fruity loops studio музыкальная фабрика на pc

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Эту книгу мы посвящаем нашей любимой маленькой Анечке дочке и внучке От авторов Уважаемый читатель! Мы предлагаем вашему вниманию очередную книгу о применении персонального компьютера в музыкальном творчестве. В книге рассказывается о работе с FL Studio 1 программой, принадлежащей к чис- лу наиболее популярных средств создания современной музыки. Успех этой программы во многом объясняется тем, что ранние версии Fruity Loops от- личались простотой, столь привлекательной для начинающих компьютер- ных музыкантов. Суть работы с ней сводилась всего к нескольким действиям: нужно было выбрать один из встроенных синтезаторов, записать в пошаго- вом секвенсоре фрагмент партии (паттерн), "набить" необходимое количест- во паттернов и, наконец, указать программе очередность их воспроизведе- ния (заполнить плей-лист). "Здание" музыкальной композиции оказывалась сложенным из паттернов, как из отдельных "кирпичиков", которые воспро- изводились в цикле, превращаясь в "лупы" (loops). Получалось, что разра- ботчики Fruity Loops предлагали пользователям такую технологию создания музыкальных произведений, при которой вполне можно обходиться без знания теории музыки. Во всяком случае, ни о какой записи музыки нотами или заменяющими их графическими символами и речи не было. Вместе с тем, и набор синтезаторов, и набор доступных для редактирования пара- метров синтеза, и сама технология применения программы оказались весьма подходящими инструментами создания музыки с современным звучанием. Ценой относительно небольших временных затрат без особого труда можно было записать электронную композицию, пригодную для воспроизведения, например, на школьной дискотеке. В итоге сформировалось целое сообще- ство поклонников Fruity Loops. Однако постепенно появлялись другие программы, основанные на анало- гичных принципах. Кроме того, в профессиональных музыкальных редакто- рах, подобных Cakewalk SONAR и Steinberg Cubase, появились средства для работы с лупами. В свою очередь, разработчики Fruity Loops не останови- лись на достигнутом и продолжали развивать программу. 1 Предыдущие версии программы назывались Fruity Loops.

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! . FL Studio1 , . , Fruity Loops , . : , (), "" , , ( -). "" , "", , "" (loops). , Fruity Loops , . , . , , , . , , , . Fruity Loops. , . , , Cakewalk SONAR Steinberg Cubase, . , Fruity Loops .1

Fruity Loops.

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FL Studio. , : , (VST-); ; , ( DX- VST-); . FL Studio , (, -). FL Studio , , , , , , FM- ( ), RM- ( ), ( ). FL Studio DX- VST ( ) DX- VST- ( , ). ReWire-. , FL Studio () VST- DX- ReWire-. FL Studio , (, ). , , ( -). , ( ). , , - . FL Studio , , Fruity Loops, , , . , FL Studio . . , , . , FL Studio , , "" Fruity Loops, . , Cakewalk SONAR, , , ,

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-, . SONAR , . FL Studio , . , , , , FL Studio, , , , , MIDI- . , . , , Fruity Loops. [117] Cubase SX, Cakewalk SONAR, Cool Edit Pro, Adobe Audition, PG Music Band-in-a-Box, Yamaha Visual Arranger, Cakewalk Pro Audio, Cakewalk Guitar Studio, Cakewalk Overture, Cakewalk In Concert, Cakewalk Audio FX, Music Lab Rhythm'n'Chords, Nemesys Gigastudio, Gigastudio Instrument Editor, Propellerhead Reason, Vienna SoundFont Studio, Midisoft Studio, . [14] : , Waves Platinum Native Bundle; HyperCanvas, Super Quartet, Orchestral Edirol; , 4 ( ), Pro-53 (Prophet-5), FM7 (Yamaha DX7); Native Instruments Battery (-/), Kontakt ( ), Vokator (1024- , , ); VST- Steinberg Groove Agent ( ), The Grand ( 1 ), HALion 2 ( ); V-Station ( Novation Electronic Music Systems); Spectrasonics Atmosphere (, ), Trilogy (, ), Stylus (, ); DX- MusicLab Smart Flute DXi, MusicLab, Inc. , , , [17], : ; , , MIDI-

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Cakewalk SONAR; "" Cakewalk Guitar Tracks Pro. MIDI- Music Lab Rhythm'n'Chords 2.3 Pro, MIDI-, VST- Virtual Guitarist, Virtual Guitarist Electric Edition, Slayer MusicLab RealGuitar. , . , , , . , . , . . . , , , . " " [1864] " " (-). , -, . , http://petelin.ru, , , , . - , ( ), , . , , : !

?r : [email protected] ( ); [email protected] ( ).

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r ( ): 18.00 19.00. : -, , 65, "", 84. r - : 197372, -, , ; 197372, -, / 153, . r , , : http://petelin.ru http://www.musicalpc.com ,

FL Studio, , , . , , . -, , , , ( ) , . , . FL Studio , . , . FL Studio , , . , FL Studio - , . , , , . FL Studio , , , . , FL Studio. MIDI, . FL Studio MIDI- MIDI-. . FL Studio , ,

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. : r MIDI- FL Studio; r ; r FL Studio, , , , , FL Studio. 2 FL Studio. : r ; r ; r Shortcut; r . Playlist. . Piano roll. . Mixer: r ; r ( ); r ( ). MIDI- , , MIDI- USB. , MIDI- Recording. MIDI-, , . , , ( FLP) , . 3 Step sequencer. -

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. . , . Graph editor, ( ) : ; Velocity ( MIDI); , ; . Keyboard editor, (). MIDI-. ( ). . , . . FL Studio: r CHANNELS , , VSTi DXi ; r EDIT : , , , ; ; ( ); . , . Layer, FL Studio. 4 Piano roll. Fruity Loops (- FL Studio 4). Piano roll Fruity Loops . , , .

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Piano roll . , , . Piano roll: r / , ; r ; r , ; r ; r , ; r -, ; r ; r . Piano roll: r File ; r Edit Piano roll; r Tools ; r View Zoom Piano roll; r Chord . 5 Playlist. Playlist . Playlist , . , ::. , . , . - . . , Playlist. . FL Studio " ". ,

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MIDI- ( ). "" , . . Playlist: r Edit ; r Tools ; r Patterns ; r Audio tracks ; r View ; r Zoom . 6 , . . , ( Channel settings); Channel settings, MISC, FUNC. , , . FL Studio, , Fruity. r Sampler , . r TS404 , Roland -303 . TS404 , "" . r 3 Osc , . , . TS404. 3 Osc FL Studio, Fruity. r , . r BooBass -. r FL Keys , , . FL Keys: .

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r Plucked , . r Fruity Slicer . MIDI- , MIDI-. , . ( ), ( ). r Fruity Granulizer , () . . , . Fruity Granulizer , . r Wave Traveller , , : "" , . r Sytrus 6- FM-/RM-, . Native Instalments FM7 FM-. Yamaha DX7 SysEx ( MIDI-) DX7 SYX DX7. r Fruit kick , . r Fruity Vibrator , , , , , . r Fruity Wrapper Fruity, , - MIDI- FL Studio DXi- VSTi- FL Studio. r MIDI Out , ( FL Studio) MIDI- ( , DX- VST-). r Fruity Keyboard Controller , MIDI- , . r ReWired , FL Studio , ReWire.

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VST- FL Slayer, , -. , , , . "" , , . , , . ( + ) , , . . MusicLab, Inc. VST- RealGuitar VSTi, , MIDI-. RealGuitar VSTi , ( , ). . . . MIDI- -, MIDI- . . . , , . 7 . . . . : r , FL Studio ( Mixer); r WaveEditor.

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8 , FL Studio. , . : r Fruity 7 Band EQ, Fruity Parametric EQ, Fruity Bass Boost, Fruity Fast LP, Fruity Filter, Fruity Free Filter ; r Fruity Compressor, ; Fruity Soft Clipper

r Fruity Delay, Fruity Delay 2 , ""; r Fruity Flanger, Fruity Flangus, Fruity Phaser, Fruity Stereo Enhancer , "", "" ; r Fruity Chorus , ""; r Fruity Reverb , ; r Fruity Blood Overdrive, Fruity Fast Dist ""; r Fruity Vocoder, Speech synthesizer ; r Fruity dB Meter, Fruity Spectroman ; r Fruity Balance, Fruity Center, Fruity PanOMatic, Fruity Send, Fruity Mute 2, Fruity Phase Inverter , ; r Fruity LSD , , DLS; r Fruity Scratcher , ; r Fruity X-Y Controller , ; r Fruity Formula Controller , ; r Fruity NoteBook, Fruity HTML NoteBook ; r Fruity Big Clock - . 9 FL Studio FL Studio .

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FL Studio , FL Studio , . Import FILE, : r MIDI File MIDI-; r Beat to slice ; r ReBirth RB-338 song ReBirth RB-338. FL Studio , CD 3. , , , WAV-. Zipped loop package, Wave file 3 file, MIDI file, Project bones, Project data files, Export FILE. 10 FL Studio Steinberg Cubase SX, Cakewalk SONAR Adobe Audition. - FL Studio . DXi VSTi. FL Studio Cakewalk SONAR . FL Studio DXi. FL Studio SONAR ReWire. FL Studio Steinberg Cubase VSTi. Cubase SX, MIDI- FL Studio. , MIDI-, FL Studio, MIDI- MidiControl FL Studio. Cubase SX FL Studio, FL Studio. (, ) Cubase SX. 11 , FL Studio, .

