mla style ms. croney. mla style  mla (modern language association)  style most commonly used...

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  • Slide 1
  • MLA Style Ms. Croney
  • Slide 2
  • MLA Style MLA (Modern Language Association) style most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
  • Slide 3
  • Why do we use MLA? Avoid plagiarism Increase credibility Formalize papers
  • Slide 4
  • Plagiarism Unknowingly or knowingly using someone elses intellectual property as your own. Don't Steal Don't Steal
  • Slide 5
  • Two Types of Citation Parenthetical Information set off by parenthesis Works Cited Located at the end of the essay Provides more detailed information of parenthetical information
  • Slide 6
  • General Guidelines: Paper Format Typed White 8.5x11 inch paper Double-space Legible font (e.g. Times New Roman) 12 pt. font One space after punctuation marks One inch margins Indent the first line of paragraphs half- inch from the left margin (Tab key)
  • Slide 7
  • General Guidelines: Paper Format Create header that numbers all pages Upper right-hand corner Use italics for the titles of longer works Use sparingly when showing emphasis
  • Slide 8
  • First Page of Paper NO title page Upper left-hand corner of paper Your name Teachers name Name of class Date http://rwc.hunter.cuny.edu/reading-writing/on-line/mla-sample- research-paper.html
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  • In-Text Citation Place relevant source information in parentheses after a quote or a paraphrase. ALL info in the in-text citation MUST also be on the Works Cited page.
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  • In-Text Citation: Books Author-Page Authors last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" ( 263).
  • Slide 12
  • In-Text Citation: Books Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263). Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263). (263). Lets people know that that the information your mentioned can be found on page 263 of the book in which you gathered your information.
  • Slide 13
  • In-Text Citation: Other Print Sources Magazine & Journal Provide a signal word or phrase & page number If you provide signal word/phrase in sentence no parenthetical necessary Unknown Author Use a shortened title of the work Quotation marks if it's a short work (e.g. articles) Italicize it if it's a longer work (e.g. plays, books, television shows, entire websites) Page number
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  • Unknown Author Example We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change... (Impact of Global Warming 6).
  • Slide 15
  • Authors with same last name provide both authors' first initials in your citation
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  • Authors with Same Name Example Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children (R. Miller 12), others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration (A. Miller 46).
  • Slide 17
  • Multiple Authors Three or fewer authors List the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation More than three authors first author's last name followed by et al.
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  • Multiple Authors Examples Smith, Yang, and Moore argue that tougher gun control is not needed in the United States (76). The authors state "Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights" (Smith, Yang, and Moore 76).
  • Slide 19
  • Multiple Authors cont. Jones et al. counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (4). Legal experts counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws (Jones et al. 4).
  • Slide 20
  • Non-Print Citations Internet Artwork Music Film
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  • Selecting the Right Internet Source .edu .org .net .com No Wikipedia Internet Detective Internet Detective
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  • In-Text Citation of Non-Print Material Citation must be referenced on your Works Cited page You dont need page numbers or paragraph numbers Only include partial URLs (i.e. CNN.com or Forbes.com NOT http://www.cnn.com or http://forbes.com).http://www.cnn.com http://forbes.com
  • Slide 23
  • So, you want to quote someone.
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  • Incorporating Short Quotations Quotations should take up no more than 4 lines of prose and 3 lines of verse (a song or poem or scripture) Punctuation after the parenthetical citation
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  • Quotation Examples According to some, dreams express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184), though others disagree. According to Foulkes's study, dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (184). Is it possible that dreams may express "profound aspects of personality" (Foulkes 184)?
  • Slide 26
  • Incorporating Long Quotations Place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks entire quote indented one inch from the left margin maintain double-spacing
  • Slide 27
  • Long Quotation Example In his poem "My Papa's Waltz," Theodore Roethke explores his childhood with his father: The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We Romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not unfrown itself. (quoted in Shrodes, Finestone, Shugrue 202)
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  • Adding and Omitting Words in a Quotation When adding use brackets [ ] Jan Harold Brunvand, in an essay on urban legends, states: "some individuals [who retell urban legends] make a point of learning every rumor or tale" (78).
  • Slide 29
  • Adding and Omitting Words in a Quotation When omitting use ellipsis () In an essay on urban legends, Jan Harold Brunvand notes that "some individuals make a point of learning every recent rumor or tale... and in a short time a lively exchange of details occurs" (78).
  • Slide 30
  • Works Cited Page
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  • Works Cited Basics Is the very last page of essay Page is titled at the top as Works Cited Has same margins as the rest of the page Double spaced 2 nd line of each citation is indented Entries are listed alphabetically by the author's last name
  • Slide 32
  • Works Cited: Print Material Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966. Henley, Patricia. The Hummingbird House. Denver: MacMurray, 1999. Print. Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford U.P., 1967. The Impact of Global Warming in North America. GLOBAL WARMING: Early Signs. 1999. Web. 23 Mar. 2009.
  • Slide 33
  • Other Non-Print examples for Works Cited Film Herzog, Werner, dir. Fitzcarraldo. Perf. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, 1982. Film. Internet Aristotle. Poetics. Trans. S. H. Butcher. The Internet Classics Archive. Web Atomic and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 13 Sept. 2007. Web. 4 Nov. 2008. http://classics.mit.edu/.
  • Slide 34
  • Basic Rules for Internet Citing Author and/or editor names (if available) Article name in quotation marks (if applicable) Title of the Website, project, or book in italics. (Remember that some Print publications have Web publications with slightly different names. They may, for example, include the additional information or otherwise modified information, like domain names [e.g..com or.net].)
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  • Basic Rules for Internet Citing continued Any version numbers available, including revisions, posting dates, volumes, or issue numbers. Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date. Take note of any page numbers (if available). Date you accessed the material. URL (if required, or for your own personal reference).
  • Slide 36
  • Works Cited The Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2010. Web. 03/07/2011.