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Introduction to good laboratory practices. For more, visit: http://www.ubio.in

TRANSCRIPT

GLP

GOOD LABORATORY PRACTICE

Do, what you writeWrite, what you do

GLP goes hand-in-hand with QA (quality assurance)

GLP without quality is useless

USA: FEDERAL DRUG ADMINISTRATION

1906: Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act FDA has to prove the poor quality for withdrawing a drug from the market

1938: Manufacturer has to effectiveness of a drug

1962: Manufacturer has to prove safety and effectiveness of New Drugs

USAFEDERAL DRUG ADMINISTRATION

1979:Good Laboratory Practice Regulations(Revised several times)

Other agencies had endorsed the conceptEg: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)

GLP is not an Act/Legislation/StatuteGLP is a regulation/guideline

Code of Federal regulations(Food and Drug Administration) Part 58Good Laboratory practice for non-clinicalLaboratory studies

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)

1997Principles of Good Laboratory Practice

ObjectiveTo promote the quality and validity of test data used for determining the safety of chemicals and chemical products

Scope Industrial chemicals Pharmaceuticals Veterinary drugs Pesticides, Cosmetics Food additives preservatives Basic Research Any laboratory procedure

What GLP is not Excellence of a laboratory

Quality of an organisation

Quality of a product

Professional competence

Then, what is GLP ?GLP indicates quality of a study/procedure.

DefinitionGood Laboratory Practice is a quality system concerned with the organisational process and the conditions under which non-clinical health and environmental safety studies are planned, performed, monitored, recorded, archived and reported(OECD, 1997)

Acceptability

Credibility

Do not assume anything

Good science = Compliance

Do not invent good practiceCompliance with national legislation

Compliance with national standards

Compliance with international standardsValidation of own standards

TerminologyQuality SystemQuality and Requirement Calibration and TraceabilityStandardReference MaterialStandardisation/validationAccreditationInter-laboratory ComparisonProficiency TestingAuditing

Major ComponentsCreation of QAC; QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT

Appointment of a STUDY DIRECTOR

Need for written protocols; SOPsSTANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Necessity for using STANDARDISED, CALIBRATED and MAINTAINED equipment/instrument

Collection and analysis of data by QUALIFIED PERSONS

Major ComponentsCreation of QAC; QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT

Appointment of a STUDY DIRECTOR

Need for written protocols; SOPsSTANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Necessity for using STANDARDISED, CALIBRATED and MAINTAINED equipment/instrument

Collection and analysis of data by QUALIFIED PERSONS

QACA quality policyA quality manualControl over all documentsQuality atmosphereWell drafted plan of action

Major ComponentsCreation of QAC; QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT

Appointment of a STUDY DIRECTOR

Need for written protocols; SOPsSTANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Necessity for using STANDARDISED, CALIBRATED and MAINTAINED equipment/instrument

Collection and analysis of data by QUALIFIED PERSONS

Study DirectorResponsible for the study

Has control over everything

May have a Principal investigator

Major ComponentsCreation of QAC; QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT

Appointment of a STUDY DIRECTOR

Need for written protocols; SOPsSTANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Necessity for using STANDARDISED, CALIBRATED and MAINTAINED equipment/instrument

Collection and analysis of data by QUALIFIED PERSONS

A written procedure for doing everything

SOPWork instructionWork procedurework protocol

Major ComponentsCreation of QAC; QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT

Appointment of a STUDY DIRECTOR

Need for written protocols; SOPsSTANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Necessity for using STANDARDISED, CALIBRATED and MAINTAINED equipment/instrument

Collection and analysis of data by QUALIFIED PERSONS

FacilityEquipment

Environment

Raw materials

Maintenance

Major ComponentsCreation of QAC; QUALITY ASSURANCE UNIT

Appointment of a STUDY DIRECTOR

Need for written protocols; SOPsSTANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES

Necessity for using STANDARDISED, CALIBRATED and MAINTAINED equipment/instrument

Collection and analysis of data by QUALIFIED PERSONS

People problemsUnscientific

Untrained

Unaware

Unhelpful

GLP in action-I

Availability of written documentsA place for everything and everything has a placeAssessing quality of raw materialsMaintenance of equipmentPurchase of raw materialsAuthorisation to do receive, handle test materialsEnvironmental monitoringDisposal of waste

GLP in action-II

Availability of written documentsEntry restrictionsEnsuring safetyAuthorisation to do receive, handle test materialsDescribing qualification/training requirements of staffTraining of new personnel

GLP in action-III

Availability of written procedures/SOPs/protocolsReceiving test materialsIdentifying (unique) samplesHandling test materialsStoring test materialsConducting each testDisposing materialsReporting results

GLP in action-IV

Documentation in approved formatsLog book for equipmentData sheets for recording dataRecords of receipt, test proceduresApproved report formatsCompilation of data

GLP in action-V

Regular quality checksAuditing by qualified auditorsRegular reporting of NCs and/or NICsPreventive and corrective actions

GLP in action-VI

Management commitmentFor ensuring high professional standardsFor up dating procedures according to changes in standardsParticipation in inter-laboratory comparisonsParticipation in proficiency testing

GLP in action-VII

StudyWell defined study planWell defined protocolsIdentification of critical stagesAssured performanceReporting of deviationsCompilation of data by qualified personnelsInterpretation of data by professionalsArchiving of materials/data/results

An auditors view

What was the task?Why perform the task?Who performed the task?When was it done?How was it recorded?

Planned StudyQuality PerformanceRigorous MonitoringUnambiguous RecordsStudy Directors ReportArchiving of materialsSummary

Are we ready for GLP?We are ready, when we write what we do and when we do what we write, of course in compliance withnational/international standards.

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