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8/12/2019 Guitar Licks Jazz 1/117 Guitar Licks: Wes Montgomery Montgomery The next great guitarist to stand up after Charlie Christian was Wes Montgomery . It took him a long time to become famous, but during the last years of his life he had great commercial success. It's the release of the album The Incredible Jazz Guitar of Wes Montgomery in 1960 that made him famous in the jazz world. Unfortunately he died of a heart attack at the height of his success, only 43 years old. Wes Montgomery's trademarks are picking with his thumb rather then with a pick (he actually did up and down strokes with his thumbs) and his use of octaves . His influence can still be heard today in many players. Jazz guitarists like George Benson , Pat Metheny and Emily Remler say to be influenced by Wes Montgomery. Recommended listening : Smokin' at the Half Note (live) Related Wes Montgomery article : Wes Montgomery's Guitar Gear II V I Licks 1) The first lick starts with a series of arpeggio's. The first 4 notes make a Dm7 arpeggio, followed by a Cmaj7 arpeggio, then again a Dm7. The Cmaj7 arpeggio in the first bar contains all the tensions of Dm7 plus the b7 : C(b7), E(9), G(11), B(6). The Last bar is build around a C triad arpeggio.

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    Guitar Licks: Wes Montgomery Montgomery

    The next great guitarist to stand up after Charlie Christian was Wes Montgomery .It took him a long time to become famous, but during the last years of his life hehad great commercial success. It's the release of the album The Incredible JazzGuitar of Wes Montgomery in 1960 that made him famous in the jazz world.Unfortunately he died of a heart attack at the height of his success, only 43 yearsold.

    Wes Montgomery's trademarks are picking with his thumb rather then with a pick(he actually did up and down strokes with his thumbs) and his use of octaves .

    His influence can still be heard today in many players. Jazz guitarists like GeorgeBenson , Pat Metheny and Emily Remler say to be influenced by Wes Montgomery.

    Recommended listening : Smokin' at the Half Note (live) Related Wes Montgomery article : Wes Montgomery's Guitar Gear

    II V I Licks

    1) The first lick starts with a series of arpeggio's. The first 4 notes make a Dm7arpeggio, followed by a Cmaj7 arpeggio, then again a Dm7. The Cmaj7 arpeggio inthe first bar contains all the tensions of Dm7 plus the b7 : C(b7), E(9), G(11), B(6).The Last bar is build around a C triad arpeggio.
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    2) The second half of the first bar consists of a chromatic line. This chromatictechnique is also used a lot by Pat Metheny.

    3) This one has a nice voice leading.

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    4) This one's a blues cliche.

    V I Licks

    1) There's a nice chromatic line in the second bar, delayed by the Dm arpeggio.

    2) This one speaks for itself.

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    Minor Lick

    This lick is in the D Dorian scale with some added chromatics.

    Dominant Lick

    This is a blues lick with some double stops.

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    Tal Farlow

    Bebop guitarist Tal Farlow didn't pick up a guitar until he was 21 and it took himonly a year to play professionally. From 1949 to 1953 he played with the Red

    Norvo Trio , and he got famous in the jazz world of that time.

    In 1953 Tal Farlow started his own band, but by 1958 he dropped of the scene .He moved to New Jersey , only played locally and made one recording as a leaderin the period between 1960-1975. He stopped regularly touring in the early 1970's.He made a living (in semi-retirement as a jazz performer) as a sign-painter.

    In the last ten years or so of his life he was still going here and there in the US andto Europe every summer for the occasional performance. From 1976 to 1984 he

    recorded 8 records for Concorde, before disappearing from the scene again.

    Tal Farlow died in 1998

    Recommended listening : The Swinging Guitar of Tal Farlow

    II V I Licks

    This first lick in the style of Tal Farlow uses a number of chromatic notes tooutline the ii-V-I underlying chord changes. Tal loved to use chromatic notes in his
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    lines, so working out phrases such as this will go a long way when working Tal ssound into your lines and solos.

    In bar 1, you see the G-Gb-F-E grouping which comes from the G Bebop scale,

    anticipating that chord by two beats before it arrives in the second bar. There is a Bdim7 arpeggio in bar 2, B-D-F-Ab, outlining a G7b9 sound, leading to

    another set of chromatic notes from Ab to E, the 3rd of Cmaj7.

    Listen & Play

    00:00 / 00:00

    Some things to notice in this ii V I lick:

    This phrase uses the Melodic Minor sound over Dm7, by playing an Fmaj7#5

    arpeggio (F-A-C#-E) over Dm7.

    There is a nice chromatic approach to the 3rd of G7 at the start of the second bar (A-

    A#-B) which uses chromaticism to lead the listener to the chord that is coming next. Lastly, there is a G Altered Scale (7th mode of Melodic Minor) being used to create

    tension over G7 that is later resolved to the Cmaj7 chord in bar 3 of the lick.
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    the C#-D motion in the last part of the phrase. Both of these ideas, Enclosures andMelodic Minor over tonic minor chords, were commonly used by Tal and are funitems to explore.

    In this minor ii-V-i phrase, you can see:

    An Am7 arpeggio being used to outline the A7alt chord, as the note C produces a

    7#9 sound over that chord.

    As well, there is a 3 to 9 arpeggio over the Dm7 chord, F A C E, which

    superimposed an Fmaj7 arpeggio over Dm7 to highlight the 9th of that chord.

    Arpeggios were a big part of Tal s soloing ideas, especially shapes such as these

    where you use two different shapes, Am-Fmaj7, to outline the underlying chords,


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    Stochelo Rosenberg

    Gypsy jazz guitarist Stochelo Rosenberg is the lead guitarist of the Rosenberg

    Trio . He started playing guitar when he was 10 and was taught by his father anduncle. Stochelo formed a band with his cousins and won several contests when hewas young.

    Stochelo's musical hero is of course Django Reinhardt and his favorite compositionto play is Nuages .

    Stochelo plays on a Selmer guitar , a typical guitar for gypsy jazz . The serialnumber of his guitar is 504. Django Reinhardt played the same model of guitar

    with serial number 503.He received a golden guitar from the magazine Guitarist in1992.

    Recommended listening : Live at the North Sea Jazz Festival

    Major Lick

    Stochelo plays this lick on 'How Insensitive', the beautiful Antonio Carlos Jobimcomposition.

