativas com os Pronomes Pessoais: He, She e It) OBS.: Para indicar que a frase est na forma negativa acrescentamos a palavra not junto com o verbo auxiliar.</p> <p>AFFIRMATIVE I have a problem. You have a nice house. He has a child. We have enough water.</p> <p>NEGATIVE I do not (dont) have a problem. He does not (doesnt) have a child. She does not (doesnt) have a cold.</p> <p>INTERROGATIVE Do I have a problem?</p> <p>Does it have fleas? You do not (dont) have problems. They have a lot of money. 12</p> <p>Exercises (Exerccios) LESSON 4</p> <p>(Lio 4 )</p> <p>SIMPLE PRESENT</p> <p>1) Complete the sentences using Verb To BE and after change these sentences: (Complete as frases usando o Verbo To BE e depois mude estas frases) a) I __________ happy this way. (Eu sou feliz neste caminho) Plural: ______________________________________________ Negative: ____________________________________________ Interrogative: _____________________________________________</p> <p>b)</p> <p>You __________ a special person. (Voc uma pessoa especial) Plural: ______________________________________________ Negative: ____________________________________________ Interrogative: _____________________________________________</p> <p>c)</p> <p>She _________ an American actress.</p> <p>(Ela uma atriz Americana)</p> <p>Plural: ______________________________________________ Negative: ____________________________________________ Interrogative: _________...</p>