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-, . , CD Extra CD- CD-ROM. , , . CD-ROM CD Digital Audio. CD-ROM : r - FL Studio RealGuitar VSTi; r ; r off-line- , . CD Digital Audio , . , . , .

1

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1

- ReWire. FL Studio VST. , FL Studio VST DX . FL Studio , ( , ). FL Studio MIDI. , FL Studio MIDI. , - , FL Studio , Cakewalk SONAR, Steinberg Cubase, Emagic Logic. FL Studio . , .

1.1. , FL Studio . . , , , . , FL Studio . FL Studio , , , , . - , . , , , . (pattern) FL Studio. . ( Step sequencer). . , . . , . , , . 999 . : , - ? . (generator) : / , - (WAV-).

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. . . . (channel) FL Studio. . , . . Step sequencer : () , () . , , , . . . . , . - (Piano roll). . , , . . Playlist ( ). , . , " ". , ::. . , . , 7:01:000 Pattern 10 ( ), , , , . , . -, ( ). FL Studio WaveEditor. FL Studio : PAT ( pattern) SONG. PAT FL Studio ( , ,

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). SONG ( song ) . , , . FL Studio ( Mixer), . ( 999) 64 ( ). - .

: , , , (. . 2.7). , FL Studio , , . FL Studio, . . / , , . , /. . FL Studio : , , . "" .

1.2. , FL Studio . , . , . r MIDI-, MIDI-, 1.2.1, MIDI, .

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r 1.2.2, , . r 1.2.3 1.2.4 , . r 1.2.5 . , ( , . . ). FL Studio (. 1.1). , . , . Windows ( , / ). ( "Thats not true"). : r FILE ; r EDIT ; r CHANNELS ; r VIEW ; r OPTIONS ; r TOOLS ; r HELP -.

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1

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. 1.2. Settings, System, MIDI

. 1.3. : Tascam US-428 (a); Edirol PCR 30 ()

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FL Studio,

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( MIDI-); r Toggle on release MIDI- ("" Playlist ) . Master sync output MIDI-, , FL Studio (MIDI-, .). / OPTIONS > Enable MIDI master sync .

1.2.2. AUDIO System Settings (. 1.4). , OPTIONS > Audio Settings , .

. 1.4. Settings, System, AUDIO ( ASIO)

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Output , FL Studio. Auto close device, (, ) FL Studio . , Output . . ? ASIO, , ASIO- . , ASIO. , Output DirectSound ASIO. Sound Blaster Creative ASIO. ASIO Multimedia ASIO DirectX Full Duplex ASIO, ASIO- . ( , , [16].) , Steinberg (Cubase, Nuendo .). ASIO? ASIO (Audio Stream In/Out / ) (API), Steinberg, . , ASIO, , . . ( - ). ASIO. ASIO properties , Output ASIO-. Clock source . , , Internal . , , . , (Master). , (Slave), . master-clock. , Clock source . , ASIO , ASIO panel (

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, Latency ( / ), , . , .

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FL Studio,

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Use polling DirectSound, , . . , . Use hardware buffer . , , , . , DirectSound. Underruns ( ), FL Studio. FL Studio , . .

. 1.6. Settings, System, AUDIO ( DirectSound)

Mixer , ASIO DirectSound. FL Studio. , Sound Blaster Live!/ Audigy,

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48 . 48 . CD , 44,1 , 48 . , . Sound Blaster Sample rate (Hz) ( ) 48 000. , ASIO Sound Blaster 48 . Reset plugins on transport . , , : , , "". , . Reset plugins on transport . Use mixer as playback position , , . Preview mixer track FX- , .

1.2.3. GENERAL System Settings (. 1.7). , OPTIONS > General Settings , . Skin (), ( , . .). , FL Studio "" , , Skin Silent Startup, . Associate loop files FLP- ( FL Studio) FL Studio ( FLP- Windows FL Studio). , Windows "", FLP-.

FL Studio,

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Undo history , ( Edit > Undo + ). Maximum undo levels ( 999). , . Undo knob tweaks . Miscellaneous , . r Auto channel naming . . r Auto empty channel zipping . (. . 3.2.2). r Show channel activity meters Step sequencer. r Auto scrolling () (Playlist), (Step sequencer) (Piano roll). , . r Auto select linked modules Mixer. r Use of both mouse buttons ( ). , , . , / . r Ultrasmooth visual feedback . r Don't limit windows to screen FL Studio . . , FL Studio . , FL Studio . , .

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r Startup splash screen FL Studio . r Fast sample preview . r Peak meters in dB , FL Studio (). , . r Show legacy precompiled effects Legacy effects SMP Channel Settings ( , ). , Precomputed effects SMP Channel Settings, . Show legacy precomputed effects , .

. 1.7. Settings, System, GENERAL

FL Studio,

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1.2.4. FL Studio FILE System Settings (. 1.8, ). , OPTIONS > File Settings , . FL Studio browser, , , , , FL Studio. , . , FL Studio. Browser extra search directories , . . Change browser directory (. 1.9). . Directory ( Settings System FILE). , , Name (. 1.8, ). (. . , FL Studio ). FL Studio VST-. C:\PROGRAM F1LES\FLSTUDIO\PLUGINS\VST. VST- , . , . FL Studio VST- VST plugins extra search directory (. . 1.8). - VST-. "" , VST, . , . 1.2.5.

, , . , , -. , , "" ,

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1

. 1.8. Settings, System, FILE

FL Studio,

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. 1.9. Change browser directory

. - , . API. "" API PC VST DX. DX , - (, , , MIDI, .) API Microsoft DirectX. DX- , . VST-. VST (Virtual Studio Technology) API Steinberg. Steinberg ( , Cubase VST). FL Studio VST-, DX-. , FL Studio Fruity. VST- DX- . , ( ). VSTi DXi ("i" instrument). , FL Studio, Fruity; ( , ).

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1

1.2.5. INFO Project Settings (. 1.10). Settings , OPTIONS > Project Info , . Project : Title ; Info (supports RTF data) . . "supports RTF data" , RTF. MS Word WordPad, , Info (supports RTF data) Settings FL Studio. URL - ( ). , Show it on open.

. 1.10. Settings, Project, INFO

FL Studio,

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. 1.11. Settings, Project, GENERAL

GENERAL Project Settings (. 1.11). , OPTIONS > Project general settings , . Time signature : r Bar ; r Beat ; r Timebase (PPQ) , . . ( ), . , LFO , . . ,

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1 Time signature , .

Audio Circular panning law, . . , Circular panning law . . Circular panning law . , . , .

2

, FL Studio . , FL Studio, , , .

2.1. FL Studio . , , FL Studio . FL Studio . FILE > New . , - . . FILE > Templates . , . . . , , FILE > Templates > Club Basic - .

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2.2. , FL Studio (. 2.1, ). PAT / SONG. , PAT. TEMPO . , , (. . 2.8.4). (Start) . Song position, ( ), . (. 2.1, ). S / , / , . / , S / : r S Bar:Step:Tick (::), Step () (. . 2.3), Tick () , (. . 1.2.5); r Bar:Beat:Tick (::). / , : Min:Sec:Cent (::), Cent () 1/100 . 1. ( Num Lock) 19 (. 2.2). 9 , PATTERN 999. . 1.

. 2.1. (), ()

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. 2.2.

. 2.3. Shortcut

Shortcut, . 2.3. , : , , , , + ( FILE > Open); + ( FILE > Save); + + ( FILE > Save as); + WAV- ( FILE > Export > Wave file); , / Playlist ( VIEW > Playlist); , / Step sequencer ( VIEW > Step sequencer); , / Piano roll ( VIEW > Piano roll); , / Browser ( VIEW > Browser); , / Mixer ( VIEW > Mixer).

2.3. , Step sequencer (. 2.4, ) , Shortcut. (View step sequencer),

. "" ""

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( ). ( ), . : r Kick (); r Clap ; r HiHat ; r Snare .

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, Channel settings . , . Channel settings 6. (Channel panning) (Channel volume). - Mute/Solo, . , , , , 2.4, . . , Use of both mouse buttons (. . 1.2.3).

. , , EX01.FLP , . . , , , . , . (. 2.4, ), (. 2.4, ). : 1. 1 . 2. 2 (). 3. 2. 4. 1 . Select. , . , . , , : 1. Select , . 2. , Select . , Select.

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1. 1 . EDIT > + . 2 ( Num Lock). 2 EDIT > Paste + . 1 ( Num Lock). , , Snare.

2.4. Playlist, . . Playlist (. 2.5, ) (View playlist), Shortcut. FL Studio , (. . 2.1, ) SONG. , SONG , . , 1 ( ), 2 ( Paint (), ). Playlist. Pattern 1 Pattern 2, . 2.5, . (Start) (. EX02.FLP , ). . : r 1 , (. 2.6, ); r 2 (. 2.6, ).

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. 2.5. Playlist

. 2.6.

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, . 2.7, . : 1 , 2 , , 1. . 2.5, , 1 2 . , Playlist .

