mla style workshop

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  • 1. MLA STYLEWORKSHOPTHE BASICSPresented by the SSTC and Library

2. Outline for the Workshop1. Introduction to MLA style2. First page formatting3. In-text citations4. Formatting sources for Works Cited page.5. Discussion of Plagiarism6. How to use NoodleBib! 3. Introduction to MLA StylePurpose:1. System for referencing sources2. Document credibility of sources3. Avoid plagiarism4. Provide information 4. Formatting the First Page Do not make a title page for your paper unless specificallyrequested. Upper left-hand corner of the first page your name, your instructors name, the course, and the date. Insert tab, Click on Page Number tool, Click on top of pageoption, Select Plain Number 3. Type your name in front of the number, Put one space between name and page number. Double space again and center the title. Double space between the title and the first line of the text. 5. In-Text Citations In MLA style, referring to the works of others in your text isdone by using what is known as parenthetical citation. Thismethod involves placing relevant source information inparentheses after a quote or a paraphrase.General Guidelines for Source Information Source medium (e.g. Print, Web, DVD) Sources entry on the Works Cited (bibliography) page. Any source information that you provide in-text mustcorrespond to the source information on the Works Citedpage. 6. In-Text Citation: Author-PageStyle MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. The authors last name and the page number(s) fromwhich the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear inthe text, and a complete reference should appear on yourWorks Cited page.Examples: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was markedby a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings"(263). Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneousoverflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263). 7. Works Cited page Wordsworth, William. LyricalBallads. London: OxfordU.P., 1967. Print. 8. When a Citation Is Not Needed Familiar proverbs- A penny saved is a pennyearned. Well-known quotations: Ask not what yourcountry can do for you, but ask what you cando for your country. JFK Common knowledge: President AbrahamLincoln was assassinated by John WilkesBooth. 9. Citing Non-Print/Sources from theInternet Include in the text the first item that appears inthe Work Cited entry that corresponds to thecitation (e.g. author name, article name,website name, film name). No paragraph numbers or page numbersbased on your Web browsers print previewfunction. Do not include URLs in in-text citations. 10. Types of Media Books-author, an editor, work in an anthology,encyclopedia or dictionary Articles in periodicals-magazine,newspapers, journals Online Sources-entire Web site, online book,work from a database, CD-ROM, email Multimedia Sources-work of art, map orchart, radio or television, podcast, personalinterview Other sources-government publications,historical or legal sources, personal letter,pamphlet 11. Works Cited PageBasic rules Begin your Works Cited page on a separate page at the end ofyour research paper. Same one-inch margins and last name, page number headeras the rest of your paper. Label the page Works Cited and center at the top of the page Do not italicize the words Works Cited or put them inquotation marks Double space all citations, but do not skip spaces betweenentries. Create a hanging indent. List page numbers of sources efficiently, when needed. If you refer to a journal article that appeared on pages 225 through 250, list the page numbers on your Works Cited page as 225-50. 12. Works Cited page Entries are listed alphabetically by The authors last name Editor names for entire edited collections Author names are written last name first, firstname, then middle initial. Sources without authors will be integrated intothe alphabetical order of your list 13. Formatting SourcesBook:Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London:.Oxford U.P., 1967. Print.Anthology:Desai, Anita. Scholar and Gypsy. The Oxford Book of Travel Stories. Ed. Patricia Craig. Oxford: Oxford U.P., 1996. 251-73. Print. 14. Formatting SourcesEncyclopedia:Posner, Rebecca. Romance Languages. TheNew Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropaedia.15th ed.1987. Print.Articles in periodicals: magazineLord, Lewis. Theres Something about MaryTodd. US News and World Report 19Feb.2001: 53. Print. 15. Formatting sourcesNewspaper:Brummitt, Chris. Indonesias Food NeedsExpected to Soar. Boston Globe 1 Feb.2005: A7. Print.Online sources: entire websiteHalsall, Paul, ed. Internet Modern History Sourcebook. Fordham U, 22 Sept. 2001. Web. Jan. 2009. 