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  • 1.Robert Gagnes Nine Steps of Instructional Design(1970) By Kathleen Webster

2. Introduction

  • The main goal of an instructor is to establish a learning module that willhave a positive impact on his or her student.
  • Robert Gagnes has created a design module that can guide an instructor to achieve an instructional design that will meet that goal.

3. Step 1:Gain Attention

  • Find a way to grab the attention of the learner
  • Be creative
  • Use devices such as:Storytelling, demonstrations, problem solving, engage the student in being active in participating.

4. Engage the students in learning 5. Step 2:Describe Goal

  • Describe the goals of the learning module.
  • Outline what the student is expected to learn.
  • State what the learners will accomplish and how they will be able to use this knowledge.

6. Step 3: Stimulate Recall of Prior Knowledge

  • Show students how prior knowledge is connected to the information being presented.
  • Provide student with a framework that will stimulate both the learning process and the retention of ideas.

7. Step 4: Present the material

  • Develop and implement a plan to deliver the information to the student
  • The deliver of the information can be in various forms such as power point presentation, lectures, assigned readings, discussions, and other multi-media forms.

8. Be creative when presenting information 9. Step 5:Provide Guidance for learning

  • Evaluate the progress of your students and establish ways to achieve success.
  • Encourage students to seek other source for learning such as library, internet, and conversation.
  • Direct students to learning opportunities whenever possible.

10. Step 6: Elicit Performance

  • Allow students to find ways to apply the knowledge to help in retaining the information.
  • Sample of application could be a project that involves using the knowledge to achieve the goals outcome.

11. Step 7:Provide Feedback

  • Feedback is an essential tool for the learner.
  • It involves the instructor monitoring the students learning and making sure the student is correct in his or her learning.
  • The instructor needs to encourage the student by recognizing the students achievement in learning.

12. Step 8:Assess Performance

  • Test, quiz, group discussion, papers and projects are just some of the ways an instructor can determine if the student is learning the material presented.
  • It is important to assess the learning performance of a student to determine if the process is efficient.

13. Assess the students learning by challenging their knowledge 14. Step 9:Enhance Retention and Transfer

  • Students may find value in learning if they can transfer the information they learn to a situation they know.
  • Students may retain the information if they have an opportunity to apply it to a situation even if it is just for practice.

15. Helpful Websites

  • For more information concerning instructional design and Gagnes instructional model
  • http:// www.edutechwiki.unige.ch/en/Nine_events_ofinstruction
  • http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/learnings/development.html

16. Conclusion

  • Instructional design is essential for a successful learning module.
  • Incorporating Gagnes 9 steps of instruction can assist in making that design a success.