. 2.7. Playlist ( )

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Pattern 1, Pattern 1 name (. 2.7, ). () 1 . 2. . 2.7, , , Kick () HiHat (), Snare ( ). EX03.FLP , . : FL Studio . , , .

2.5. , , . 3 ( ). ( , ). FL Studio Browser. , (View browser) Shortcut. , . Triangle 303, Channel presets\TS404 . , : , (. 2.8, ). Triangle 303 (. 2.8, ). , Clap. . . Drag & Drop (); , . : r Send to selected channel ; r Open in new channel .

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2

. 2.8.

, . (. 2.9, ). , . , Triangle 303 (Keyboard editor), . (. 2.9, ). MIDI-, . , , , . / .

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. 2.9.

. , , . . Beats per bar for this pattern, . --. , , -

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Beat (. . 1.2.5). Beats per bar for this pattern , (. 2.10, ). (. 2.10, ).

. 2.10. (), ()

. 2.11. Playlist ( )

(. 2.11). . EX04.FLP , .

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2.6. Piano roll . , . . ( Loop , ), . , (). .

. . , . , , . . . " ". FL Studio Piano roll. 4 ( ) , Piano roll. , , - , , , . FL Studio , Step sequencer Piano roll, . , . , - . , , , . , . . , Triangle 303 Piano roll (. 2.12) (View piano roll), Shortcut. Piano roll .

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Piano roll 128, , ( ). . . , Piano roll , . . , . . .

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, , . , , . , . , . Piano roll .

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. . MIDI- ( ). . . . , , , , , , . ! Piano roll . (Draw), (Delete). (Draw), , . , . (Draw). (Zoom time) . (Keyboard view mode: large / small). / (Keyboard view mode: names) , - , . (Draw) . , . , , , . 4. (Draw) (. 2.13), , 3 . Piano roll , . , . . Velocity ( ). , ( 4 EX05.FLP , ).

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2

(. 2.14). . Piano roll.

. 2.13. Piano roll ( . 2.10, )

. 2.14.

, .

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2.7. Mixer , ( ) . FL Studio , . , , , . , .

2.7.1. , : r () , ; r , , ; r , ; r ; r ( ); r -, , ; r ; r ; r , ; r () solo. . 2.15.

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2

. 2.15.

. r ( ). , . r ( ). . r -. , , , . r . , , . . : r (, , , , CD- ); r ; r ;

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r ( ); r ( Aux). , . . 2.16.

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: MIC IN/LINE IN / ; MIC PREAMP ; GAIN ; HI PASS ( ); LO CUT , ; INSERT SEND , ( ); INSERT ; INSERT RETURN ; (EQ) , ; LO, MID, HI , ; (FADER) ; PAN ( ); LEFT BUS, RIGHT BUS , .

. , XLR ( ) ( -

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. , . 48 . . . , , . . 48 . . . : r , , ; r , , . . , , (, . .). Solo, . -

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, . Solo . , , . : , . . , . . , . , , ( ). , . , ( ), , , .

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. , . , Aux, ( , , ) . Aux , , . , (Insert). ,

. , , , , , , . , .

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Aux. . , , . Aux, . , . , . . Dry/Wet. -, . , , Aux, . , . , . . , . , (Insert) Dry/Wet. , .

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( , ) . , , . , , , , MIDI- ( ), , , , . , ( ). , . , . , , . . , FL Studio, . , , .

2.7.2. FL Studio Mixer (. 2.17). (View mixer) Shortcut,

Mixer . , : r - ; r FX ; r S ( ). , "". , "24- ", " ". FL Studio "" (. . 1.1). FL Studio FL Studio , . , FL Studio , FL Studio FX .

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. 2.17. Mixer

FL Studio 64 FX, 16 . FX 1 FX 16, FX17 FX32, FX33 FX48, FX 49 FX 64 , , , D, Mixer. . FX . Mixer , : r 1, 2, ..., 8 ( ); r EQUALIZER ; r AMP ; r SEND , . SEND FX. FL Studio . , . , Fruity Loops Mixer Effects. ,

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Mixer. , , - , FX. , , . , Mixer . -, : r Kick Delay (, ); r HiHat Snare ; r Triangle 303 Chorus (). ? , , .

, FL Studio . "" . Kick. (. 2.18, ) Channel settings Kick (. 2.18, ). FX. --, - . FX 1, FX 1 .

. 2.18, .

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. 2.18, .

HiHat Snare FX 3 , Triangle 303 FX 2. , ( ), FL Studio . , FL Studio .

( ) Mixer () FX 1, . , FX slot 1 (. 2.19, ). . (. 2.19, ): Select > Fruity Compressor.

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2

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( ) , , . S 1, Aux , Fruity Delay 2 (. 2.20, ). . S 1, . (Wet) . (Dry) , Send

. 2.20, . S 1

71

. 2.20, . S 1

. 2.21. FX 1 S 1

72

2

, . Fruity Delay 2 DRY . ( ) . EQUALIZER S 1 Fruity Delay 2 (. 2.20, ). FX 1 S 1 " " (. 2.21). HiHat, Snare Triangle 303 . EX06.FLP , . EX05.FLP: , !

2.8. MIDI, : , . MIDI-. MIDI-, - PC (. . 2.8.2). MIDI-. , ?

2.8.1. MIDI- MIDI- , , MIDI- USB. , . . , MIDI-, .

Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) (interface) , . Musical Instrument Digital Interface (MIDI) . . MIDI- MIDI-. -

73

, , MIDI-. MIDI- - " ". "-" , , ( "") ( ""). , (). , . , . . , ( , ), , - . , , ( ) "" , ( ) "" ("" ). . , : , . . , . MIDI- (. 2.22) : 7 , () , , . . , , . "" .

. 2.22. MIDI-

74

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. 2.23. MIDI-

MIDI- MIDI- . 2.24. , , MIDI TXD (Transmitter Data). , , MIDI RXD (Receiver Data).

. 2.24. MIDI-

MIDI , ,

75

. , , , MIDI-. , , . , , MIDI-. , . . MIDI MIDI-. , , ( ) -, - MIDI-. , : , , , , . MIDI . , , , . , , . : - . , ( , ), . , MIDI- MIDI-, . MIDI- . . 2.25 MIDI- MIDI , . , , , MIDI-. , , . "" MIDI- (MIDI RXD MIDI TXD) (. 2.26). , . : r 4, 5 , , , ( GND); r 1, 8, 9 +5 ;

76

2

r 15 MIDI RXD (Receiver Data) ; r 12 MIDI TXD (Transmitter Data) . MIDI- -, . MIDI- : , . . MIDI Out MIDI Out , MIDI In MIDI In. , : MIDI- .

. 2.25. MIDI-

. 2.26.

77

MIDI- , . . , MIDI- , MIDI-. , , MIDI- (). , , . MIDI-. MIDI- . , MIDI- ( ) . , , . , . , , -.

MIDI- MIDI- ( MIDI) MIDI- (. 2.27). , : MIDI Out MIDI In , 15- MIDI- , . MIDI- MIDI-, .

. 2.27. MIDI-

78

2

. 2.28.

, MIDI-. ( ) MIDI-. MIDI-. , MIDI-: MIDI Out MIDI In . , . MIDI Out MIDI In (. 2.28).

MIDI- MIDI- ( USB) MIDI-, USB. MIDI- USB Windows . ? : r ; r , , . , , USB- (, , . .).

79

MIDI-, FL Studio. , . 1.2 (. . 1.2.1), , MidiStudio-2, MIDI- MIDI-, USB-. , , MIDI-: MIDI, USB . , "" MIDI-.

2.8.2. Recording , - , , Recording (. 2.29). FL Studio "" .

. 2.29. Recording

, Options > Typing keyboard to piano, ( + ) MIDI- . , : 3, 4, 5 , MIDI- . : r -; r ; r < < > ; r - ; r < > > . , "" . , FL Studio . , Options > Metronome ( + ) . , Options > Recording precount ( + ) .

80

2

,

Options > Start on input ( + ) / MIDI-.