    The lick consists of a series of arpeggio's: he starts of with a Dm7 arpeggio (acommon substitute for Bbmaj7) and continues with a Bbmaj7 arpeggio. Heanticipates the Ebmaj7 with a Cm7 arpeggio (the VI substitute) and goes on withEbmaj7 and Eb6 arpeggio's.
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    Scott Henderson Guitar Licks

    Scott Henderson is a well known blues and fusion guitar player. He was votedbest jazz guitarist in Guitar Player Magazine (1992). He was the original guitarist ofthe Chick Corea Electric Band, and recorded with Jean-Luc Ponty and JoeZawinul. His own band is called Tribal Tech . Scott Henderson teaches guitar at

    the Guitar Institute of Technology .

    Here's a little trick I saw Scott Henderson do on a video somewhere. This first oneworks on minor chords . He starts from the root and then plays two perfect 5ths, aminor 2 and then again two perfect 5ths:

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    Minor Lick

    1) This lick is king of bluesy and uses the A minor blues scale . Play it over A minoror A7 blues.

    Dominant Lick

    2) This is a dominant lick that uses the G minor blues scale. Notice the alternationbetween the flat and the natural third. The flat third gives us a bluesy sound on adominant chord.

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    Pat Metheny Pat Metheny's versatility is almost beyond compare to other musicians. It seems

    like he masters every style and he succeeds in blending those styles in a naturaland elegant way.His musical diversity shows if you have a look at some of the people he played with: from Steve Reich to Ornette Coleman to Jim Hall to DavidBowie to Noa to Herbie Hancock to ...

    Pat Metheny manages to combine virtuosity with accessibility , resulting in musicthat is pleasing for 2 kinds of audiences , hence his popularity.

    Recommended listening : Question and Answer

    Minor Licks

    1) This is a typical Pat Metheny lick. Use it over Emin or Dmaj and make sure you

    get the picking right : down stroke for the beats and upstroke for the off beats.
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    5) This is a montuno-like guitar lick that Pat Metheny plays on 'Phase Dance' fromthe album called Pat Metheny Group . There's also a live version of 'Phase Dance'on the CD Travels .

    A montuno is a repeated syncopated vamp usually played by the piano in salsamusic .

    The Bm7 and Bbmaj7 can also be seen as D/B and Dmin/Bb. This is also what Ithink when I improvise over 'Phase Dance' : D major over the Bm7 and D minerover the Bbmaj7.

    In the coda of 'Phase Dance' the montuno goes through a series of very interestingand beautiful modulations.

    Check it out!
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    Various Licks

    6) Metheny plays this famous guitar lick on the solo break of 'Third Wind'(roundabout 1.35), a Metheny composition from the album Still Life (Talking) . There are a lot of transcriptions of this lick circulating on the internet, but I've neverfound a correct one.The lick uses a lot of chromatic notes and pentatonic scales.It's a good Pat Metheny technique exercise.
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    Recommended listening : Live at Yoshi's

    Dominant Licks

    1) The first lick is a V - I minor lick. If the second chord would be a major chord,change the last note to an 'e natural'.

    2) This is a sixteenth note lick with a lot of chromatism.

    3) This lick uses a simple rhythmic idea.
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    Minor Licks

    1) This minor lick is build around a C major arpeggio, a common substitute for Aminor.

    2) This one is also build around a C major arpeggio.

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    While learning classic licks, getting them under your fingers and working them in12 keys is important, many players hit a roadblock when it comes toactually making them sound good during improvised solos.

    In this lesson, featuring videos from Chris Standring (author of the immenselysuccessful guitar course Play What You Hear ), you will learn how to take small,manageable licks and connect them in a musical way to build longer lines in your

    jazz guitar solos.

    By breaking down longer lines into short, easy to play licks, you will not only addsome great sounding Bebop lines to your vocabulary, but you will give yourself thebuilding blocks needed to create hip-sounding lines on your own .

    Mini Licks

    To begin, here is a master list of all of the mini -licks used in the longer linesbelow.

    It would be good to start this lesson by playing through each of these smaller

    ideas , learning how they sit on the fingerboard and how they sound as individualideas. This will help you learn to recognize these small yet important licks later onwhen you begin to explore the longer Bebop lines below.

    Feel free to refer back to this master list as you work through the longer Beboplines in order to refresh your memory with these short licks, as well as use theseshort ideas to create your own Bebop lines later on in the practice room.
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    Em7 Bebop Lick 1

    In this first example, which is played at both slow and fast speeds in the video ,

    you can see how Chris takes 5 short licks and connects them to form a longer,three-bar Bebop line over an Em7 chord.

    Work this line slowly at first, paying attention to the lick as a whole, but also theshort licks that are connected in order to build the longer phrase. It s j ust asimportant to see the small licks as they come together as it is to get the longerline under your fingers.

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    Em7 Bebop Lick 2

    This second example, which you can see at both slow and fast tempos in the videobelow, uses some of the same licks as the previous line, but now adds some newideas to the mix over the course of these 3 bars.

    If you can get the long line under your fingers, as well as understand and hearhow it was built by connecting the smaller ideas , then you not only get a coolsounding lick to use in your solos, but you are well on your way to building linessuch as this on your own.

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    Em7 Bebop Lick 3

    In this third and final example, you can see how four licks from the first and second

    lick are connected in new ways to derive a unique sounding phrase .

    Check out the video for a demonstration of this lick in both slow and fast speeds,then take this lick to different keys and tempos around the neck.

    Miles Davis Miles Davis

    Writing a short introduction to Miles Davis is not an easy task , it's like trying tosummarize the history of jazz from the 40's to the 90's.

    Miles Davis' professional career spans 50 years during which he was on top ofalmost every important innovation in jazz. He played his trumpet ina melodic and introspective way, often employing a mute .

    Miles Davis impressed by his performance, recordings but also by his choiceof sidemen .Getting picked to play in a Miles Davis band was like putting a dose of steroids in

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    your musical career. The list of guitarists who played with him speaks foritself: John Scofield , Mike Stern , John McLaughlin an dRobben Ford .

    Miles began playing the trumpet when he was 13 and had his first professional gig

    when he was 17. He was 19 when he played in Charlie Parker 's band and at 23he made his first influential album as a bandleader: Birth of the Cool .

    The list of following influential albums is simply too big to produce here.

    Recommended listening : Kind of Blue

    So What

    This lick is the theme of So What from the Miles Davis album Kind of Blue . Thisfirst-take, unrehearsed Miles Davis session from 1959 is a true masterpiece. It wasthe key recording of what became modal jazz , a music free of fixed harmonies andforms.

