Post on 06-May-2015
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- 1.Robert Gagnes Nine Steps of Instructional Design(1970) By Kathleen Webster
- The main goal of an instructor is to establish a learning module that willhave a positive impact on his or her student.
- Robert Gagnes has created a design module that can guide an instructor to achieve an instructional design that will meet that goal.
3. Step 1:Gain Attention
- Find a way to grab the attention of the learner
- Be creative
- Use devices such as:Storytelling, demonstrations, problem solving, engage the student in being active in participating.
4. Engage the students in learning 5. Step 2:Describe Goal
- Describe the goals of the learning module.
- Outline what the student is expected to learn.
- State what the learners will accomplish and how they will be able to use this knowledge.
6. Step 3: Stimulate Recall of Prior Knowledge
- Show students how prior knowledge is connected to the information being presented.
- Provide student with a framework that will stimulate both the learning process and the retention of ideas.
7. Step 4: Present the material
- Develop and implement a plan to deliver the information to the student
- The deliver of the information can be in various forms such as power point presentation, lectures, assigned readings, discussions, and other multi-media forms.
8. Be creative when presenting information 9. Step 5:Provide Guidance for learning
- Evaluate the progress of your students and establish ways to achieve success.
- Encourage students to seek other source for learning such as library, internet, and conversation.
- Direct students to learning opportunities whenever possible.
10. Step 6: Elicit Performance
- Allow students to find ways to apply the knowledge to help in retaining the information.
- Sample of application could be a project that involves using the knowledge to achieve the goals outcome.
11. Step 7:Provide Feedback
- Feedback is an essential tool for the learner.
- It involves the instructor monitoring the students learning and making sure the student is correct in his or her learning.
- The instructor needs to encourage the student by recognizing the students achievement in learning.
12. Step 8:Assess Performance
- Test, quiz, group discussion, papers and projects are just some of the ways an instructor can determine if the student is learning the material presented.
- It is important to assess the learning performance of a student to determine if the process is efficient.
13. Assess the students learning by challenging their knowledge 14. Step 9:Enhance Retention and Transfer
- Students may find value in learning if they can transfer the information they learn to a situation they know.
- Students may retain the information if they have an opportunity to apply it to a situation even if it is just for practice.
15. Helpful Websites
- For more information concerning instructional design and Gagnes instructional model
- http:// www.edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Nine_events_ofinstruction
- Instructional design is essential for a successful learning module.
- Incorporating Gagnes 9 steps of instruction can assist in making that design a success.