Meaning of Psychology, Sociology, Education, Educational Psychology, and Sociology of Education

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<ul><li> 1. Meaning ofPsychology, Sociology, Education, Educational Psychology, and Sociology ofEducation</li></ul> <p> 2. Education Education has been derive from the Latinword EDUCARE which means to rear, tonourish, to bring up, to train 3. Education Education consists of building up in theindividual an organization of knowledge andskills, habit and attitudes of values and idealswhich will aid in fulfilling lifes purposes. It must develop Is an active process 4. Education The fundamental aim of education is to helpeach individual to make of himself all that itis possible for him to become. 5. PSYCHOLOGY Come from the Greek word psukhe andbehaviour soul and logos study of. Study of mental function and behaviour. Study of the human personality 6. Psychologist A social, behavioural or cognitive scientist. Attempt to understand the role of mentalfunctions in individual and social behaviour. 7. Educational psychology The application of the scientific knowledgeconcerning human personality to the processof teaching, that is, to themotivation, direction, control, and evaluationof learning. 8. SOCIOLOGY Sociology came from the Latin word SOCIUScompanion, OLOGY the study of, LOGOSword, knowledge. The study of the nature, origin anddevelopment of human society. It was first coin in 1780 by the Frenchessayist EMMANUEL JOSEPH SEIYES(1748-1836) 9. Educational Sociology Is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education andits outcomes 10. Nature and Fundamentalequipment of the learner. 11. Sensation Sensation is defined as the consciousprocesses which are the immediate results ofthe stimulation of the sense organs, by whichmeans of which man becomes aware ofexistence and properties of particular objectswhich stimulate senses to actions. 12. Sensation is the first source of allknowledge, without sensation there would benothing to converted into knowledge. 13. Necessary conditions of sensation are: Physical Physiological Psychological 14. Three attributes of sensation are: Intensity Quality Duration 15. Perception May be defined as the mental process ofinterpreting and giving meaning to sensation ofparticular object. It is a mental processbut, nevertheless, is associated closely withbodily activities; that is, with the ability of senseorgans and of the nervous systems. Inperceptions sensations acquire a meaning. The basis of every perception consists in presentor past experiences. 16. Imagination The mental power of forming representationsof material objects which are not actuallypresent to the senses. 17. The training, direction, and guidance of thechilds imagination is one of the teachers mostimportant task. 18. Two function of Imagination Reproductive ConstructiveHyperphantasy- over extravagant activity of theImagination 19. Memory Process which information is Acquired Stored in the brain Later retrieved Eventually forgotten 20. Two divisions of memory Sensory memory Intellectual memory 21. Basic Factors to the Learner Growthand Development Maturation Environment </p>

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