floating gardening

Download Floating Gardening

Post on 06-Jan-2016

49 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Floating Gardening. Photo: Haseeb Md. Irfanullah. A traditional agricultural practice in southern wetlands of Bangladesh. Floating Gardens. Hanjis’ radh in Dal Lake (Kashmir). Monipur’s phumdi In Loktak Lake. Intha’s kaing in Inle Lake (Myanmar). Kuttanad people’s pontha in Kerala. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TRANSCRIPT

  • Floating GardeningA traditional agricultural practice in southern wetlands of BangladeshPhoto: Haseeb Md. Irfanullah

  • Floating GardensAztecs chinampas in Tenochtitlan Lake (Mexico) Hanjis radh in Dal Lake (Kashmir)Inthas kaing in Inle Lake (Myanmar)Kuttanad peoples pontha in KeralaMonipurs phumdi In Loktak LakeBangladeshs dhap / baira

  • Floating GardeningIrfanullah et al. (2008)

  • PerformanceEconomic benefitFood / Nutritional securityAgricultural benefitsEcological/ Environmental benefitsDisaster risk managementPhoto: Haseeb Md. Irfanullah

  • What Makes it so Attractive?SimpleNaturalTraditionalControl over water!Photo: IUCN

  • Origin and BeyondTraditional (for ages)

  • Lost in TransferOriginal locations: a local, efficient, self-sustaining business modelNew areas: nutritional security for the extreme poor sustained by external supportPhoto: Haseeb Md. IrfanullahPhoto: Practical Action

  • Indigenous InnovationA traditional practice showed potentials to tackle new challenges posed by climate change and climate variabilityBecame an adaptation sensation

  • In PracticePolicySome national climate change documents mentioned as a good option.

  • In PracticeImpact / CommunityNutritional security remains the main focusCARE/IUCN (2007-2014): 2,000 families of 200 villages in 10 districtsPractical Action (2005-2015): ca. 1,000 families in 5 districtsPhoto: Haseeb Md. Irfanullah

  • In PracticeTraditional (for ages)

  • Scaling Up an Adaptive OptionThe Government of Bangladeshs initiative:US$ 1.6 million (Own fund - Bangladesh Climate Change Trust Fund)3 years40 sub-districts of 8 districtsBenefiting 12,000 farmers familiesDriver: policy vs political-willPhoto: IUCNPhoto: IUCN

  • In PracticeResearch / KnowledgeVery limited compare with the enthusiasm or promotionNo going back to see if the introduction is sustaining or notNo research on if the technology would survive under changing climate

  • Adaptive or Sensitive to Climate Change?Unpredictable rainfallLong dry spellsReduced water in wetlandsIntense, frequent floodsSalinity intrusionInadequate water hyacinthPhoto: Haseeb Md. Irfanullah

  • Innovation for adaptation: the missing pointsIn-built limitations of a technologyCharity versus business modelInnovation-evaluation-diffusion cycle ignoredFailures not appreciatedResearch overlookedGaps among policy-practice-research

  • Technology JusticePractical Action defines technology justice as the right of people to decide, choose and use technologies that assist them in leading the kind of life they value without compromising the ability of others and future generations to do the same.Photo: IUCN

  • ReferencesHaq et al., 2002. Soil-less Agriculture in Bangladesh. 111 pp.IUCN Bangladesh, 2005. Baira: the Floating Gardens for Sustainable Livelihood. 61 pp. Islam and Atkins, 2007. Indigenous floating cultivation: a sustainable agricultural practice in the wetlands of Bangladesh. Development in Practice 17:130-136.Irfanullah et al., 2008. Introduction of floating gardening in the north-eastern wetlands of Bangladesh for nutritional security and sustainable livelihood. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 23:89-96.Irfanullah, 2009. Floating gardening in Bangladesh: Already affected by climate variability? In: IUCN, UNEP, UNU. Biodiversity Conservation and Response to Climate Variability at Community Level. 7-14 pp.Irfanullah et al., 2011. Floating gardening in Bangladesh: a means to rebuild lives after devastating flood. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge 10:31-38.Irfanullah, 2013. The moving sown fields: Anyone interested? SILnews 63:22-23.Irfanullah, 2013. Floating Gardening: a local lad becoming a climate celebrity? Clean Slate 88:26-27.

  • Thank youDr. Haseeb Md. IrfanullahHead, DRR and Climate Change Programmehaseeb.irfanullah@practicalaction.org.bd www.practicalaction.orgTEC/UNFCCC, Bonn, 4 March 2014

    *To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.*To change the colour of the background click Format/Slide Design and the options will appear in the task pane on the right. Click the colour slide you wish to use.