    The band itself is extraordinary (proof of Miles Davis's masterful casting skills),listing John Coltrane and Julian "Cannonball" Adderley on saxophones, Bill Evans(or, on "Freddie Freeloader," Wynton Kelly) on piano, and the crack rhythm unit ofPaul Chambers on bass and Jimmy Cobb on drums.

    If Kind of Blue is not part of your CD collection yet, don't hesitate and BUY IT , it'sclassic jazz's best selling album ever . Also a very interesting read : Kind of Blue:The Making of the Miles Davis Masterpiece

    The Play-A-Long book and CD set Jamey Aebersold (Vol. 50) The Magic ofMiles has four tunes coming out of 'Kind of Blue', including 'So What'. The

    Aebersold CD's are are excellent backing tracks to practice your improvisationson.
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    So What is based on a D dorian scale . The composition itself alternates betweenD and Eb minor. A chorus looks like this : 2x 8 bars D minor, 1x 8 bars of Eb minorand 1x 8 bars of D minor.

    ii V I Licks

    This ii V I Lick in Bb uses typical Miles techniques as it snakes it s way throughthe underlying chord changes. Check out these voice leading techniques that Milesused in his solos:

    Notice the b9 drop in bar one, from the Eb down to the D, which is a characteristic of

    Miles playing.

    The use of the B (#11) to start the second bar, allowing for a half-step resolution of

    the C in the last beat of the first bar.

    The Eb-D movement (b7 to 3rd) that connects the last two bars.
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    There is a typical shape to this line that you hear in many of Miles improvisedsolos.

    The lick moves down and octave from D to Eb in the first bar,

    then back up to that same D half way through bar two,

    before repeating this same up and down movement one more time to finish the line.

    Direction is a big part of Miles lines, and so it is worth looking at in your practiceroutine, as well as what scales, arpeggios and chromatic notes Miles used to buildhis licks and phrases.

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    Minor Licks

    Here is a Dm7 lick that uses a few chromatic notes, the A# lower neighbor and C#,

    hinting at D Melodic Minor, to build tension during the phrase.

    Also notice these two approaches that Miles liked to use in his minor 7th chordsoloing ideas:

    The use of the C triad to outline the b7-9-11 intervals over Dm7.

    The line finishing on the 6th (B).

    In this Dm7 lick, you are only using the notes from the D Dorian Mode to createthis snaking line over the underlying chord. Notice the three, 4-note groups in thesecond half of bar 2 and throughout bar 3 of the line. These three groups are allclassic Miles mini-licks that are worth exploring further as you expand on this lick:

    4 consecutive scale tones



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    Mike Stern

    Mike Stern started playing guitar at 12, studied at Berklee under Pat Metheny andbegan playing in the band Blood, Sweat and Tears at the age of 22.

    Leaving this band he played with Billy Cobham a short time, before moving to NYwhere he got recruited by Miles Davis to join his come back band in 1981. Heappears on 3 of his albums: The Man With the Horn , Star People and We WantMiles .

    In 1983 Mike Stern went touring for a year with Jaco Pastorius ' Word ofMouth band and then returned to Miles Davis for another year of touring. In 1985He released his first album as a leader: ' Neesh' and many albums followed since,

    including 3 Grammy Award nominations .

    Recommended listening : Standards

    Rhythm Changes Lick

    The first lick in this lesson outlines bars 5 to 7 in a Bb Rhythm Changes chordprogression . One of the most interesting parts of the lick is the second half of thefirst bar, where there is a classic bebop phrase being used to outline the Bb7chord, before it resolves to the 3rd of the Ebmaj7 chord on the downbeat of the
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    next bar. This five-note pattern is worth extracting from this lick and expanding upin your practice routine, as it is a common part of the jazz guitar language andsoloing vocabulary.

    Dominant Lick

    Here is a line that uses two characteristic Mike Stern soloing ideas:

    The first is the use of the Lydian Dominant (7#11) sound to outline a 7th chord (in

    this case G7#11).

    The second idea is the use of repetitive melodic phrases , in particular with triplet

    rhythms. Mike is a master at building tension in his lines by repeating phrases as the

    band builds energy behind him, and this lick demonstrates a bit of that energy as you

    use it to create interest in your soloing lines.

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    This lick is a short, Major ii-V-I outline in the style of Mike Stern that uses half-stepmovement to shift between each chord in the progression.

    We see the b7 of the iim7 chord (G) moving by half step to the 3rd of the V7 chord


    The b9 of the D7 chord (Eb) moves by half step to resolve to the 5th (D) of the Gmaj7

    chord to end the line.

    Moving by half step from one chord to the next is a staple of Mike s soloing, and issomething that is worth expanding on as you practice these ideas further in yourown playing.

    Lenny Breau

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    Lenny Breau was born in Maine on the 5th of August 1941. His Frenchspeaking parents were professional country musicians. Lenny began playingguitar when he was 7. When he was 12 he performed the role of lead guitarist inthe band of his parents, playing Chet Atkins-style instrumental songs.

    Lenny Breau was an outstanding fingerpicking guitarist who merged country,flamenco, classical and jazz guitar techniques into his own personal sound. Lennywas very good at simultaneously playing single note lines and chordaccompaniment. He was one of the first guitarists to play in the style of Bill Evans,using harmonics and seconds in his chord voicings. Near the end of his career hebegan using a 7- string guitar .

    Unfortunately Lenny Breau had drug problems . He died on the 12th of August,

    1984, aged 43. He was found dead in a swimming pool and it was soon discoveredLenny Breau had been murdered . The case remains unsolved until today.

    Recommended listening : Swingin' on a Seven StringRecommended Reading : One Long Tune (Lenny Breau's biography)

    1) This first Lenny Breau lick is based off of his chord-melody arrangement ofthe classic Jazz Standard Emily . The phrase is played without time, rubato, but

    feel free to work it out both freely and with a metronome in order to get a broadervision of how these chords can be translated into your solo and chord melodyperformances.
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    2) One of the things that Lenny was great at, was walking a bass whilemaintaining a melody line on top of those bass notes . Here is an example ofthis concept over the first four bars of an A Blues, using the A Blues Scale over top

    of a chromatic, ascending bassline that moves from root, to the IV chord and backto the I7 chord with the 5th in the bass.

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    3) One of the most characteristic sounds of Lenny Breau s playing is his useof artificial harmonics . In this sample lick, you are mixing harmonics (the diamond

    notes in the staff) with plucked notes as you ascend an Am11 chord on the 5th fret.When playing this lick, make sure to let all the notes ring over each other so that itimitates a harp, getting that true Lenny sound when applying this idea to your ownarrangements and improvisations.

