good automated laboratory practices
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GOOD AUTOMATED LABORATORY PRACTICES
Good Regulatory Practices
Department of Regulatory Affairs
NGSMIPS, Nitte University
- Swapnil Dylan Fernandes
Standard Operating Procedures.
Documentation in GALP.
Logs and Related Forms.
STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES
DefinitionAim of SOPsSOPs Concerned with GALP.
General Criteria for Standard Operating Procedures
Criteria is as follows:
GALP SOPs The minimum SOP topics are
Data Change Control
Backup and Recovery
Electronic Reporting Specifics5
2 types : System access security and Physical Security
Focus: Primarily on the computer room.
Any related workstations.
System Access Security
Raw data is also known as primary data.
Working definition used within the laboratory.
Procedures related to data entry is the identification of
the person/personnel entering the system.
Verification of the Input Data.
Interpretation of any error messages.
Data Change Control
Documentation of how the authorised changes are carried out.
Proof that the changes do not represent changes that could lead to the loss or corruption of data.
Cost, scheduling and impact statements.
Define the procedures to ensure that the data is stored in a clear, logical, repeatable manner.
Backup and Recovery
Primary aim is to ensure the integrity and availability of the stored data in the event of serious breach of security or a system wide failure.
SOPs pertaining to efficient functioning of Hardware.
Electronic Reporting Specifics
Standards, protocols and the procedures used in the collection of data and analysis.
Additional Standard Operating Procedures Requirements
DOCUMENTATION IN GALP
The purpose of GALP is to provide a vehicle for demonstrating system control. Documentation is an important cog in the wheel when it comes to GALP.
In general, six categories of documents are specified and required for compliance with GALP guidelines. They are as follows
Personnel records help support the competence of various employees assigned to the system responsibilities.
A hardware description log records
A record of acceptance testing
A security risk document identifies the likely and possible risks to the security of computer-resident data.
A written environmental specifications guard against data loss or corruption from various environmental threats.
Documents for ensuring the continual functioning of the software.
Backup and recovery logs and drills help guard against data loss or corruption.
LOGS AND RELATED FORMS
Logs are used to document regular, incremental or complete backups or changes or performance data of the systems as well as other elements in the laboratory.
To safeguard existing data against the risk of future loss of data in the event of system failure or application failure.
Types of Logs
System Backup Log
Documents, regularly, complete or incremental system backups.
Routine Software Testing Log
Records the changes made to the system software.
User Problem Log-
Records user related problems with the systems or related softwares.
System maintenance Log Records the preventative maintenance completed on particular
Training Log Documents all the user training related information.
Security Log Used to track and identify visitors, consultants, contractors and
other nonemployees who are currently in the premises.
Data Change Log- Used to record all changes made to the data in the system.
Training documents are helpful in the training of new users.
Orientation training for individuals or groups of users of new systems or new version of existing systems.
Training programs should be comprehensive.
Before the introduction of GALP
After the introduction of GALP
GALP provides important guidance for the management of automated regulated laboratory.
GALPs serve as important interpretive material in applying the content and principles of the GLPs to the realities of the modern laboratory.
GALPs have provided the much needed impetus to the modernisation of laboratory work and have ensured that work can be carried out in an efficient manner within relatively shorter time.
Streamlining of processes to has been one of the major successes of the GALPs.
REFERENCES Sandy Weinberg, Good Laboratory Practice Regulations,
Informa Healthcare, 52 Vanderbilt Avenue New York, P.No131-150
2185 good Automated Laboratory Practices Principles And Guidance to Regulations for Ensuring Data Integrity in Automated Laboratory Operations with Implementation Guidance 1995 Edition.
url:https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi/2000AOGI.PDF?Dockey=2000AOGLPDF (accessed on 25 October 2017)
GALP Regulatory Handbook, Sandy Weinberg, Lewis Publishers e-book
url:https://books.google.co.in/books?id=RfzlISKm581EC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false (Accessed on 25th October 2017)