How We Treat One Another in School by Donna M. San Antonio and Elizabeth A Salzfass

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How We Treat One Another in School by Donna M. San Antonio and Elizabeth A Salzfass. May 2007 volume 64 Number 8 Educating the Whole Child Pages 32-38. Olweus (1993) defines bullying as verbal, physical, or psychological abuse or teasing accompanied by real or perceived. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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How We Treat One Another in School by Donna M. San Antonio and Elizabeth A SalzfassHow We Treat One Another in Schoolby Donna M. San Antonio and Elizabeth A SalzfassMay 2007 volume 64 Number 8Educating the Whole Child Pages 32-38Olweus (1993) defines bullying as verbal, physical, or psychological abuse or teasing accompanied by real or perceived Imbalance of power.Students entering middle school were asked their greatest fears they responded:That I will not have any friends orThat people will make fun of me(San Antonio, 2004)Greatly diminishes students ability to engage actively in learningHigh rates of school absenceDropping out of schoolLow self-esteem, anxiety and depression2/3 of school shootings have been carried out by bullied victimsThe effects of bullying can be devastating!Research shows bullying is as harmful and life changing as physical abuse and lingers long into adulthood. 4Rural school in a small town with a diverse socioeconomic population 94 % white and 25% of students are eligible for free or reduced lunch.Big city school low income neighborhood 65% Latino, 33% black 93% eligible for free or reduced lunch.Small city school diverse in ethnicity, socioeconomically, 40% white, 36% black, 11% Latino 10% Asian 30 % eligible for free or reduced lunch.Over 200 students in three New England middle schools were surveyed in 2006 regarding their experiences with bullying.Rural school the only school that a majority of students (2 in 3) said that bullying was a serious problem. One student reported that I feel safe here but my emotions take a blow here.Big city school Reported feeling safe much less often than their peers and feared bullying the most.The girls in the rural school 72% reported relational bullying compared with 58 % of girls at Big City School and 48% at the Small city school.Results of the SurveyExtent of BullyingMost students 76.5% felt safe most of the time.All 3 schools reported bullying took place most frequently in the halls during transitions.Rural school & small city school - reported problems on the playground and cafeteria.Big city school Reported problems in the bathrooms.Results of the SurveyLocation of BullyingBeing overweightNot dressing rightThe Small city school and the Rural school reported the second most common reason was for being perceived as gay.Results of the SurveyReasons for BullyingWalking awaySaying mean things backHitting backTelling the bully to stopThe least popular response was to tell an adult!Results of the SurveyReactions to BullyingMost students did not have confidence that adults could protect them from being bullied. Teachers do not seem to notice bullying and did not take it seriously enough. Most students said the wanted teachers to be more aware of all types of bullying and to intervene more often. They sayResults of the SurveyInadequate Adult ResponseWatch out for us and dont ignore us!Pay attentionJust ask us whats wrongTalk to the students who have been bullied to see how to stop itStart caring moreBelieve usPunish the bulliesDo something instead of nothingConduct an assessmentCreate a committee to focus on school relationshipsImplement anti -bullying policyTrain ALL school employeesHelp the bullied and the bulliesRecognize and name all forms of bullyingReclaim goodnessThe Kindness Campaign or on WikiIntegrate social-emotional education into the curriculumWhat Schools Can DoEducators can influence the social and emotional climate of schools.Student value fairness, respectful communication, and adults who make them feel physically and emotionally safe and cared for. In conclusion

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