    4) This next lick is influenced by Lenny s playing on one -chord modal tunes suchas his classic versions of McCoy Tyner s Visions. Here, you are applying 4thintervals to create 3-note shapes that you then run through an E Dorian Mode ,being played over an open-E string pedal. Both ideas that Lenny loved to explorewhen playing over modal tunes such as Visions.

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    5) Last but not least, here is a chordal riff based on Lenny s love of using 3rdsand 7ths as the basis for any chord or comping idea in his playing. In this lick, tryto visualize the 3rds and 7ths below the melody line as being separate from themelody itself. Almost as if there are two guitarists playing this phrase rather thanone.

    Lee Ritenour

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    Minor Jazz Lick

    1) This fast minor lick comes from Lee Ritenour's guitar solo on 'Stolen Moments' ,

    as played on the CD Stolen Moments .

    The lick is played on the IVth degree of Cm7 (Fm7). Lee starts with an arpeggiopattern (9 11 5 b7: a Cm7 arpeggio started on the 5), transposes the pattern inthirds like one would do with diminished patterns and resolves with some chromaticnotes to the b3 of Fm7.

    Larry Coryell

    Larry Coryell was born 2 april 1943 in Texas. He began playing guitar at the ageof 7. When he was 22 he gave up his studies and moved to New York to be aprofessional musician. Later that year he played in drummer Chico Hamilton 'sband, together with Gabor Szabo , whom he replaced by 1966. In Chico's bandLarry Coryell made his recording debut: The Dealer. In 1967 Larry Coryell startedplaying in Gary Burton 's band and in 1969 he recorded an album with HerbieMann.In 1973 he started his own band, called Eleventh House .

    During the 80s Larry Coryell only played acoustic guitar . He toured with JohnMcLaughlin and Paco De Lucia, before being replaced by Al Di Meola . Some othermusicians he played with during that period: Eric Clapton , Jimi Hendrix, PatMetheny , John Scofield , John Abercrombie , Larry Carlton , Tony Williams, DavidSandborn, Michael Brecker, Sonny Rollins, Stephane Grappelli, Chick Corea, Lyle
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    Some of the people he played with: Steely Dan , Joni Mitchell (on her Court andSpark album), Quincy Jones , Donald Fagen (on his excellent album), MichaelJackson , Steve Lukather , Lee Ritenour and many more.He also played in the bands Fourplay and The Crusaders .

    His most important influences are Wes Montgomery and Barney Kessel , butalso B.B. King and Joe Pass .

    Recommended listening : Last Nite (live).

    Minor Lick

    The following tablature comes out of Larry Carlton's solo on Steely Dan 's 'KidCharlemagne' on the album The Royal Scam . Rolling Stone magazine calledCarlton's solo one of the 3 greatest guitar solos in rock history.

    Kurt Rosenwinkel

    Kurt Rosenwinkel studied in Berklee , but dropped out after 2 and a half years to goon tour with Gary Burton . With the help of Burton he soon became one of themost successful jazz guitarists of the East Coast .

    He toured with people like Paul Motion , Joe Henderson and Joe Lovano andearned the praise of jazz guitarists like John Scofield and Pat Metheny . He
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    featured on many albums with people like Gary Burton, Seamus Blake and PaulMotion.

    In 1995 he won the Composer's Award from the National Endowment for the

    Arts. In 2000 he released the album Intuit , a collection of jazz standards .

    Recommended listening: The Next Step

    Minor Lick

    This is a slippery lick in the style of Kurt s playing, which uses the Aeolianmode over an Fm7 chord. Though many of us associate m7 chords with theDorian sound in jazz, especially in a Modal context, sometimes using the Aeolianmode can be a secure choice when soloing over m7 chord vamps, as is the casewith this lick.

    ii V I Licks

    In this lick, there is a strong sense of legato , which is a characteristic of Kurt splaying, as well as a number of altered tones over the G7 in this line.
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    In bar 2 , you will see #9, b9 and b13 intervals (Bb-Ab-Eb) used to create tensionover a G7 chord. All of these tensions resolve during the same bar, Bb-Ab resolveto the tonic note G, and Eb resolves to the 5th (D) allowing each tension to resolveproperly and musically during this phrase.

    Another major key ii V I lick, this phrase stays diatonic throughout the entirephrase, though there is a sense of space and 4th intervals over Cmaj7, both ofwhich are idiomatic of Kurt s playing. Notice the D -G-D and D-A intervals overCmaj7, which are diatonic 4ths from the C major scale, as these are commonlyused intervals found in Kurt s playing, as well as the playing of many popularmodern jazz guitarists.

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    Kenny Burrell

    Kenny Burrell has been a high in demand guitarist during all his career (hewas Duke Ellington 's favorite guitar player). Some of the jazz giants he playedwith : Dizzy Gillespie , Sonny Rollins , Quincy Jones , John Coltrane , JimmySmith , Stan Getz , Billie Holiday , ...

    His most famous record is Midnight Blue with the Latin flavored hit 'Chitlins ConCarne', later covered by blues giant Stevie Ray Vaughan .

    He has a cool guitar tone and is able to perform some very smooth jazzguitar. His main influences are bop , blues and latin and you can hear a lotof pentatonics and blues scales in his improvisations.

    Recommended listening : Midnight Blue

    II V I Licks

    1) This first lick in the style of Kenny Burrell is a nice way to change position on thefret board.
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    2) This second lick starts with a G pentatonic scale, advances to a Dm9 arpeggioand resolves in the 3 of Cmaj7.

    Blues Licks

    This is a bluesy lick in the Eb blues pentatonic scale.

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    A fun and classic sounding Kenny Burrell lick that is based on the Eb MajorPentatonic Scale, used over an Eb7 chord.

    Here you are using the Eb Minor Blues scale to solo over an Eb7 chord in a stylevery reminiscent of Kenny s 60s recordings.

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    John Scofield

    John Scofield arguably is one of the big three of modern jazz guitarists (the othertwo being Pat Metheny and Bill Frisell ).

    He started playing guitar at high school and studied at Berklee from 1970 to 1973.Soon after he began playing and recording with leading jazz figures such as ChetBaker, Gerry Mulligan and Charles Mingus.

    From 1982 to 1985 John Scofield toured and recorded with Miles Davis. Heappears on Star People ,Decoy , You're Under Arrest and other albums. In 1977 hestarted making records as a leader. The first album being 'East Meets West' wasmore funk orientated than his later albums.

