moving transportation forward

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During this session we will look at how our highways and their construction impacts our everyday lives. By developing an understanding of how we currently manage our highway infrastructure, with the understanding that cars and highways are not going away anytime in the next 50 or so years; how do we make for a more sustainable future? We will discuss the 5 core concepts of sustainability; water, land, energy, resources and air. Specifically how they can be addressed in highway design and construction


Slide 1

Moving Transportation ForwardUnderstanding SustainabilityDECIDING HOW YOU CAN MAKE CHANGE

1Anastasia Harrison, AIA LEED-APDirector of Sustainability NEGannett Fleming

US GBC Board of DirectorsSpeakers Bureau: Liaison


2Understanding sustainability for todayInitiating sustainability in our transportation practiceFinding resources for measuring levels of greenDid it start with buildings?Integrating sustainability into the front end of innovationBalancing competing demandsWhat we will cover3Building to move

We started to realize the power of mobility more than 150 years ago. Mobility has been enhanced by technology. Looking back from newspaper headlines we can see the positive and negative thoughts of America.

Today we will discuss how to embrace sustainability to solve transportation problems, develop areas that we can engineer for the future, and transform the way we look at the work we do and work we can obtain as a firm.

4Legend has it that the Interstate began with President Roosevelt drawing three lines East and West and three lines North and South on a map of the United States and asking the Bureau of Public Roads to build it.1936

Federal Aid Highway Act under President Eisenhower 1956Roadways have long played a vital role in development, connecting people and places, while providing both social and economic benefits. Paved roads changed the way Americans lived, by enabling people to live at a distance from their jobs and moving goods to markets further and further from their original source. Where the roads went, amenities came, drawing service stations and lodging for travelers, and expanding communities along popular routes. Today, there are over 4 million miles of public roads crisscrossing the United States.5Hal Kasoff PBU.S. Highways & the EnvironmentA 50 year Transition1950s: Interstate System is Launched, Environment a Backburner Issue1969: NEPA - - Must Consider Impacts & Options1970s: Minimalist Approach to Environment1980s & 90s: Environmental Focus by Necessity - - Avoid, Minimize, Mitigate 2000 2006: Environmental Stewardship - - Opportunities for EnhancementTODAY:Can highways be part of a Sustainable Transportation Solution??

6highway improvements also create opportunities to enhance the environment and our communities7

5,802 MMTCO2 in 20085,967 MMTCO2 in 2007Down by 2.8%The number two largest CO2 emission sector is Transportation. How can we help to reduct that?

U.S. carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels decreased by 2.8 percent in 2008, from 5,967 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (MMTCO2) in 2007 to 5,802 MMTCO2 in 2008, according to preliminary estimates released today by the Energy Information Administration (EIA). This is the largest annual decline in energy-related carbon dioxide emissions since EIA began annual reporting on greenhouse gas emissions.

Transportation-related emissions, which account for about a third of total energy-related carbon dioxide emissions, decreased by 5.2 percent in 2008. Since 1990 the next largest yearly decline in the transportation sector was 1.3 percent in 1991. Only one other year in the 1990 to 2008 time period experienced a decline 1.2 percent in 2001.


My topic that I was asked to speak about is sustainability. In recent years environmentalists have introduced the word "sustainable" into everyday language. The word itself, "sustainable," can be defined by the New Oxford American Dictionary as having the ability to be maintained at a certain rate or level.

If you were unfamiliar to the context of the word as it is used today you would not grasp the full idea from this short and simple explanation.

Sustainability is not a work that I like, it has become overused, misinterpreted, and represents too many different ideals.

It was created by a division of the UN created to assess the concern for our depleting resources as the discourse needed to work towards correcting human behavior for fear of further global social and economic problems.

This division, The Brundtland Commission, formally known as the World Commission on Environment and Development, drives towards pushing this concept of sustainability, in 1983.

