LECTURE FOURTEEN SUMMARY WRITING. Definition and characteristics Steps in writing a summary How to write a summary Writing Practice.
Post on 13-Jan-2016
LECTURE FOURTEENSUMMARY WRITING
SUMMARY WRITINGDefinition and characteristicsSteps in writing a summaryHow to write a summaryWriting Practice
What Is Summary? A summary is a shortened passage, which retains the essential information of the original. It is a fairly brief restatement --- in your own words --- of the contents of a passage. Note: You simply report back what the writer has said, without making value judgements.
Characteristics of a good summaryBriefness omit unnecessary details like examples, explanations and other unimportant information. (length: 1/4-1/3 of original text)Completeness to include all the main and supporting points delivered in your own words in a condensed mannerCoherencerather than an outline listed as key words and phrase, a summary is a paragraph with necessary transitions and function structures to make it flow. Objectivity to contain only the ideas or information of the original. Do not include your own ideas or emotions on the topic.
Steps in Writing a SummaryRead the article Divide the article into sections of ideas. Each section deal with one aspect of the central theme. Label each section with a general phrase that captures the subject matter of the section. Highlight or underline the main points and key phrases.
Steps in Writing a SummaryWrite One-Sentence summariesWrite a one-sentence summary for each section of thought on a separate sheet of paper.
Steps in Writing a SummaryFormulate the Thesis StatementFormulate a central theme that weaves the one-sentence section summaries together.
Steps in Writing a SummaryCompress supporting details Omit the detailsReduce the examplesSimplify the descriptionsEliminate all repetitionsCompress wordy sentences and change clauses or sentences to phrases and phrases to words.Use general words instead of specific wordsUse the shortest possible transitionsAvoid figurative languagePut the main points of a dialogue in indirect speech
Steps in Writing a SummaryWrite Your First DraftBegin with a proper citation of the title, author, source, and date of publication of the article summarised.Combine the thesis statement and your one-sentence segment summaries into a one-to-two-paragraph summary.Use transitions for a smooth and logical flow of ideas.Conclude with a summing up sentence by stating what can be learned from reading the article. (optional)
Beginning a SummaryBegin your summary with the title, author of the workIn Catherine Colemans ESL 33 Spring 2008 syllabus
Beginning a SummaryIntroductory sentence should be general in one sentence try to provide a general overview of the articlethe instructor provides details for students' successful completion of the class.
Beginning a SummaryIn Catherine Colemans ESL 33 Spring 2008 syllabus, the instructor provides details for students' successful completion of the class.
Some introductory phrases 1. (The author) states in (this article) that...2. (The author, in (this article) shows that...3. In (this article), (the author) writes that...4. As (the author) says in (this article), ...5. The main idea of (the author's article) is
Organize the supporting detailsEvaluate supporting details Cover all of the authors major supporting ideas.Show the relationships among these ideas.Omit specifics, such as illustrations, descriptions, and detailed explanations.Omit all personal opinions, ideas, and inferences. Let the reader know that you are reporting the authors ideas.
Organize the supporting detailsAcademic Language Reporting VerbsOther words you can use instead of says or tells or talks about
Using transitions in the bodyYou will have to use transitions and other kinds of language to make your summary flow.First the author .The author begins by stating that users should.He then points out that.In the second part of the article..In the final section of the article, the author suggests..
Identify the main idea in each part.Paraphrase the main ideaCompile sentence paraphrasesRough Summary Paragraph Main ideaparaphraseMain ideaMain ideaMain ideaSummary
Points to RememberDo not write an overly detailed summary: the point is to reduce the work to its essence.Use your own voice. Quote from the material sparingly to illustrate major ideas -- stick to paraphrase for the most part.Preserve the balance and proportion of the original work.
Writing PracticeWrite a summary of about 150 words on the article: Practical and Poetic People