national framework for social protection kenya


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NATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR SOCIAL PROTECTION KENYA. A Policy Dialogue and South-South Learning Event Johannesburg, South Africa 11 th -14 th October, 2010 Presented by Prof. Jacqueline Oduol Secretary for Children Affairs Ministry of Gender, Children & Social Development. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation



    A Policy Dialogue and South-South Learning EventJohannesburg, South Africa11th -14th October, 2010

    Presented by Prof. Jacqueline OduolSecretary for Children AffairsMinistry of Gender, Children & Social Development*

  • Overview of social protectionSocial protection in Kenya is seen as policies and actions which enhance the capacity and opportunity for citizens:Ensures improved access to services and income generation opportunityProvide risk management services (including protection & rehabilitation of assets and livelihood systems)Safety nets to those without income


  • CoverageSocial Insurance Mainly for people in formal employment (contributory)National Social Security Fund (NSSF) Membership of about 800,000National Hospital Insurance Fund (NHIF)Civil Service Pension Scheme - Estimated to cover about 125,000 persons (2003)Occupational Pension Scheme Estimated to cover about 1,352 persons


  • CoverageOlder Persons Programme 33,000 householdsOVC programme 85,000HH currently (122,815 HH in 2010/2011). (The most established cash transfer programme with all structures in place )Hunger Safety net programme(37,000 beneficiaries)


  • Challenges in Implementing SP interventions in KenyaDifferent sectoral interventions which are fragmented and uncoordinated leading to:Inadequate information sharing between actors Risk of duplicationInclusion & exclusion error is highResources sometimes not appropriately invested - geographical and sectorallyRisk of abuse or loss of resources is increased*

  • Some proposed Social Protection InstrumentsCash transfers (conditional /non conditional)Direct Feeding ProgramsFood SubsidiesSchool-Based Food ProgramsInsurance ( contributory/ non- contributory)MicrofinancePrice SubsidiesSubsidized Agricultural InputsPublic Works ProgramsWaivers and Exemptions*

  • Proposed Institutional frameworkCoordinate National Social Protection interventionsBuild synergies and take advantage of various competencies of agencies implementing Social Protection interventions ( involvement of all stakeholders)Deliver efficient, cost-effective and equitable SP servicesEnsure that Social Protection interventions have the widest possible reach of beneficiaries*

  • Information Management System to be established The system will maintain an inventory of all SP Programmes in the countryEstablish a consolidated Single Registry for targeting SP beneficiariesEstablish an M&E system to track the beneficiaries of all Social Protection programmes


  • Proposed Financing mechanisms for SPGovernment of Kenya being the core funding agencyPrivate sector and market based government agencies e.g. NSSF, NHIFCivil Society OrganizationsDevelopment PartnerCommunity *

  • ChallengesGetting consensus of all stakeholder in some areas: Definition, scope & coverage of social protectionHousing of the SP policyAffordability and Financing SPPolicy issues vs immediate response (programs & projects)Duration of support of target groups


  • OpportunitiesPolitical commitment SP was in the manifestos of some political partiesSocial protection is a flagship programme in the countrys Development PlanInternational and Regional commitments Kenya has made through various conventions and protocolsThe constitution of KenyaVarious secotral policies and Legal Frameworks*

  • Way ForwardEnhance multi-sectoral participation in the SP process Finalization & dissemination of the SP PolicyEstablishment of sound institutional structures for implementation of the policyPutting in place credible long-term policies




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