    Scofield has a very personal and recognizable guitar sound. It is a rock-bluesorientated sound and is often a bit distorted.

    Recommended listening : Hand Jive

    1) This is a very melodic lick over a V going to I minor and uses the C minor

    harmonic scale . John Scofield uses a technique called double stops. A doublestop is when you play 2 notes at the same time and can be used to outline theharmony in your solo's.
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    2) In this Scofield inspired lick, there are a few triads being superimposed over

    the underlying chords to create interest at various points in the phrase. Using triadsfrom the 5th of any chord is a great way to highlight the 9th of that chord while notrelying on the root in your phrases.

    The first is the Em triad over Am7 in bar one, which outlines the 5-7-9intervals of that chord.

    The second is the Adim triad over D7 in bar 2, this time highlighting the 5-7-b9 intervals of that chord.

    3) Here is a slippery little G7#11 lick that uses both the Lydian Dominant Scale , aSco favorite, as well as a number of hammer-ons and pull-offs during it s

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    construction. A lot of Sco s lines are full of slides and other slurs, especially from aweak beat to a strong beat. So, having a strong control of these concepts will go along way into bringing a Scofield sound into your solos.

    4) This line over a minor ii V I chord progression features:

    Broken arpeggios over the Am7b5 and D7alt chords, where only some of theunderlying arps are played during the line.

    The half-step motion between the b7 of the Am7b5 and the 3rd of the D7alt

    chord, G-F#, provides for a smooth transition between the iim7 and V7 chordsin this progression.

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    5) This minor chord lick features:

    A few bluesy bends and an overall focus on the b5/#4 interval (G# in this key)throughout the lick.

    A major 3rd passing tone used over the Dm7 chord during the second half ofbar 2. This note helps to connect the b3 and 4th intervals of the chord, beforeresolving up to the Dorian note, the 6th of the chord.

    John McLaughlin

    John McLaughlin started playing guitar when he was 11 and was initially influenced

    by blues and swing players. In 1969 McLaughlin started playing with Tony Williams'band Lifetime .

    John McLaughlin became famous as the guitarist of Mahavishnu Orchestra , agroup that combined the power of rock with the sophisticated improvisations of

    jazz.He also played on 2 classic Miles Davis albums: In a Silent Way and Bitches Brew .

    In 1975 McLaughlin switched directions and began playing acoustic guitar andIndian music with his band Shakti .

    Recommended listening : Shakti with John McLaughlin [LIVE]
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    Minor II V I Licks

    This lick uses the D minor harmonic scale . In the second bar John McLaughlin

    applies a sweep picking technique before resolving down to the 9th, E, andfinishing the line from there.

    This McLaughlin inspired minor ii V i lick is built off of the Harmonic MinorScale from the tonic key of A minor. Though not every note of this scale will fit overeach chord individually, when navigated in the right way, as is the case with thisline, you can and hear how this scale can produce just the right sounds needed foreach chord in the progression.

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    The last minor ii V i McLaughlin lick we ll look at again uses the A Harmonic MinorScale to outline the changes in this progression.

    You can see how:

    1. The G# in bar two helps bring out the sound of the underlying E7alt chord.

    2. The G# in bar 3 brings out the raised 7th sound (mMaj7) over the underlying Am7


    Minor Licks

    Here is a highly chromatic Am7 lick in the contemporary style of McLaughlin splaying. Using the Dorian mode as it s underlying sound, this lick brings in the b9(Bb) interval as well as the C# (major 3rd) interval throughout the phrase.

    While it can be difficult to use these tensions in your lines and phrases when firststarting out with jazz guitar, by studying phrases such as this, you ll be able to hearhow masters like McLaughlin uses these notes in their lines, allowing you tonavigate these chromatic phrases in your own jazz guitar solos over time.

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    This McLaughlin style lick uses the A Harmonic Minor Scale , along with two lowerneighbor notes (C# and F#) to produce a cool sounding, longer-form phrase over

    Am7. Though not as chromatic as the previous lick, this fairly straight-forward lineis a great introduction to the minor chord approaches that McLaughlin takes in hissolos.

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    John Coltrane

    John Coltrane's career only spans 12 year between 1955, the moment he first gotnoticed as a sideman, and 1967, the year of his death.

    Coltrane played in Miles Davis ' band from 1955 to 1957. The second half of 1957he played with Thelonious Monk , before joining Miles Davis' band again in 1958.This time he stayed till 1960 and played on 2 important Miles Davis albums: Milestones and Kind of Blue .

    In that period he also recorded two influential albums of his own: BlueTrain and Giant Steps .

    After his time with Miles Davis John Coltrane picked up the sopranosaxophone and formed a quartet with pianist McCoy Tyner , bassist JimmyGarrison and drummer Elvin Jones , with whom he recorded spirituallydriven albums like A Love Supreme . In this period he was influenced bythe modal music of Miles Davis and the music of Ravi Shankar.

    In his last years Coltrane got interested in the free jazz of Ornette Coleman.

    Recommended listening : A Love Supreme

    II V I Licks

    There are a few key items to take away from this first John Coltrane lick:

    The first thing to notice is the half-step approaches to the G7 chord tones in the first

    bar of the lick. Each chord tone, F-D, is approached by a half-step above, creating the
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    line B-Gb-F-Eb-D, and is something that you should apply to other arpeggios on the


    The second item is the Em7 arpeggio outlined in the second half of the G7 chord,

    which hits the Root, 3rd, 5th and 13th of the underlying chord along the way.

    In this John Coltrane inspired lick, you can see an Am7 arpeggio being usedover Dm7 , which produces the intervals 5-b7-9-11, or a Dm11 sound.

    Playing a m7 arpeggio from the 5th of a minor chord is a great way tospice up these chords.

    As well, there is a bebop scale being played in the second bar as there is an addedpassing tone between G and F over the G7 chord. The Bebop Scale is animportant Coltrane technique to check out in order to bring a Trane vibe to yoursolos and lines.
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    3 things to notice:

    There is an ascending scale running from the E all the way to A above the staff over

    the first two bars of the lick.

    The F triad used in bar 3 is something Trane liked to do, playing a second inversion

    of the triad, 5-R-3, instead of just running these chords tones in note order.

    As well, playing 4-5-6-9-R , the last 5 notes of the line, are a very characteristicsounding Trane idea that you can add to your jazz guitar playing.

    This lick uses chromatic notes and intervals to bring a tension-release vibe.

