Interstate Commerce. Control by Congress. Interstate Bridges

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<ul><li><p>Interstate Commerce. Control by Congress. Interstate BridgesSource: Harvard Law Review, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Dec., 1907), p. 147Published by: The Harvard Law Review AssociationStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1323579 .Accessed: 19/05/2014 00:26</p><p>Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms &amp; Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p> .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org.</p><p> .</p><p>The Harvard Law Review Association is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access toHarvard Law Review.</p><p>http://www.jstor.org </p><p>This content downloaded from 91.229.248.167 on Mon, 19 May 2014 00:26:34 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=harvardlawhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/1323579?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p></li><li><p>RECENT CASES. 147 </p><p>INSANE PERSONS - GUARDIANSHIP AND PROTECTION - EFFECT OF DEATH OF LUNATIC ON LIABILITY OF RECEIVER'S SURETY. - C became surety for B as receiver for A, a lunatic. After A's death, B collected rents and absconded. Held, that C is not liable for B's defalcation. It re Walker, [1907] 2 Ch. 120. </p><p>T he status of lunacy gives equity her jurisdiction to appoint a receiver of the lunatic's property. See In re Fitzgerald, 2 Sch. &amp; Lef. 432. Since the death of the lunatic determines that status, the basis of equitable interference disap- pears, and consequently the receivership terminates. Hence a quondam receiver cannot charge, in his final accounting, indebtednesses incurred in administration of the estate after the lunatic's death. Jones v. Noyes, 7 Wkly. Rep. 21. And even when a statute required a formal accounting and final discharge by the court, the receivership was held to terminate by the death of the lunatic before the discharge. In re Sheuer's Estate, 31 Mont. 6o6. Upon the same principle, discharges given creditors by a man acting as administrator durante absentia, after the death of his principal, even though such death was unknown to all the parties, were held invalid. Re Ouvry, cited in 51 Sol. J. 479. In the present case C had agreed to answer for any default of B as receiver. But the receiver- ship had terminated by the death of the lunatic before the collections were made; there was no default by B as receiver, and consequently any claim against the surety is without foundation. </p><p>INTERSTATE COMMERCE- CONTROL BY CONGRESS -INTERSTATE BRIDGES. Congress authorized the city of St. Louis to construct a railroad bridge across the Mississippi River, and to exercise the right of eminent domain for the acquisition of approaches thereto in Illinois. Held, that Congress has power to authorize the building of such interstate bridge, and to clothe St. Louis with the right to condemn property in another state. Haeussler v. City of St. Louis, 103 S. W. 1034 (Mo., Sup. Ct.). </p><p>It is well settled that a bridge may be an instrument of interstate commerce. Covington, etc., Bridge Co. v. Kentucky, I54 U. S. 204. And in spite of the doubts expressed in many early cases, it has now been established by a long line of decisions that Congress, under its power to regulate interstate commerce, can build or authorize the construction of such bridges without the consent of the states, and to this end exercise its right of eminent domain. Penn., etc., Ry. Co. v. Baltimore, etc., Ry. Co., 37 Fed. I 29; Cherokee Nation v. South Kansas Ry. Co., 135 U. S. 641. If the consent of the states were necessary, Congress would not have supreme power over an instrument of interstate commerce now as important as a navigable river. Consequently, it has been held constitu- tional for Congress to charter a corporation to build an interstate bridge, and to give it rights of eminent domain in both states without their consent. Luxton v. North River Bridge Co., 153 U. S. 525. The present case, therefore, seems eight in holding that, " if Congress can create a corporation with such rights, it can grant such rights to one already in existence." </p><p>INTERSTATE COMMERCE - ELKINS ACT - RECEIVING ILLEGAL CONCES- SIONS FROM PUBLISHED RATES A CONTINUING CRIME. - The defendant shipper obtained concessions and delivered goods to the carrier in Kansas. The prosecution was instituted in a district of Missouri through which the goods were transported. Held, that the court has jurisdiction, since receiving such concessions is a continuing act. Armour Packing Co. v. United States, 153 Fed. i (C. C. A., Eighth Circ.). See NOTES, P. I35. </p><p>LIENS - STATUTORY LIENS - INNKEEPER'S LIEN ON PROPERTY NOT BELONGING TO GUEST.