, Options > Blend recorded notes ( + ) , . . , Options > Step edit ( + ) . MIDI- ( ) , , , . SNAP (. . 4.2). . Piano roll . , , , ? , .2.8.3. MIDI-, MIDI- , FL Studio "" (. . 1.2.1). MIDI- , Typing keyboard to piano (. . 2.8.2). FL Studio (. . 2.2). " " MIDI-. . PAT, . (Switch recording mode) , . "" , (. . 2.2), . , (. . 2.8.2). (Start) . - MIDI. ( Record to step sequencer, MIDI System Settings (. . 1.2.1). 81 ( ). . , SONG? , ( Playlist). , : r ; r ( ), SONG; r ( ); r , Playlist .2.8.4. , "" . 2.7.1, . , FL Studio, . FL Studio, , , . (, ) . , . . , . 2.8.3 ( - ), ( SONG). "" - (, Snare). . , Snare , , . ? , . , Edit events. Events, . 2.30.82 2. 2.30. EventsEvents "" "". . . , : , , . . , ( , ), . , Steinberg Cubase SX [13, 16] Cakewalk SONAR [9, 11, 14] . FL Studio , . , FL Studio "Events". . Events , , , , , , . , , . , , "". Events . , , . 83 . , , . , , . , - . FL Studio , 9, Playlist Main automation. , , . "" . . , (. . 1.2). , , . ( MIDI-, . . 2.23), , MIDI-. , Link to controller. Remote control settings ( ), . 2.31.. 2.31. Remote control settings84 2 Auto detect. , "" (- MIDI-), , . , , MIDI-. : r Reset "", ; r Edit events in new window Events ( Events); r Init song with this position ; r Copy value ; r Paste value . EX07.FLP , . Cutoff freq Fruity filter, FX 3. , ! , . TEMPO, (. . 2.2), . , , , . . r 80 , 90 , ..., 160 . . , , " " . r Twice slower . . . , 120 Twice slower, 60. Playlist 5. (, , ) 7. 3 Step sequencer Step sequencer (. 3.1) . 2.3. . , (View step sequencer), Shortcut, .3.1. . . .. 3.1. 86 3 . - ( ) , . Playing step, . - Select. . ( Kick, Clap, HiHat, Snare) Channel Settings (. . 6.1) . , . , , (Channel Settings Buttons). , , . 3.4. (Channel panning) (Channel volume). - Mute/Solo, . (Beats per bar for this pattern). , . . Beat Settings ( Project, GENERAL, . . 1.2.5). , . (Repeat step sequencer) , , (. . 2.6), . . , , . () . (Repeat step sequencer) , : , , , , . . 1 EX08.FLP, , . (Repeat step sequencer) , , - Step sequencer87 . , . (Repeat step sequencer) : , . 2 EX08.FLP, , . SWING . . EX09.FLP (. , ). , Pattern 1, SWING.. 3.2. ( Graph editor) (Graph editor) / Graph editor (. 3.2), : r Pan ; r Velocity MIDI- ( ); r Filter cut , ; r Filter res ( " ");88 3r Pitch ; r Shift . Graph editor , . , . , . , . , . EX10.FLP (. , ), 1 Velocity HiHat Graph editor. (Keyboard editor) / Keyboard editor (. 3.3), (). MIDI-, . , , , . / . , . , .. 3.3. ( Keyboard editor) ( ) / ( . 3.3 Step sequencer89), (portamento) . , . . , FL Studio. 1 EX11.FLP (. , ) . 3 Osc. , , , . , VSTi DXi, , MIDI-. Graph editor Keyboard editor . . , . - . , Drums () Synth (), Drums, Synth. Channel display filter ( ), . All ( ) Unsorted ( ). - , (, ). . , , Channel display filter: r Add filter group ; r Delete filter group ; r Rename filter group . , . . . , All. , . , .90 3, . "" ? , Drums Synth. Channels > Group selected + . , . , . , Drums. "" . , . EX12.FLP (. , ).3.2. CHANNELS FL Studio, .3.2.1. , VSTi DXi CHANNELS > Add one . FL Studio. , / FL Studio. - , . , FL Studio, . FL Studio ( ). (Fruity), FL Studio VST- DX-. VST- DX- FL Studio, CHANNELS > Add one > More. Select generator plugin (. 3.4). FL Studio . - , Select generator plugin , Refresh (). : r Fast scan (recommended) (); r Scan & verify (unsafe!) ( , ). FL Studio , Step sequencer91 . , VST- - . , VST- Cubase SX . FL Studio , - (. . FL Studio).. 3.4. Select generator plugin Select generator plugin : r DXi plugins DX-; r Fruity generator plugins , FL Studio; r VST plugins , VST- ( FL Studio); r VSTi VST-. -. , "" F ( , favourite ). F 92 3 , CHANNELS > Add one , Select generator plugin. Select generator plugin ( Fruity generator plugins). (), FL Studio. .3.2.2. CHANNELS FL Studio: r CHANNELS > Clone selected ( + + ) ( ); r CHANNELS > Delete selected ( + ) ; r CHANNELS > Move selected up ( + ) ; r CHANNELS > Move selected down ( + ) ; r CHANNELS > Group selected ( + ) (. . 3.1); r CHANNELS > Color selected > Gradient ( + ) ( ); r CHANNELS > Color selected > Random ( + + ) ( , FL Studio); r CHANNELS > Zip selected ( + ) ; r CHANNELS > Unzip all ( + ) . . : ( , . .) . , . . ( ) , . Step sequencer933.3. EDIT FL Studio, : r Undo ( + ) ( / ); r Cut ( + ) ; r Copy ( + ) ; r Paste ( + ) ; r Shift left ( + ) ; r Shift right ( + ) ; r Randomize ( + ) ( ); r Send to piano roll ( + ) , , . EDIT > Randomize Step sequencer - randomizer (. 3.5). : r Pattern ; r Levels , . . Pattern: r Pattern ( , ); r Octave , ; r Range ; r Key / scale ( ); r Population ; r Random portamento (. . 3.1); r Seed .94 3. 3.5. Step sequencer - randomizer Levels Step sequencer - randomizer: r Levels ( , ; r Levels : PAN (), VOL (, , Velocity MIDI-), CUT ( ), RES ( ), PITCH ( ); r Reset before processing (. . , ); r Bipolar ( ); r Seed . "" . . , FL Studio . , . Seed, , - . Step sequencer95 Step sequencer - randomizer . ( PAT) . + Step sequencer - randomizer . Pattern, . Levels, Graph editor. , .3.4. , . , . : r Piano roll EDIT > Send to piano roll ; r Rename ; r Load sample ; r Cut itself ( ); r Edit , ; r Fill each 2 steps, Fill each 4 steps, Fill each 8 steps , , ; r Insert channel CHANNELS > Add one ; r Clone channel ; r Delete channel . Load sample , FL Studio , SMP. . Cut itself (, TS404).96 33.5. FL Studio , . , , (Multi-Layering). : MIDI , , . FL Studio Layer. . , . Layer Channel settings (. 3.6). , , . Channel settings Layer Set children ( ).. 3.6. Channel settings ( Layer) Step sequencer97 Layer . . Layer. , PAN (). Layer, . , Layer : VOL , PITCH , CUT RES . Layering Channel settings Layer: r Show children ; r Random , ; r Crossfade FADE. Layering , : r Group children ; r Delete children ; r Split children MIDI, . (Roote note) MIDI-, . , , . 6.1.1. Split children , Layer. MIDI- . , , . 4 Piano roll Piano roll (. 4.1) . 2.6. Fruity Loops (- FL Studio 4). Piano roll Fruity Loops . Piano roll . , (View piano roll), Shortcut, . FL Studio . , . , , , . , Cakewalk SONAR [9, 11, 14] Steinberg Cubase [13, 16], FL Studio . , SONAR Cubase MIDI- , . 100 4 , , ( SONAR) ( Cubase). , . FL Studio , . , , . , , . . , , , . - : , . Piano roll . . , , .4.1. Piano roll Piano roll ( ) . 4.1. : () (). , , . , .4.1.1. , Piano roll , . , Zoom time, , , . , ; , , : r , , , , ; Piano roll101r , ; r , .. 4.1. Piano roll . Zoom value . MIDI- - / (Keyboard view mode: large / small). (Keyboard view mode: names) , - . Piano roll , MIDI- ( 0 G10) 102 4. , , . , , "" . . , , . MIDI-, / / / SNAP ( SNAP Recording, SNAP . 4.2). . . : r Pan ; r Velocity MIDI-; r Filt. cut , ; r Filt. res ; r Pitch ; r Shift . . Pan Velocity, - . , , . , . . , Filt. cut , . , , . . r Ch. pan ; r Ch. vol ; r Ch. pitch . Piano roll103. 4.2. Note properties . (Draw), (Paint), . Note properties ( ), . 4.2. : r PAN, VOL, CUT, RES, PITCH , , , ; r Invert porta , (. . 6.1.1), , ; r Start time ; r Duration .4.1.2. Piano roll Piano roll , . . (Piano roll options) Piano roll (. . 4.3). (Draw), / , , . , , , . (Paint), , ( ).104 4 .