16. Formatting SourcesMore online sources:Peterson, Susan Lynn, The Life of Martin Luther. SusanLynn Peterson, 2005. Web. 24 Jan. 2009..Utah Mine Rescue Funeral. Cable NewsNetwork, 21 Aug. 2007. Web. 21 Aug. 2007.Work from database:Johnson, Kirk. The Mountain Lions of Michigan.Endangered Species Update 19.2 (2002): 27-31.Expanded Academic Index. Web. 26 Nov. 2008. (accessdate) 17. Formatting SourcesMultimedia sources: chartJoseph, Lori, and Bob Laird. Driving WhilePhoning Is Dangerous. Chart. USAToday. 16 Feb. 2001: 1A. Print.Serbia. Map. Syrena Maps. Syrena, 2 Feb.2001. Web. 17 Mar. 2009. 18. Formatting SourcesOther sources: historicalJefferson, Thomas. First Inaugural Address.1801. The American Reader. Ed. DianeRavitch. New York: Harper, 1990. 42-44.Print.Pamphlet:Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Dept. of JuryCommissioner. A Few Facts about JuryDuty.Boston: Commonwealth ofMassachusetts, 2004. Print. 19. Plagiarism: What is it and how do Iavoid it? Plagiarism is using others ideas and wordswithout clearly acknowledging the source ofthat information. To avoid plagiarizing, you must give creditwhenever you use: another persons idea, opinion, or theory any facts, statistics, graphs, or drawings information that is not common knowledge quotations or paraphrases of another personsspoken or written words 20. Strategies for AvoidingPlagiarismTerms you need to know: Common knowledge - facts that can be foundin many places and are likely to be known bymost people.Example: President John F. Kennedy wasassassinated in Dallas, Texas. This is generally known information. You donot need to document this fact. 21. Strategies for AvoidingPlagiarismWhat is NOT common knowledge? Specificfacts unknown, others ideas, interpretations,research findings, statistics, quotes, etc. You must document facts that are notgenerally known and ideas that interpret facts.Example: According to the American Family LeaveCoalitions book (2005), Family Issues andCongress, former President Bushs relationship withCongress hindered family leave legislation (6). 22. Strategies for AvoidingPlagiarismTerms you need to know: Quotation - using someones words. When youquote, place the passage you are using inquotation marks, and document the sourceaccording to a standard documentation style. The following example uses the MLA style:Example: According to Peter S. Pritchard in USA Today(2005), Public schools need reform but theyreirreplaceable in teaching the entire nations young (14). 23. Strategies for AvoidingPlagiarismTerms you need to know: Paraphrase - using someones ideas, butputting them in your own words. Lets take a look at how to paraphrase 24. How do I paraphrase? Remember, while paraphrasing, if you changedaround a few words and phrases, or simplychanged the order of the originals sentences, thatis still considered plagiarism. Successful paraphrasing by students include thefollowing: the student uses his or her own words the student maintains the original message of theinformation the student puts quotation marks around any uniquephrases the student lets the reader know the source of theoriginal information 25. Strategies for AvoidingPlagiarism Put quotation marks around everything thatcomes directly from the textespecially whentaking notes. When paraphrasing, read over what you want toparaphrase carefully. Cover up or close the text soyou cant see any of it to be tempted to use it as aguide. Write out a summary of the passage inyour own words without peeking. Check your paraphrase against the original text tobe sure you have not accidentally used the samephrases or words, and that the information isaccurate. 26. NoodleBib NoodleBib by NoodleTools is an online citationgenerator provided by HGTC Library that will helpyou create perfectly formatted MLA style citations. Beware: You must have some understanding ofhow citations work to get a correct citation out ofNoodleBib. Note: To use NoodleBib from off-campus, you willneed HGTCs school username and password: Username: hgtclib Password: hgtc09 27. NoodleBib Access Instructions Go to Click on the Citations tab Click on NoodleBib Full Version Make note of the username and password if off-campus Click on Current Users: Sign In If you are a new user, click on Create a freePersonal ID Returning users, enter your Personal ID and Password Click on Bibliography in the upper part of the screen Follow the on screen prompts Choose MLA Style, then select Bibliography once again 28. NoodleBib Help Assistance using NoodleBib is availablethrough a variety of avenues: Click on the Help link shown on all NoodleBibscreens at any time. View HGTC Librarys NoodleBib tutorial, availableat Pick up the NoodleBib Instructions guide availableat any HGTC campus library. Visit any HGTC campus library and ask forassistance. 29. Thank you! Credits: MLAManual Chris Williams, Reference Librarian at HorryGeorgetown Technical College Student Success and Technology Center The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010.Web. 18 January 2012. Hacker, Diane. Research and Documentation inthe Electronic Age. 4th Ed. Bedford/St.Martins, New York: 2009 146-71. Print. 30. Questions? Do you have further questions, comments,concerns, or do you need additi