Measurement System Analysis (MSA) Discussions at CSIR S.A. 28-07-2005

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<ul><li> Slide 1 </li> <li> Slide 2 </li> <li> Measurement System Analysis (MSA) Discussions at CSIR S.A. 28-07-2005 </li> <li> Slide 3 </li> <li> Measurement System Manufacturing Process Input Material Process design Product Design (Tolerancing) MachineTooling Parameter variation Method variation Processing material Environment Sources of Variations Measurement </li> <li> Slide 4 </li> <li> Fundamental Properties of a GOOD measurement system ADEQUATE SENSITIVITY 10 TO 1 RULE Instrument ACCURACY (and therefore Least Count) should divide the tolerance ( or process variation) into 10 parts or more practical minimum point for gauge selection Measurement system ought to be in statistical control presence of only common causes of variation and not the special causes Variation of measurement system must be small compared to specification limits or process variation (6-sigma) more PRECISION </li> <li> Slide 5 </li> <li> Inaccurate and imprecise + </li> <li> Slide 6 </li> <li> Accurate and imprecise + </li> <li> Slide 7 </li> <li> Precise but inaccurate + </li> <li> Slide 8 </li> <li> Accurate and precise + </li> <li> Slide 9 </li> <li> NATIONAL STANDARD LABORATORY STANDARD WORK STANDARD GAUGE FOR INSPECTION / TESTING RU = 0.0001 RU = 0.001 RU = 0.01 RU = 0.05 U : UNCERTAINITY RANDOM UNCERTAINITY FOUND THRU CALIBRATION SYSTEM UNCERTAINITY OF MASTER TOTAL UNCERTAINITY SQRT( RU*RU + SU*SU) U = 0.0001 U = 0.001005 U = 0.01005 U = 0.05099 </li> <li> Slide 10 </li> <li> Process Capability Lower Spec. LimitUpper Spec. Limit 6 Tolerance = T Process Capability = T / 6 &gt; 1.33 Means, 6 &lt; (0.75*T) </li> <li> Slide 11 </li> <li> Impact of Uncertainty Lower Spec. LimitUpper Spec. Limit 6 Process Tolerance = T ERROR identified through Calibration Process Uncertainty </li> <li> Slide 12 </li> <li> Questions Can an ISO/TS 16949: 2002 certification program ensure systems and processes which deliver products which conform to a technical specification? Yes, TS SCOPE, point # 1.1, states This international standard specifies requirements for a quality management system to demonstrate ability to CONSISTENTLY provide PRODUCT that meets product, customer and regulatory requirements Requirements specified in standard are complementary to product requirements Emphasis on PROCESS DESIGN to deliver conformance to product specifications CONSISTENTLY . Focus on REDUCTION IN VARIATION by asking ongoing capability evaluationincluding measurement systems variation, which an process engineer must evaluate during development Product and process approval is a requirement throughout SUPPLY CHAIN, which includes elements such as FMEAs, Control Plans, SPC &amp; MSA </li> <li> Slide 13 </li> <li> Questions Are customer specific MSA requirements addressed in ISO/TS 16949: 2002 audits? Yes, the scope of certification includes ISO/TS-16949 + CUSTOMER SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS ISO/TS 16949:2002, POINT # 0.5 : Goals of this Technical Specification, Para #2 This Technical Specification, coupled with applicable customer specific requirements, defines the fundamental quality management system requirements for those subscribing to this documents. Most of the subscribing customers (OEMs asking vendors to get registered to TS 16949) ask usage of AIAG MSA MANUAL </li> <li> Slide 14 </li> <li> Questions To what degree are customer specific MSA requirements addressed in ISO/TS 16949: 2002 audits? Audits wrt TS-16949 are planned considering business processes identified by organization to meet the product and customers needs and expectations, calibration and MSA is one of such processes ISO/TS-16949:2002 (Point # 7.6.1: Measurement System Analysis) Statistical Studies SHALL BE conducted to analyze the variation present in the results of EACH TYPE of measuring and test equipment system. The requirement shall apply to measurement systems REFERENCED IN THE CONTROL PLAN The analysis methods and acceptance criteria used SHALL confirm to those in CUSTOMER REFERENCE MANUALS on measurement systems analysis </li> <li> Slide 15 </li> <li> Questions Would ISO/TS 16949:2002 auditors benefit from additional training in Measurement System Analysis? Certainly Yes. Rather its a REQUIREMENT. Otherwise how could they assess suitability and impact of MESUREMENT SYSTEM ERRORs on products quality? Auditor Qualification requires. 6 years prior experience in AUTOMOTIVE, out of which 4 years in Quality Qualification Course contents and examination includes CORE TOOLS APQP, PPAP, FMEA, SPC, MSA, etc Ford &amp; GM specific requirements demand even the internal auditors shall be trained and evaluated wrt knowledge on core tools including MSA. </li> <li> Slide 16 </li> <li> Who conducts the MSA? (supplier/OEM?) The user of measurement system shall conduct the MSA Are FOP, (first of production), tests conducted? Review is Must, if necessary do it! Who is responsible for conducting these tests, OEMs or suppliers? Of course the manufacturer (supplier) Who is responsible for evaluating that the measurement system is capable of performing the required measurements with the desired level of accuracy? Of course the manufacturer (supplier) Do these tests form part of the control plan? Yes, they have to be! Is the understanding that an MSA addresses the measurement accuracy of a measurement system or merely its repeatability/reproducibility? It addresses both location (accuracy) and variation (precision) </li> <li> Slide 17 </li> <li> Application of appropriate method TYPE OF GAUGE BIAS / UNCER- TANITY LINEARITYSTABILITYGRR VERNIER 0-150mm SKILL IN HOLDING THE JAWS PARALLALY CMM 0-1500mm SLIP GAUGES SKILL OF RINGING PLUG GAUGE FOR BORE OF 20.025/20.00 0 SKILL ON BORDERLINE CASES </li> </ul>