Judaism. Judaism is… “A 4000 year old tradition…” (Rabbi Harold Kushner, To Life) A “covenant relationship” between God and the Hebrew people A celebration.

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JudaismJudaism isA 4000 year old tradition (Rabbi Harold Kushner, To Life)A covenant relationship between God and the Hebrew peopleA celebration and sanctification of lifeA faith, a people, a way of lifeAs a faith, Jews BelieveIn one God, creator of the universeIn prophets of old testamentIn Torah (first five books of the Bible), the Hebrew Bible does not include the New TestamentHow is Judaism related to Christianity?Judaism predates Christianity it is the foundation of Christianity but is not a part of it Jesus was Jewish, as were his followers and the ApostlesJews do not believe that Jesus was anything more than a good and wise man who lived and died 2000 years ago Jews still await their messiahThe Jewish messiah would be a political figure who restores the Hebrew monarchy and causes peace to reign on EarthJews are not concerned about salvation and the world to comeAs a people, Jews areA nation in Diaspora (dispersed)15 16 million in worldwide populationUnited by a common heritage (an ethnic religion), yet divided into 4 forms:Orthodox:ReformedConservativeMessianic 4 Types of JewsOrthodox Jews Strictly obey all laws, especially dietary laws and Sabbath LawsConservative Jews Less strict than Orthodox yet do keep most lawsReform Jews Believe in following Jewish principles not Jewish lawsMessianic Jews The only Jews that believe Jesus is the son of God. Retain Jewish forms of worship. Kosher Dietary LawsNo Pork or Shell Fish Leviticus 11:7-10No Meat or Dairy Products eaten together Exodus 22:19Meat and dairy are served in different dishes.Meat and dairy dishes are washed separately.Sabbath LawsNo work of any kind is allowedNo travel can occurNo using the telephoneNo writingNo touching moneyNo posing for picturesETC.A 4000 year old traditionThe Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (Israel) origins of the Hebrew people (more than 3800 years ago)Enslaved in ancient Egypt and freed by Moses (more than 3300 years ago)Hebrew monarchy in the Promised Land (The Land of Israel), ends 6th century BCEAs a way of life, Judaism is based on613 commandments found in Torah (Written Law)Talmud (Oral Law) commentary of ancient rabbis that elaborates on how to apply Gods Law in everyday life through:Dietary rules (Kashrut/Kosher)Dress and other symbolsPrayer to the one GodThe Temple and Temple ritesObservance of Holy daysHow does Judaism sanctify life?Life cycle celebrations:Bar/Bat Mitzvah full adult status and responsibility within the religionHow does Judaism sanctify time? The Jewish Holidays:High Holidays:Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year)Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)Chanukah, the Festival of Lights Web resourcesJudaism 101: http://jewfaq.org/ an online encyclopedia of Judaism, covering Jewish beliefs, people, places, things, language, scripture, holidays, practices and customsReligiousTolerance.org on Judaism: http://www.religioustolerance.org/judaism.htmThis P0werpoint presentation available at: http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lshulman/Rel232/resource/judaism.pptJanuary 29, 2013Put your homework on your desk1. Answer #2 on p. TN32.2. What is the holy book of Buddhism?3. Who is the founder of Buddhism?4. Which continent lies between the Indian and Atlantic Oceans?

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