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  • Page 1 of 26

    Redemption 304: Further Study on Japheth and Balaam

    biblestudying.net Brian K. McPherson and Scott McPherson Copyright 2012

    Melchizedek (Shem), Japheth, and Balaam

    Summary of Relevant Information from Genesis Regarding Melchizedek and

    Abraham

    This exploratory paper assumes the conclusions of section three of our

    Priesthood and the Kinsman Redeemer study which identifies Melchizedek as

    Noahs son Shem.

    Melchizedek was priest of Jerusalem (Salem) and possibly of the region in

    general. Shem was granted dominion over all the Canaanites by Noah.

    Genesis 9:22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father,

    and told his two brethren without. 23 And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and

    laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness

    of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their fathers

    nakedness. 24 And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son

    had done unto him. 25 And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants

    shall he be unto his brethren. 26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of

    Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

    Melchizedek is clearly presented as a king. And Abraham clearly pays tithes or

    tribute to this king after a victory in battle.

    Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine:

    and he was the priest of the most high God. 19 And he blessed him, and said,

    Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 And

    blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy

    hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

    Melchizedeks authority and dominion take on particular significance once we

    realize the royal dominion of the men Abraham has defeated.

    Genesis 14:1 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch

    king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; 2 That

    these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah,

    Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela,

    which is Zoar. 3 All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the

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    salt sea. 4 Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year

    they rebelled. 5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the

    kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim,

    and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, 6 And the

    Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness. 7 And

    they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the

    country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar. 8

    And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of

    Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and

    they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim; 9 With Chedorlaomer the king

    of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch

    king of Ellasar; four kings with five. 10 And the vale of Siddim was full of

    slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they

    that remained fled to the mountain. 11 And they took all the goods of Sodom

    and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way. 12 And they took Lot,

    Abrams brothers son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed. 13

    And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt

    in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner:

    and these were confederate with Abram. 14 And when Abram heard that his

    brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own

    house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. 15 And he

    divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and

    pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus. 16 And he

    brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods,

    and the women also, and the people. 17 And the king of Sodom went out to meet

    him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that

    were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the kings dale.

    The kings of Shinar, Ellasar, and Elam come against the kings of the five cities

    later destroyed by God himself in Genesis 18-19. Shinar is the ancient name for

    the territory later known as Babylonia or Chaldea. Ellasar is a town in

    Babylonia. And Elam is a province east of Babylon and northeast of the lower

    Tigris. The last king is identified as Tidal. He is not designated a particular city

    or region but simply referred to as king of nations. We will discuss Tidal more

    later on. Yet in contrast to the greatness of these kings, Abraham pays homage to

    Melchizedek, showing Melchizedek to be greater than these kings.

    It is also important to note that Sodom is a Canaanite city, usually paired with

    Gomorrah, located in the area of the Dead Sea and the Jordan river according to

    the Online Hebrew Lexicon. The other 3 cities included with Sodom and

    Gomorrah (Admah, Zeboiim, and Zoar) are likely also Canaanite cities. In fact,

    Genesis 10:19 plainly states, the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as

    thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and

    Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha. Deuteronomy 34:1-4 lists Zoar as within

    the Promised land. Clearly, all 5 of these cities were Canaanite.

    And, in fact, we can see that apart from these 5 kings, the other territories that

    Chedorloamer defeats include peoples and places in Canaan land, or at least along

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    its outskirts. Kadesh is the same as Kadesh-barnea, a city in the extreme south

    of Judah. Enmishpat was a place near southern Palestine coincident or the same

    place as Kadesh. Hazezontamar, where these Amorites lived, was a town

    situated in the desert Judah; probably Engedi. The Zuzims were in Ham, which

    was the name of Canaans father, Shems brother. (Psalm 78:51 and 105:23

    identify Egypt with the land of Ham. Perhaps Chedorloamer and his allies went

    partially into this area, maybe even the Sinai Peninsula based on references to

    Elparan.) Elparan was at tip of Gulf of Aqaba on the Red Sea, which is at the

    very southern tip of Jordan, very near the southern tip of modern-day Israel. And

    the rest of defeated peoples were in the lands east of the Jordan, which were later

    given to the Reubenites, Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh. Ashteroth

    Karnaim is a city in Bashan east of the Jordan given to Manasseh. This area was

    probably in the territory of the Ammonites, east of the Jordan. The Horites

    dwelled in Mount Seir, and were the inhabitants of Edom before the descendants

    of Esau, the Edomites. The land later ruled by the Amalekites (descendants of

    Esau) is also listed among those defeated. Edom was south and south east of

    Palestine.

    Consequently, not only was Sodom a Canaanite city, but Chedorloamer and the

    kings allied with him are clearly depicted as conquering many of the Canaanites.

    And actually, according to Genesis 14:4-5, these Canaanite cities had already

    been ruled by Chedorloamer for some 12 years before they rebelled, bringing

    about this conquest. Still, apart from the Amorites, the rest of the seven Canaanite

    nations are not mentioned at all (Deuteronomy 7:1). This demonstrates that not all

    the Canaanites were subject to Chedarloamer and his allies from Babylonia. And

    Chedorloamer and his band do not attack Melchizedek or Jerusalem.

    Chedorloamer and his allies are clearly on a wide, sweeping conquest of a good

    portion of Canaan land. Why didnt they attack Melchizedek and Salem or the rest

    of these Canaanite peoples? This strongly suggests that Chedorloamer and his

    allies recognized the territorial integrity of Melchizedek and did not attack the rest

    of the Canaanites that were ruled by him.

    Ultimately, by defeating Chedorloamer and his allies, Abraham had literally

    conquered not only the rulers of Babylonia, but in defeating the rulers of these

    particular Canaanites, Abraham had effectively attained dominion over these

    portions of Canaan land. And immediately after obtaining dominion over parts of

    Canaan, he turns around and submits himself to Shem, also known as

    Melchizedek, ruler of Canaan and pays tribute to him.

    Abrahams newly acquired dominion is confirmed three chapters later in Genesis

    17. At this point, Abraham is 99 years old. Shem would have been 549 years old

    and would still live for another 51 years to die at the age of 600 (Genesis 11:10-

    11), when Abraham is 150 years old. Notice the statements that God makes to

    Abraham at this point in history after Abraham has defeated the rulers of part of

    Canaan and when Shem, the current ruler of the rest of Canaan, has only 50 years

    left to live.

    Genesis 17:1 And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD

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