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IBM Tape Device Drivers

Installation and Users Guide

GC27-2130-08

IBM Tape Device Drivers

Installation and Users Guide

GC27-2130-08

Note! Before using this information and the product that it supports, be sure to read the general information under Notices on page 427.

Ninth Edition (August 2009) This ninth edition of the IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-08, replaces and makes obsolete the following manuals: v IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-07 v IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-06 v IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-05 v IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-04 v IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-03 v IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-02 v IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-01. v IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC27-2130-00. v IBM TotalStorage and System Storage Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC35-0154-17. v IBM Ultrium Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide, GC32-0430-13 Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2007, 2009. US Government Users Restricted Rights Use, duplication or disclosure restricted by GSA ADP Schedule Contract with IBM Corp.

ContentsFigures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ixRelated Information . . . . . . . . . . . . ix How to Send Your Comments . . . . . . . . xiv Special Printing Instructions . . . . . . . . . xv

Chapter 5. Linux Tape and Medium Changer Device Driver . . . . . . . . 93Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Data Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 Product Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Installation and Configuration Instructions . . . . 96 Tape Drive, Media, and Device Driver Parameters 102 Special Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 Control Path Failover Support for Tape Libraries 108 Data Path Failover and Load Balancing Support for Tape Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110 Open Source Device Driver - lin_tape . . . . . 112 System-Managed Encryption . . . . . . . . 113 Problem Determination . . . . . . . . . . 116

Chapter 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . 1Purpose . . . . . IBM Tape Products . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 . 1

Chapter 2. Common Extended FeaturesPurpose . . . . . . . . . . . Supported Hardware . . . . . . Path Failover and Load Balancing . . Dynamic Load Balancing . . . . . Supported Devices and Feature Codes Data Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Chapter 6. Solaris Tape and Medium Changer Device Driver . . . . . . . 123Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Data Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Product Requirements . . . . . . . . . . Installation and Configuration Instructions . . . Special Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Persistent Naming Support . . . . . . . . . Control Path Failover Support for Libraries . . . Data Path Failover and Load Balancing Support for Tape Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System-Managed Encryption . . . . . . . . Problem Determination . . . . . . . . . . 123 123 124 126 145 148 149 150 153 155

Chapter 3. AIX Tape and Medium Changer Device Driver . . . . . . . . 23Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Data Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Product Requirements . . . . . . . . . . Installation and Configuration Instructions . . . Tape Drive, Media, and Device Driver Parameters Special Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . Persistent Naming Support . . . . . . . . Control Path Failover Support for Tape Libraries . Data Path Failover and Load Balancing Support for Tape Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . System-Managed Encryption . . . . . . . Problem Determination . . . . . . . . . Tape Drive Service Aids . . . . . . . . . Performance Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 24 24 26 28 . 34 . 36 . 37 39 41 43 48 51

Chapter 7. Windows Tape and Medium Changer Device Driver . . . . . . . 163Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Data Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . Product Requirements . . . . . . . . . Installation and Configuration Instructions . . Persistent Naming Support on Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2008 . . . . . . Control Path Failover Support for Tape Libraries Data Path Failover Support for Tape Drives . . System-Managed Encryption . . . . . . . Problem Determination . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 163 164 165

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Chapter 4. HP-UX Tape and Medium Changer Device Driver . . . . . . . . 55Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Data Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Product Requirements . . . . . . . . . . Installation and Configuration Instructions . . . Supported Configuration Parameters . . . . . Special Files . . . . . . . . . . . . . Persistent Naming Support . . . . . . . . Control Path Failover Support for Tape Libraries . Data Path Failover and Load Balancing Support for Tape Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . Problem Determination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 55 56 58 75 79 80 81

. 181 182 . 183 . 184 . 185

Chapter 8. Tru64 Device Driver . . . . 189Purpose . . . . . Product Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189 . 189

Chapter 9. 3494 Enterprise Tape Library Support . . . . . . . . . . 193Purpose . . . . . . . MTLIB Program . . . . MTEVENT Program . . . Library Driver Information . 3494 Library Emulation . . AIX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193 194 205 205 209 212

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Copyright IBM Corp. 2007, 2009

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HP-UX . Linux . . Solaris . . Windows . TRU64. . SGI IRIX .

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221 228 234 240 247 253

AIX System . . . HP-UX System . . Linux System . . Solaris System . . Microsoft Windows Tru64 System . . SGI/IRIX System .

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344 346 348 350 352 354 356

Chapter 10. IBM Tape Diagnostic Tool (ITDT). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Accessing ITDT . . . . . . . . . . . Supported Systems . . . . . . . . . . Supported Equipment . . . . . . . . . Standard Edition - Installation . . . . . . . Standard Edition - Initial Startup . . . . . . Standard Edition - Known Issues and Limitations Standard Edition - Start Menu Commands . . Standard Edition - Scan Menu Commands. . . Standard Edition - Tapeutil Menu Commands . Standard Edition - Tapeutil Scripting Commands Graphical Edition - Installation . . . . . . Graphical Edition - Known Issues and Limitations Graphical Edition - User Interface Description . Graphical Edition - Scan Menu Commands . . Graphical Edition - Tapeutil Menu Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 260 262 262 263 264 267 270 274 274 290 297 312 313 314 317 328

Appendix C. Managing the Microcode on the IBM Tape Drive . . . . . . . 357AIX System . . . HP-UX System . . Linux System . . Solaris System . . Microsoft Windows Tru64 System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357 358 358 358 358 359

Appendix D. Tape Utility Programs

361362 375 385 397 406 425

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AIX System - Tape Utility Program (tapeutil) . . . HP-UX System - Tape Utility Program (tapeutil) Linux System - Tape Utility Program (IBMtapeutil) Solaris System - Tape Utility Program (tapeutil) Microsoft Windows System - Utility Program (ntutil). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Tru64 System - RAS Utility Program (IBMrasutil)

Appendix A. Accessing Documentation and Software Online . 341 Appendix B. Verifying Proper Attachment of Your Devices . . . . . 343

Notices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 429

iv

IBM Tape Device Drivers Installation and Users Guide

Figures1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. Current Attachment Array . . . . . . . . 2 Example of an IBM Tape Environment . . . . 3 Multiple HBA and multi-port devices . . . . 13 Multiple HBA and single ports . . . . . . 14 Single HBA and multi-port devices. . . . . 15 Sample Encryption Configuration File. . . . 20 Data Flow for AIX Device Driver (Atape) 24 Data Path for AIX Device Driver (Atape) 52 Data Flow for HP-UX Device Driver (ATDD) 56 Example of atdd_d.log Output . . . . . . 89 Data Flow for Linux Device Driver (lin_tape) 94 Data Flow for Solaris Device Driver (IBMtape) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124 Example of Control Path Failover Support Command Output . . . . . . . . . . 150 Example of Data Path Failover Support Command Output . . . . . . . . . . 152 Data Flow for Windows Device Driver (IBMmag) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 Select Components Menu (using IBMUltrium.WinNT.exe) . . . . . . . . 167 Start Menu . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 Creating Driver List . . . . . . . . . 168 Rescanning for Tape Device . . . . . . . 168 Install Driver Menu - Select Cancel . . . . 169 Tape Devices Menu . . . . . . . . . 170 Have Disk Menu . . . . . . . . . . 171 Install Driver Menu . . . . . .