-(Delete), / . (Cut), ( ). (Select), . , (, . .). , . (Select) . , , . , . . , .(Zoom), , . , , , , . (Playback), , . ( ) . , , . (Slide), (Draw) -. - Piano roll105 . - , , . - . FL Studio "" -, , , -. , -. , - . . - 1 ( EX13.FLP , ). (Slide) , .4.2. , , , . . , , , Piano roll. , FL Studio. SNAP (). , , , . , . , SNAP . SNAP Recording (. . 2.8.2). (none), \ ( ). SNAP : r Line , ; r 1/4 step 1/4 ;106 4r 1/2 step 1/2 ; r Step 1 ; r 1/6 beat 1/6 ; r 1/4 beat 1/4 ; r 1/3 beat 1/3 ; r 1/2 beat 1/2 ; r Beat ; r Bar . , . "" . , , . , , SNAP . MIDI-, , . ? , , . , . "" . , . , . , ( ), . . . , , - "" . ? , , "" MIDI- . "" . , SONAR Cubase SX Groove Quantize ( ), , . FL Studio. , , Piano roll FL Studio , - "" . . Piano roll107 , . Piano roll, options), . (Piano rollr Tools > Quick quantize ( ), + ( ). "" , - . , , SNAP Recording. . 4.3 Piano Roll (. 4.3, ) (. 4.3, ) . . 4.3. 108 4r Tools > Quantize ("" ), + , "" . Piano roll - quantizer (. 4.4).. 4.4. Piano roll - quantizer Groove template , . ( FSC). , . Piano roll, FSC . FL Studio . Strength , . r Start time . r Sensivity , . r Duration . r Duration quantizing mode ( , Duration) : Quantize duration ( ); Quantize end time ; Piano roll109 Leave duration ; Leave end time . r Levels : PAN ; VOL Velocity ( MIDI-); CUT RES ; PITCH .4.3. Piano roll, Piano roll (Piano roll options), . , .4.3.1. File , File Piano roll. File > Open score . FSC (FL Studio score file) MID (MIDI file). MID File > Import MIDI file. File > Save score as FSC. File > Import MIDI file, + MID. . Import MIDI data (. 4.5). Which tracks to import? MIDI-, . All tracks ( ). - Which channels to import? MIDI-, . MIDI- . MIDI-, ( MIDI-, ). Blend with existing data MIDI- . , .110 4. 4.5. Import MIDI data Realign events, , . File Piano roll. File > Paste from MIDI clipboard, + + , MlDI- , . (, SONAR). Cubase SX, , . -, Cubase SX - , MIDI-.4.3.2. Edit , Edit Piano roll. Edit > Cut, + . Edit > Copy, + . Edit > Paste, + . Edit > Delete, . Edit > Delete all . Edit > Select all, + . (Select) . Edit > Select previous ( + ) Edit > Select next ( + ) , . Piano roll111 , . - , Edit > Select by color, . Edit > Invert selection , , , . ( ), Edit > Insert space ( + ). , , , . Edit > Delete space ( + ) , , , , . Edit > Change color, + . , (Slide). , . , . Edit > Init with current value, + , , . , . , Ch. pan ( ). , Piano roll . Edit > Init with current value, + , , . , .4.3.3. Tools Tools Piano roll , ( ). Tools > Quick quantize, + (. . 4.2). Tools > Quantize, + (. . 4.2).112 4Tools > Quick chop, + "" : (. 4.6, a) "" (. 4.6, ), SNAP Recording (. . 2.8.2). . 4.6. Tools > Quick chopTools > Chop, + . Piano roll - chopper (. 4.7). Pattern , . Options : r Time mul ; r Absolute pattern ( , "" ); r Levels : PAN , VOL Velocity ( MIDI-), CUT RES , PITCH . Piano roll113. 4.7. Piano roll - chopper . 4.8. Tools > Strum114 4. 4.9. Piano roll - strumizerTools > Strum, + , ( ). . 4.8, , . 4.8, . Tools > Strum Piano roll - strumizer (. 4.9). Start Piano roll - strumizer , : r Time STR ( ), Time TNS ( ); r Velocity STR / Velocity, Velocity TNS / Velocity; r Preserve end , . End , : Time STR , Time TNS . Alternate direction . Tools > Randomize, + ( EDIT > Randomize ) , . , Piano roll115 (. . 3.3). Piano roll Piano roll - randomizer, Step sequencer - randomizer : r Length ; r Variation ; r Stack ( ); r Merge same notes , .. 4.10. Piano roll - randomizerTools > LFO, + (LFO ), Piano roll. . 4.11. Events - LFO (. 4.12). , . .116 4. 4.11. Tools > LFO. 4.12. Events - LFO Start LFO, End LFO: r Value ( ); r Range ; r Speed . End , LFO . End Value, Range, Speed End Start, , , LFO, . . Piano roll117 . Shape , , . Phase , LFO.4.3.4. View , View Piano roll. View > Grid color, + . View > Ghost channels, + . , , ., . View > Black keys, + , MIDI-.4.3.5. Zoom Zoom Piano roll : r Zoom > Far, ; r Zoom > Medium, ; r Zoom > Close, ; r Zoom > Best fit, , ; r Zoom > On Selection, , .4.3.6. Chord (Draw) , ( ). Chord Piano roll. , , FL Studio "" , . 4.13. . 4.14 , . , Piano roll .118 4 , Chord (none) ( + ).. 4.13. Piano roll119. 4.14. , , , 66 , . 4.14. , , , , . , [4, 17].4.3.7. Piano roll Piano roll. Auto locate channel Piano roll . Auto smoothing ( SNAP, (none)). Center, , . 5 Playlist Playlist . 2.4. , (View playlist), Shortcut. Playlist FL Studio , SONG.5.1. Playlist Playlist . 5.1. : () (). , . . . . Playlist , . , ::. , . , (, ). , , ,122 5 . . , , Playlist, , , .. 5.1. Playlist , , , . . . . ( Fruity Loops) . , Fruity Loops Fruity Tracks, . Fruity Tracks FL Studio. Playlist123 , , FL Studio. , (. 7) , (, , ) FL Studio . Playlist , . Piano roll. , , .5.1.1. , , Playlist. Piano roll. Playlist Piano roll, , . (Playlist options) Playlist (. . 5.2). (Draw), . , , , . . . (Paint), . . (Delete), . (Cut), . . . (Select), . , . , (Select) . , , . , . 124 5. + + . (Zoom), , , . , , , , . (Draw), (Paint), (Delete) (Cut). , , , . . 5.2 . . . , ( ) ( ). , (Draw), (Paint), (Delete), (Cut). , , . , . . . , - , , ( ). (, "1 ", ""). , , Add time marker Playlist. , . , . : r Add marker ; r Delete marker ; r Rename marker .. 5.2. Playlist1255.1.2. , "" . 5.3 . . , . . . 2.4 , . , , . , . , . , .. 5.3. . 5.4. Snare , , . + + (. 5.4, , ). , , . . , . .126 5 FL Studio " ". MIDI- ( ). "" Live mode Playlist. : - . , , . . , . . , , . "" . MIDI-. Live mode MIDI-. / , , . , Playlist live mode MIDI channel, MIDI System Settings (. . 1.2.1), MIDI- MIDI-.5.1.3. . 5.5. . . (, . .). Playlist FL Studio . . , , . , , , . , , . . Playlist , , - , - Playlist127 - -. , . , : , .. 5.5. , , Audio clips, \ .: , (Paint) (Draw) . . . , WAV. , , . : , ? , Playlist ( Browser, ). , , Browser extra search directories FILE System128 5 Settings (. . 1.2.4). - , . 1. , Sampler (. . 6.3). 2. . 3. Playlist ( , ). 4. Select channel , . . (Draw) (Paint). . r Preview . r Edit sample (. . 7.3) . r Select channel ( , Sampler). r Channel settings Channel settings . . r Select region . (, Adobe Audition [10, 15]) , , -. FL Studio .r Chop into , : Regions ; Autodetect , ; Beats ; Beats (random) ; Bars . , (Cut), . Playlist1295.2. Playlist, Playlist options), . (Playlist5.2.1. Edit Edit. r Edit > Cut, + (, ) . r Edit > Copy, + . r Edit > Paste, + . r Edit > Delete, . r Edit > Delete all . r Edit > Select all, + , . r Edit > Select previous, + . , . r Edit > Select next, + . r Edit > Invert selection , . . , , . r Edit > Insert space, + (. 5.6, , ). r Edit > Delete space, + (. 5.7, , ).a . 5.6. Insert space () ()a . 5.7. Delete space () ()130 55.2.2. Tools, Tools Playlist Tools > Quick quantize, + . . 4.2. ( ) , .5.2.3. Patterns, Patterns Playlist ( , ). Patterns > Rename . Patterns > Color selected, + . FL Studio , Patterns > Open in project browser, + Browser. . Current project .Patterns > Insert one, + + . "", . Patterns > Clone selected, + + . ( ), Playlist . Patterns > Delete selected, + + . Patterns > Move selected up, + . Patterns > Move selected down, + . Patterns > Flatten selected (. 