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  • Land adjoining Walton Manor, Walton Development Brief

    Urban Design & Landscape Architecture

    ADOPTED VERSION November 2015

  • Land adjoining Walton Manor, Walton Development Brief


    This document has been prepared by Milton Keynes Council’s Urban Design and Landscape Architecture Team. For further information please contact:

    Neil Sainsbury Head of Urban Design and Landscape Architecture Planning and Transport Group Milton Keynes Council Civic Offices 1 Saxon Gate East Milton Keynes MK9 3EJ

    T +44 (0) 1908 252708 F +44 (0) 1908 252329 E

  • Urban Design & Landscape Architecture



    1.1 Location and Ownership 4

    1.2 Purpose of the Development Brief 4

    1.3 Structure of Brief 6



    2.1 National Planning Policy Framework 8

    2.2 Local Plan 8

    2.3 Core Strategy 9

    2.4 SPGs/SPDs 9

    2.5 Corporate Plan 10

    2.6 Economic Development Strategy 10

    2.7 Employment Land Study 10

    2.8 Planning Summary 10



    3.1 Introduction 9

    3.2 Surrounding Area 9

    3.3 The Site 10

    3.4 Opportunities and Constraints 13



    4.1 Development Proposals 14



    5.1 Introduction 20

    5.2 Layout 20

    5.3 Flood Risk Mitigation 20

    5.4 Landmarks and Key Frontages 22

    5.5 Building Heights 22

    5.6 Detailed Design Appearance 23

    5.7 Sustainable Construction and Energy Efficiency 23

    5.8 Access and Movement 23

    5.9 Parking 24

    5.10 Public Realm and Landscaping 24

    5.11 General Planning Requirements 25


  • Land adjoining Walton Manor, Walton Development Brief


    1.1 Location and Ownership

    1.1.1 The site extends to approximately 9.5 ha (23 acres) and is located within Walton grid square. The site is strategically located on the H9 (Groveway) (see figure 1).

    1.1.2 The site is currently in the ownership of Milton Keynes Development Partnership (MKDP)*.

    1.2 Purpose of the Development Brief

    1.2.1 The purpose of this document is to provide planning and design guidance for the development of this site in Walton. This will aid the development process, by allowing developers to submit informed proposals that respond to Council (MKC), landowner and other local stakeholder expectations for the site, and respect the requirements of MKC planning policy.

    1.2.2 The Brief has been prepared to help deliver the Council’s Corporate Plan Themes and Outcomes as well as the Core Strategy.

    1.2.3 The consultation process associated with the preparation of this development brief is intended to give all interested parties full opportunities to set out their aspirations for the site and to identify constraints that need to be accommodated.


    *MKDP is a limited liability partnership set up by Milton Keynes Council to facilitate Milton Keynes’s continued growth and economic success by promoting the development of land assets transferred to the council from the Homes and Communities Agency, in line with the Council’s Corporate Plan and Economic Development Strategy. MKDP take a commercial and entrepreneurial approach to sell and develop these assets with third party developers and investors, whilst ensuring full community and stakeholder engagement in the preparation of development briefs for the sites.

    It is a requirement on the MKDP that an adopted Development Brief must be in place before they commence marketing or developing any of their larger sites. This is intended to enable the Council, following consultation with all interested parties, to set clear expectations for the nature of any future development on the site; but also to assist the MKDP in marketing the site and to give potential bidders/development partners a degree of confidence about the parameters within which they should develop their proposals.

  • Urban Design & Landscape Architecture

    Grov ewa

    y H9

    Brickhill Street V10

    Simp son R


    Hul lwe

    ll G ate

    Figure 1: Site Location

  • Land adjoining Walton Manor, Walton Development Brief


    1.2.4 The Development Brief has been prepared to accord with current Planning Policy – a key aim though is to contextualise the policy for the site covered by the Brief. The Brief cannot formally change current policy, however there may be material considerations that suggest variations of current policy may be appropriate. Where this is the case, the Brief will state what they are and what the preferred use and/or variation in policy is. This will be weighed against the current policy when determining a planning application for the site.

    1.2.5 Once approved by Milton Keynes Council Cabinet, the guidance contained within the Brief will be a material consideration in helping determine planning applications for the site.

    1.3 Structure of Brief

    The Brief is divided into five sections:

    Section 1 outlines the purpose of the brief, its location and ownership and other administrative information for developers.

    Section 2 describes the planning policy context of the site.

    Section 3 provides a site analysis of the site itself and the surrounding area. A thorough understanding of this will have an important bearing on the key design principles and parameters.

    Section 4 outlines what the Brief is seeking to deliver in terms of land uses

    Section 5 represents the Key Design and Development Principles, that should inform any development proposals. The accompanying Parameters Plan spatially illustrates the design principles.

  • Urban Design & Landscape Architecture

  • Land adjoining Walton Manor, Walton Development Brief


    national standards and local policy, whilst taking into account technical advice provided by the Lead Local Flood Authority.

    2.2 Milton Keynes Local Plan

    2.2.1 The Milton Keynes Local Plan was adopted in December 2005. The following Local Plan policies have been ‘saved’ by the Secretary of State. They remain in force until superseded by policies in other development plan documents, e.g. Plan:MK, Site Allocations Plan.

    2.2.2 Policy E7 (retailing on employment land) states that planning permission will be refused for retail development on employment land.

    2.2.3 Policy E1 states that: “planning permission will be refused for the change of use or redevelopment of any land identified for employment use on the Proposals Map to other purposes, unless there would be no conflict with existing or potential neighbouring uses and: (i) The proposal would result in a significant reduction in the detrimental environmental impact of an existing use; or (ii) The proposed use is one that cannot be satisfactorily accommodated other than in an employment area; or (iii) The proposed use will not significantly reduce the provision of local employment opportunities.”

    2.2.4 Policy H7 (housing on unidentified sites) sets out criteria against which housing proposals on non-allocated sites will be assessed. Policies H4-H5 and L3 set out the Council’s requirements with regard to affordable housing, and open space, respectively.

    2.1 National Planning Policy Framework

    2.1.1 The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) was published in 2012. At the heart of the NPPF is a presumption in favour of sustainable development.

    2.1.2 The NPPF (para 21) states that “local planning authorities should plan positively for the location, promotion and expansion of clusters or networks of knowledge driven, creative or high technology industries”.

    2.1.3 The NPPF (para 22) states that “Planning policies should avoid the long term protection of sites allocated for employment use where there is no reasonable prospect of a site being used for that purpose. Land allocations should be regularly reviewed. Where there is no reasonable prospect of a site being used for the allocated employment use, applications for alternative uses of land or buildings should be treated on their merits having regard to market signals and the relative need for different land uses to support sustainable local communities.”

    2.1.4 As of 6 April 2015, National Planning Policy has been strengthened to make it clear that the Government’s expectation is that Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) will be provided in new developments. To this effect it is expected that, where planning applications are for major development, the Local Planning Authority must ensure that SuDS are put in place, unless demonstrated to be inappropriate. Milton Keynes Council will therefore determine planning applications in accordance with


  • Urban Design & Landscape Architecture

    2.2.5 Policy D4 of the Local Plan sets out the Council’s requirements with regard to sustainable construction.

    2.2.6 Policies D1 and D2