INTERVEIWS You never have a second chance to make a good first impression!
Post on 01-Jan-2016
Embed Size (px)
INTERVEIWSYou never have a second chance to make a good first impression!
Purpose of InterviewsProvides the opportunity for two-way communication and interaction to determine fit between candidate and employer
1An interview is somewhat like giving a presentation: If it is to be informative and successful, the speaker must be prepared. At an interview, you are the speaker and arriving with a composed, self-confident attitude can help you to show the employer your readiness to do the job.
Qualifications get you the interviewInitial impressions get you the jobThe interview is the last phase in the selection processEmployers use interviewing styles that assist in revealing those attributes of the candidate that are most essential for the job and most beneficial to the organization.
What Recruiters Look ForRecruiters are looking for demonstrated examples of the following:Leadership abilityAnalytical skills/problem solving capabilitiesResults orientationTeamwork Strong communications skillsCreativityInterest in and awareness of various issues related to the companyPassion for the product/industry/etc.
Initial Impressions4 seconds: 1 impression is made10 seconds: 11 impressions are madeImpressions are based on: personal appearance, grooming, eye contact, articulation, personality, handshakeYou never have a second chance to make a good first impression!
Types & FormatsTypes:InformationalScreeningSelection
Interview Process OverviewInterview process typically consists of 2-3 rounds of interviewsInterviews last between 30-45 minutesMix of questionsSome interviewers (especially in later rounds) may focus on a particular subject (e.g. case question, situational questions)
Preparing for the InterviewIdentify your strengthsConduct research on position and employerTailor and review your resumeConduct a practice interview Attend to your grooming and carefully select your wardrobe
Preparing .Interviews can be conducted one on one, in a panel, or as a group. The key to preparing for an interview is to find out before the interview how the interview will be conducted. You can do this by asking the following questions when the interview is being scheduled: * How many people will be interviewing me? * Will I be the only person interviewed at one time? * What kind of questions will be asked? * How can I best prepare for this interview?
PREPARE & PREPARENever walk into an interview without knowing about the products and services provided by the company. Find out about its corporate culture and future projects so that you can demonstrate how you can contribute to the company as it continues to grow. Have a solid understanding about its mission and values so that you can inquire about the company's aims.You can learn about the company's product lines, major competitors and plans from published materials. Demonstrate an interest in the specific company and not give the impression that it is merely on a fishing expedition. Know the employer's mission, goals and objectives, and speak about them.Speak with alumni who are working for the company, and discuss the potential employer with professors and mentors who have first-hand information.
Conduct ResearchOrganization (size, products, services, locations, growth prospects, mission, customer base)Position descriptionIndustry and salary normsInterview scheduleInterviewers or committee membersInterview process and format
Practice, Practice, PracticeFind a friend or classmate to play the role of employer, and engage in the kind of dialog you expect to encounter at the interview. Seeing yourself as others see you will provide invaluable insights into the changes that you need to make in your interviewing technique and style.Prepare a list of interview questions you can expect to be asked at an interview. Know what you are going to say before the interview. To be best prepared, write down your answers, and go over the information several times the day before the interview.
Practice Interviews95% of graduates stumble through their first 2-3 interviewsWhy are practice interviews so valuable?Receive constructive feedbackSee yourself (body language, expression, nervous habits)Listen to yourself (catch phrases, speech patterns, effective communication of message)
Preparation Company ResearchKnow what youre talking about!Main product lines? New vs. mature products?Who are the principal competitors? Whats happening in the industry overall?What are the main distribution channels? Whats driving revenue growth? Where might future opportunities lie?Why do I want to go to this company? Sources of informationInternet/libraryNetworking with alumni etc.Relevant channelsAnalyst reports (read one or two)Companys annual reportCompany website (check for press releases)Business journals/magazines and newspapers
PreparationHelps you organize key examples from your resumeImportant for the resume walk and behavioral questionsType it and review it before your interview but DO NOT refer to it during the interviewOrganize it by question typeResume walkWhy marketing/brand managementWhy that specific companyLeadership, Teamwork, Initiative, Analytical Thinking, Creativity, and any additional behavioral/skill areas the company looks for (available on company website/careers)*Use bulletsOutline your answers according to a framework
*Have 3 examples for each in CAR framework
Dress for Success COMFORTABLYWomenSalwar kameez / sarees
Pantsuits are moreacceptable now, but savethem for after you obtainthe job
Keep accessories andmakeup simple
MenTwo-piece suit -(solid colors vs. prints or patterns)White/light colored shirt and trousersWear polished shoes withknee-length socks that avoid exposing skinTie pattern should be simple
Interviews can be informal or formal, relaxed or stressful, directed or undirected.
Different types of interviews The Exploratory or Information InterviewThe exploratory or information interview is used as a screening and fact-finding tool for you, the candidate. This interview is used to * find out about a company as a potential place to work, including its corporate culture, organizational structure, and future growth, * learn about an occupation, including the educational requirements, experience needed, and responsibilities involved in doing a job, and * find out about the hiring trends, positions available, and application procedures.
Carefully select the questions you will ask so that you can obtain practical information. Be prepared to leave your rsum for future reference. As for any interview, be sure to follow up with a thank you letter.
More typesThe Directed InterviewThe directed or directive interview involves the interviewer using an outline and asking specific questions within a certain time frame. The interviewer works from a checklist and takes notes. This type of interview is impersonal and seeks to reveal facts.
The Undirected InterviewThe undirected or non-directive interview is unstructured and allows candidates to discuss their qualifications openly. This interview gives candidates a measure of control over the interview, providing for an opportunity to concentrate on strengths and to show leadership and organizational abilities.
The Panel InterviewA panel involves a number of interviewers. The composition of this panel could include: * The supervisor * The manager * A union representative * A human resources officer * An employment equity officer * Employees from the department that is hiringTypically, members of the panel will ask one question that represents their area of concern. To succeed at this type of interview, it is best to anticipate and prepare for questions on a variety of issues related to the organization and to the occupation. Thorough company and occupational research will help you to prepare for such interviews.
The Group InterviewThe group interview is used by some large companies or organizations for graduate intakes when several graduates are interviewed at one time. This interview can last from two hours to a day or longer and usually includes a group problem-solving exercise.The interviewers may ask questions in an unstructured manner; therefore, the questions and comments may be unrelated to one another. This type of interview is used to: * Observe how candidates react under pressure * Evaluate how individuals interact with people with different personalities * Test for communication skills * Assess the "fit" with the groupIt is wise to seek the advice of someone who has experienced this type of interview before engaging in this process.
The Sequential InterviewSome interviews are sequenced over a longer period, such as a half or full day. These interviews are used as an assessment tool. The first stage may begin with a panel interview, followed by a tour around the company (during which the assessment continues). The interview sequence may then conclude with another interview when you may be asked questions that test your creativity or your "fit" within the organization.Further, you may be invited to more than one interview; for instance, the first may be an overall screening, followed by some form of assessment, then a post-assessment follow-up.
The Stress InterviewThe stress interview intentionally creates and promotes discomfort. The interviewer may have an abrupt or brash attitude. Alternately, the interviewer may stare, be silent, and spend time taking notes. The purpose of this type of interview is to test the candidate's abil