5.8, , ). . Playlist131Patterns > Merge selected , (. 5.9, , ).a . 5.8. Flatten selected () ()a . 5.9. Merge selected () ()5.2.4. Audio tracks Audio tracks Playlist. Audio tracks > Auto zero-crossing , . . Audio tracks > Flat mode, + / (. 5.10, , ). Audio tracks > Glass effect, + + / , , .a . 5.10. Flat mode (), ()5.2.5. View View Playlist View > Grid color ( + ). . Playlist.132 55.2.6. Zoom Zoom Playlist . , Piano roll (. . 4.3.5).5.2.7. Playlist Playlist. Live mode "" (. . 5.1.2). Add time marker (. . 5.1.1). Center, . 6 FL Studio . . FL Studio . , . . , . 1. Browser. : Plugin presets > Generators > > . (. . 3.1). "" , . , . 2. CHANNELS > Add one (. . 3.2.1) Insert channel (. . 3.4). . , . Channel settings . , . Channel settings , ( Layer, . . 3.5), .134 66.1. , . 6.1 Channel settings. ( ) (Channel options), Channel settings. : r Save channel state as ; r Assign free mixer track, + FX (. . 2.7.2); r Rename . Channel settings : r PAN ; r VOL ; r PITCH ( ) ( ); r FX FX , . Channel settings MIDI, . MIDI-, ( , ). . ... 4, 5, 6, ... (... , , , ...). . MIDI, . , MIDI-. . , - . , . , FL Studio, "" . , , . . MIDI- . , MIDI- - 135 . . MIDI- . FL Studio Layer (. . 3.5), . MIDI-, MIDI- Layer . , , . , , MIDI- , .. 6.1. Channel settings ( MISC) Channel settings (. . 6.1). (PLUGIN, MISC, FUNC) . Channel settings . MISC FUNC , - . 136 6 , . , , , . , FL Studio , , FL Studio .6.1.1. MISC Channel settings Channel settings, MISC (. . 6.1). Levels adjustment (PAN), (VOL), (CUT) (RES) . , Fruity. : Levels adjustment PAN VOL, Channel settings? -, , (. . 2.8.4). , PAN ( Channel settings). PAN Levels adjustment , . , Levels adjustment ( ). -, Levels adjustment , Channel settings. Polyphony , ( ). r ( Fruity). , . , . r Mono ( , MIDI-). , Mono 1. . 1 (, , , . .). , , ( , 137, , ). ( , . . 6.2.1) , . -. , . r Porta ( ). r SLIDE . Cut Cut by , . . 99 . , : , . , . ( 1). , , , Cut by 1, 1. Cut 1, 1 . , 98 . Root note ( ) MIDI- ( ). Enable main pitch Master pitch, (. . 1.2). Add to key, MIDI-. - , , . MIDI- , . , , . FINE ( ). Reset MIDI-.138 66.1.2. FUNC Channel settings Channel settings, FUNC (. 6.2). , (SONAR [9, 11], Cubase [13, 16]) MIDI-. MIDI, (, , . .).. 6.2. Channel settings ( FUNC) Echo delay / fat mode () . . . MIDI- : , - . , . . 139 FEED . FEED < 100%, . FEED > 100%, , , . PAN . CUT, RES PITCH , (. . ). TIME , . . Ping pong , , PAN. Fat mode . Echo delay / fat mode EX14.FLP ( 1) , . Arpeggiator . ( - OFF). OFF -, : , , -, . TIME . GAT . RANGE . REPEAT . CHORD . Slide . EX15.FLP ( 1) , . Time : GAT ; OFS (). Full porta, . Tracking , MIDI- MIDI- (Velocity). VOL / KB : Velocity (VOL) MIDI (KB). MID Velocity MIDI-, . : PAN , CUT RES . . , , . , .140 66.2. : r , ( , , . .); r , . . , . , , . . ( ) 1930- . . (L. Hammond) , , , . , , , . , , .6.2.1. . , , . ( . additive ) , . , . ( ) . . 141 . , , . , ( . subtractive ). , . . , . , ( ). , . . ( ), , . . , . ( ) . . , . . (Moog), 1964 . , , , , . "" . FM- (FM-, FM-, ). : . 142 6 , . , . , , . , FM- . , , . (, ) . . : . , , , . , , . , : attack (), decay (), sustain (), release (). , , , , , , , . . . FL Studio (. 6.3). FM- , "" . , . - . . , , . , . - , -, 143 . -, , , .. 6.3. 1980- . . FM-. , , . . , , , FM- . , . ( [7, 11, 14, 16]). - . - , 144 6 , . FL Studio , .6.2.2. 1970- . , , sampling ( " "). , , , , . ( ), . , , , . . : , . , "" . , , , , , , , , . , . , , : , . . . (Wave Table). , , , Wave Table (WT). , . , , . , . . , 145 ( ). , ( ). , , . ? , 44,1 . , 88,2 , . . , . , . , , . . . , , ( ). , . . . - () , , . ( , ). , . , (, . .) ( ; , ). , , . . , . , , , .146 6 . . ( ), . , , . , . () , , "" , . , , . . , . . "" . FM-, " " . , FM-, . ( ). , " ", ( ) . : , , , ...6.2.3. , . , . "" , . MIDI-, - 147 , , , . (oscillator) . , . . MIDI-. , "" : "" ( ). , , MIDI-, "" , . ( , "") , , , . , , , (FM-). ( ), (RM-, . ring modulation ). ( ) , , , , Wah-wah ("-"). : (Filter Cutoff) (Resonance). , "-" . , , , (Low Frequency Oscillator), (Envelope), , . ( ) ( , ) , ( "-" .). Envelope , . ADSR ( Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release) FL Studio (DAHDSR): Delay (), Attack (), Hold (), Decay (), Sustain () Release ().148 66.3. Sampler , FL Studio, Sampler. , . , . , Native Instruments Kontakt Steinbetg HALion [14], FL Studio . Samper ? , . . , , . "" , "" , . , , , (pads) MIDI- . . , "" Sampler. , , , , , , , , " " . , , . . Sampler, Channel settings MISC FUNC SMP INS. SMP Channel settings . 6.4.6.3.1. SMP Channel settings Channel settings . , ( CHR_Aah_A3.wav), . (Load sample), . . FL Studio 96 000 /24 . . Keep on disk Wave. , 149 Precomputed effects ( ). Keep on disk , 44 100 /16 /. (, 22 050 /8 ), Resample. . () "", . . Channel settings , () . , . , . , Use loop points Loop Channel settings.. 6.4. SMP Channel settings150 6 . MIDI-. . , . , MIDI-. , " " . Ping pong loop Loop . , , , . "" ( ). , MIDI-. Ping pong loop . , Resample , , . Crossfade loop ( CRF Precompiled effects). : . , . CRF. CRF . Precomputed effects. Remove DC offset . ( ) , . . . . ( Normalize) . r , . r , . r . 151 , , . , , , . Reverse , . Reverse polarity ( -1). Fade stereo . Swap stereo . IN OUT (fade in) (fade out). POGO , , . TRIM , . FIT - ( "---"), (Stretch to fit to steps), , , MIDI-, . FIT , . , FIT, Autodetect. Stretch to fit to steps . Stretch, DJ .6.3.2. INS Channel settings INS Channel settings . 6.5. , . , INS Channel settings : r PAN ;152 6r VOL ; r CUT ; r RES ; r PITCH . : r Envelope ; r LFO ; r Filter .. 6.5. INS Channel settings , , CUT ( ) RES ( ), ( LPx2). : r Fast LP, LP, LPx2, SVF LP, SVF LPx2 ( ), 153 , ; r ; r HP ( ); r Notch ( ). LFO . , , LFO . : r LFO PAN ; r LFO VOL (); r LFO CUT RES ; r LFO PITCH . LFO : r : , , ; r DEL ; r , ; r ( , , LFO); r SPD . LFO , . . , LFO. , SPD. ( Tempo Based ) DEL, SPD. LFO MIDI- ( DEL). Global, .154 6 , Envelope , PAN. Envelope , Use envelope. TIME TNS . TIME , TNS , , , . / : r DEL ; r ; r HOLD ; r DEC ; r SUS ; r REL . " " . . , VOL , CUT . . CUT, RES PITCH Envelope ( ). Envelope. , . . , , , . , . . , . 6.5 . , (Sustain) , ( . 6.3). , , MIDI-, . . . , , . 1556.4. TS404 TS404 Roland -303 . , TS404 , . TS404 "" . TS404, Channel settings TS404. (. 6.6, ). OSC 1 1. OSC 1 , . ? , . . - , . ? Load oscillator shape. FL Studio WAV- . C:\PROGRAM FILES\FLSTUDIO4\DATA\PATCHES\PACKS\ SHAPES. Browser. TS404 . , , SMP (. 6.6, ). , . TS404 (. . 6.6, ) Channel settings, OSC 1. CRS , FINE . PW ( ). OSC 2 . FM, . 1 2 , MIX OSC 1+2. RM156 6 ( ). . SYNC , . . 6.6. TS404 () SMP () Channel settings ENVELOPE . . , ( FL Studio " Resonance" ). FILTER: r CUT RES ; r ENV CUT . 157 FILTER : r LP12 12 ; r LP24 24 ; r HP ; r . OFF . LFO . LFO . , : r OSC ; r RES ; r CUT ; r PW . . SPD LFO . TS404 "". (distortion) , , . [14]. . , , . DIST: r , ( , ); r ; r THR , . TS404 Channel presets > TS404 Browser.6.5. 3 Osc, 3 Osc, , , . TS404. 3 Osc 158 6 FL Studio, Fruity. , PLUGIN , 3 Osc PLUGIN (. 