- N. Y. Laws I897, C. 418 ? 71, as amended by N. Y. Laws I899, C. 380, provides that the keepers of inns and boarding- houses shall have a lien upon property brought upon their premises by a guest; but that no such lien shall exist if they had notice that the property did not belong to the guest. A guest brought to a hotel a piano, which was the property of the plaintiff, though the hotel-keeper had no notice of the fact. Held, that the hotel-keeper has a lien on the piano, available against the owner, for the debt incurred by the guest. Waters &amp;' Co. v. Gerard, 1 89 N. Y. 302. </p><p>This content downloaded from 91.229.248.167 on Mon, 19 May 2014 00:26:34 AMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditions</p><p>http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp</p><p>Article Contentsp. 147</p><p>Issue Table of ContentsHarvard Law Review, Vol. 21, No. 2 (Dec., 1907), pp. 75-160Enforcement of a Right of Action Acquired under Foreign Law for Death upon the High Seas. II [pp. 75-91]The Next Step in the Evolution of the Case-Book [pp. 92-119]The Relation of Judicial Decisions to the Law [pp. 120-129]NotesThe Law School [pp. 130-132]What Rule of Decision Should Control in Interstate Controversies [pp. 132-133]Claim of Unconstitutionality Barred by Estoppel [pp. 133-134]Granting Concessions from Published Interstate Railroad Rates [pp. 135-136]Exclusive Federal Control over National Banks [pp. 136-137]Recovery under Executory Illegal Contracts [pp. 137-138]The Exercise of Non-Judicial Functions by the Judiciary [pp. 138-139]Nature of the Interest Created by Agreements Restricting the Use of Realty [pp. 139-140]</p><p>Recent CasesAttorneys. Duties Attached to the Office. Order to Pay Unenforceable Obligation [pp. 140-141]Bankruptcy. Preferences. Return of Misappropriated Funds Through Misappropriating Agent [p. 141]Bankruptcy. Preferences. Return of Payment to Debtor Paying in Ignorance of Set-Off [pp. 141-142]Bankruptcy. Priority of Claims. Infant's Claim after Avoidance of Contract [p. 142]Bankruptcy. Provable Claims. Proof after Termination of Collateral Litigation [p. 142]Carriers. Connecting Lines. Through Rates [pp. 142-143]Carriers. Duty to Transport and Deliver. Removal of Spur Track without Notice [p. 143]Conflict of Laws. Obligations ex Delicto. Whether Law of Place of Death or of Injury Governs Action for Death [p. 143]Conflict of Laws. Testamentary Succession. Administration of Trusts of Personalty Created by Will [pp. 143-144]Constitutional Law. Powers of Congress. Exclusive Federal Control over National Banks [pp. 144-145]Criminal Law. Sentence. Federal Courts' Right to Imprison to Enforce Fine [p. 145]Deceit. Negligence as Substitute for Intentional Untruth. Liability of National Bank Directors [pp. 145-146]Deeds. Boundaries. Land Bounded on Private Way [p. 146]Divorce. Alimony. Right to Modify Decree Adopting Separation Agreement [p. 146]Insane Persons. Guardianship and Protection. Effect of Death of Lunatic on Liability of Receiver's Surety [p. 147]Interstate Commerce. Control by Congress. Interstate Bridges [p. 147]Liens. Statutory Liens. Innkeeper's Lien on Property Not Belonging to Guest [pp. 147-148]Limitation of Actions. Nature and Construction of Statute. Disability Caused by Injury for Which Action Is Brought [p. 148]Lotteries. Statutes. The Element of Chance [pp. 148-149]Malicious Prosecution. Probable Cause. Bona Fide Mistake of Law [p. 149]Municipal Corporations. Municipal Debts and Contracts. Mortgage of Street Railways Payable from Their Income Constituting Debt [p. 149]Municipal Corporations. Territorial Limits and Subdivisions. Granting Municipality Power outside Its Corporate Limits [pp. 149-150]Patents. Infringement. Contributory Infringement [p. 150]Post-Office. Power to Withhold Mail Pending Investigation of Fraud Charges [pp. 150-151]Wills. Construction. Rights of Residuary Legatee and Next of Kin [p. 151]</p><p>Books and PeriodicalsLeading Legal ArticlesReview: Terminable Dedication by Lessee for Years; Escheat and the Doctrine of Bona Vacantia [pp. 151-153]Review: De Facto Officers without a de jure Office [pp. 153-156]</p><p>Book ReviewsReview: untitled [pp. 156-157]Review: untitled [pp. 157-158]Review: untitled [pp. 158-159]Review: untitled [p. 160]</p></li></ul>

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