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  • Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Baseline Survey,

    Karnataka Assembly Election, 2018

    Chief Electoral Office Nirvachana Nilaya, Sheshadri Road, Bengaluru-560001

  • Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Baseline Survey,

    Karnataka Assembly Election, 2018

    INSTITUTE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHANGENagarabhavi, Bengaluru - 560 072

    S.Madheswaran and B.P.Vani

  • Prof. S.Madheswaran Professor and Head, Centre for Economic Studies and Policy, ISEC

    Smt. B.P.Vani Assistant Professor, Centre for Economic Studies and Policy, ISEC

    K.H.Apurva Research Assistant, Centre for Economic Studies and Policy, ISEC

    Basavaraju R & Rajendra Prasad Grassroots Research And Advocacy Movement (GRAAM), Mysore

    Prof. Basavaraj S. Benni Professor and Chairman, Department of Studies and Research in Economics, Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Bellary

    Dr. Shiddalingaswami V. Hanagodimath Assistant Professor, Centre for Multi-disciplinary Development Research (CMDR), Dharwad, Karnataka

    PROJECT TEAM

    Project Directors

    Team Members

  • Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Baseline Survey, Karnataka Assembly Election, 2018

    vNo Voter To Be Left Behind. Every Vote Counts.

    The theme for the ensuing General Assembly Elections in Karnataka is INCLUSIVE,

    ACCESSIBLE & ETHICAL ELECTIONS. The KAP survey was to understand the reasons

    for gaps in electoral participation, both at enrolment stage and voting. Our aim is

    to ensure that No Voter is left behind as every vote is valuable and it counts.

    Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), a premier inter-disciplinary social science research

    institution has conducted the Baseline survey on KAP. Valuable data from 7000 households and 129

    Focused Group Discussions (FGDs) has been collected. The report brought out is the result of study and

    analysis of historical data and the data collected from various households. ISEC team has completed the

    survey and brought out an implementable report.

    The KAP survey report shows that there exists large scope for improvement so that electoral participation

    increases. Appropriate interventions concerning target groups are necessary in this regard to uphold

    electoral democracy in the country. A systemic approach with adequate planning that includes all

    stakeholders can be an effective way to strategize and improve participation. This alone can sustain the

    system at large and facilitate better governance and nation building.

    I am sure that CEO Karnataka Sri Sanjiv Kumar and his team will effectively utilize the findings of the

    KAP survey to prepare the State Action Plan for Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation

    (SVEEP). I am confident that the said plan will be implemented effectively to enhance electoral

    registration and voter turnout by ensuring that no voter is left behind and a conducive environment is

    created in the state for free and fair elections with universal ethical electoral participation.

    OM PRAKASH RAWAT

    Chief Election Commissioner of India

    MESSAGE Chief Election Commissioner of India

  • viNo Voter To Be Left Behind. Every Vote Counts.

    Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Baseline Survey, Karnataka Assembly Election, 2018

    Democratic system rests the authority and power in the hands of people whose

    voices are heard through elections where they elect their representatives to make

    their concerns heard at the larger national level. Election is a process that provides

    an equal opportunity for every individual through the tool of a ballot through which voters decide their

    representatives to formulate policies and decisions that affect their lives. Therefore, in this regard,

    participation in elections is pertinent as it provides that space to question the system. In this sense,

    informed and conscious voters are necessary for good governance and increased participation within

    the system can restore faith in the system of electoral process and lead to better functioning of our

    democracy.

    The Baseline survey on Knowledge Attitude and Practices (KAP) was done by the team of experts from

    Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC) in record time. Extensive and in-depth study has been

    conducted covering whole of Karnataka using primary survey data, historical secondary data and Focused

    Group Discussions (FGDs).

    I am confident that the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) Karnataka will take all steps to ensure enhanced

    electoral registration and voter turnout. It is envisaged that all efforts shall be made to fulfill the theme

    of the elections INCLUSIVE ACCESSIBLE AND ETHICAL electoral participation.