Moreover we must look toward finding our own concise understanding of the necessity of this change and how our individual participation is an integral part of achieving this goal. Without looking at the changes before us we can not aniticpate the services GF will need to provide. Or needs to already be providing, site, civil, electrical, mechanical, architecture, power.all changing industries changing together.

The pressing need for change is now; as all around us, our changing world is conforming to one species alone.

I believe in sustainable practices and I believe in the necessity of sustainable actions. So I will police you all from today on in.

9My ideas of how the future of sustainability actions should be managed.


THIS IS MY IDEA OF HOW THE FUTURE SHOULD be managed to achieve our new word sustainability


Now seriously, that is not my vision of how the world should manage sustainability. But over the course of time human observation has provided distinct association with similarities between ourselves and others. Renowned psychologist B. F. Skinner observed in the seventies "Any elements of culture that do not contribute to the long-term survival of individuals and of the group tend to be weeded out and those elements that do contribute tend to be retained." So how do we push to move away from our commercial driven (pun intended) materialistic world?

To assess our damage on life (not just our lives) we can look toward how discovery has influenced society. One discovery may be the history of technology and movement. Our desire to seek new grounds started with Columbus and is still evolving through the technology of NASA. As the technology of the steam engine evolved in 1803 we realized there was a way to get from A to B faster. We then quickly discovered the vehicle, airplanes, rockets and

Only the future know how we will travel from here to there. 11

The map and compass have been helpful way finding tools for centuries. 19 out of 20 individuals dont need GPS; but we are lured away from our original needs by technological that promises to do more. It is our accumulation of knowledge base through discovery that is fueling these spin-offs. This accumulation is exponential, resembling many of the worlds other greatest problems ie. population growth, depletion of resources and running out of space.

Hey you yes I said you,

This way to sustainability! ---------------

A paradigm-shift must take place to correct this.

In reviewing for this presentation I remembered one of my first assignments after college.

12Holland Tunnel8th wonder of the world


It was called The Eighth Wonder of the World, twin vehicular tubes beneath the Hudson River, the world's longest underwater tunnels the end of three centuries of Manhattan's utter dependence on Hudson ferries if you didn't happen to be riding the Pennsylvania Railroad. If we were reviewing this as an option in today's climate it would be touted as sustainable. Why because it goes under the river bed, underneath the flora and fauna of what habitats there. It cut travel miles with direct access across the shortest distance, designed to last 200 years.

Boy would the carbon metrics folks have fun with this one,

At this point of my career I have come full circle from the time I was in intern (or trainee)at the Port Authority of NY & NJ it was my task to pick one of our facilities that I found most interesting. It was the Holland tunnel. I learned that then Engineer Clifford Holland was a master at tunneling as he had been the engineer behind the East River's four subwaytunnels, so he was the right engineer for when New York and New Jersey jointly began tunnel construction in 1920. The project had even more significance when I was talking to my grandfather about my new job and he told me he worked in that tunnel during 1924-26 and the project completed in 1927, after the master engineer Clifford Holland died.

So ask yourself, what was your goal when you started your career? Can your efforts make a difference? Any of this interest you? 13The First Lanes1930

We need to look at how our country engaged in transportation growth to see the future. By the late 1930s, the pressure for construction of transcontinental superhighways was increasing. It even reached the White House, where President Franklin D. Roosevelt repeatedly expressed interest in construction of a network of toll superhighways as a way of providing more jobs for people out of work.

Congress, too, decided to explore the concept.

The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1938 directed the chief of the Bureau of Public Roads (BPR) to study the feasibility of a six route toll network. The resultant two-part report, Toll Roads and Free Roads, was based on the statewide highway planning surveys and analysis for safety and standards.

The highway was born. 14Turning into Law1940-80s

As early as 1944 we were divided about design standards. Quickly the public road administration PRA moved forward with recommendations that would become AASHO and were finally approved Aug 1 1945. Construction of interstate highways moved slowly and many states did not want to divert federal aid funds away from local needs in pursuit of interstate highways.

Throughout the 50s the money flowed from the feds at first matching 50/50% with states, then increasing it to 60/40 split to dri