mfl dictionary lesson
Post on 06-Dec-2015
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For your GCSE coursework it is essential to be able to use a dictionary well (and so be a good independent learner in MFL )by:-
...knowing the different types of words which make up sentences (verb/ noun/ adjective)...having the skill to identify/select the correct word(s) from a dictionary....using the grammatical information in dictionaries successfully to your advantage
Masculine el / un
Feminine la / una
You need to learn the different words for the/a masculine, feminine, neutral
Masculine le/ un
Feminine la / uneA noun is an object or a thing, which can usually be preceded by a or the in English. E.g. Dog, Table, Bottle. Bear in mind that in the language you are studying, the word for a/the depends on the gender.You can recognise these in a dictionary by the letter n...and in most dictionaries a m / f (/n) will tell you if its genderRemember that the noun you find in the dictionary is for just one. If you want 2, then look for the brackets to show you how to make the plural
..un gato negromi hermana es altaLas matemticas son interesantes
...einen roten Mantel...eine braune Katze... ein altes Laptop
Jai un crayon noirJai une rgle bleueJai les yeux verts
An adjective is a word which describes a noun. E.g. A short story, the friendly doctor, the wooden table. Remember, in a foreign language, you may have to change the endings depending on the gender of a word.You can recognise these in a dictionary by the letters adj...
Most verbs in Spanish end in er / ir / are.g. hablar, comer, sentir
Most verbs in German end in ene.g. haben, spielen, machen
Most verbs in French (infinitive) end in er/ir/ree.g. regarder, finir, rpondre.A verb is a doing or action word. E.g. do, went, will, to eat. Verbs that are in the main section of the dictionary are in the infinitive (in the form to drink/to sing) so if you find a verb in the Foreign Language, you will probably have to change the verb using the endings you have learnt in class.You can recognise these in a dictionary by the letters v/ vt / vi...
Tip many adverbs in Spanish end in -mente
Tip many adverbs in German end in lich
Tip many adverbs in French end in -mentAn adverb is something that complements a verb, giving details about how the action was done. E.g. slowly, punctuallyYou can recognise these in a dictionary by the letters adv..
Use your dictionary to find the German/ French/ Spanish for:BirdsTableGirlsPostersBrothers
Use your common sense if a word feels wrong, it possibly is. If in doubt, look the word up in the opposite section of the dictionary.
Read carefully the information from the dictionary about the type of word it is. (Particularly important if you are looking up a word which could be used in two ways).
If a word has two or more unrelated meanings (e.g. Bat), the dictionary will generally have two separate entries for it.
Always read the examples given under the entry you may find something useful.
If in doubt about plurals, the German/French/Spanish English section of the dictionary (front section generally) will give this information so find your word there.
Remember that most of the time, you will not be able to use the F/G/S verb as it is in the dictionary it will need conjugating
BAD DICTIONARY SKILLS (A GERMAN EXAMPLE)
Fred wanted to write in his coursework, Overall, it was a good film. He found the word Arbeitshose (which means overalls clothes to wear for work). This couldve been avoided by:-
Fred looking at the word carefully realising that Arbeit means work and Hose meaning trousers or suspecting that it might mean overall and double checking in the other section of the dictionary
he couldve looked for a second time and realised that he was looking at overalls not overall.
he should have realised that he wanted an adverb for his sentence not a noun.
Possibly the most useful thing about the grammar section of the dictionary are the verb tables. In some dictionaries, there is a list of verbs giving the page reference to look for.
Present Indicative actions which you are doing/or do regularly
Imperfect actions which used to happen / things which set the scene (in the past)
Perfect actions which are completed /which can be translated by I have done/played in English. The past participle is the eaten / done / played
Future actions which you are going to do in the future / which will happen in the future
Conditional things which would happen if something else occurs e.g. I would go to the dentist if I had toothache.
Use your dictionary to find the word for:to helphelp (support)match (to light a fire)match (football/tennis)bat (cricket/rounders)to flyto book (holiday)