    The 4ths that start bar 2, D-G and G#-C#, are idiomatic to Trane s lines as these

    outside notes then resolve to the A-C, 3rd interval in the second half of that bar. T

    he Bb-Db-C enclosure in the 3rd bar of the lick is something that Trane loved to play,

    and is a technique you can explore further in order to expand your knowledge of

    enclosures in the woodshed.

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    This lick uses several superimposed chords to bring out different colors and

    tensions throughout the line.

    The first is the Bbmaj7 chord over C7, which outlines a C13sus sound in that part of

    the lick.

    The second superimposed chord is the B6 chord in the second half of the 3rd bar,

    which is a tritone away from the underlying root chord, Fmaj7.

    Joe Pass

    Joe Pass started playing guitar when he was 9 and he was already playing atweddings when he was 14. In his 20's he moved to New York, where he couldlisten to some of the best jazz musicians of that time. Joe Pass got captured by thesound of bebop , but unfortunately he also picked up a habit well known to jazzmusicians of that time : heroin.

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    The next decade was wasted for Joe Pass, spending time in jails, until he enteredSynanon, a drug rehabilitation center . In the center he formed a band with otherpatients and recorded the album Sounds of Synanon , which was very well receivedby the jazz critics.

    After 3 years in the center he was cured of his addiction and he could move on withhis musical career. He started playing in Los Angeles and got involved in the studioscene. In 1973 he recorded Virtuoso , an album that made him famous for solo

    jazz guitar playing .

    He recorded a duo album with Ella Fitzgerald and played with a lot of famous jazzmusicians like Count Basie , Dizzy Gillespie , Duke Ellington and OscarPeterson .

    Joe Pass died from cancer in 1994.

    Recommended listening : Guitar Virtuoso

    V I Lick

    In this lick, a Db diminished scale is played over the C7 chord. This results in thefollowing sounds over C7: b9, #9, 3, b5, 5, 13, b7 and 1.

    Notes of the Db diminished scale: Db D# E F# G A Bb C (to create adiminished scale, alternate between whole steps and half steps). The diminishedscale is a symmetrical scale, what means that it comes back every minor third: Dbdiminished is the same as E diminished is the same as G diminished is the sameas Bb diminished.

    A great way to create tension on the dominant chord: play a diminishedscale that is a half step higher compared to the root of the dominantchord.
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    II V I Minor Lick

    Here, a D minor triad arpeggio with an added 9 is played over the Bm7b5 chord,resulting in the following sounds : b3, 4, b5, b7.

    On the E7 an A harmonic minor scale is played..

    II V I Lick

    A nice ii V I lick starting with a pattern and then going to a Bbm7 arpeggio overthe Db7 (sounds like Db13).

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    Chord Licks

    In this Joe Pass inspired chord lick , you can hear many of the idiomatic soundsthat make up many of Joe s solo guitar licks and phrases. For this lick, try breakingit down into the mini phrases that make up each bar, that way you will be able toextract these ideas and use them in different combinations when coming up withyour own solo jazz guitar lines.

    The last lick that we ll look at uses a favorite rhythm from Joe s solo guitar work,you can hear a similar idea during his version of Have You Met Miss Jones . Theidea is that you break up the chord into the bass note and the top 3 notes of theshape, alternating back and forth until you get to the chromatic approach notes in

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    the last two 8th notes of each bar. Try accenting the chords only, not the bassnotes, to bring an added Joe sound to the mix with this line.

    Jimmy Raney

    Jimmy Raney was born in 1927 in Kentucky. His first big job was in 1948with Woody Herman .

    He had a relaxed, confident guitar style and a quiet tone. His phrases are bopinfluenced, but his sound is in the tradition of the cool jazz .

    His best work is together with Stan Getz with whom he worked in 1951-1952,1962-1963 and in the Red Norvo Trio (1953-1954). After his last work with StanGetz he disappeared from the music scene , but had a revival in the 70s.

    Jimmy Raney has a guitar playing son, Doug Raney , whom he made severalrecordings with. Jimmy died in 1995.

    Recommended listening : Jimmy Raney: A
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    II V I Lick

    This is a fast lick in the style of Jimmy Raney. The lick begins with an Em7

    arpeggio, followed by an F#m7 arpeggio. The phrase starting on the second half ofthe second beat is a chromatic approach to the next phrase.

    Jim Hall Pat Metheny and Bill Frisell regularly drop the name 'Jim Hall' as their greatestinfluence , and not without a reason.

    If your looking for speed then Jim Hall's not your man. In his own words:

    "I don't really play fast, speed has never come easily for me. Little by littleI pared down my playing to suit my personality."

    Jim Hall's playing is very advanced harmonically , what compensates his lack ofspeed . His guitar tone is very intimate and subtle , a good match for cool

    jazz players like Lee Konitz and Paul Desmond with whom he both played. On

    the other hand he also played with Sonny Rollins and Ella Fitzgerald .

    Jim Hall's playing also works very good in duo situations like 'Jim Hall &Basses' and 'Jim Hall & Pat Metheny' .
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    Recommended listening : 'Undercurrent'

    1) This lick works over an F pedal bass note and is basically a simple 6th intervalpattern transposed down the scale, a typical Jim Hall technique that also inspiredPat Metheny, who uses similar kind of ideas.

    Listen & Play

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    2) This major ii V I lick uses a common rhythmic device that is found in many ofJim Hall s classic jazz guitar solos. Here you will find a number of off -beat notes inthe first two bars of the riff, that then resolve rhythmically into more straight 8th-notes in the last half of the lick. Using displacement to start a line, and then ending
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    the line with more static rhythms, is something that stands out in Jim s playing, andgives him that rhythmic edginess that is characteristic of his soloing lines.

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    3) One thing that Jim loves to do in his single-line solos is double up on notes,especially in 3rds . In this example, you can see a line built with these ideas in

    mind, repeating notes that move around in diatonic 3rds over a ii V I chordprogression in the key of D Major.

    Also note that the pattern starts on the & of 1 , something that Jim does a lot,which helps displace the pattern and make it sound more musical and less like astatic pattern down a scale.

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    4) In this minor ii-V-I lick , you can see some of Jim s most commonly usedtechniques and concepts. In the first two bars you find notes being slide down onone string, where they could have been played on two strings but Jim likes to useone string for multiple notes during his solos. From there, you find a G MelodicMinor scale being used in bar 3, and a very Jim Hall like riff in bar four where thereis a double stop, C and D, leading into a chromatic, legato triplet.

