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Geometrical Dimensioning & Tolerancing ISO 1101 By Hassan Habib

Author: hassan-habib

Post on 19-Aug-2014

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Introduction to GD&T according to ISO 1101.

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• Geometrical Dimensioning & Tolerancing ISO 1101 By Hassan Habib
• What are we going to learn What is Geometrical Dimensioning & Tolerancing Its : benefits Types Some general principles Details of tolerances of: Form Orientation Location Profile
• What is Geometrical Dimensioning Tolerancing
• Hmmmm. . . . What would I prefer?
• Slide Title Benefits of GD&T
• Geometrical tolerances vs size tolerances
• Precision & Accuracy
• Reduced rework cost
• Reduced Defects
• Increased understanding Mfg Design Quality
• Slide Title Types of GD&T
• Types of Geometrical tolerances Form Tolerances Orientation Tolerances Location tolerances runout tolerances Straightness Flatness Circularity Cylindricity Parallelism Perpendicularity Angularity Position Symmetry Concentricity Coaxiality Circular runout Total runout
• Slide Title Some general principles
• Some general priciples Basic concepts Geometrical tolerances shall be specified in accordance with functional requirements. Manufacturing and inspection requirements can also influence geometrical tolerancing
• Some general priciples Basic concepts Geometrical tolerances which are assigned to features related to a datum do not limit the form deviations of the datum feature itself. It may be necessary to specify tolerances of form for the datum feature(s)
• Some general priciples Basic concepts Feature control frame
• Some general priciples Three golden rules 1. Location tolerances of a feature control location deviation, orientation deviation and form deviation of this feature, and not vice-versa. 2. Orientation tolerances of a feature control orientation and form deviations of this feature and not vice-versa. 3. Form tolerances of a feature control only form deviations of this feature.re control frame
• Slide Title Details of Tolerances
• Form Tolerances
• straightness The tolerance zone, in the considered plane, is limited by two parallel straight lines a distance apart and in the specified direction only Straightness tolerance
• straightness Any extracted (actual) generating line on the cylindrical surface shall be contained between two parallel planes T distance apart Straightness tolerance
• straightness The extracted (actual) median line of the cylinder to which the tolerance applies shall be contained within a cylindrical zone of diameter Straightness tolerance
• fLATNESS The extracted (actual) surface shall be contained between two parallel planes DISTANCE T apart. flatness tolerance
• roundness The tolerance zone, in the considered cross-section, is limited by two concentric circles with a difference in radii of t roundness tolerance
• CYLINDRICITY The tolerance zone is limited by two coaxial cylinders with a difference in radii of T cylindricity tolerance
• Slide Title Details of Tolerances
• orientation Tolerances
• PARALLELISM The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance apart. The planes are parallel to the datums and in the direction specified Direction specified Parallelism tolerance of a line related to a datum system
• PARALLELISM The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance apart. The planes are parallel to the datums and in the direction specified Direction specified Parallelism tolerance of a line related to a datum system
• PARALLELISM The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t , parallel to the datum, if the tolerance value is preceded by the symbol Parallelism tolerance of a line related to a datum line
• PARALLELISM Each extracted (actual) line shall be contained between two parallel lines 0,02 apart parallel to datum A and lying in a plane parallel to datum B Parallelism tolerance of a line related to a datum system
• prependicularity The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance apart and perpendicular to the datum Perpendicularity tolerance of a line related to a datum line
• prependicularity The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart. The planes are perpendicular to the datum A and parallel to datum B Perpendicularity tolerance of a line related to a datum system
• prependicularity The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter perpen dicular to the datum if the tolerance value is preceded by the symbol Perpendicularity tolerance of a line related to a datum surface
• Angularity a) Line and datum line in the same plane: The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and inclined at the specified angle to the datum. Angularity tolerance of a line related to a datum line
• Angularity b) The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and inclined at the specified angle to the datum. The considered line and the datum line are not in the same plane Angularity tolerance of a line related to a datum line
• Angularity The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and inclined at the specified angle to the datum Angularity tolerance of a line related to a datum surface
• Angularity The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t if the tolerance value is preceded by the symbol . The cylindrical tolerance zone is parallel to a datum plane B and inclined at the specified angle to the datum plane A Angularity tolerance of a line related to a datum surface
• Slide Title Details of Tolerances
• location Tolerances
• position The tolerance zone is limited by a sphere of diameter t if the tolerance value is preceded by the symbol S. The center of the spherical tolerance zone is fixed by theoretically exact dimensions with respect to the datums A, B and C Position tolerance of a point
• position The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and symmetrically disposed about the center line. The center line is fixed by theoretically exact dimensions with respect to datums A and B. The tolerance is specified in one direction only. Position tolerance of a line
• position The tolerance zone is limited by two pairs of parallel planes a distance 0,05 and 0,2 apart respectively and symmetrically disposed about the theoretically exact position. The theoretically exact position is fixed by theoretically exact dimensions with respect to the datums C, A and B. The tolerance is specified in two directions with respect to the datums. Position tolerance of a line
• position Position tolerance of a line
• position The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t if the tolerance value is preceded by the symbol . The axis of the tolerance cylinder is fixed by theoretically exact dimensions with respect to the datum s C, A and B Position tolerance of a line
• position The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and symmetrically disposed about the theoretically exact position fixed by theoretically exact dimensions with respect to the datums A and B Position tolerance of a flat surface or a median p lane
• Concentricity The tolerance zone is limited by a circle of diameter t; the tolerance value shall be preceded by the symbol . The center of the circular tolerance zone coincides with the datum point Concentricity tolerance of a point
• coaxiality The tolerance zone is limited by a cylinder of diameter t; the tolerance value shall be preceded by the symbol . The axis of the cylindrical tolerance zone coincides with the datum Coaxiality tolerance of an axis
• symmetry The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart, symmetrically disposed about the median plane, with respect to the datum. Symmetry tolerance of a median plane
• Slide Title Details of Tolerances
• Runout Tolerances
• Circular runout The tolerance zone is limited within any cross-section perpendicular to the datum axis by two concentric circles with a difference in radii of t, the centers of which coincides with the datum Circular run-out tolerance radial
• Circular runout Run-out usually applies to complete features, but could be applied to a restricted part of a feature Circular run-out tolerance radial
• Circular runout The tolerance zone is limited to any cylindrical section by two circles with a distance t apart lying in the cylindrical section, the axis of which coincides with the datum Circular run-out tolerance axial
• Circular runout Circular The tolerance zone is limited within any conical section b y two circles a distance t apart, the axes of which coincide with the datum. Circular run-out tolerance in any direction
• Circular runout The tolerance zone is limited within any conical section of the specified angle by two circles a distance t apart, the axes of which coincide with the datum Circular run-out tolerance in a specified direction
• Total runout The tolerance zone is limited by two coaxial cylinders with a difference in radii of t, the axes of which coincide with the datum Total radial run-out tolerance
• Total runout The tolerance zone is limited by two parallel planes a distance t apart and perpendicular to the datum Total axial run-out tolerance