6.7). Channel settings . Channel settings. 6.7. 3 Osc 3 Osc ( ) OSC 1, OSC 2, OSC 3. : r INV ; r SP ( ); r SD ( ); 159r , ?, TS404, , . 1 (PAN), (CRS) (FINE) . VOL, ( ). OSC 3 > AM, 3 . PR , . , INS, . 3 Osc Channel presets\3x Osc Browser. , PLUGIN Channel settings, . 3 Osc. , : r Piano roll Piano roll; r Presets ; r Browse presets Browser; r Save preset as ; r Last tweaked parameter , : Edit events Event (. . 2.8.4); Edit events in new window Event; Init song with this position ; Link to controller Remote control settings (. . 2.8.4) MIDI-; Copy value ; Paste value ; r Browse parameters Browser . 160 6 Browser , , Last tweaked parameter Init song with this position; r Help .6.6. , , Fruity, , . PLUGIN Channel settings (. 6.8). OPEN . COPY , PASTE . . . : , , . ( , ). : , . . , , . , . , , , . FREQ , . FREQ : - . USE BLUE, , . LENGTH , . : - . 161 SCALE : Log , Linear , Harmonics . , , , , . , . , , . GRAINY.. 6.8. LOOP . WIDEN . -Map , ( ). .162 6 , . ? Channel presets > Plugin presets > Browser. ( ). . , , : 1. Adobe Audition / Cool Edit Pro. 2. ( , Adobe Audition / Cool Edit Pro). 3. . 4. Adobe Photoshop ( , , , , . .). 5. . , . Adobe Audition / Cool Edit Pro [2, 8, 10, 12, 15, 30, 64, 70, 72, 74].6.7. BooBass BooBass -. PLUGIN Channel settings (. 6.9). : BASS , MID , TREBLE .6.8. FL Keys FL Keys , . FL Keys . FL Keys (. 6.10). , , . 163. 6.9. BooBass. 6.10. FL Keys164 6 SAMPLESET , : r Piano ; r Rhodes , (Harold Rhodes); r Roto organ (Hammond). i, , (, , . .). ENVIRONMENT : r DECAY ; r RELEASE ; r PAN /; r STEREO . PAN : ; ( ). MISC: r OVERDRIVE ; r LFO LFO, ; r TREBLE ; r STRETCH . VELOCITY MIDI-: r MUFFLE , ; r VEL ( MUFFLE) MUFFLE; r HARDNESS ; r VEL ( HARDNESS) HARDNESS ( , ); r SENSITIVITY MIDI-. 165 TUNING: r TUNE ; r DETUNE "" . / , FL Keys. ( FL Keys), , . 6.5. ,6.9. Plucked! Plucked! . PLUGIN Channel settings (. 6.11). : r Decay ;. 6.11. Plucked!166 6r Color ; r NORMALIZE , , ; r GATE MIDI-; r WIDEN . Plucked! . , .6.10. Fruity Slicer ? , . . ( . loop , ), . , , (groove). "" . . , . , , , , , . . , . "" , , . , - , 126 (bmp). 120 bmp. , - . , FL Studio FIT (. . 6.3.1). . , . , SONAR [9, 11, 14], Cubase SX [13, 16] . : (slices), . , . "" , , . Fruity Slicer 167 , : MIDI- , MIDI-. , , . ( ), ( ). , , .. 6.12. Fruity Slicer Fruity Slicer PLUGIN Channel settings (. 6.12). , BeatSlicer (http://www.flstudio.com) BeatCreator (http://www.beatcreator.com).168 6 , . , , WAV-. . (). Fruity Slicer "" . AUTO-DUMP ( ), , , . , . , , . . , , Rough sensivity ( ) High sensivity ( ). 1/32, 1/16 1/8 , . Open BeatSlicer BeatSlicer, FL Studio. , . : r Normal ; r Reverse ; r Random ; r Widen stereo , , . . DEC . , . Fruity Slicer . , ( ANIMATE). 169 - , , DEC. , REV, . , . , . , : , , . FILL GAPS. PLAY END. .6.11. Fruity Granulizer : 5100 . () , . , . Fruity Granulizer . . , . . . . . , "". Fruity Granulizer , . . , , . Fruity Granulizer , , , "" ( ).170 6. 6.13. Fruity Granulizer Fruity Granulizer PLUGIN Channel settings (. 6.13). GRAINS : r ( ); r HOLD , . . ; r G.SP ( ); r W.SP ( ); r START , ; r LOOP ; r HOLD . 171 HOLD , W.SP (0%). , , . EFFECTS : r PAN ( , ); r FX.D W.SP LFO; r FX.S LFO, W.SP; r RAND , .6.12. Wave TravellerWave Traveller , (scratch , , ). , : , . , , . , , . , , (, , ), . . , . Wave Traveller "" . ! Wave Traveller , . 6.14. . MIDI- . MIDI- . 172 6 (patch). MIDI- MIDI-, Wave Traveller. . 24 . , , MIDI . ( , Patch 5 " "). , . , .. 6.14. Wave Traveller , . SPD . - : ( ) ( ). REL ( ) ( ). / . . . , 173. , Wave Traveller , , . . , . , MIDI-. : r WAVE ; r VOL . , , . . , Delete . . . . , , , . . , . , , , , . ( ) Plugin presets/Generators/Wave Traveller Browser.6.13. FM-/RM- Sytrus , ? , . Sytrus 6- FM-/RM-, . Sytrus Native Instruments FM7 [14, 43] FM- . FM7, Sytrus Yamaha DX7 Sysx ( MIDI) DX7 SYX DX7.174 6 - , . Plugin presets/ Generators/Sytrus Browser 300 . , , .. 6.15. Sytrus ( MAIN) . 6.15. : r MAIN ; r 1 6 ; r FILT 1FILT 3 ; r FX ( ). , MAIN (. 6.15): r VOL , LFO , PITCH ; 175r VOL ; r FILTER , ; r UNISON ; r MODULATION X Y, - ; r EQ ; r QUALITY . : r DRAFT ( ) ( MIDI-); r RENDER ( ) . . , , . . . : r HQ ENVELOPES ; r INTERPOLATE ( ); r OVERSAMPLING ( , ). , . , 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, . , 4 ( ) 3 ( ) 0%, , . FM ( ) RM ( ), . , 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 F1, F2, F3, , . , PAN , .176 6, FX , , . OUT . , . , , Sytrus. : r Yamaha DX presets Yanaha DX7; r Unison ; r Chorus . . . MIDI-, - / .6.14. Fruit kick Fruit kick . ? , . "" . Fruit kick PLUGIN Channel settings (. 6.16). : r ; r MIN ; r DEC ; r A.DEC ; r CLICK ; r DIST , . 177. 6.16. Fruit kick6.15. Fruity vibrator Fruity vibrator , , , , . . ? , , . FL Studio Fruity X-Y Controller, (. 8). MIDI-. , , ? Fruity vibrator PLUGIN Channel settings (. 6.17).178 6. 6.17. Fruity vibrator . MIDI- MIDI-. , . Plugin presets/Generators/Fruity Vibrator Browser FFE, . MIDI-. Fruity vibrator MIDI-, . , , MIDI- . FEDIT.EXE DirectX Developer SDK (http://www.microsoft.com/directx). 1796.16. VSTi, DXi . Fruity Wrapper , DXi VSTi, . 1.2.4, , DXi VSTi FL Studio, . 3.2.1. , DXi VSTi. , . . "" . DXi VSTi . ( ).FL Studio DXi VSTi . DXi VSTi, Fruity Wrapper, Fruity. , - MIDI- FL Studio DXi- VSTi- , FL Studio. , Fruity Wrapper, . Fruity Wrapper . 6.18. Select generator plugin (. . 3.2.1), ( , VSTi DXi). . 6.19 Fruity Wrapper VSTi. Fruity Wrapper - , . Fruity Wrapper , . 6.18. PORT MIDI-, DXi ( VSTi). MIDI- , DXi VSTi - Fruity, MIDI- (, MIDI Out, ). , DXi VSTi MIDI-, MIDI- . , MIDI-, . MIDI- , . PORT MIDI-, . -180 6 , :. -r Show MIDI in port PORT ; r Show MIDI out port PORT ; r Enable multiple outputs . FL Studio; r Allow program editing ( VSTi) . , , , . Allow program editing ; r Rename program ( VSTi) ; r Copy program ( VSTi) ; r Paste program ( VSTi) ; r Import Cubase bank/preset ( VSTi) / Cubase [13, 16]. ;. 6.18. Fruity Wrapper (DX- VST- ). 6.19. Fruity Wrapper ( VSTi) 181r Export Cubase bank ( VSTi) Cubase; r Import Cubase preset ( VSTi) Cubase; r Send pitch bend range ( VSTi) , PITCH Channel settings (. . 6.1); r Use big buffers ( DXi) , DXi ( , ); r Reload current plugin ( ). , Allow program editing. , , . DXi VSTi, Fruity wrapper? , Fruity wrapper. Browse parameters Browser. . : r Edit events Events ; r Link to controller Remote control settings - MIDI-. , MIDI- . , DXi VSTi, MIDI Out, .6.17. MIDI Out MIDI- MIDI Out MIDI-. "" ( DXi VSTi, Fruity Wrapper) MIDI-. MIDI Out MIDI- PORT. , MIDI Out VSTi Novation BassStation, 182 6 - Fruity Wrapper (. . 6.19). Fruity wrapper - MIDI- (. . 6.16). MIDI Out (. 6.20) PORT. MIDI Out , MIDI- USB-. MIDI- . ? , Output port mapping Settings ( System, MIDI, . . 1.2.1).. 6.20. MIDI Out CHANNEL MIDI-. DXi VSTi . : " ", MIDI- MIDI-, MIDI- MIDI-. BANK , . MIDI- 183MIDI- . . PATCH . MIDI Out . PATCH , GM (General MIDI). , PATCH , , . , GM. , , MIDI Out . MIDI Out , . (8 1 ). , PATCH. , . MIDI Out , MIDI- . Configure.. 