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    5) Here we have a chord lick in the style of Jim Hall, featuring characteristicvoicings and a chord sub that Jim loves to use over minor ii-V-I progressions. In

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    the first bar, Jim often uses an A7alt chord instead of Am7b5, creating a V/V to V toIm7 progression in place of the normal ii-V-I chords you are used to seeing. This isa fun and relatively easy way to spice up any minor ii V I phrase that you areplaying, using chord and/or single-notes to outline that sub.

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    Grant Green

    Grant Green was a master jazz guitarist of the highest level, and it is definitely a

    good idea to spend some time learning Grant Green Licks in your jazzguitar practice routine.

    Known as a bluesy player , and later on a father of modern funk, Grant was also atalented bebop soloist who had a strong handle on bebop vocabulary andsubstitutions.

    In this lesson, you ll learn five different Grant Green licks for jazz guitar, but beyondthe licks, you ll learn the building blocks for each phrase so that you can learn howto create your own Grant Green sounding licks in your jazz guitar solos andphrases.

    Recommended listening : Idle Moments
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    Find out which guitar, amp and strings were used by Grant Green: GrantGreen's Guitar Gear

    Minor ii V I Lick

    This first lick uses two classic Grant Green approaches to minor key ii- V s.

    The Edim7 arpeggio in bar one, implying a C7b9 chord as Edim7 outlines the 3rd,

    5th, b7 and b9 of C7, creating a rootless arpeggio in this instance.

    The descending notes (C and Bb) over the pedal note G in the second half of bar

    one is another idiomatic Grant Green approach to building lines in this context.

    Listen & Play

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    ii V I Licks

    The next lick uses a melodic minor scale over the Gm7 in bar one, implying

    a GmMaj7 sound in this context. Applying a Melodic Minor Scale to the iim7 chordin a ii-V- I is a characteristic of Grant s playing, and i t can be heard further duringhis solo over So What , where he uses Melodic Minor over large portions of thattune.

    Listen & Play

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    The next ii V I lick uses a few subs to create a focus on the iim7 chord, in this caseby playing Gm7-D7b9-Gm7 , rather than outlining the written changes in the firstthree bars of the progression.

    This type of substitution, playing a V7b9/iim7 in the middle of a ii V I, in order toput more focus on the iim7 chord , is something Grant loved to do and i t s a greatway to expand your ii V I vocabulary and bring a bit of Grant Green s sound to yourlines at the same time.

    Listen & Play
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    This lick uses a quick turnaround sub over the last two bars of the phrase. Ratherthan just playing over the Fmaj7 chord that s in the progression, Grant would like touse turnarounds to create more interest over a static chord. In this case, you cansee the Imaj7-bIII-bVI-bII-Imaj7 turnaround being used, otherwise known as theLadybird turnaro und since it is the last two bars of the Tadd Dameron tuneLadybird.

    Listen & Play

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    Dominant Lick

    This is a pretty straight-forward Dom 7 lick in the style of Grant Green, but there

    are two items worth looking at further in your practicing.

    The first is the use of the note C (the b3) to create a bluesy sound over the A7 chord

    in this lick.

    The second is the last four notes, which is a common bebop phrase where you play

    one note, F#, then want to play the note below it, E, but you get there by playing the

    diatonic ascending triad to that note, in this case and A major triad.

    Listen & Play

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    George Benson George Benson is arguably one of the greatest jazz guitarists that ever lived andhe is certainly one of my favorite jazz guitar players . Most people know him as asinger of soul & pop songs and don't realize what a fantastic guitarist he is.

    He plays just about any style, has a beautiful tone, great improvisational ideas,terrific speed, swings like hell and has very much his own style, although you hearwhere he got his initial inspirations from : Wes Montgomery and Charlie Christian .
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    Recommended listening : 'Beyond the Blue Horizon'

    Have a look at these great licks and be inspired by the master of smooth jazzguitar:

    V-I Licks

    1) The first lick starts with a Cmaj7#5 arpeggio (E7b13) and continues in an Amelodic minor scale.

    2) The first bar of the next lick uses a Dm7b5 arpeggio, which gives an alteredtype of sound over E7 : b7, b9, 3 and b13.In the second bar George plays a Abmaj7 arpeggio : 3, b13, 7 and #9. The use of amajor 7 on a dominant chord is a bit unusual, but sounds ok here because it is partof a series of arpeggios that are used to build tension.

    After the Abmaj7 arpeggio follows an Ab#5 triad arpeggio : 3, b13 and 1 going tothe 9 of Amin.

    You can hear this lick on the standard 'Stella by Starlight' on the CD 'Tenderly'' .
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    II-V-I Licks

    1) The Fm7 chord here is substituted by Abmaj7 with a bit of chromatism.

    2) This very nice lick also comes out of 'Stella by Starlight' from the CD 'Tenderly'' .
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    Minor II-V-I Lick

    1) This lick uses the C minor pentatonic scale.

    Minor Lick

    1) This one uses the Ab minor blues scale .

    Frank Gambale

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    Frank Gambale was born on December 22, 1958 in Canberra, Australia. Hestarted playing guitar at the age of 7 and he became a student at the GuitarInstitute of Technology (GIT) in Hollywood.

    Frank started playing in Chick Corea's Electric Band in 1986. The group just dida reunion tour and released a new album, called To The Stars. He's also the leaderof his own rock orientated bands.

    Frank Gambale is known for his technical mastery and extreme fast guitar solos .His signature technique is sweep picking , but a different method of sweeppicking . His sweep picking involves not only arpeggios, as is traditionally the case,but also scales. To learn more about his speed picking technique, check out one ofhis instructional DVDs: Monster Licks-Speed Picking

    Recommended listening : Present for the Future

    1) The following lick comes from a song called 'Isola d'Elba' from thealbum Coming to Your Senses , featuring Frank on acoustic guitar .
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    Emily Remler There are not a lot of female jazz guitarists . Emily Remler was one of them, but

    unfortunately she died much too soon after a heart attack at the age of 32.Emily Remler's main influence was, like many other jazz guitarists, WesMontgomery .

    Between 1974 and 1976 Emily studied at Berklee where she graduated at the ageof 18.

    In 1980 she recorded her first album : Firefly . She was only 24 when she recordedthis album, but listening to her playing you would think she had a lot more

    experience behind her.Following this album she played with a lot of well knownplayers like Monty Alexander and Larry Coryell , with whom she recorded a duoalbum.

    Recommended listening : Catwalk
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    1) The first bar of this lick uses a D major 7 arpeggio which is a commonsubstitute for Bm7. Playing a Dmaj7 arpeggio instead of a Bm7 arpeggio gives us

    a richer sound because of the 9 (c#, the 7 of Dmaj7).