    SUNIL ARORA

    Election Commissioner of India

    MESSAGE Election Commissioner of India

  • Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Baseline Survey, Karnataka Assembly Election, 2018

    viiNo Voter To Be Left Behind. Every Vote Counts.

    Election is a powerful event in any democracy. Election Commission of India has

    incessantly played a key role in increasing voters participation through many new

    initiatives undertaken for the conduct of free and fair elections in the country.

    Election Commission in Karnataka has this time carried out a scientific baseline study to gauge the level

    of knowledge, attitude and participation/practices of voters in elections and based on the findings of

    this study, a Behavior Change Communication (BCC) campaign will be developed and implemented in

    the state.

    The study conducted by Institute for Social Economic Change (ISEC) is an in-depth study, covering

    reasonable sample and Focused Group Discussions (FGDs). The ISEC has collected maximum information

    from the respondents and their perceptions about elections and electoral processes and also brought out

    a report with implementable suggestions in stipulated time.

    I trust that CEO Karnataka and his team will utilize the findings of the KAP survey to prepare the State

    Action Plans for Systematic Voters Education and Electoral Participation (SVEEP). Keeping in mind that

    greater participation means a stronger democracy, CEO Karnataka Sri. Sanjiv Kumar and his team should

    not leave any stone unturned to ensure that no voter is left behind. All efforts should be made to

    have an inclusive, accessible and ethical election, with emphasis on facilitating PwDs (persons with

    disabilities), vulnerable and migrant groups, youth and ensure free and fair elections.

    ASHOK LAVASA

    Election Commissioner of India

    MESSAGE Election Commissioner of India

  • viiiNo Voter To Be Left Behind. Every Vote Counts.

    Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) Baseline Survey, Karnataka Assembly Election, 2018

    Baseline surveys were first carried out in 2009 to find the Knowledge, Attitude, Belief, Behavior and Practices (KABBP) among the electorates ahead of elections so that required interventions could be made to enhance electoral participation. The theme for the ensuing General Assembly Elections in Karnataka is INCLUSIVE,

    ACCESSIBLE & ETHICAL ELECTIONS. In tune with the theme, ahead of Karnataka General Assembly Elections 2018 a survey called the KAP (Knowledge, Attitude and Practices) was taken up.

    Keeping in mind that every vote counts the KAP survey was to understand the reasons for gaps in electoral participation, both at enrolment stage and voting; to understand the underlying reasons for low voter turnout in certain areas during last election in the State and to identify the barriers to voting; to identify the demographics of elector segments with lower enrolment, and lower participation during polls; to understand effectiveness of various formal & non-formal media; to suggest effective measures to ensure higher enrolment and higher voter turnout based on the outcome of the Survey.

    Institute for Social and Economic Change (ISEC), Bengaluru is a premier inter-disciplinary social science research institution, has been providing valuable policy feedback to bring about integrated social, economic and political transformation, with emphasis on equity and justice. ISEC was commissioned to conduct the Baseline survey on KAP. The team of experts led by Prof. S.Madheswaran and Prof. B.P. Vani from ISEC has conducted this extensive study. They have collected valuable data from 7000 households and 129 Focused Group Discussions (FGDs). Their report brings out a range of useful information and suggestion which needs to be converted into constructive actions to improve inclusive, accessible and ethical electoral participation.

    I would like to express our gratitude to Prof. M.G. Chandrakanth, Director, ISEC Bengaluru, for extending immense support and facilitating to carry out this project and bringing out report in a record time.

    I am grateful to the team members Ms. K.H. Apurva (ISEC Bengaluru), Mr. Basavaraju, R and Mr. Rajendra Prasad (GRAAM Mysore), Prof. Basavaraj Benni (Vijayanagara Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Bellary), Dr Shiddalingaswami V. Hannagodimath (CMDR, Dharwad) for coordinating the survey across the administrative divisions of State of Karnataka. Timely help of Prof. V Ramaswamy and Mr.G.Shivakumar Nayka in organizing FGD and designing maps are h

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