how to make a film pwp

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Author: juditetah

Post on 16-Jan-2015




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  • 1.

2. 3. The idea

  • All film begins to be an idea.
  • The ideas are born by the author.
  • The film idea and the theme is the same.

4. The plot

  • It is the ideas development.
  • The person who writes it is calledwriter.
  • The plot is the same as action.
  • We usually can distinguish three parts:
      • The actions approach.
      • The knot or development.
      • The ending.
  • A work with a resolved end is called .
  • A work without a resolved end is called .

5. 6. The rhythm

  • It is the dynamic impression given by the length of the shots, the dramatic intensity and the effects.
  • Long shots create a slow rhythm.
  • Short shots create a quick rhythm.

7. Kinds

  • Analytical: short sots and very numerous.
  • Synthetics: long shots and few in number.
  • In crescendo: shots increasingly shorter and increasingly longer.

8. The time

  • The time film is different to real time.
  • Forms of time film:
      • Suitability.
      • Condensation.
      • Relaxation.
      • Continuity.
      • Concurrency.
      • Flash back.
      • Psychological time.
      • Ellipsis.
      • Resources to represent the past.
      • Resources to represent the passage of time.

9. 10. The camera

  • It is a machine with we obtain a series of photographs on film.
  • The camera has two reels:
      • The reel feeder.
      • The reel recorded.
  • There is a lens which is called zoom.
  • The most important thing is the objective, a lens trough the light enters in the camera.

11. The angles

  • It is called at the way that the camera is placed.
  • The camera can catch the figures:
      • In a normal way.
      • Sharply.
      • .
      • Sight of worm.
      • Sight of bird.

12. The movement

  • The author writes with the film camera.
  • It moves in all directions of the stage or space.
  • Subjective usedwhen the camera becomes a character in the action film and we can see what it sees.
  • The camera rests on a tripod and it can do:
      • Balancing.
      • Pitch or tilt.
      • Rotation or look around.
      • Travelling.

13. 14. Classes

  • The shot is obtained by photographing from a certain distance one or more figures.
  • Classes of shots:
      • The very first close-up, insert or detail.
      • The first level.
      • The median.
      • The short general shot.
      • The long general shot.
      • The great general map.

15. 16. The colours

  • It is not an essential element of the images.
  • It does not say anything.
  • It speaks for itself.
  • On some occasions they are used symbolically, but these symbols are not universal.

17. 18. Light and kinds

  • The light in film serves to express things clearly and to create the right climate.
  • It gives life to objects.
  • Kinds of light:
      • Natural.
      • Artificial.
      • Diffuse.
      • Direct.

19. Effects

  • Light comes from above.
  • Light comes from below.
  • Light comes from front.
  • Light comes from side.
  • Rear lighting.

20. 21. The sound

  • The sound element in film is composed by: Words, Sounds and Music.
  • OFF voice is the voice of a character we hear and its outside the shot by telling the story.
  • They are taken from the microphone.
  • Silence is also an expressive sound.

22. 23. How to make it

  • It is a tape that was made of celluloid and now is made of a material seems that one but this doesnt ignite.
  • The organized phrases or shots as a whole make a film.
  • The procedure through which is organized the parts of a film or narrative units is called assembly.
  • The meaning of the film depends on the assembly.

24. Kinds of transition

  • Cast (in black or white): the scene goes dark or lights quickly.
  • Chained: slowly the image disappears.
  • Wipe: looks like a moving image that comes to the other.
  • Scanning: the camera moves quickly.
  • Court: two different images are connected.

25. The develop

  • The film to print is called blank film; its ready to receive the images.
  • First we obtain the negative film where the whites of the image appear blacks and the blacks, whites.
  • Then it is passed to a positive film and when its developed gives a positive image like we see reality.

26. The soundtrack

  • It can be obtained:
    • Optically: photographing sound on celluloid.
    • Magnetically: a refined magnetic phonetic tape that it is stuck in film.

27. The projector

  • It is a machine which shows the film.
  • It has got two reels:
    • A feed one which provides the film to the projector.
    • A receiver one which gathers the film once projected.
  • It also has a mechanism that transforms photographed sound in real noises.

28. 29. Traditional tricks

  • Appearances and quick disappearances of characters.
  • Appearances and quick disappearances transparent characters.
  • Invisible persons.
  • Transparency.
  • Models.
  • Rain and storms.
  • Explosions and bullet holes.
  • Landslides.
  • Slow & Quick motion.
  • Photographic tricks.