    The rest of the lick Emily uses a rhythmic idea which she transposes harmonically.

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    2) This is a bluesy lick that you can take from Emily s style of playing and add toyour Jazz Blues repertoire. The trill lick that starts bar 2 is something that Emilyused a lot in her playing. Notice that the 3rd of G7 (B) is played on beat 4 of thesecond bar, anticipating that chord by a full beat before the harmony catches upwith the lick.

    Listen & Play

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    3) A short but fun lick, this phrase uses two of Emily s characteristic linear conceptsto build a two- bar line over C7:

    The first half of bar 1 features a string-skipping phrase, that starts on the 7thand the uses the 9th and a lower-neighbor tone to complete that idea, bothconcepts that Emily liked to use in her lines.

    There is a descending 3rd line that finishes the lick, moving chromaticallydown the neck from the 6th to the 5th of C7, with 3rd intervals below eachdescending chromatic note.

    Listen & Play

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    4) This next lick uses triads to outline the ii-V-I7 chords that would be found in thelast phrase of a jazz blues chord progression in C.

    The Am triad is used to outline the 5-7-9 of Dm7 and the 9-11-13 of G7. Then, there is a G triad over G7 which finishes on an Ab triad over C7,

    outlining the R-#9-#5 of that chord.

    Using triads, both inside and outside the changes, was something that Remlerloved to used in her playing, and something that should be explored outside thecontext of this lick.

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    5) This lick sums up a lot of the previous ideas we ve seen in this lesson.

    There are triads in bar 2. The trill lick in bar 3. The descending chromatic 3rds in bar 4. And just for good measure there are ascending stacked 4th intervals in bar 1,

    another classic Remler sound.

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    V to I Lick

    This lick is brilliant in it's simplicity. Sometimes I wonder why I don't come up with

    licks like these myself all the time.

    It starts with a chromatic leap to the 9 of E7, followed by an E7 arpeggio. On the Am Django plays a A minor triad with an added 9. This is a nice idea to avoidplaying too much 7th arpeggio's in your improvisations. Make your own personalarpeggio's : take a triad and add a 9 or an 11 or leave out the 5th and replace itwith a tension.

    Minor Lick

    The following tabs are a sample transcription from Django's 'Nuages ' (click andscroll down to listen to a sample mp3). The lick is played in the Hungarian gypsyscale (1 2 b3 #4 5 b6 7). In the second bar Django Reinhardt plays a major 3.Mixing between minor and major thirds is a sound you can hear a lot in orientalstyles of music.
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    Charlie Parker Charlie Parker was one of the greatest and arguably the greatest saxophoneplayer of all times. His playing is so fluent and fast, still every single note in hislines makes sense.

    Charlie Parker (or "Bird") is considered as one of the founders of Bebop . He wasthe master of chordal improvisation and that's the reason why he is so interestingfor guitarists to study. Even if you would leave the band out and listen to Parker

    playing solo, you can still hear every chord of the tune's chordprogression. Outlining the chords in your improvisations is a way to make yoursolo's more interesting and give them more structure. Having a look at someParker licks can help you a great deal in accomplishing that.

    Make sure you have a look at the 'Charlie Parker Omni book ', a book withtranscriptions of Parker's compositions and a great resource for every jazzimprovising musician.

    Recommended listening : 'Boss Bird' (CD box with 101 of his most representativerecordings)
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    II-V-I Licks

    1) A lick from Charlie Parker's Donna Lee . Notice the 'Honeysuckle Rose' motif in

    the first bar.

    2) The first bar starts with a Dm chord shape.

    Major Licks

    1) The second bar of this major lick is played around a Cmaj7 chord shape.

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    2) This is the opening lick from 'Anthropology', a standard written by Charlie 'Bird'Parker and John 'Dizzy' Gillespie.

    Charlie Christian

    Charlie Christian was the first successful electric guitarist and although heplayed in swing bands mostly, he was very much influenced by bebop players.

    He was a student of Eddie Durham - a jazz guitarist who invented the amplifiedguitar - and was one of the first guitarist who played amplified. Electricguitar opened up a range of possibilities because guitarists could concentrate on

    other things besides volume.

    Unfortunately Charlie Christian died at the early age of 25 after contractingtuberculosis.

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    Charlie Christian Licks Hom e Jazz Guitar Licks Charlie Christian

    ads not by this site

    Charlie Christian was the first successful electric guitarist andalthough he played in swing bands mostly, he was very much influencedby bebop players.

    He was a student of Eddie Durham - a jazz guitarist who invented the amplifiedguitar - and was one of the first guitarist who played amplified. Electricguitar opened up a range of possibilities because guitarists could concentrate onother things besides volume.

    Unfortunately Charlie Christian died at the early age of 25 after contractingtuberculosis.

    Recommended listening : Charlie Christian: the Genius of the Electric Guitar

    Full bio and more about Charlie Christian's guitar technique: The CharlieChristian Biography

    Find out which guitar, amp and strings were used by CharlieChristian: Charlie's Guitar Gear
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    Dominant Licks

    This typical Charlie Christian lick is played over A7. The first 4 notes form

    a C#m7b5 chord shape , a common substitute for the A7 chord. It gives us the 3,5, b7 and 9 of A7. Licks like these are nice to play on a B section of a rhythmchanges .

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    In this classic Christian sounding lick, the major blues scale is being used tooutline an A7 chord, producing a bluesy, swing-sounding lick. Using the majorblues scale (the major pentatonic scale with an added b3) is a great way to bring aChristian and swing sound to your lines, so feel free to explore this idea further asyou take it past the context of this single lick in your practice routine.

    Listen & Play

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    Here you see an enclosure over the 3rd of the underlying A7 chord, where D andC and being used to enclose the note C. This type of tension and release line (akaenclosure) is something that can be found in many of Charlie s and other solosfrom the Swing era.

    Enclosures have been used by just about every great jazz soloist over thepast 80 or so years, and so it is an important concept to have under your fingersand in your ears as you advance your jazz guitar skills in the woodshed.

    Listen & Play

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    V to I Licks

    This Charlie Christian inspired lick looks at the use of a lower neighbor tone in

    the first bar to highlight the large leap between the 9th (A) and the 13th (E) of theG7 chord. By landing on a chromatic note after a leap, before resolving it to achord tone on the next note, you can bring a strong focus to both the leap and theresolution point in your lines, something that Charlie and other Swing musiciansliked to do in their solos.

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