6.21. Control settings Control settings, . 6.21. Full name , . Short name . , Controller #, MIDI-, : r (Control Change);184 6r RPN Registered Parameter Number ( ), Pitch Bend; r NRPN Non-Registered Parameter Number ( ), MIDI-; r AFT Aftertouch (), MIDI-. MIDI- . Controller # MIDI, RPN NRPN. , MIDI- 7, 10 . . Min / max . Copy settings. Paste settings. Accept () . MIDI Out, . 6.20. MIDI Out (. . 6.5). , . FL Studio MIDI Out, , . Reset "" MIDI- , .6.18. Fruity Keyboard Controller Fruity Keyboard Controller , MIDI . . Fruity Keyboard Controller PLUGIN Channel settings (. 6.22). - 185 MIDI- ( MIDI, Channel settings). : r ; r MIDI-.. 6.22. Fruity Keyboard Controller MIDI- , MIDI- ( 5 ). MIDI- . MIDI- , Value for current key ( ). : MIDI- Value for current key . MIDI- . , MIDI-186 6( MIDI-), Value for current key , MIDI-. MIDI- Value for current key . MIDI-. , . : r Auto map (white+black) Value for current key MIDI- ( MIDI- ); r Auto map (white only) Value for current key MIDI- ( MIDI-). RELEASE, MIDI- Value for current key , , RELEASE. Value for current key MIDI- , ( ) . Fruity Keyboard Controller : " MIDI- , , ?" , Value for current key , MIDI- , . , - . . Link to controller (. . 2.8.4) Remote control settings. FL Studio Fruity Keyboard Controller , Remote control settings Internal controller ( ). (. 6.23): r Kb Ctrl (Kb Ctrl) - Note Fruity Keyboard Controller MIDI- ; r Kb Ctrl (Kb Ctrl) - Velocity Fruity Keyboard Controller MIDI- . 187. 6.23. Fruity Keyboard Controller Fruity Keyboard Controller , , . , Fruity Keyboard Controller .6.19. ReWired , ReWire ReWired FL Studio , ReWire, MIDI . ReWire -, -, . -, , , . - - ReWire - Slave Mode. / - MIDI-. -. - -188 6 -. FL Studio - ( ReWired), -. , FL Studio Steinberg Cubase SX, Cakewalk SONAR Adobe Audition , 10. , ReWire, FL Studio Propellerhead Reason ( [12]), FL Studio. Reason FL Studio, , , , -, Reason. Reason. ReWire FL Studio Reason. Reason , FL Studio ReWire. , Rebirth 338 ReWire. ReWired PLUGIN Channel settings (. . 6.24).. 6.24. ReWired 189 CLIENT , ReWire. Reason. SHOW PANEL -. Reason, . , Reason . - FL Studio, FX Channel settings, - , FX "--". - ( Reason 64 ). Multi Outputs -. - FL Studio. Reason FL Studio : r ( 1, 2) Reason FL Studio ( ); r 3 63 Reason FX 1FX 61 FL Studio; r 64 Reason , FL Studio . MIDI- FL-Studio - , , MIDI- - FL Studio. . 1.2.1 , MIDI- FL Studio . MIDI- -, MIDI- FL Studio MIDI- -. MIDI OPTIONS MIDI Settings (. 6.25).. 6.25. MIDI Settings190 6 Mappings ( ) MIDI- FL Studio -. , . Map ( MIDI-): r Input MIDI- FL Studio -; r Output MIDI- - FL Studio. port MIDI- FL Studio. to MIDI- -, . Channels MIDI- - MIDI-. Add/Change ; Mappings. Mappings Delete. , : - FL Studio? FL Studio , MIDI Out, MIDI- FL Studio MIDI- ( MIDI Out . 6.17). MIDI Out FL Studio, -. , , , , , -. , 1. ReWire ( , FL Studio ReWire) ( ) MIDI-. , Reason FL Studio, MIDI- MIDI-/IDI-. MIDI- MIDI-, , , , . FL Studio, , FL Studio MIDI- MIDI- . MIDI Out Reason, MIDI ReWire . 1912. FL Studio ReWire, . , . , ReWire Slave Mode. -, FL Studio. - . , - ReWire , , , FL Studio. , Reason 2 Cubase SX, 96 . -. , "". 3. MIDI- ReWire: . - PATCH MIDI Out, Reason. Reason. 4. FL Studio, ReWire. ReWire, , , -, Reason, ReBirth . . 5. ReWire , FL Studio ReWire. , Reason ( RNS) ReFill ( RFL) , . , FL Studio. .6.20. FL Slayer FL Slayer VST-, , -. , . , , . ( + ) -192 6. FL Slayer , ( , ). VST- reFX (http://www.reFX.net/). FL Slayer, FL Studio, Slayer 1.x, reFX . Slayer 1.x Slayer 2.x, [14]. . , FL Slayer, MIDI-, MIDI- -, MIDI-. . . , . "" .. 6.26. FL Slayer 193 -, . VST-, FL Slayer (, FL Studio). , FL Slayer VST-, VST- . VST- FL Slayer . 6.26. , , -.6.20.1. VST- FL Slayer . 6.27. Mode, Speed Hold. Mode (. 6.28) .. 6.27. . 6.28. 194 6 None , , MIDI- ( - MIDI-). , . , , MIDI- , ( , ). "-". Strumming , . , . , , , . , "" , "" . Speed. AutoChords PowerChords, MIDI- . , , MIDI- , . AutoChords , , . . . , , , . . PowerChords ( MIDI- 60). MIDI- , " C1-F1-C2", . " C1-G1-C2", . , FL Slayer -. . , - . , - . Solo fixed Solo dynamic . , , , . , , 195 , , , Speed. Hold Off, , MIDI- . , . , "". String , : r Noise ( ); r 6String1, 6String2, 6String3 ; r Slap, Ebass, Fretless - (- , , ). ( Coils) (). Single, , (, - -, -). , . . , . Double, . , . . , None . ? , . , - (, ). , . , , / . , . Pitch Bend 2 . Glissando.196 6 Tone , . ( ) "" . , . Slap , . Fret . , . Harmonic . , . . . Vel , , Velocity, Note On ( MIDI ). ( ) Velocity . Vel "" , Velocity Harmonic. Damp . . , , , - . . Damp Velocity Vel.6.20.2. , - , - . 6.29.. 6.29. , - 197 AMP , : r Dry , , , , , - ; r Tube , ; , , , ; r EQ , ; r Bandpass , . Cabinet , : r Dry - , ; r British , " ", ; r Combo , ; r StaX . , . , , . , , , , , . , . 6 : r Drive "", ; r Presence , ; r Feedback , , ; r Low, Mid, High 200, 1000 2500 .198 6 - MFX-90 SIGNAL PROCESSOR , . : r , (, ), (, ); r ( , ). . 6.30 ( . 8).. 6.30. , . 60 . VST- FL Slayer , Fruity (. . 2.8.4). , VST- FL Slayer. , , , , , . , , . , ? . , ( , - 199 , [17]). VST MusicLab RealGuitar .6.21. VST- MusicLab RealGuitar VSTi , ( ), MIDI- , . , -. RealGuitar VSTi, MusicLab, Inc., . RealGuitar , . RealGuitar , "-" ( , ), MIDI-. MusicLab, Inc. , . , , , . RealGuitar VSTi . r Velocity Sensitive sampling and layering technology (, [12]), . , 19 , , (up), (down) (muted). . - . r Guitar Touch technology ( "" ), MIDI- : (strumming), (plucking), (sliding), (bending), (muting), (tremolo), MIDI-.200 6 , RealGuitar, (doubling, double track). , , . VST- RealGuitar . : r RAM 512 ; r 1 GHz Pentium 3; r 600 ; r Windows 98//2000/; r -, VST 2 (, FL Studio). : r RAM 1 ; r 2 GHz 4. . , , , 100 . , , , -, , . . , , ADSR, . . . , , , : , , . . , , 18 . , , ADSR, , [12]. RealGuitar 16- 24-, 32- , . 2016.21.1. RealGuitar RealGuitar, VST- , , , , . , , , . : , , , , , . RealGuitar , - . RealGuitar , . RealGuitar, . , RealGuitar, , , - . RealGuitar , , . RealGuitar , : r Solo ( , , ); r Harmony ( ) : , , , Power Chord 1 ( + ), Power Chord 2 ( + ); r Chords : ( ) , , down strum ( , ); r Bass & Chord "-" ( ); r Bass & Pick .202 6 . , . . , , . RealGuitar "" 26 ( , ) , . " " ( ): r ; r ; r (); r . , : r ( 3 ); r ; r . : r ; r ; r ( ); r + . . 6.1 , . , ( ). ( ) . . 6.1 . , , . 6.1. , 203 6 Cadd9 Csus4 Cmaj7 Cmaj7(5) Cmaj7(5) Cm Cm6 Cm(add9) Cm7 Cm(maj7) Cm7(5) V, III V, V + lll V V V III Cm9 C7 C7sus4 C7(5) C7(5) C9 C9sus4 C7(9) C7(9) C9(5) C7(add13) Cdim7 Caug V V, III + V V V V V V III, VII, III + VII - MIDI- MIDI- : r Repeat Key zone ( / / ); r ( ). Solo "-", . Harmony . Chords " " . , . , 2, 3 4 , , . , , , Chords, .204 6 Bass & Chord, Bass & Pick, , Chords , - ( ). ( , ) , , (muted sound) . up/down . , 5, 5, G5 up strokes, a D5, F5, 5 down strokes. (Solo, Harmony, Chords). : r (strumming chords), up down, , , ( , .. ); r , Solo; r (muted) ; r , ( , ). (Keyboard Map) Solo Harmony . 6.31, Chords, Bass & Chord Bass & Pick . 6.32.. 6.31. MIDI- Solo Harmony 205. 6.32. MIDI- Chords, Bass & Chord Bass & Pick 1, Setup